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Catfish
Fossil range: Late Cretaceous - Present
small-tailed catfish
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Superclass: Osteichthyes
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Ostariophysi
Order: Siluriformes
Families
.Catfish (order Siluriformes) are a diverse group of ray-finned fish.^ Click Here To Order Using The "Catfish Fishing Fanatic" Full Payment Plan .

.Named for their prominent barbels, which resemble a cat's whiskers, catfish range in size and behavior from the heaviest, the Mekong giant catfish from Southeast Asia and the longest, the wels catfish of Eurasia, to detritivores (species that eat dead material on the bottom), and even to a tiny parasitic species commonly called the candiru, Vandellia cirrhosa.^ It's not everyday that one catches a catfish in this size range even if that person fishes everyday....you just dont see Trophy size Catfish EVERYDAY !!!
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

There are armour-plated types and also naked types, neither having scales. Despite their name, not all catfish have prominent barbels; members of the Siluriformes order are defined by features of the skull and swimbladder. .Catfish are of considerable commercial importance; many of the larger species are farmed or fished for food.^ Commercial fishing is also unregulated in many areas.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We have commercial catfish farms all over the country.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Also commercial fish farms are hurt by taking away a part of their fish market demand.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

Many of the smaller species, particularly the genus Corydoras, are important in the aquarium hobby.

Contents

Distribution and habitat

.Extant catfish species live in inland or coastal waters of every continent except Antarctica.^ His grandpa's universal dough recipe that can catch every living thing in the water including: catfish, carp, snapping turtles, rainbow trout… and more...

^ The “shot gunning” secret that can catch almost every living thing in the water – including catfish.

^ But that frustration will turn into a deep respect for your ability to pull up more catfish than any other fisherman on the water… and do it almost every time!

.Catfish have inhabited all continents at one time or another.^ A big blunder most beginners make after a fishing trip… that guarantees they’ll lose at least one catfish the next time out!

^ In keeping with the spirit of Catfish in the Memepool , I’ve located another ‘blog where huge swaths of this notion had emerged quite independently in an at times uncannily similar manner .
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ An expensive “silver bullet” catfish bait you can use to rip catfish out of the water one after another.

[1] .Catfish are most diverse in tropical South America, Africa, and Asia.^ (They are the most devastating catfish candy in North America… hands down!

[2] .More than half of all catfish species live in the Americas.^ In fact, you'll be catching more catfish than the guides when you put these amazing secrets to work.

^ If you want to catch a ton of catfish, Earnest is your man because he caught more than 1000 catfish from last May through September!

^ Most catfishermen spend more time looking for catfish than actually fishing ...

They are the only ostariophysans that have entered freshwater habitats in Madagascar, Australia, and New Guinea.[3]
.They are found in freshwater environments of all kinds, though most inhabit shallow, running water.^ We can't all Be Like Dick , though surely we can learn from him, but most of us could still do a better job of being ourselves.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ (Even though they are native to Canada, these power packed baits are easily found throughout North America, if you know where to look...and Earnest tells all!

[3] Representatives of at least eight families are hypogean (live underground) with three families that are also troglobitic (inhabiting caves).[4][5] One such species is Phreatobius cisternarum, known to live underground in phreatic habitats.[6] Numerous species from the families Ariidae and Plotosidae, and a few species from among the Aspredinidae and Bagridae, are found in salt water.[7][8]

Physical characteristics

External anatomy of catfish

Most catfish are bottom feeders. .In general, they are negatively buoyant, which means that they will usually sink rather than float due to a reduced gas bladder and a heavy, bony head.^ Acknowledging devolution means acknowledging that not only are things worse than we've dared to admit, they are getting worse, and will continue to do so, at an ever accelerating pace.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ If pay lakes want trophy catfish they should raise them rather than raping our public waters.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The suffix "-heim" in German mean "home", and is usually, I think, associated with something bigger than a "-dorf" (village, I think), but smaller than a "-stadt".
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

[3] Catfish have a variety of body shapes, though most have a cylindrical body with a flattened ventrum to allow for benthic feeding.[3]
A flattened head allows for digging through the substrate as well as perhaps serving as a hydrofoil. .Most have a mouth that can expand to a large size and contains no incisiform teeth; catfish generally feed through suction or gulping rather than biting and cutting prey.^ Jeff Wiborg, No need to take large Catfish.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Super potent “bait cubes” Earnest spreads through a 30 foot radius to attract slews of feeding catfish in less than 45 minutes!

