Carriacou: Wikis

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Carriacou and Petite Martinique
AnthemHail Grenada
Royal anthemGod Save the Queen
Capital
(and largest city)
Hillsborough
12°48′N 61°46′W / 12.8°N 61.767°W / 12.8; -61.767
Official language(s) English, Patois
Demonym Carriacouan, Petit Martiniquian
Government Dependency of Grenada
 -  Queen Queen Elizabeth II
 -  Governor General Carlyle Glean
 -  Prime Minister Tillman Thomas
 -  Member of Parliament Elvin G Nimrod
 -  Ministry of Carriacou and Petite Martinique Affairs Senator George Prime
Establishment
 -  British Grenada control established 1763 
 -  Grenada control established February 7, 1974 
 -  became constituency 1944 
Area
 -  Total 37.7 km2 
13.2 sq mi 
Population
 -   estimate 10,000 
Currency East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
Time zone (UTC−4)
 -  Summer (DST)  (UTC−4)
Drives on the left
Internet TLD .gd
Calling code 1 473
The main Patois language is Kweyol (French Patois).
View from Hillsborough looking south over the beach.
Nautical Chart of Carriacou from 1891

Carriacou Island in the Caribbean Sea, is the largest island of the Grenadines, an archipelago in the Windward Islands chain. The island is 13 sq miles (34 km²), and a dependency of Grenada with a population of 4,595 (1991 census). The main settlements on the island are Hillsborough, L'Esterre, Harvey Vale, and Windward.

The neighbouring island of Petite Martinique is 2 1/2 miles away from Carriacou, and also a part of Grenada. With its 586 acres (2.4 km²), population 900, it is smaller than Carriacou. The residents of this island live by boat-building, fishing and seafaring.

The Grenadine islands to the north of Carriacou and Petite Martinique belong to the nation of St. Vincent and the Grenadines.

Contents

Geography

A view of Carriacou.
Locator Map

Carriacou is the largest of the Grenadines and is characterized by hilly terrain sloping to white sand beaches. The island stretches from Pegus Point in the south to Gun point in the north and it is about 16 miles long.

The island has several natural harbors and many coral reefs and small offshore islets.[1]

The highest point on the island is High Point North at 955 feet.[2]

Carriacou has no rivers. Residents rely on rainfall for their water. The dry season is between January and June when the Trade Winds dominate the climate.

History

Carriacou

A view of Hillsborough, Carriacou
Map of Carriacou Island near Grenada

The earliest settlers, the Amerindians, called Carriacou "Kayryouacou", meaning "the land of reefs."

In 1656, Père du Tertre from Guadeloupe visited Carriacou and he was the first French/European person (turtle Fisherman) to visit Carriacou.[citation needed]. The island of Carriacou was originally settled by the French

In 1720, Bartholomew Roberts captured a French ship near Carriacou and commandeered it, renaming it the Royal Fortune. In 1750, the first census of the island was conducted, and there were 199 people (92 Whites, 92 Blacks and 15 Mulattos) living in Carriacou. In 1763 was ceded with Grenada to the British when they captured neighbouring Grenada. In 1776, the island population was 3,239 (86 Whites and 3,153 slaves) people, not counting the free Blacks and the free Mulattos. In 1791, Gun Point (Rapid Point) which had been a division of the Grenadines, was made a latitude on the island, but the point belonged to Saint Vincent and the rest of Carriacou belonged to Grenada.

In 1870, Stephen Joseph Perry went in charge of a government expedition to observe a solar eclipse at Carriacou. The first record of a hurricane on the island was on August 14 1944. Bishop's College was the first Secondary School in Carriacou, it was opened in 1964 and the Anglican Church established this school. In 1968 Lauriston airport/airstrip was opened. On October 31, 1975 Carriacou Carib Organization (CGO) began. In 1922, Petite Charles first introduced the Jab Jab (Devil) Mas to Carriacou. In the 1800s, the Pierrot Mas was first introduced to Carriacou. In 1965, the Carriacou Regatta began. The Telephone system began operating in 1961 on the island of Carriacou.

The inhabitants of Carriacou perform the "Big Drum" or "Nation" dance which celebrates their West African ancestors that were brought to the island during slavery. These Big Drum dances are usually performed at "Maroons" village festivals or fetes, where food and drink are prepared. They can also be danced at wakes and tombstone feasts in honor of dead relatives.

There still is a traditional boat-building culture located in the village of Windward, on the northeastern side of the island, where Carriacou's people of Scottish and Irish ancestry are concentrated.

Carriacouans have migrated to the United Kingdom, and especially to the county town of Bedford. It is said that if you live in Carriacou you will have a family member in Bedford, and if you live in Bedford you will surely know someone from Carriacou. Other English locations where Kayaks congregate are Huddersfield and South London (Lewisham) where the rector of St Stephens is the Archbishop of Canterbury's visitor to the Windward Island diocese. The USA, particularly New York City, is home to a significant number of Carriacouans. Many Carriacouans do return for holidays or to retire "back home".

