Castletown: Wikis

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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Coordinates: 54°04′27″N 4°39′14″W / 54.074167°N 4.653889°W / 54.074167; -4.653889

Castletown
Manx: Balley Chashtal
Castle Rushen.jpg
Castle Rushen seen across Castletown Harbour at low tide.
Castletown is located in Isle of Man
Castletown

 Castletown shown within the Isle of Man
Population 3,109 (Isle of Man census 2006)[1]
OS grid reference SC263675
    - Douglas  8.9 miles (14 km) ENE 
Parish Malew
Sheading Rushen
Crown dependency Isle of Man
Post town ISLE OF MAN
Postcode district IM9
Dialling code 01624
Police Isle of Man
Fire Isle of Man
Ambulance Isle of Man
House of Keys Castletown
List of places: Isle of Man

Castletown (Manx: Balley Chashtal, pronounced [ˈbalʲə ˈxaʃtʲəl]) is a town geographically within the Malew parish of the Isle of Man but administered separately. Lying at the south of the island, it is the former Manx capital.

Contents

History

Castletown is the former capital of the Isle of Man and site of Tynwald and can trace its roots back to 1090. The town has narrow streets and small fishing cottages. Fishing boats still continue to go out to fish from the harbour. Commercial traffic to the port ended in the 1970s, although there has been an ongoing expansion of finance and industrial businesses in the area.[2]

The last person to be hanged on the Isle of Man was John Kewish in Castletown at Castle Rushen on 1 August 1872. In 1874, the House of Keys moved from Castletown to Douglas.[3] The first telephones appeared in Castletown in 1901.

Geography

Aerial view of Castletown as seen from the west

The town lies on the north-western side of Castletown Bay. The opposite shore of the bay is the west coast of the Langness Peninsula. To the north-east is Ballasalla, to the north-west the village of Ballabeg and to the west Port St Mary and Port Erin. The A3 road connects Castletown with Ramsey and the A5 road (also known as New Castletown Road) connects the town with Douglas to the north-east and Port Erin to the west. The A25 road (also known as Old Castletown Road) was the historical route to Douglas and is now bypassed by the A5. The southern end of the Millennium Way long-distance footpath is at Castletown.

Demographics

The Isle of Man census 2006 lists the parish population as 3,109, a slight increase from the population of 3,100 in 2001. It is the fourth largest town on the island.[1]

Transport

There are frequent buses to Douglas, Port St Mary and Port Erin and occasional buses to Peel. Castletown railway station is on the Isle of Man Railway (IMR), a narrow gauge steam-operated railway connecting Douglas with Castletown and Port Erin. It is located at the northeastern edge of the town next to Poulsom Park. The Isle of Man Airport, the main civilian airport on the island, is to the north-east of the town.

Politics

Castletown is, along with Douglas, Peel and Ramsey, one of four town local authorities. They were all designated as towns by the Town Act 1852. Castletown became a local authority in 1883.

It is also a House of Keys constituency, electing one Member of the House of Keys (MHK). The current MHK is Tony Brown who was elected in the Manx general election, 2006 and who is also the Chief Minister of the Isle of Man.

Education

King William's College is an independent school. Founded in 1668 with funds from the Bishop Barrow Trust, it opened in 1833 with 46 boys and is now a co-educational school with about 500 pupils. The college is situated in two sites in the town. The main estate is near the shore of Castletown Bay at the end of the main airport runway, and The Buchan School, which is the College's junior school, is located in the Westhill part of Castletown, about two miles from the main campus.

Castle Rushen High School is a co-educational secondary state school and there is also one primary school, Victoria Road School, which was originally opened as a boys' school in 1895, with a girls' school in Hope Street. The two were later combined.[4]

Religion

There are three churches in the town. Castletown Methodist Church on Arbory Street, founded in 1932, is part of the Castletown Circuit, one of three circuits in the Isle of Man District which in turn is part of the British Methodist Connexion.[5] St Mary’s on the Harbour on Hope Street is the Church of England Church for the Parish of Castletown in the Diocese of Sodor and Man. The church building was consecrated as a church in 1985 when the congregation moved from the Garrison Church in Castletown Square.[6] St Mary's Roman Catholic Church on Bowling Green Road, built in the 1820s, it was the first post-reformation Catholic Church to be built on the island.[7]

Sport

Castletown Metropolitan F.C. who play in the Isle of Man Football League are based at the Castletown Football Stadium, Malew Road. They are one of the most successful clubs on the island, having been League champions eight times and won the Manx FA Cup seven times.[8][9] There are two Rugby union football clubs in the town, Castletown RUFC who are based at Poulsom Park and Southern Nomads RUFC who are based at King William's College. They both play in the Manx Shield.

