Capiz: Wikis


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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

—  Province  —

Map of the Philippines with Capiz highlighted
Coordinates: 11°35′N 122°45′E / 11.583°N 122.75°E / 11.583; 122.75Coordinates: 11°35′N 122°45′E / 11.583°N 122.75°E / 11.583; 122.75
Country  Philippines
Region Western Visayas (Region VI)
Founded March 10, 1917
Capital Roxas City
 - Governor Victor Tangco (Liberal)
 - Total 2,594.64 km2 (1,001.8 sq mi)
Area rank 55th out of 80
Population (2007)
 - Total 701,664
 Density 270.4/km2 (700.4/sq mi)
Population rank 36th out of 80
Population density rank 21st out of 80
 - Independent cities 0
 - Component cities 1
 - Municipalities 16
 - Barangays 473
 - Districts 1st and 2nd districts of Capiz
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code
Spoken languages Capiznon, Hiligaynon

Capiz is a province of the Philippines located in the Western Visayas region. Its capital is Roxas City and is located at the northeastern portion of Panay Island, bordering Aklan and Antique to the west, and Iloilo to the south. Capiz faces the Sibuyan Sea to the north. Capiz is known for its mother-of-pearl shells that have the same name and are used for decoration, making lampshades, trays, window doors, etc.. Capiz is known for a popular local myth of Aswang, a generic name for ghouls, monsters and witches.



Historians and ethnologists narrowed down to three types of people known to have inhabited Capiz: Aeta, popularly known as Negritos; Indonesians descendants of the Mundo tribe in central Panay; and the Malays.


There are main version on how Capiz got its name:1) 'Akean' and 'Kapid'(meaning "twins") which Balingangan, Datu Bangkaya's eldest son, names his territories in honor of his twin daughters.(2) When the Spaniards established a settlement, they found an abundance of a mollusk called 'pios' or 'kapid', the old native name which has also come to known as Capiz.


Capiz became the second Spanish settlement after Cebu when Captain Diego de Artienda, sent by Legaspi landed in the town of Pan-ay and proclaimed it the capital of the province. The capital was then moved to the present location of Roxas City.

Folk history recorded in the Maragtas by Pedro Monteclaro says ten Bornean datus landed at a site now known as San Joaquin town in Iloilo province. They purchased Panay Island from the Aeta, cultivated the land, and renamed the island Madya-as. They divided it into three communities: Irong-irong, Akean (which includes the Capiz area), and Hamtik.

It is said that in Capiz in 1570, the Datu Bankaya’s wife of the Aklan district gave birth to twin daughters. Twin is "Kapid" in the local dialect, so the Spaniards adopted the name Capiz (Kapid) as inadvertently miscommunicated to them by the natives.

Capiz, which was part of Aklan in pre-Spanish times, was one of the early settlements of the Malays, centuries before the coming of the Spaniards to the Philippines. It was part of the Confederation of Madjaas, formed after the purchase of Panay by the Bornean datus from the Negrito king named Marikudo.

When the Spaniards led by Miguel López de Legazpi came to Panay from Cebu in 1569, they found people with tattoos, and so they called it Isla de los Pintados. How the island itself came to be called Panay is uncertain. The Aeta called it Aninipay, after a plant that abounded in the island. Legend has it that López de Legazpi and his men, in search of food, exclaimed upon the island, pan hay en esta isla!. So they established their first settlement in the island at the mouth of the Banica River in Capiz and called it Pan-ay. This was the second Spanish settlement in the Philippines, the first being San Miguel, Cebu.

In the same year of 1569 Captain ('Capitan') Diego de Artieda who was sent by Legaspi landed in the Town of Panay and proclaimed it as the capital of the province. Later, they moved the Capital to its present site upon discovering the town of Capiz (not the province, and now Roxas City) which was near the sea and provided docking facilities.

In 1942, the region was occupied by the Japanese troops. In 1945, the region was liberated by the joint Filipino and American troops with Filipino guerrillas from the defeated Japanese Imperial forces during Second World War.

Capiz and Aklan were united under one province until April 25, 1956, when President Ramon Magsaysay signed into law Republic Act 1414 separating the two entities.


Capiz is known for the brilliant Capiz shell produced here, it is used in making windows, lanterns, decorations, vases, etc. The Capiz shell has a luster similar to mother of pearl shells.



The province has an official hymn, "O, Capiz", written in Capiznon by Charmaine Ocbeña Guartero and adopted on June 23, 2006.

Myths, Folklore, Superstitious Beliefs and Practices

The early Panayanon believed in many gods. Bulalakaw, a bird which looked like a peacock and could cause illness, was said to live in the island's sacred mountain called Madya-as. A chief goddess was believed to reside in the mountain of the nearby island of Negros Occidental. She was called Laon, after whom Mt. Kanlaon is named. Mediators to the gods, also said to be the first priests, were: Bangutbanwa, who prayed for good harvests and an orderly universe; Mangindalon, who interceded for sick persons and prayed for the punishment of enemies; and Soliran and Solian, who performed marriage ceremonies. Manunubo was the good spirit of the sea.

The kama-kama are dwarves living in earth mounds, and are lazy and fun loving. The tamawu/taglugar are spirits that can be either friendly or evil. They live in resplendent palaces that look like mere boulders to the human eye. When they find a human being attractive, they entice the person to join them; this peculiar act of courtship is called yanggaw. The dwindi is a dwarf residing in a mount of earth. The lulid sa bungsud has a big head, but a small torso and limbs. One who disturbs the mound where it resides falls ill. The agta is a very dark, hairy person living in the forest. Although a trickster, it is helpful to people. The amaranhig is a dead person who has returned to life and simply echoes everything that mortals say; it has lost the power to think. Hiwit or barang is a ritual that gives one of the power to inflict pain on an enemy.

