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Castlemartin (Welsh: Castell Martin) is a village, parish and community in (and giving its name to) the Hundred of Castlemartin, Pembrokeshire, West Wales.

Contents

Location

The village is situated on a sandstone ridge, 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) southwest of Pembroke and 7 kilometres (4.3 mi) southeast of Angle. Most of the community is within the Pembrokeshire Coast National Park. The community consists essentially of the parishes of Castlemartin and Warren (2 kilometres (1.2 mi) to the east).

History and amenities

The village is centered on a prominent Norman motte-and-bailey castle, which, with the original dedication of the church (to St Martin), gives the place its name.[1] The church contains a cross-inscribed stone pillar of the 7th century-9th century. Like other places in southern Pembrokeshire, Castlemartin has been entirely English-speaking for 900 years or more.

The community has 12 kilometres (7.5 mi) of coastline, much of it consisting of spectacular limestone cliffs characterised by large sea caves, natural arches and stacks. During the 20th century, most of the limestone downland of the community was cleared by the government of its ancient farms for use as an artillery range. The main base is at Warren. Because of this, the Pembrokeshire Coast Path in this area currently runs inland, by-passing the most interesting sections of cliff scenery, although some cliff features can be seen from Flimston (at 51°36′43″N 4°59′50″W / 51.61194°N 4.99722°W / 51.61194; -4.99722).

Census population of community 496 (1801): 528 (1851): 460 (1901): 243 (1951): 147 (2001).

References

  1. ^ Charles, B. G., The Placenames of Pembrokeshire, National Library of Wales, Aberystwyth, 1992, ISBN 0-907158-58-7, p 678

External links

Coordinates: 51°38′42″N 5°0′53″W / 51.645°N 5.01472°W / 51.645; -5.01472

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