Castletown cricket club is based at King William's College and is a member of the Isle of Man Cricket Association.[10] Castletown Golf & Country Club is located on the Langness Peninsula, Derbyhaven. The Billown Circuit motor cycling course has its start line in the town. Castletown Bowling Club is located at The Crofts.[11] Next to the bowling green is Castletown Lawn Tennis Club.[12] Southern Swimming Pool is a 25 metre, five lane Short course pool.[13] Castletown Harbour is the venue for the annual World Tinbath Championship.

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2011 Commonwealth Youth Games

The closing ceremony of the 2011 Commonwealth Youth Games is due to be held in Castletown on 12 September 2011.[14]

Landmarks

Old House of Keys, Castletown

Notable buildings in the town include

  • Castle Rushen is a medieval castle which towers over the Market Square to the south-east and the harbour to the north-east. HMS Rushen Castle (K372), a former Castle-class corvette of the Royal Navy, was named after the castle.
  • The Old House of Keys was the location of Tynwald, the Manx parliament, until it moved in 1874 to Douglas. The house was renovated in 2000 and is run as a museum by Manx National Heritage. Tynwald used to meet in Castletown except on Tynwald Day, when it traditionally met (and still meets) on Tynwald Hill in St John's.
  • The Old Grammar School was originally built as a chapel about 1190 - 1230 and is located in the harbour. The building stopped being a school in the 1930s and is now a museum.[15]
  • The Nautical museum (also known as The Peggy Story) is a branch of the Manx National Heritage and was opened in June 1951. The main focus of the museum is an 18th century yacht, the Peggy, housed in the boat cellar, where she has been since the mid 19th century. She had been bricked up and forgotten before being rediscovered by workmen.[16] The building previously belonged to Quayle's Bank. Dan Quayle, former Vice President of the United States is also of a Manx Quayle family.
  • A Museum of Witchcraft was in existence in the town for a short period

Much of the attraction of Castletown is in the quality of its period buildings, many constructed of the local silver-grey limestone. The layout of the town centre still retains its early arrangement, echoing the cluster of houses around the military parade ground, which still has its alternative use as market place. The interested visitor can still identify the original building plots, and the crofts attached to them, which have given their name to a residential area close to the town centre.

At the south-western tip of Castletown Bay is the Scarlett Point visitor centre. The Millennium Way long distance footpath, opened in 1979, begins at Castle Rushen, heading north towards Ramsey. The Raad ny Foillan long distance coastal footpath opened in 1986 runs along the coast in the town.

Notable people

MHKs and elections

Year Election Turnout Candidates Elected Notes
1903

General Election

?

1919

By Election

?

1919

General Election

Unopposed

1924

General Election

Unopposed

1929

General Election

Unopposed

1934

General Election

Unopposed

1946

General Election

?

1951

General Election

?

1956

General Election

?

1960

By Election

?

  • Thomas Harold Colebourn
  • ?
  • Thomas Harold Colebourn

Death of Sir Joseph David Qualtrough CBE

1971

General Election

?

  • Elspeth Quayle
  • C P Vereker
  • ?
  • Elspeth Quayle
1981

General Election

?

?

