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Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Castalia (Ancient Greek: Κασταλία), in Greek mythology, was a nymph whom Apollo transformed into a fountain at Delphi, at the base of Mount Parnassos, or at Mount Helicon. Castalia could inspire the genius of poetry to those who drank her waters or listened to their quiet sound; the sacred water was also used to clean the Delphian temples. Apollo consecrated Castalia to the Muses (Castaliae Musae). The 20th century German writer Hermann Hesse used Castalia as inspiration for the name of the fictional province in his 1943 magnum opus, The Glass Bead Game.

See also

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CASTALIA, or Fons Castalius, a celebrated fountain in Greece, now called the Fountain of St John, which rises in a chasm of Mount Parnassus, in the neighbourhood of Delphi. It was sacred to Apollo and the Muses, and its water was used in the religious purifications of the "Pythian Pilgrims." From its connexion with the Muses it is sometimes referred to by late Greek writers (e.g. Lucian, Jup. Trag. 30) and Latin poets (e.g. Ovid, Am. i. 15.36) as a source of inspiration, and this has passed into a commonplace of modern literature. According to some authorities the nymph Castalia was the daughter of Achelous; according to others the water of the spring was derived from the Boeotian Cephissus.


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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010
(Redirected to Nymphaea article)

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Classification System: APWebsite
Classification System: APG II (down to family level)

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Regnum: Plantae
Cladus: Angiospermae
Cladus: Unassigned Angiospermae
Ordo: Nymphaeales
Familia: Nymphaeaceae
Genus: Nymphaea
Species: N. alba - N. alexii - N. amazonum - N. ampla - N. atrans - N. belophylla - N. ×borealis - N. caerulea - N. capensis - N. carpentariae - N. colorata - N. conardii - N. ×cultorum - N. cyclophylla - N. ×daubenyana - N. divaricata - N. ×eburnea - N. elegans - N. elleniae - N. gardneriana - N. georginae - N. gigantea - N. glandulifera - N. gracilis - N. hastifolia - N. ×helvola - N. heudelotii - N. immutabilis - N. jamesoniana - N. lasiophylla - N. ×laydekeri - N. leibergii - N. lingulata - N. lotus - N. macrosperma - N. ×marliacea - N. mexicana - N. micrantha - N. nouchali - N. odorata - N. ondinea - N. ×ortgiesiana - N. ovalifolia - N. oxypetala - N. petersiana - N. potamophila - N. prolifera - N. pubescens - N. pulchella - N. pygmaea - N. rudgeana - N. stuhlmannii - N. sulphurea - N. tenerinervia - N. tetragona - N. thermarum - N. ×thiona - N. togoensis - N. violacea

Name

Nymphaea L., Species Plantarum 1: 510. 1753, nom. cons.

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Synonyms

  • Leuconymphaea Kuntze
  • Castalia Salisb.
  • Ondinea Hartog

Published taxa

References

  • Nymphaea Report on ITIS
  • USDA, ARS, National Genetic Resources Program. Germplasm Resources Information Network - (GRIN) [Online Database]. National Germplasm Resources Laboratory, Beltsville, Maryland. [1] (07 February 2009)

Vernacular names

Česky: Leknín
Српски / Srpski: Локвањ
Dansk: Nøkkerose
Deutsch: Seerosen
Eesti: Vesiroos
English: Nymphaea
Español: Nenúfar
Français: Nymphaea
Italiano: Ninfea
עברית: נימפאה
日本語: スイレン
Português: Nymphaea
Română: Nymphaea
Русский: Кувшинка
Suomi: Lumpeet
Svenska: Näckrossläktet
ไทย: บัวสาย
Tiếng Việt: Chi Súng
Türkçe: Nymphaea
中文: 睡蓮

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