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Castilians
Castellanos
Castillian people.png

1st row: El Cid - Luis de León - Teresa of Ávila - Calderón de la Barca - Antonio Pimentel y Toledo - Alfonso X - John of the Cross
2nd row:Miguel de Cervantes - Ponce de León - Conde Ansúrez- Antonio Pérez - Lope de Vega - Duke of Alba - Garcilaso de la Vega
3rd row:Francisco de Quevedo - Almagro - Rubio de Auñón - Lorenzo Hervás - Pablo Morillo - Baldomero Espartero -Núñez de Arce
4th row:Pedro Almodóvar - Fernando Torres - José Ortega y Gasset - Enrique Iglesias - Alberto Contador - Plácido Domingo - Andrés Iniesta

Total population
SpainCastilian
11,000,000
Regions with significant populations
Flag of Castile.svg Castile
Bandera de Castilla y León.svg Castile and León 2,510,849
Flag of the Community of Madrid.svg Madrid N/A (Vast majority of ethnic Spaniards, (those with ancestry in Madrid and the rest of Castile).)
Bandera Castilla-La Mancha.svg Castile-La Mancha 2.043.100
Peru
Languages

Spanish language

Religion

Predominantly
Roman Catholic

Related ethnic groups

Andalusians · Asturians · Galicians · Cantabrians · Basques

The Castilian people (Spanish: castellanos) are the inhabitants of those regions in Spain where most people identify themselves as Castilian. They include Castile-La Mancha, Madrid, and the major part of Castile and León. However, not all regions of the medieval Kingdom of Castile think of themselves as Castilian. For this reason, the exact limits of what Castile is today are disputed.

Through the Reconquista and other conquests in the Middle Ages, the Kingdom of Castile (later Crown of Castile) spread over a large part of the Iberian Peninsula, especially towards the southern Spanish regions. After this, since the 15th century, through the Spanish colonization of the Americas, the Castilians also spread over the New World, bringing with them not only their language, but also elements of their culture and traditions.

The Castilian language

Castilian (castellano) is the native language of the Castilians. It is thought to have originated in the foothills of the high plains of the Cordillera Cantábrica and the upper Ebro valley, in northern Spain, around the 8th and 9th centuries AD. It is descended from the Latin of the Roman Empire, with Basque influences. During the Reconquista, it was brought to the south and replaced the languages that were spoken in the former Moorish controlled zones, such as the local form of Latin now referred to as Mozarabic, and also the Arabic that had been introduced by the Muslim invaders. In this process Castilian acquired considerable influences from these languages, some of which continues to be used in contemporary Castilian. Outside of Spain, Castilian is now usually referred to as Spanish.

During the Spanish colonization of the Americas, Spanish was the dominant language in Spain, and therefore was the language that was transmitted to the New World by the Conquistadores. Due to this gradual process, the Hispanophone world was created.

In Spanish, the word castellano (Castilian) is often used to refer to the Spanish language, alongside español (Spanish). See Names given to the Spanish language.

Castilian population and region of Spain.

See also

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