^ If you want to catch a ton of catfish, Earnest is your man because he caught more than 1000 catfish from last May through September!

[3] However, some families, notably Loricariidae and Astroblepidae, have a suckermouth that allows them to fasten themselves to objects in fast-moving water. .Catfish also have a maxilla reduced to a support for barbels; this means that they are unable to protrude their mouths as other fish such as carp.^ Chad Nordyke, The popularity of catfishing as a sport for Catch and Release just as many other game fish should be noted by lawmakers.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Anyone willing to put together such a vast amount of knowledge shows that they not only have a genuine love of fishing, but that they also care about other anglers experiences as well.

^ Leon Woodall, Catfish are becoming such a sport fish I don't think they should be able to be taken by commercial fisherman at all.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[3]
The channel catfish has four pairs of barbels.
Catfish may have up to four pairs of barbels: nasal, maxillary (on each side of mouth), and two pairs of chin barbels, although pairs of barbels may be absent, depending on the species. .Because their barbels are more important in detecting food, the eyes on catfish are generally small.^ But if you get the inside scoop on how to detect more strikes, you can easily increase the amount of catfish you catch by 300%...

^ If you want to catch a ton of catfish, Earnest is your man because he caught more than 1000 catfish from last May through September!

Like other ostariophysans, they are characterized by the presence of a Weberian apparatus.[1] Their well-developed Weberian apparatus and reduced gas bladder allow for improved hearing as well as sound production.[3]
The armor plates are evident in Corydoras semiaquilus.
Catfish have no scales; their bodies are often naked. .In some species, the mucus-covered skin is used in cutaneous respiration, where the fish breathes through its skin.^ Bonus #4: Special Report #2: “Cutting Through The Crap” Catfish Fishing Equipment Report ($49 value, with lifetime updates) .

^ Justin Manion, Other game fish are regulated, and I heed those regulations even though I'd like to use some of them for bait.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[3] .In some catfish, the skin is covered in bony plates called scutes; some form of body armor appears in various ways within the order.^ I just called to give you some quick feedback about your old school catfish course.

.In loricarioids and in the Asian genus Sisor, the armor is primarily made up of one or more rows of free dermal plates.^ 'Blogging feels more like sitting at home on the couch with the shades up and the curtains open, secure in the knowledge that no one is watching anyway… .
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ The big ones – 60 pounds and up – are rare individuals that may have lived 30 years or more.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

Similar plates are found in large specimens of Lithodoras. .These plates may be supported by vertebral processes, as in scoloplacids and in Sisor, but the processes never fuse to the plates or form any external armor.^ The observation that the result of our evolutionary process, may, in the end, shed most of its object-oriented baggage should support, and not undermine our tale...
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

By contrast, in the subfamily Doumeinae (family Amphiliidae) and in hoplomyzontines (Aspredinidae), the armor is formed solely by expanded vertebral processes that form plates. Finally, the lateral armor of doradids, Sisor, and hoplomyzontines consists of hypertrophied lateral line ossicles with dorsal and ventral lamina.[9]
A sting from the striped eel catfish, Plotosus lineatus, may be fatal.
All catfish, except members of Malapteruridae (electric catfish), possess a strong, hollow, bonified leading spine-like ray on their dorsal and pectoral fins. As a defense, these spines may be locked into place so that they stick outwards, which can inflict severe wounds.[2] .In several species catfish can use these fin rays to deliver a stinging protein if the fish is irritated.^ (Ron used the exact same bait for both species, and only altered it slightly to slam the catfish...

