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Carroll, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Carroll, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Carroll
Area
 - Total 5.5 sq mi (14.4 km2)
 - Land 5.5 sq mi (14.4 km2)
 - Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,270 ft (387 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 10,106
 - Density 1,823.2/sq mi (704.0/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 51401
Area code(s) 712
FIPS code 19-11080
GNIS feature ID 0455182

Carroll is a city in Carroll County, Iowa, United States, along the Middle Raccoon River. The population was 10,106 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Carroll County.

Contents

Geography

Carroll is located at 42°4′10″N 94°51′59″W / 42.06944°N 94.86639°W / 42.06944; -94.86639 (42.069544, -94.866361)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 5.5 square miles (14.3 km²), all of it land.

History

Carroll County is named in honor of Charles Carroll of Carrollton, Maryland. He was the only Roman Catholic to sign the Declaration of Independence, and the longest living signatory .

In 1855 a county government was set up in the town of Carrollton. Three years later a courthouse was constructed at a cost of approximately $3,000. Construction was begun by Nelson Moore, but he died with only one floor completed. The second story was completed by L. J. Hampton.

In 1869 the centrally located railroad town of Carroll City was selected as the county seat, replacing, with some protest, Carrollton. The Chicago and Northwestern Railroad laid out the town and built its first building, a warehouse. Later a $4,000 courthouse was constructed on the town square. This building was used until it burned to the ground in 1886. The vaults and records were undamaged, however, and moved to temporary housing in the Joyce Building and Drees' Music Hall.

The following winter a $40,000 bond issue was approved toward the construction of a new, permanent courthouse. The impressive building was built on the northwest corner of the square (the parking lot of the current courthouse). The stone and brick building, complete with a clock tower, was used for more than three-quarters of a century. It was replaced by a modern-looking building in 1965.

A $750,000 bond issue was used to construct and equip the new courthouse. This building was officially dedicated on September 24, 1966. The highlight of the dedication ceremony was the opening of the boxes sealed in the cornerstone of the old courthouse. The bell from the previous courthouse clock tower sits on the courthouse grounds.

Source: Marie Hackett, Curator of the Carroll County Historical Museum, 1991

Of more recent note was the town's request that Wal Mart build close to downtown, the idea being that it could act as a magnet to downtown, instead of being a threat to established businesses. The arrangement has worked fairly well. However it has disrupted some of the close knit feelings that the people in Carroll used to have. As of 2008, the downtown Wal Mart has closed and a new Wal Mart Super Center has been opened on the far west end of town. The downtown area has been remodeled in recent years, and the former Wal-Mart building has been split up and is being used to house a variety of different businesses.

Notable natives

Demographics

Carroll Historical Population
Year Pop.  %±
1870 384
1880 1,385 260.7%
1890 2,448 76.8%
1900 2,882 17.7%
1910 3,546 23.0%
1920 4,254 20.0%
1930 4,691 10.3%
1940 5,389 14.9%
1950 6,231 15.6%
1960 7,682 23.3%
1970 8,716 13.5%
1980 9,705 11.3%
1990 9,579 −1.3%
2000 10,106 5.5%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov.  

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 10,106 people, 4,173 households, and 2,649 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,823.2 people per square mile (704.3/km²). There were 4,431 housing units at an average density of 799.4/sq mi (308.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.57% White, 0.18% African American, 0.10% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.28% from other races, and 0.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.

There were 4,173 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.7% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.5% were non-families. 31.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.36 and the average family size was 2.99.

Population spread: 25.9% under the age of 18, 8.0% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 89.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $39,854, and the median income for a family was $51,020. Males had a median income of $31,124 versus $22,215 for females. The per capita income for the city was $20,442. About 3.4% of families and 5.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.8% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31.  

External links

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