Dickerson first learnt of the proposal in a news article in May 1973, and formed the Citizen's Action for Safe Energy (CASE) group. Local citizens feared waste from the nuclear plant would lead to birth defects and other health problems for those who lived nearby. Following years of legal action and protests, it was announced in February 1982 that the plant would not be built.
Carrie Barefoot Dickerson is one of the women featured in the book Women of Spirit: Stories of Courage from the Women Who Lived Them by Katherine Martin. Dickerson has the Carrie Dickerson Lifetime Achievement Award named after her. Dickerson died in 2006.