^ If we are to recruit the next generation of catfish, these fish must be allowed to breed in numbers.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Tom DeWitt, We can not let these fish be takin from our waters and expect to have trophy fish in the future.We need tighter regs on trophy catfish.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[10] This venom is produced by glandular cells in the epidermal tissue covering the spines.[1] In members of the family Plotosidae, and of the genus Heteropneustes, this protein is so strong it may hospitalize humans unfortunate enough to receive a sting; in Plotosus lineatus, the stings may result in death.[1]
.Juvenile catfish, like most fish, have relatively large heads, eyes and posterior median fins in comparison to larger, more mature individuals.^ My Smalltalk roots (among other things) are likely showing when I say I see no harm in a larger, more expressive vocabulary.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ If you like landing bigger than average catfish, this the most surefire way to haul 'em in quick!

^ A big blunder most beginners make after a fishing trip… that guarantees they’ll lose at least one catfish the next time out!

These juveniles can be readily placed in their families, particularly those with highly derived fin or body shapes; in some cases identification of the genus is possible. .As far as known for most catfish, features that are often characteristic of species such as mouth and fin positions, fin shapes, and barbel lengths show little difference between juveniles and adults.^ Catfish are one of the top five most fished for species.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ His obsession with catfish started 39 years ago when his god father (a respected old game warden) showed him his most powerful catfishing secrets...

^ (Most fishermen never discover these little-known catfish holding zones) .

For many species, pigmentation pattern is also similar in juveniles and adults. .Thus, juvenile catfishes generally resemble and develop smoothly into their adult form without distinct juvenile specializations.^ They are not only killing the adult fish that are guarding the nest but are also killing the next generation of catfish when they remove the adult.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Joe is a night catfishing fanatic, and over the last 22 years he's developed specialized baits to create swarming catfish "hunting grounds".

^ You’d be shocked how many catfish have taken your bait into their mouths, then spit it out and got away… without you even knowing.

.Exceptions to this are the ariid catfishes, where the young retain yolk sacs late into juvenile stages, and many pimelodids, which may have elongated barbels and fin filaments or coloration patterns.^ You’d be shocked how many catfish have taken your bait into their mouths, then spit it out and got away… without you even knowing.

[11]
.Sexual dimorphism is reported in about half of all families of catfish.^ If you want it all, right now – and you’re serious about catching more (and bigger) catfish the next time you go fishing… this is the option for you.

[12] .The modification of the anal fin into an intromittent organ (in internal fertilizers) as well as accessory structures of the reproductive apparatus (in both internal and external fertilizers) have been described in species belonging to 11 different families.^ An old trick for turning internal bull organs into monster cat super baits!

[13]

Size

.Catfish have one of the greatest range in size within a single order of bony fish.^ A big blunder most beginners make after a fishing trip… that guarantees they’ll lose at least one catfish the next time out!

^ Thanks again Dan, for this one-of-a kind "old school catfish fishing" resource!

^ Click Here To Order Using The "Catfish Fishing Fanatic" Full Payment Plan .

[3] .Many catfish have a maximum length of under 12 cm.^ If you were to ask one of these 12 old school fishermen how he catches so many catfish… he’ll usually give you a line of “BS”.

[1] Some of the smallest species of Aspredinidae and Trichomycteridae reach sexual maturity at only 1 centimetre (0.39 in).[2]
.The wels catfish, Silurus glanis, is the only native catfish species of Europe, besides the much smaller related Aristotle's catfish found in Greece.^ (Ron used the exact same bait for both species, and only altered it slightly to slam the catfish...

^ This special report lists only the proven equipment you need to catch catfish… and nothing more.

Mythology and literature record wels catfish of astounding proportions, yet to be proven scientifically. .The average size of the species is about 1.2–1.6 m (3.9–5.2 ft), and fish more than 2 metres (6.6 ft) are very rare.^ In fact, when he was 4 years old, he caught more catfish than all his dad's buddies with a piece of fishing line, an old hook, a washer, a float, and a handful of crickets!

^ (I was fishing for more Rushdie than I netted, truth be told.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ If you want it all, right now – and you’re serious about catching more (and bigger) catfish the next time you go fishing… this is the option for you.

The largest specimens on record measure more than 2.5 metres (8.2 ft) in length and sometimes exceeded 100 kilograms (220 lb).
The largest Ictalurus furcatus, caught in the Mississippi River on May 22, 2005, weighed 124 pounds (56 kg). .The largest flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, ever caught was in Independence, Kansas, weighing 123 lb 9 oz (56.0 kg).^ I took a combination of methods laid out in your catfish course and caught a 40 pound flathead with my buddy .

