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Cataphiles are urban explorers who illegally tour the Paris "catacombs", the term popularly used to describe a series of underground tunnels that were formerly a network of stone mines.

Unauthorized visits

A partially flooded section of rue de la Voie Verte

Entrance to the catacombs is restricted. The portion of the catacombs open to the public is only a small part of an extensive network of underground tunnels, which spans more than 300 km (about 186 miles) in length. The tunnel system is complex, and though some tunnels have plaques indicating the name of the street above, it is easy to get lost. Some passages are low or narrow, and others are partially flooded. There are aging telephone wires, pipes, and such that can hinder progress, and cave-ins, although rare, do occasionally occur. A good guide is indispensable, and many guides occasionally refer to a map. Because of these dangers, accessing the catacombs without official escort has been illegal since 2 November 1955. There is a 60 fine for persons caught by the cataflics — the special police who patrol the catacombs.

Secret entrances exist throughout Paris, and it is possible to enter the catacombs via the sewers, metro, and certain manholes.[1]

Some unofficial visitors hold keys to certain official entrances. On rare occasions people use these access points and illegally enter the catacombs — for example, to meet clandestinely, to hold unusual parties, or simply as urban explorers.

In September 2004, an underground movie theater run by the Mexican Perforation — a French artistic movement that seeks to convey their ideas using underground places — was discovered by the French police.[2]

Cataphiles often descend for a day, a night, or perhaps a week to explore, photograph, paint murals, create maps, clean up rooms and dig chatières (ventilation channels)[3]

References

  1. ^ Oved, Marco Chown. "The catacombs of Paris and a journey into the unknown". Radio France Internationale. http://www.rfi.fr/actuen/articles/112/article_3639.asp. Retrieved 2009-05-13.  
  2. ^ "La Mexicaine De Perforation". Urban-Resources. Urban-Resources. http://www.urban-resources.net/la_mexicaine_de_perforation.html. Retrieved 2006-06-16.  
  3. ^ "Mommy, what's a cataphile?". Secrets of the City of Light. http://blogs.bootsnall.com/Moe/mommy-whats-a-cataphile.html. Retrieved 2009-09-18.  

External links

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Simple English

A cataphile, also known as an urban explorer or "kata", is a person who illegally explores the catacombs underneath Paris, France. The catacombs go on for approximately 186 miles. The cataphiles carry maps, usually made by hand.


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