Capitol Corridor: Wikis


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Capitol Corridor

Early morning westbound through Santa Clara station
Type Inter-city rail
System Amtrak
Termini Auburn, CA
Sacramento, CA
Emeryville, CA
San Francisco, CA
Oakland, CA
San Jose, CA
Ridership 4,383 (2009 daily)
1,599,625 (2009 total)[1]
Train number(s) 518, 520, 521, 522, 523, 524, 525, 526, 527, 528, 529, 530, 531, 532, 533, 534, 535, 536, 537, 538, 540, 541, 542, 543, 544, 545, 546, 547, 548, 549, 551, 553, 720, 723, 724, 727, 728, 729, 732, 733, 734, 736, 737, 738, 741, 742, 743, 744, 745, 746, 747, 748, 749, 751
Opened December 1991
Owner UP and JPBX (track)
Operator(s) Amtrak
Line length 168 miles (275 km)
Track gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm)
Route map

Amtrak California map.svg
Amtrak California system map, with Capitol Corridor in Red

  Amtrak Capitol Corridor route[2]
Distance Station
Placer County
Unknown route-map component "ACCa"
0 Auburn
Stop on track
14 mi (23 km) Rocklin
Unknown route-map component "ACC"
18 mi (29 km) Roseville
Unrestricted border on track
Sacramento County
Unknown route-map component "ACC"
35 mi (56 km) Sacramento
Unrestricted border on track
Yolo County
Unknown route-map component "HSTACC"
49 mi (79 km) Davis
Unrestricted border on track
Solano County
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Dixon (Future station)
Airport Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Fairfield/Vacaville(Travis AFB) (Future station)
Unknown route-map component "HSTACC"
75 mi (121 km) Suisun/Fairfield
Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Benicia (Future station)
Bridge over water
Carquinez Strait
Unrestricted border on track
Contra Costa County
Unknown route-map component "HSTACC"
93 mi (150 km) Martinez
Pier Unknown route-map component "eCPICr"
Hercules(WETA Ferry connection) (Future station)
Unknown route-map component "uCPICAla" Unknown route-map component "CPICAr"
112 mi (180 km) Richmond
Waterway turning to right Straight track
BART to Fremont and Daly City/Millbrae
Unrestricted border on track
Alameda County
Stop on track
118 mi (190 km) Berkeley
Unknown route-map component "ACC"
120 mi (193 km) Emeryville (serves San Francisco)
Pier Unknown route-map component "ACC"
125 mi (201 km) Oakland-Jack London Square (Ferry to S.F. & Angel Is.)
Unknown route-map component "uCPICAl" Unknown route-map component "CPICAr" Airport
Oakland Coliseum (Oakland Airport and BART)
Unknown route-map component "uLUECKE" Unknown route-map component "HSTACC"
138 mi (222 km) Hayward
Urban station on track Unknown route-map component "eHST"
Union City (BART connection) (Future station)
Straight track Track turning from left
ACE to Cabral/Dwtn. Stockton
Unknown route-map component "CPICAl" Unknown route-map component "CPICAr"
150 mi (241 km) Fremont-Centreville
Unrestricted border on track Unrestricted border on track
Santa Clara County
Urban track turning from right Straight track Straight track
VTA to Mountain View
Unknown route-map component "uCPICAl" Unknown route-map component "CPICAm" Unknown route-map component "CPICAr"
161 mi (259 km) Santa Clara-Great America
Abbreviated in this map Unknown route-map component "uABZgf" Straight track Straight track
VTA, and ACE
Unknown route-map component "CPICAl" Unknown route-map component "uCPICAm" Unknown route-map component "CPICAme" Unknown route-map component "CPICAre"
168 mi (270 km) San Jose Diridon Station
Abbreviated in this map Waterway turning to right
Caltrain to Gilroy - next Tamien

The Capitol Corridor is a 168-mile (275 km) passenger train route operated by Amtrak in California. Because it is fully supported by the state, the Capitol Corridor operates under Amtrak California. It runs daily from the San Francisco Bay Area to Sacramento, roughly parallel to Interstate 80. One daily-scheduled train continues through the eastern Sacramento suburbs to Auburn, in the foothills of the Sierra Nevada. There are plans to increase train frequency throughout the route. The trains are administered by the Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority, with management provided by employees of Bay Area Rapid Transit. The Capitol Corridor has been in operation since 1991.


Service frequency and ridership

In fiscal year 2009, the Capitol Corridor had 1.6 million riders, and is the fourth busiest Amtrak route in terms of ridership, surpassed only by the Northeast Regional, Acela Express, and Pacific Surfliner.[1] The line also carries more passengers per mile than any Amtrak service other than the Northeast Regional.