^ How Earnest accidentally caught an 18 pound yellow catfish when he was perch fishing… and the powerful technique this "accidental catch" revealed for hauling in flatheads!

^ What of a 60 pound flathead catfish dragged from its home water to be dumped into an undersized pond and repeatedly caught, er dragged, from the pond to be proudly displayed and dropped back into the pond?
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

.In July 2009, a catfish weighing 193 pounds was caught in the River Ebro, Spain, by a 11-year old British schoolgirl.^ I took a combination of methods laid out in your catfish course and caught a 40 pound flathead with my buddy .

^ (Talk about old school… his grandfather showed him this amazing technique over 50 years ago, and Earnest still uses it to catch a world of catfish!

^ Commercial growers need to grow catfish and a blue catfish grows quickly after is gets about 6 years old and hits 50 pounds after about 12 - 15 years old.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[14] .However, these records pale in comparison to a giant Mekong catfish caught in northern Thailand in May 1, 2005 and reported to the press almost 2 months later that weighed 293 kilograms (650 lb).^ These trophy cats should be left in their natural habitat, so that they can live or be legally caught to enhance the sport of trophy catfishing.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The secret recipe for a bait that smells worse than dog crap, but has been used to break local records for number of catfish caught.

^ If you want to catch a ton of catfish, Earnest is your man because he caught more than 1000 catfish from last May through September!

.This is the largest giant Mekong catfish caught since Thai officials started keeping records in 1981.[15] The giant Mekong catfish are not well studied since they live in developing countries and it is quite possible that they can grow even larger.^ The secret recipe for a bait that smells worse than dog crap, but has been used to break local records for number of catfish caught.

^ When they found a new technique for catching catfish, they didn’t tell a soul… because it wouldn’t work as well if everyone else started using it.

^ How Ron caught 14 crappie over 3 pounds in just 2 hours… and then caught 9 catfish over 15 pounds while his buddies sat there empty handed…and jealous beyond belief!

Internal anatomy

In many catfish, the humeral process is a bony process extending backward from the pectoral girdle immediately above the base of the pectoral fin. It lies beneath the skin where its outline may be determined by dissecting the skin or probing with a needle.[16]
The retina of catfish are composed of single cones and large rods. Many catfish have a tapetum lucidum which may help enhance photon capture and increase low-light sensitivity. Double cones, though present in most teleosts are absent from catfish.[17]
The anatomical organization of the testis in catfish is variable among the families of catfish, but the majority of them present fringed testis: Ictaluridae, Claridae, Auchenipteridae, Doradidae, Pimelodidae, and Pseudopimelodidae.[18] In the testes of some species of Siluriformes, organs and structures such as a spermatogenic cranial region and a secretory caudal region are observed, in addition to the presence of seminal vesicles in the caudal region.[19] The total number of fringes and their length are different in the caudal and cranial portions between species.[18] Fringes of the caudal region may present tubules, in which the lumen is filled by secretion and spermatozoa.[18] Spermatocysts are formed from cytoplasmic extensions of Sertoli cells; the release of spermatozoa is allowed by breaking of the cyst walls.[18]
The occurrence of seminal vesicles, in spite of their interspecific variability in size, gross morphology and function, has not been related to the mode of fertilization. They are typically paired, multi-chambered, and connected with the sperm duct, and have been reported to play a glandular and a storage function. Seminal vesicle secretion may include steroids and steroid glucuronides, with hormonal and pheromonal functions, but it appears to be primarily constituted of mucoproteins, acid mucopolysaccharides, and phospholipids.[13]
Fish ovaries may be of two types: gymnovarian or cystovarian. In the first type, the oocytes are released directly into the coelomic cavity and then eliminated. In the second type, the oocytes are conveyed to the exterior through the oviduct.[19] Many catfish are cystovarian in type, including Pseudoplatystoma corruscans, P. fasciatum, Lophiosilurus alexandri, and Loricaria lentiginosa.[18][19]

Catfish as food

Tuscaloosa Catfish served with corn bread and rice
.Catfish have been widely caught and farmed for food for hundreds of years in Africa, Asia, Europe, and North America.^ In fact, when he was 4 years old, he caught more catfish than all his dad's buddies with a piece of fishing line, an old hook, a washer, a float, and a handful of crickets!