Aswang Festival

On October 29 to 30, 2004, Capiz inaugurated the Aswang Festival, organized by a nongovernmental group Dugo Capiznon, Incorporated. It was a Halloween-like Fiesta as a prelude to All Souls Day and All Saints Day festivals. It was, however, condemned by the Catholic hierarchy and some local officials, as an act of adoring the devil. When former Capiz Gov. Vicente Bermejo assumed as mayor of Roxas City in July 2007, the controversial festival was stopped.

Canada's High Banks Entertainment Ltd.’s filmmaker Jordan Clark, 36, traveled to Capiz to film a documentary entitled ‘Aswang: A Journey Into Myth.’ (shot entirely in Victoria, British Columbia’s downtown). The Docu-Movie/suspense film stars Filipina-Canadian stage actress Janice Santos Valdez, with a special appearance of Maricel Soriano. The documentary's proceeds will help raise funds to help restore power in Olotayan Island, Roxas City and support patients of dystonia parkinsonism in Capiz. Capiz has the highest prevalence at 21.94/100,000 cases, which translates to one for every 4,000 men. Aklan has the next highest rate at 7.72/100,000. The figures suggest that XDP is endemic in Panay, particularly in Capiz.[1][2]


Dubbed as the “Seafood Capital of the Philippines”, Capiz boasts of its 80-kilometer coastline and wide expanse of swampy lands easily converted into fishponds. It holds one of the richest fishing grounds and a major contributor in the aquamarine industry of the Philippines.

Four big telecommunication companies offer telegraph, telex and telephone services. There are 33 banking institutions and 116 intermediaries operating in the province.

Farming and fishing are the primary sources of income of the people. The combined natural bounty of land and sea sustain a vibrant food industry. Primary agricultural raw products are rice, corn, coconut, sugarcane, banana and cut flower. Apart from a surplus of agricultural products, Capiz is also a major supplier of prawn and milk fish of the country. Other agro-industrial harvests include blue marlin, squid, oysters, shrimp, seaweed, squid and angel wings. Rich fish ponds attract investors to venture into prawn culture, prawn feed manufacture, seaweed farming and the distribution and processing of other marine products. A robust workforce of 445,246 operates with a literacy rate of 90.5% The agricultural sector ensures the province as one of the wealthiest in the Western Visayas Region although progress is impeded by corruption.

Its relatively unexplored caves are said to have high deposits of mineral resources such as limestone, gold and metal.


  • Ramon A. Benjamin Sr. National High School
  • President Manuel A. Roxas Memorial School (South & North)
  • Roxas City School for Philippine Craftsmen (RCSPC)
  • Capiz State University (formerly Capiz Institute of Technology)
  • Colegio de la Purisima Concepcion (CPC) Main & Annex
  • St. Mary's Academy of Capiz
  • Filamer Christian College
  • PACE Computer College
  • Panay State Polytechnic College (Now Capiz State University)
  • Hercor College
  • Our Lady of Fatima Academy
  • Our Lady of Snows Institute, Dumarao, Capiz
  • Capiz National High School (the original Capiz High School)
  • St. Martin Academy
  • Hercor College
  • Our Lady Of Grace Academy (OLGA), Lonoy, Roxas City
  • Parish School of Saint Isidor (PSSI), Pontevedra, Capiz
  • Our Lady of the Most Holy Rosary Academy (OLMHRA), Tapaz, Capiz
  • Dumalag Vocational-Technical School
  • Cabugcabug National High school
  • Cong. Ramon A. Arnaldo High School (formerly City Of Roxas High School)
  • Ivisan National High School
  • Concepcion Castro Garcia National High School, Dumalag, Capiz
  • Malonoy National High School
  • Milibili National High School
  • Life Goal International Institute
  • St. Anthony College of Nursing
  • Our Lady of Mt. Carmel Learning Center- University of St. La Salle supervised school
  • College of St. John-Roxas, De La Salle Supervised
  • St. Pius X Seminary
  • Sancta Maria, Mater et Regina, Seminarium
  • Dean Alberto Villarruz College
  • Capiz Institute of Electronics
  • Culasi National High School
  • Dumalag Central National High School
  • Hipona National High School
  • Don Maximo Dais Memorial School
  • Step-by-Step Learning Institute, Pontevedra
  • Professor Antonio Vitervo Memorial School
  • Don Antonio Belo Memorial School
  • Panitan National High School
  • Pontevedra national High School
  • Pontevedra Christian School (Formerly PBC-CLC Pontevedra Baptist Church Child Learning Center)
  • Capiz State University - Pontevedra (formerly Panay State Polytechnic College)
  • AMA Computer Learning Center - ROXAS (Fuentes Drive, Roxas City)


  • Roxas Memorial Provincial Hospital (formerly Roxas Memorial General Hospital)
  • Capiz Emmanuel Hospital
  • St. Anthony College Hospital
  • Capiz Doctors Hospital
  • Mambusao General Hospital
  • Sen. Gerry Roxas District Hospital (Dao District Hospital)
  • Bailan District Hospital


Capiz is located on a small island formed by the Panay and Banica rivers. The Panay river used to be famous for the great number of alligators thriving there. The soil is poor in the northern part of the island and is most productive only in the southern part. Capiz is bounded by the Mindoro sea, the Panay, Loctugan and Ivisan rivers.


Capiz is subdivided into 16 municipalities and 1 city.




  1. ^, Canadian searches for origin of ‘aswang’
  2. ^, Filmmaker to bring 'aswang fest' to Canada

External links


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