The Capitol Corridor service is commonly used by commuters between the Sacramento area and the Bay Area as an alternative to driving on the congested Interstate 80 corridor. Monthly passes and discounted trip tickets are available on the line. Many high ranking politicians, lobbyists, and their aides choose to live in the Bay Area and commute to their jobs in Sacramento, while workers in the Oakland, San Francisco, and Silicon Valley employment centers take the Capitol Corridor trains from their less expensive homes in Solano County and the Sacramento metropolitan area.[3]

Since August 28, 2006, the Capitol Corridor route has run 32 trains per day (16 in each direction) on weekdays, reflecting a substantial increase over the prior service frequency. According to its management, ridership on the Capitol Corridor trains tripled between 1998 and 2005.[4]

Thruway Motorcoach services

Additional cities and regions can be reached with Amtrak California Thruway Motorcoach service:

Sacramento is the busiest station on the route, and the 7th busiest in the nation.

Proposed expansion

New stations have been proposed along the existing route at Hercules, Benicia, Northern Fairfield/Vacaville, and Dixon. The Northern Fairfield/Vacaville station is being jointly developed by the cities of Fairfield and Vacaville near the corner of Peabody Road and Vanden Road.[5][6] Additionally an intermodal station is planned at the Union City station, connecting to BART as part of a larger Dumbarton Rail Corridor Project to connect Union City, Fremont, and Newark to various Peninsula destinations via the Dumbarton rail bridge. The station is being planned and paid for by BART and the city of Union City.[7] An expansion to Reno, NV on the existing joint UP/BNSF trackage over Donner Pass has also been considered. This would add a stop in Truckee as well, which is already served by the California Zephyr. Strangely, stops at Truckee, Reno & Sparks are listed in the timetable.

Origin of route name

The Capitol Corridor is given its name because it links, where California's first state capitol was located, San Jose (1850), with the current state capital, Sacramento. The rail route also travels near historical state capitals of Vallejo (1852) and Benicia (1853). (See also: Historical California capitals.)

The Capitol Corridor was originally known as the Capitols, which Amtrak still uses to refer to the line on its national reservation web page. But in order to avoid confusion with the Amtrak Capitol Limited route, which runs between Washington, D.C. and Chicago, Capitol Corridor is now the official and preferred name.


As an Amtrak California route, Capitol Corridor is fully funded by the state through Caltrans Division of Rail. Caltrans managed the line from its inception in 1991 to 1997, but in 1998 the administration of the route was transferred to Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority (CCJPA), formed by transit agencies of which the Capitol Corridor serves in order to have more local control, while still funded by Caltrans. CCJPA in turn contracted with BART for day-to-day management and staff support; also, CCJPA makes decisions on the service level of Capitol Corridor, capital improvements along the route, and passenger amenities aboard the trains.

The Capitol Corridor Joint Powers Authority is governed by a Board of Directors which is consist of 16 representatives from its member agencies:

Equipment/Rolling Stock

The Capitol Corridor and its administration agency, the CCJPA, are responsible for the maintenance of the Amtrak California's Northern California fleet, which is used by both the Capitol Corridor and the San Joaquin routes.

When the Capitol Corridor debuted in 1991, the equipment used were Amtrak F40PH locomotives and Amtrak Horizon Fleet cars. Dash 8 locomotives were also used as they were brand new at the time. This equipment was used until the mid 1990s when most of the current state-purchased equipment arrived.

The current Northern California fleet includes fourteen EMD F59PHI locomotives (Numbered 2001 through 2015), and two GE P32-8WH (Dash 8) locomotives (Numbered 2051 & 2052, formerly Amtrak 501 & 502), and a large number of bi-level coaches and café cars which are dubbed as "California Cars". All cars are named after the many mountains and rivers of California. There are two series of California Cars, the 6000 series and the 8000 series, with the 6000 series being newer. Standard Amtrak equipment such as the GE P42DC, Amtrak's main locomotive, standard Amtrak Dash 8 locomotives, and Superliner cars may appear on Capitol Corridor trains as substitutes. During the peak Thanksgiving holiday season, Caltrain sets may be used.

In rarer cases, F59PHI's from the Amtrak "Surfliner" and "Cascades" trains, and Caltrain EMD F40PH and MPI MP36PH-3C locomotives have been used as substitutes. Caltrain engines will usually only be seen pulling a Capitol Corridor train when they are being taken to San Jose after maintenance performed in the Oakland rail yard.


External links



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