Cotton was the leading product to be export during the 1700s.

Carriacou was part of the French colony in 1762. It was part of the British Grenada colony from 1763-1779 and 1783-1974. It was part of French Grenada colony from 1779-1783. It has been a dependency of Grenada since 1974.

Petite Martinique

The first European founder of the island of Petite Martinique was a French Fisherman called Mr. Pierre from Martinique. It is thought that he figured that the isle was shaped roughly like Martinique so he named it Petit (little) Martinique.


Recent history

The majority of the inhabitants today are of African descent. There still is a British influence on the island as it was colonised by the British Empire and it is part of Grenada, a Commonwealth state. There is still a French influence which is demonstrated in village names, such as L'Esterre, La Resource, Beausejour, et cetera, and the local patois is still spoken.

The Sacred Heart Church was the first Roman Catholic church on the of Petite Martinique and the first wooden building. It was destroyed by a hurricane in the 1940s and the Church standing today was built in the 1947.

Though Hurricane Ivan in 2004 dealt a devastating blow to the island of Grenada, remarkably, Carriacou and Petite Martinique suffered significantly less damage. However, in 2005, Hurricane Emily hit Carriacou, damaging and forcing evacuation of its only hospital and destroying or damaging hundreds of homes.

Festivals

There are three major cultural festivals held on Carriacou. Carnival (see external link below) is held in February or early March. The Carriacou Regatta, held on the first weekend in August, is a racing event for locally built boats. In 2005, the Regatta celebrated its 40th anniversary. The Parang on the weekend prior to Christmas celebrates the island's traditional Christmas music and culture. Village Maroons all year round and Since the turn of the millennium, a new festival of growing popularity has been started the Carriacou Maroon Festival held during the second quarter of the year.

National Icon

Carriacou

National ..... Icon
Dish Coo-coo and Oxra
Plant Delonix regia
Tree Flamboyant
Drink Jack Iron
Telephone company Cable & Wireless
Bank Republic Bank
Hospital Princess Royal Hospital
Real Estate Carriacou Real Estate

Petite Martinique

Transport

The people of Carriacou travel mainly by privately run 15 seater buses. Rental cars and taxis are also available and boats are commonplace. There is a small airport Lauriston Airport on the island of Carriacou and a small ferry boat known as the "Osprey" that runs between Carriacou, Grenada and Petite Martinique. The short distances between the Grenadines enables travel between them by small boats.

Climate

Dry season is from January to June and the rainy season is from July to December.

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Carriacou

Celsius °C Fahrenheit °F
Land 27-32 80-85
Sea 26-30 78-82

Petite Martinique

Celsius °C Fahrenheit °F
Land 27-32°C 80-85°F
Sea 26-30°C 78-82°F

In Literature

Carriacou plays a central role in Paule Marshall's novel "Praisesong for the Widow." The memory of Carriacou (from which her parents emigrated to New York) figures prominently in Audre Lorde's autobiographical work Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

Radio

  • KYAK106 - Carriacou's Home Grown Radio Station.[3]
  • The Harbor Light of the Windwards is a local Christian radio station.[4]

Panorama

Panoramic view on Carriacou

External links

See also

Coordinates: 12°29′N 61°28′W / 12.483°N 61.467°W / 12.483; -61.467


   

Carriacou
Native name: Kayryouacou
Sobriquet: Land of reefs
File:Hillsborough
A view of Hillsborough, the capital of Carriacou
Geography
File:Carriacou in Grenada
Location Caribbean
Coordinates 12°28′00″N 61°27′00″W / 12.466667°N 61.45°W / 12.466667; -61.45
Archipelago Grenadines
Area 13 sq mi (34 km2)
Length 7 miles
Width 3 miles
Coastline Caribben coast has lovely white sandy beaches, while the Atlantic coast is rugged.
Highest point High North Peak (956ft)
Country
Grenada
Largest city Hillsborough (700)
Prime Minister of Grenada Tillman Thomas
Demographics
Population 8,000
Density 176.47 /km² (457.1 /sq mi)
Ethnic groups African, European, Native people.

Carriacou is located in the Southeastern Caribbean Sea, Northeast of Grenada.

Contents

Geography

Carriacou is located in the Southeast Caribbean Sea, Northeast of Grenada. It's the largest in the Grenadines and in the Grenada Grenadines. It is the 3rd largest island in the Grenadine Islands (Vincentian and Grenadian Grenadines). It is located at latitude 12° 28' N, longitude 61° 27' W.

