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Cardinal ligament
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Vessels of the uterus and its appendages, rear view. (Cardinal ligament not visible, but location can be inferred from position of uterine artery and uterine vein.)
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Uterus and right broad ligament, seen from behind. (Cardinal ligament not labeled, but broad ligament visible at center.)
Latin ligamentum cardinale, ligamentum transversum cervicis, ligamentum transversalis colli
Gray's subject #268 1261

The cardinal ligament (or Mackenrodt's ligament[1], lateral cervical ligament, or transverse cervical ligament[2]) is a major ligament of the uterus. It is located at the base of the broad ligament of the uterus (though it is not usually considered one of the three traditional divisions of that ligament). Importantly, it contains the uterine artery and uterine vein. There is a pair of cardinal ligaments in the female human body.

It attaches the cervix to the lateral pelvic wall at the ischial spine, and is continuous externally with the fibrous tissue which surrounds the pelvic blood vessels. It thus provides support to the uterus.[3]

It may be of clinical significance in hysterectomy.[4][5]

See also

References

  1. ^ Netter, Frank H. (2003). Atlas of Human Anatomy, Professional Edition. Philadelphia: Saunders. p. 370. ISBN 1-4160-3699-7. 
  2. ^ Anatomy Labs #12 & 13
  3. ^ Kyung Won, PhD. Chung (2005). Gross Anatomy (Board Review). Hagerstown, MD: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. p. 274. ISBN 0-7817-5309-0. 
  4. ^ Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y (2002). "Does the cardinal ligament of the uterus contain a nerve that should be preserved in radical hysterectomy?". Anat Sci Int 77 (3): 161–8. doi:10.1046/j.0022-7722.2002.00023.x. PMID 12422408. 
  5. ^ Kato T, Murakami G, Yabuki Y (2003). "A new perspective on nerve-sparing radical hysterectomy: nerve topography and over-preservation of the cardinal ligament.". Jpn J Clin Oncol 33 (11): 589–91. doi:10.1093/jjco/hyg107. PMID 14711985. 

External links

This article was originally based on an entry from a public domain edition of Gray's Anatomy. As such, some of the information contained within it may be outdated.








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