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Casco, Maine
—  Town  —
Nathaniel Hawthorne's Boyhood Home
Casco, Maine is located in Maine
Casco, Maine
Location within the state of Maine
Coordinates: 43°57′9″N 70°30′50″W / 43.9525°N 70.51389°W / 43.9525; -70.51389
Country United States
State Maine
County Cumberland
Incorporated 1841
Area
 - Total 36.4 sq mi (94.4 km2)
 - Land 31.3 sq mi (81.0 km2)
 - Water 5.2 sq mi (13.4 km2)
Elevation 545 ft (166 m)
Population (2000)
 - Total 3,469
 - Density 110.9/sq mi (42.8/km2)
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 - Summer (DST) EDT (UTC-4)
ZIP code 04015
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-11125
GNIS feature ID 0582395

Casco is a town in Cumberland County, Maine, United States. The population was 3,469 at the 2000 census. Casco includes the villages of Casco, South Casco and Webb's Mills. The town borders the east shore of Sebago Lake, and is home to part of Sebago Lake State Park.

Casco is part of the PortlandSouth PortlandBiddeford, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

On January 30, 1767, Raymondtown Plantation was granted by the Massachusetts General Court to Captain William Raymond of Beverly, Massachusetts and his company of soldiers for their service with Sir William Phipps in the 1690 Battle of Quebec. It replaced a 1735 grant called Beverly-Canada (now Weare, New Hampshire) which was ruled invalid in 1741 because of a prior claim by the heirs of John Mason. In 1803, Raymondtown Plantation was incorporated as Raymond. The town of Naples was created with land taken in 1838, the same year the western half of Raymond petitioned the legislature to be set off as a township because of its geographical separation behind Rattlesnake Mountain. The petition failed, but three years later another was accepted. On March 18, 1841, Casco was incorporated as a town.

Farmers found the surface of the town uneven, its hard and rocky soil "tolerably productive." Outlets of ponds, however, provided Casco with good sites for water powered mills. The town had four sawmills, four gristmills, a shook mill, a barrel stave mill, four shingle factories, a carriage factory and a tannery. In 1832, the Cumberland and Oxford Canal made Sebago Lake a direct trade route to Portland. Steamboat travel commenced on the waterways in the 1840s, carrying tourists and freight. In 1938, Sebago Lake State Park was established, one of the state's five original state parks.

Notable residents

Geography

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 36.4 square miles (94.4 km²), of which, 31.3 square miles (81.0 km²) of it is land and 5.2 square miles (13.4 km²) of it (14.16%) is water. Casco is drained by the Crooked River and Songo River.

The town is crossed by U.S. Route 302 and state routes 11, 85 and 121. It borders the towns of Raymond to the southeast, Naples and Otisfield to the northwest, and Poland to the northeast.

Demographics

Steamer Longfellow on the Songo River in 1912

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 3,469 people, 1,327 households, and 958 families residing in the town. The population density was 110.9 people per square mile (42.8/km²). There were 1,958 housing units at an average density of 62.6/sq mi (24.2/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.95% White, 0.29% African American, 0.37% Native American, 0.52% Asian, 0.12% from other races, and 0.75% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.52% of the population.

There were 1,327 households out of which 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.3% were married couples living together, 10.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.8% were non-families. 20.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 6.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.58 and the average family size was 2.96.

Sebago Lake in c. 1915

In the town the population was spread out with 25.2% under the age of 18, 6.5% from 18 to 24, 32.1% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 97.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.3 males.

The median income for a household in the town was $41,629, and the median income for a family was $49,500. Males had a median income of $31,679 versus $25,306 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,306. About 5.3% of families and 8.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 9.8% of those age 65 or over.

Sites of interest

References

Further reading

External links

Coordinates: 44°00′24″N 70°31′22″W / 44.00667°N 70.52278°W / 44.00667; -70.52278

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