Facts

Carriacou is home to 8,000 people. The capital city is Hillsborough, the only town or city in Carriacou. The rest of Carriacou settlements are very small villages on the island. All over they are 100 rum shops in Carriacou. Carriacou is home to Herbert Augustus Blaize, the founder of GNP (Grenada National Party) and the former Chief Minister of Grenada. Carriacou is a popular vacation destination for Grenadians. Noteworthy beaches in Carriacou include Paradise Beach and Anse La Roche. Popular European (English or French) dances such as Quadrille dance are still popular on the island today. The Big Drum dance is the most popular dance on the island and is performed on a special occasions. Carriacou is reputed to be the friendliest, healthiest and safest island in the Caribbean. Carriacou's Shakespeare Mas is originally from Bogles.

National facts

Diving

Nickname of the island is "the Island surrounded by reefs." There are lots of reefs around Carriacou. There are all kinds of coral in the sea of Carriacou. The corals in the sea grow up to 10 feet in height. Beautiful diving sites in Carriacou are only a 10-15 minute boat ride away from the shore.

Underwater fauna

In the reef, the animals that live in the sea such as nurse shark, giant green/Juvenile golden-born moray eels, turtles, eagle and stingrays and whole lobster colonies.

Climate

Celsius °C Fahrenheit °F
Land 27-32 80-85
Sea 26-30 78-82

Dry season is from January to June and the rainy season is from July to December.

Government

It's part of the Carriacou and Petite Martinique Constituency and also Carriacou is a dependency of Grenada.

Hurricanes

In 1955 the Beausejour great house second floor was blown away by Hurricane Janet. Recent hurricanes: Hurricane Ivan on September 7th, 2004 and Hurricane Emily on July 13th, 2005.

History

History of Carriacou

History

Between 500-1000 Amerindians came to carriacou.

In 1656, Père du Tertre from Guadeloupe visited Carriacou and he was the first French/European person (turtle Fisherman) to visit Carriacou. In 1720, Bartholomew Roberts captured a French ship near Carriacou and commandeered it, renaming it the Royal Fortune. In 1750, the first census of the island was conducted, and there were 199 people (92 Whites, 92 Blacks and 15 Mulattos) living in Carriacou. In 1776, the island population was 3,239 (86 Whites and 3,153 slaves) people, not counting the free Blacks and the free Mulattos. In 1791, Gun Point (Rapid Point) which had been a division of the Grenadines, was made a latitude on the island, but the point belonged to Saint Vincent and the rest of Carriacou belonged to Grenada. In 1870, Stephen Joseph Perry went in charge of a government expedition to observe a solar eclipse at Carriacou. Bishop's College was the first Secondary School in Carriacou, it was opened in 1964 and the Anglican Church established this school. In 1968 Lauriston airport/airstrip was opened. On October 31, 1975 Carriacou Carib Organization (CGO) began. In 1922, Petite Charles first introduced the Jab Jab (Devil) Mas to Carriacou. In the 1800's, the Pierrot Mas was first introduced to Carriacou. In 1965, the Carriacou Regatta began. The Telephone system began operating in 1961 on the island of Carriacou.

Colonial history

Carriacou was part of the French colony in 1762. It was part of the British Grenada colony from 1763-1779 and 1783-1974. It was part of French Grenada colony from 1779-1783. It has been a dependency of Grenada since 1974.

Native name

In the 17th and 18th centuries Carriacou was spelled 'Kayryouacou' in Carib.

Notable residents

In literature

Carriacou plays a central role in Paule Marshall's novel "Praisesong for the Widow." The memory of Carriacou (from which her parents emigrated to New York) figures prominently in Audre Lorde's autobiographical work Zami: A New Spelling of My Name.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Carriacou[1] is the second-largest island in the Caribbean nation of Grenada. It is considerably smaller than the island of Grenada, being only 13 square miles.

  • Hillsborough - the only significant town.
  • Other settlements include L'Esterre, Harvey Vale, Tibeau and Windward.

Understand

Carriacou is known as "the island surrounded by reefs" from an Amerindian word. Originally settled by the French, the island was ceded to the British when they captured Grenada (island). The majority of the inhabitants today are of African descent, but there remains a British influence as it was colonized by the British Empire and remains a dependancy of Grenada, a Commonwealth state. There is also still a French influence which is demonstrated in some of the village names: L'Esterre, La Resource, and Beausejour. Also some patois is still spoken.

Carriacou's coastline is mostly wave-cut coral or shoal formations. Manchineel Bay and Carenage Bay near Harvey Vale have some small beach areas, spectacular because they are volcanic black sand beaches. By contrast Anse La Roche and Hillsborough Bay are white coral sand beaches.

In 2005 Hurricane Emily hit Carriacou, damaging hundreds of buildings.

Get in

Lauriston Airport Daily flights on the Islander Aircrafts of SVG Air, travel northbound from Grenada's Point Salines International Airport, and southbound from Barbados and Saint Vincent.

