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Capital punishment is no longer applied in San Marino. The last execution was carried out in 1468, by hanging.[1] [2] San Marino is one of only two countries in the world to have carried out no executions since before 1800 - the other being Liechtenstein, where the last execution took place in 1785.[3]

San Marino was the first country in the world to abolish the death penalty for ordinary crimes, in 1848; in 1865, it became the second country in the world (and the first in Europe) to abolish the death penalty for all crimes, following Venezuela in 1863.[4] It is one of only three countries to have abolished the death penalty before 1900 - the other two being Costa Rica and Venezuela.[5] [6]

In 1989, it formally ratified Protocol 6 to the European Convention on Human Rights, which requires the complete abolition of the death penalty in peacetime.[7]


  1. ^ Death Penalty, Belgorod State University
  2. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  3. ^ "Death Penalty Satistics 2006", Amnesty International
  4. ^ Determinants of the death penalty: a comparative study of the world, Carsten Anckar, Routledge, 2004, ISBN 0-415-33398-9, p.17
  5. ^ Death Penalty: Beyond Abolition, Council of Europe, 2004, ISBN 92-871-5332-9, p.32
  6. ^ "THE DEATH PENALTY: ABOLITION GAINS GROUND", Martine Jacot, UNESCO Courier, October 1999
  7. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK


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