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The captain of a cricket team is an individual who, during the course of a match, has several additional roles and responsibilities over and above those of a regular player. As in other sports, the captain is usually an experienced cricketer with good communication skills, who is likely to be one of the most regular members of the team; indeed the captain often has a say in team selection. Before the game the captains toss for innings. During the match each captain decides the team's batting order, who will bowl each over, and where each fielder will stand. While the captain has the final say, decisions are often collaborative. A captain's knowledge of the complexities of cricket strategy and tactics, and shrewdness in the field, may contribute significantly to the team's success.

Due to the smaller coaching/management role played out by support staff, the captain of a cricket team typically shoulders more responsibility for results then captains of other sports.

Contents

Captain's responsibilities

During a match

The toss

Before the start of a match the home captain tosses a coin and the away captain calls heads or tails. The captain who wins the toss is given the choice of whether to bat or bowl first. The decision usually depends on the condition of the pitch and whether it is likely to deteriorate, the weather conditions and the weather forecast.

The decision also depends on the relative strengths of the team's batting and bowling. For instance in Test Cricket, a side with only fast bowlers may choose to bowl first to try and take advantage of any early moisture in the pitch, knowing that it will be much harder to take wickets later in the match. Similarly a side with a weak opening batting pair may choose to bowl first in order to protect their batsmen.

Fielding positions

The captain sets where the fielders will stand, in consultation with the bowler and sometimes other senior players. The fielding positions will usually be dictated by the type of bowler, the batsman's batting style, and the captain's assessment of the state of the match (and hence whether to set an attacking or a defensive field).

Powerplays

From July 7, 2005 the captain decides when to take Powerplay 2 and 3 in ODI matches. If the batting team's run rate is high after Powerplay 1 then the captain might choose to take the other two powerplays later on the innings to slow the run rate down. He may take them when the attacking batsmen are out, or when the run rate has been reduced.

Bowling

The captain decides when each bowler will bowl. If a batsman is seeking to dominate the current bowler, the captain may ask someone else to bowl; alternatively, keeping the bowler on may be deemed the best chance of getting the batsman out. If the regular bowlers are not achieving the desired results, the captain may decide to use non-regular bowlers to attempt to unsettle the batsmen. The captain may also change the bowlers around to introduce variation, and to prevent the batsmen getting "set".

In limited overs cricket the captain additionally has to make certain that bowlers bowl no more than their allotted maximum number of overs, and that experienced bowlers are available at the end of the batting side's innings, when the batsmen are usually looking to take risks to attack and score quickly.

In the longer forms of cricket, when a new ball becomes available the captain decides whether to use it.

Batting order

When the team bats, the captain decides the batting order. In professional cricket the captain usually changes the established batting order only for exceptional reasons, because batsmen tend to specialize in batting at certain positions. However, in certain circumstances it may be in the team's interest to change the batting order. If quick runs are needed, a naturally attacking batsman may be promoted up the order. A player who is 'in form' may be promoted to a higher batting position, at the expense of a player who is 'out of form'.

If a wicket falls near the end of a day's play, especially if the light is failing, or if the bowlers seem particularly confident, the captain may choose to send in a non-specialist batsman, referred to as a nightwatchman. If the night watchman does not get out before the end of play then the specialist batsman will have been protected, and will not need to bat until the following day when conditions are likely to have improved. If the nightwatchman does get out, the cost of losing a late wicket will have been minimized, because the specialist batsman is still available to bat.

Declarations

The captain may declare the team's innings closed at any time, but usually only does so as an attacking ploy, for instance if the captain thinks the team has enough runs to win the match, or if a sudden change in conditions has made it advantageous to bowl rather than bat.

Follow-on

In a two-innings match, if the situation arises the captain decides whether to impose the follow-on.

Miscellaneous

The captain is also consulted on whether an injured batsman from the opposing team may use a runner when batting. Permission is usually given if the batsman has become injured during the course of the match, but if the batsman was carrying the injury at the start of the match then the captain may refuse.

Other duties

As well as decisions taken either immediately before or during a match, captains also often have some responsibility for the good running of the cricket club. For instance, he or she may decide when the team is to practice, and for how long. In professional cricket the captain often has some say in who will form the squad from which teams are selected, and may also decide how young up-and-coming players are to be encouraged and improved, and how members of the squad who are not regularly selected for first-team matches are to gain match practice to be kept match-fit.

Vice-captaincy

The captain may be assisted by a vice-captain. This is particularly useful when the captain is forced to leave the field of play during fielding, due to injury or illness (etc). Some teams also allocate the vice-captain a more or less formal role in assisting with team selection, discipline, field-setting etc. There is no such rule that a vice captain will be appointed as the next captain.

Vice captain may have a say in setting up the batting order along with the captain in consensus seeing the team's capability.

When a limited-overs match is affected by rain or bad light, and the Duckworth Lewis method is used to adjust the target for a team batting second, because of the complexity of the situation, the fielding side's captain may decide to give a piece of paper with the Duckworth Lewis calculations to the vice captain or another player, so that he is not overburdened with duties.

Current Captains

Full ICC Members

Nation Captain
 Australia Ricky Ponting for Test & ODIs and T20s Michael Clarke
 Bangladesh Shakib Al Hasan
 England Andrew Strauss for Test & ODIs and T20s Paul Collingwood
 India Mahendra Singh Dhoni
 New Zealand Daniel Vettori
 Pakistan Mohammad Yousaf for Test & ODIs and T20s Shahid Afridi
 South Africa Graeme Smith
 Sri Lanka Kumar Sangakkara
 West Indies Chris Gayle
 Zimbabwe Prosper Utseya

 Afghanistan

Afghanistan, the rising affiliate team with ODI status is captained by Nowroz Mangal

Associate Members

Nation Captain
 Argentina Esteban Macdermott
 Belgium Atif Malik
 Bermuda Irvine Romaine
 Botswana Tshepo Mhozya
 Canada Sunil Dhaniram
 Cayman Islands Ryan Bovell
 Denmark Frederik Klokker
 India Prakash Shetty K K
Seci Sekinini
 France Waseem Bhatti
 Germany Debanik Sengupta
 Gibraltar Christian Rocca
 Guernsey Andy Biggins
 Hong Kong Tabarak Dar
 Ireland William Porterfield
 Israel
 Italy Joe Scuderi
 Japan Tetsuo Fuji
 Jersey Matt Hague
 Kenya Steve Tikolo
 Kuwait Yasin Mughal
 Malaysia Rohan Suppiah
 Namibia Louis Burger
 Nepal Binod Das
 Netherlands Jeroen Smits
 Nigeria
 Papua New Guinea Rarua Dikana
 Scotland Ryan Watson
 Singapore
 Tanzania Hamisi Abdallah
 Thailand
 Uganda Joel Olwenyi
 United Arab Emirates Saqib Ali
 United States Steve Massiah
 Zambia Imran Patel

Further reading








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