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Coordinates: 53°20′38″N 1°46′30″W / 53.344°N 1.775°W / 53.344; -1.775

Castleton
Peveril Castle over the town of Castleton, 2008.jpg
Peveril Castle above Castleton
Castleton is located in Derbyshire
Castleton

 Castleton shown within Derbyshire
Population 649 2001 UK census
District High Peak
Shire county Derbyshire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town HOPE VALLEY
Postcode district S33
Dialling code 01433
Police Derbyshire
Fire Derbyshire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament High Peak
List of places: UK • England • Derbyshire

Castleton is a honeypot village in the Derbyshire Peak District, in England. The village lies at the western end of the Hope Valley on the Peakshole Water, a tributary of the River Noe. The town's population is 649 as of the 2001 census.

Contents

History

Castleton village was mentioned as Pechesers in the Domesday book in 1086 where "Arnbiorn and Hundingr held the land of William Peverel's castle in Castleton".[1] This land and Peverel's castle were amongst the manors belonging to William Peverel that also included Bolsover and Glapwell. Castleton later prospered from lead mining; the Odin Mine, one of the oldest lead mines in the country, is situated 1.5 km (about a mile) west of the village (see also Derbyshire lead mining history). This created and enlarged local caverns, four of which are now open to the public as Peak Cavern, Blue John Cavern, Speedwell Cavern and Treak Cliff Cavern. A limited supply of Blue John is mined locally.

Geography

The village is surrounded on three sides by hills. Most prominent is the ridge to the north. This is called the Great Ridge; it runs east from Mam Tor to Back Tor and Lose Hill, via the pass (hause) of Hollins Cross, where paths from many directions can be seen converging to cross over to Edale.

Road communications

Castleton used to be on the A road from Sheffield to Chapel-en-le-Frith, on the way to Manchester. Leaving Castleton, the western road used to go over Mam Tor, but after continual collapses and repairs (Mam Tor is called the "Shivering Mountain" because of its very loose shales) it was eventually abandoned.

The only westbound exit from Castleton is now the unclassified road over the narrow Winnats, now more frequently called "Winnats Pass". This road is very narrow and steep, and unsuitable for heavy vehicles or high volumes. Road signage has been designed to discourage through traffic—only local destinations are shown. Thus, most traffic enters and leaves the village on the eastern (Hope-Hathersage-Sheffield) road; for traffic going west this involves a long diversion via the villages of Bradwell and Peak Forest.

Public transport

Castleton has a small bus station. There are many bus services to Castleton, but in the winter some services are withdrawn (except on Sundays, when extra buses are laid on — the reverse of the situation in larger English towns). All-year routes with a good frequency include the 242, operated by First South Yorkshire and TM Travel, which runs from Castleton to Sheffield and the 173 to Bakewell, operated by Hulley's. One return bus a day is operated to Buxton.

There is no railway station, but Hope station is a walk of about 3 km away, and train tickets to Hope and Edale are valid on connecting buses to Castleton.

Photo gallery

Tourism

Castleton attracts large numbers of tourists, and there are many pubs (some with accommodation), tea shops and guest houses to supply their needs. There is also a large car park, an information centre, several outdoor shops and a youth hostel. Many schools visit the area for educational studies such as GCSE coursework. It is also a major walking centre, where routes up Cave Dale, The Winnats, Mam Tor & Hollins Cross meet.

Events

On Oak Apple Day, a garland king is paraded around the streets wearing an extremely large garland of flowers[2], followed by local girls dressed in white with flowers. The village is also famous for its display of Christmas lights and decorations during the festive season. There are four "show caves" to visit (one of them by boat) and at least one of them is open all year

Famous people

Walking

Castleton is popular with walkers, as the area is very beautiful, there is plenty of accommodation, and there are many public footpaths leading from the village. There are easy walks along the river to Hope, Brough, Bamford and (rather further) Hathersage, or there is a short strenuous walk up onto the Great Ridge, where magnificent views can be enjoyed before descending to Edale or returning to Castleton. Hayfield is a short day's walk away beyond Rushup Edge. A medium-distance two- or three-day "trail", the Limestone Way, starts in Castleton by running south down Cave Dale (past the rear of the castle) before climbing out of the village and heading for Monyash, Youlgreave, and Matlock.

On television

The town was featured in Most Haunted: Midsummer Murders episode three where the team "investigates" the murder of an engaged couple said to take place in the 1700s. Much of the "investigation" takes place in Speedwell Cavern. One of the conspirators, James Ashton, is said to have confessed to the murders on his deathbed after being haunted by the dead couple. He also implicated others involved. Castleton also featured in national news reports in the early 1980s following the murder of Susan Renhard near the battlements of Peveril Castle.

The town is also featured briefly in the play The Devil is an Ass by Ben Johnson, first performed in 1616.

References

  1. ^ Domesday Book: A Complete Translation. London: Penguin, 2003. ISBN 0-14-143994-7 p.750
  2. ^ Roy Hattersley on Oak Apple Day Daily Mail 2007
  3. ^ 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

External links

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