Carbohydrase acts on carbohydrates of which are made from the elements and carbon, hydrogen and oxygen. After reacting these elements are arranged into rings, where 1 ring is a monosaccharide, 2 rings are disaccharides, many rings are polysaccharides. (The greater number of rings, the less reactive the compound becomes) There are two main types of enzymes to speed reactions being: catabolism enzymes which break down molecules; anabolism enzymes of which build up a molecule from smaller molecules.
Carbohydrases are any enzymes which act on a carbohydrate where it is either catabolism or anabolisim. They are a group of enzymes that either promote the synthesis of or hydrolyse carbohydrates into disaccharide molecules. Some examples are maltases (maltose), amylases (starch), sucrases (sugars) and lactases (lactose).
Carbohydrates + Water (with carbohydrase enzyme)--> Simple Sugars (such as glucose)
Maltase reduces maltose
into glucose: C12H22O11 +
Maltose + Water --> α-Glucose