1986

General Election

67.4%

1991

General Election

Elected Unopposed

1996

General Election

67.2%

  • Tony Brown (876 votes)
  • Elsie Pickard (467 votes)
  • Carol Edge (102 votes)
2001

General Election

Elected Unopposed

2006

General Election

References

  1. ^ a b "Isle of Man Census 2006 Summary Results" (PDF). Economic Affairs Division, Isle of Man Treasury. 2006. pp. 3. http://www.gov.im/lib/docs/treasury/economic/census/isleofmancensusreport2006.pdf. Retrieved 2008-09-28.  
  2. ^ "Castletown". Isle of Man Guide. http://www.iomguide.com/castletown.php. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  3. ^ "Old House of Keys". Isle of Man Guide. http://www.iomguide.com/oldhouseofkeys.php. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  4. ^ "Victoria Road School". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/sch_victoriad.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  5. ^ "Castletown Methodist Church". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/churches_methodist.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  6. ^ "Castletown Parish Church St. Mary's on the Harbour". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/churches_stmoth.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  7. ^ "St Mary's Catholic Church". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/churches_stm_rc.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  8. ^ "Isle of Man 1897/98 and 1970/71-1994/95". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 2007-05-29. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/manx1898.html. Retrieved 2008-09-08.  
  9. ^ "Isle of Man List of Cup Winners". Rec.Sport.Soccer Statistics Foundation. 2008-06-08. http://www.rsssf.com/tablesm/manxcuphist.html. Retrieved 2008-09-10.  
  10. ^ "IOMCA Member Clubs". Isle of Man Cricket Association. http://icc-europe.org/ISLEOFMAN/DATABASE/ADMIN/clubs.shtml. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  11. ^ "Castletown Bowling Club". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/bowling_club.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  12. ^ "Castletown Lawn Tennis Club". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/tennisclub.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  13. ^ "Southern Swimming Pool". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/community/pool.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  14. ^ "2011 venues". 2011 Commonwealth Youth Games. http://cyg2011.com/index.php/venues. Retrieved 2008-09-21.  
  15. ^ "Old Grammar School". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/heritage/grammar_school.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  
  16. ^ "Nautical museum". castletown.org. http://www.castletown.org.im/heritage/nautical_museum.html. Retrieved 2008-09-29.  

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Castletown is a city of the Isle of Man, a crown dependency of the United Kingdom in the Irish Sea.

  • Rushen Castle. Beautifully restored castle  edit

Eat

There are many cafes, restaurants and pubs in Castletown, serving anything from a takeaway sandwich to a three course five star meal

Drink

There are many places to drink in Castletown, from typical British pubs to cocktail and wine bars.

Sleep

There are a few bed and breakfasts in Castletown

It is strongly that you book ahead especially in the TT Season when rooms will be at a premium.

Stay safe

The Isle of Man is largely a very safe place but petty crime does occur, and as with any destination, tourists should always be on their guard.

This article is an outline and needs more content. It has a template, but there is not enough information present. Please plunge forward and help it grow!

1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CASTLETOWN (Manx, Bully Cashtel), a town of the Isle of Man, io m. S.W. of Douglas, by the Isle of Man railway. Pop. (1901) 1975. It is picturesquely situated on both sides of a small harbour formed by the outflow of the Silver Burn into Castletown Bay. It was the legal capital of the island until 1862. In the centre of the town stands Castle Rushen, which is said to owe its foundation to the Danish chief, Guthred, in 947-9 60, though the existing building, which is remarkably well preserved, probably dates from the 14th century. Until the 18th century it was the residence of the lords of Man, and until 1891 served as a prison. The massive keep is square, and is surrounded by an outer wall, with towers and a moat. The council chamber and court-house were built in 1644. In the neighbourhood of the castle is the old House of Keys, where the members of the Manx parliament held their sessions until the removal of the seat of government to Douglas. A lofty Doric column commemorates Cornelius Smelt, lieutenant-governor of the island (d. 1832), near which there is a remarkable sun-dial with thirteen faces, dating from 1720. King 'William's College, situated a mile to the north-east of the town, was opened in 1833; but a complete restoration was rendered necessary by fire in 1844, and it was subsequently enlarged. It is the chief educational establishment in the island. At Hango Hill near the town William Christian, receiver-general, who had surrendered the castle, and with it the island, to the parliamentary forces in 1651, was executed in 1663 at the instance of the countess of Derby, who had undertaken to defend it for the king. A small shipping trade is maintained.


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