By boat

Ferry services are also available between Granada and Carriacou.

From Carriacou for Grenada (1hr 15mins) M-Sa at 6AM and 3:30PM; Su at 3:30PM.

From Grenada to Carriacou (1hr. 15mins) M-F 9AM and 5:30PM; Sa at 9AM; Su 8AM and 5:30PM.

From Carriacou for Grenada (3hrs) M,Th 10AM.

From Grenada for Carriacou (3hrs) W,Sa 10AM.

  • Minibuses run from 7AM-5PM
  • Ade's Dream, Hillsborough, tel 443 7317, (email: Adesdea@caribsurf.com).
  • Martin & Wayne's, Hillsborough, tel 443 7204.
  • Sunkey's, Hillsborough, tel 443 8382.
  • Barba's, L' Esterre, tel 443 7454.
  • Quality Jeep, L' Esterre, tel 443 8307.
  • Amerindian Well in Harvey Vale. This ancient well is located quite close to the sea, neara guest house, aptly name Constant Springs. Its mineral waters are thought to have healthful properties.
  • Anglican Rectory Garden
  • Anse La Roche Beach in Prospect. Access is via a rigorous mile-long trail, a bit steep but well marked, or by boat. One of the most scenic and secluded beaches. A striking rock formation juts up just about 30 yards from the beach. The sandy beach is superb and you may likely have it all to yourself at off times. Snorkeling is very good off the point.
  • Belair National Park in Belair. The park is the setting for the Maroon Cultural Festival and Parang Festival. Both French and English ruins of plantation buildings and well-preserved windmills. A network of hiking trails, natural scenery, including a teak and mahogany forest and wildlife.
  • Dumfries Historical Site in Dumfries. Old plantation ruins with some old equipment and machinery used in processing cotton and limes, including a landmark stone chimney.
  • High North Peak The highest elevation on Carriacou - 956 feet. Within a National Park, there are trails and guided tours available. Hikers often see iguanas, land tortoises, or soldier crabs along the way as well as some varieties of birds.
  • Ningo Well Tibeau. One of the earliest wells built on Carriacou. Plantation ruins are nearby and a cemetery is right on the beach at Jews Bay.
  • Paradise Beach L'Esterre. Paradise is one of Carriacou's best beaches. A barrier reef provides calm waters and white sand.
  • Petite Carenage Beach & Mangroves Windward. There is a marked trail leading from the road in Windward, through the mangroves and down to this isolated beach. This sand beach is made up of tiny shells and turtles use it to lay their eggs. The surf is often more rigorous here than other beaches. A guide conducts mangrove and nightwatch nesting turtle tours.
  • White Island Marine Park Water taxi out to this offshore island for some great snorkeling. The park provides easy access to coral gardens. Pack a lunch.
  • Snorkeling
  • Diving
  • Carnival is held in February or early March.
  • The Carriacou Regatta, [2]. Held on the first weekend in August, is a racing event for locally built boats.
  • The Parang on the weekend prior to Christmas celebrates the island's traditional Christmas music and culture.
  • Carriacou Maroon Festival held during the second quarter of the year.
  • Grand View Hotel, Beausejour, 1473 443 6348.  edit
  • Off The Hook Bar & Grill, L'Esterre Bay.  edit
  • Off The Hook Bar & Grill, L'Esterre Bay.  edit
  • Hope's Inn, Tel: 473-443-7457.
  • Kim's Plaza Guesthouse, Tel: 473-443-7733.
  • Peace Haven Guest House, Tel: 473-443-7475.
  • Millie's Guest House, Tel: 473-443-7310
  • Bayaleau Point Cottages, Tel: 473-443-7984 (email: goldhill@caribsurf.com), [3].
  • Belair Garden Cottage, Tel: 473-443-6221 (email: belaircottage@spiceisle.com), [4]. Peaceful, private island style cottage with a magnificent view!
  • Bogle's Round House, Tel: 473-443-7841 (Skype: Nashp76; email: info@boglesroundhouse.com), [5]. Self-contained cottages a stone's throw from the beach.
  • Carriacou Grand View Hotel, Beausejour, Tel: 1-473-443-6348, (email: ccougrandview@caribsurf.com), [6].
  • Down Island, Tel: 473-443-8182, (Fax: 473-443-8290, Email: islander@spiceisle.com), [7]. A variety of villas and apartments with a range of pricing, all the way up to the nicest with private pools.
  • Caribbee Country House & Nature Preserve, Tel: (473) 443 7380, (email: macaws@spiceisle.com).
  • Seaclusion Suites, Tel:473-407-2779 (email: bob@seaclusionsuites.com), [8].
  • Tamarind Cottage, (email: tamarindcottage@grenadines.net), [9].

Stay safe

Carricou has a small hospital.

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