^ Fisherman #3: Ron "The Catfish Wrangler" Woodard (This guy grew up poor, and started catching catfish for food when he was 3 years old.

^ (They are the most devastating catfish candy in North America… hands down!

.Judgments as to the quality and flavor vary, with some food critics considering catfish as being excellent food, others dismiss them as watery and lacking in flavour.^ In some states, catfish still are considered rough fish, and you can legally keep as many as you want – 10, 20,100, 500.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You see, while the Old School Catfish Fishing Secrets course was being created – I was also working on 2 other catfishing courses, and 2 special catfishing reports.

^ It is sad that such a great fishery such as catfish is not being protected while bass and others are.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[20] In Central Europe, catfish were often viewed as a delicacy to be enjoyed on feast days and holidays. .Migrants from Europe and Africa to the United States brought along this tradition, and in the southern United States catfish is an extremely popular food.^ A children’s pet that is also one of the most effective (and little-known) catfish baits in the United States!

.The most commonly eaten species in the United States are the channel catfish and blue catfish, both of which are common in the wild and increasingly widely farmed.^ The same is true for channel and blue catfish.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ (Ron used the exact same bait for both species, and only altered it slightly to slam the catfish...

^ Protect the Flathead Catfish and the Blues as they are true trophies in the Lower 48 states.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

Farm-raised catfish became such a staple of the diet of the United States that on June 25, 1987, President Ronald Reagan established National Catfish Day to recognize "the value of farm-raised catfish."
.Catfish is eaten in a variety of ways; in Europe it is often cooked in similar ways to carp, but in the United States it is typically crumbed with cornmeal and fried.^ A children’s pet that is also one of the most effective (and little-known) catfish baits in the United States!

[20] In Indonesia catfish are usually served grilled in street stalls called warung and eaten with vegetables; the dish is called Pecel Lele (Lele is the Indonesian word for catfish). In Malaysia catfish, called "Ikan Keli," is fried with spices and is often eaten with steamed rice. .In the Indian states of West Bengal, Assam and Bangladesh Catfish (locally known as Magur) is eaten as a favoured delicacy during the monsoons.^ A children’s pet that is also one of the most effective (and little-known) catfish baits in the United States!

^ We the undersigned petition State and Local Government to ban the use of catfish procured from public water(s) from being used in the operation(s) of commercial pay lake operations.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

Catfish is high in Vitamin D.[21] .Farm-raised catfish contains low levels of omega-3 fatty acids and a much higher proportion of omega-6 fatty acids.^ This shouldnt happen , Thats why there is fish farms and farm raised catfish !!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[22]
Vietnamese catfish cannot be legally marketed as catfish in the US, and is subsequently referred to as "swai."[23]
As catfish lack scales, they are judged to not be kosher and cannot be eaten by observant Jews.

Aquaculture

Catfish are easy to farm in warm climates, leading to inexpensive and safe food at local grocers. .Ictalurids are cultivated in North America (especially in the Deep South, with Mississippi being the largest domestic catfish producer).^ (They are the most devastating catfish candy in North America… hands down!

^ I've fished catfish from Mississippi to Oklahoma to Florida, to Alabama, to North Carolina and into South Carolina - and I'm convinced these techniques will work in any area of the country.

[24] Channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) supports a $450 million/yr aquaculture industry.[2] In Central Louisiana, Morgan W. Walker, Jr., an Alexandria businessman, in 1970 converted a 1,100-acre cattle ranch into catfish ponds to raise fish on a mass scale for sale and consumption.[25]
.Catfish raised in inland tanks or channels are considered safe for the environment, since their waste and disease should be contained and not spread to the wild.^ If pay lakes want trophy catfish they should raise them rather than raping our public waters.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

[26]
In Asia, many catfish species are important as food. Several walking catfish (Clariidae) and shark catfish (Pangasiidae) species are heavily cultured in Africa and Asia. Exports of one particular shark catfish species from Vietnam, Pangasius bocourti, has met with pressures from the U.S. catfish industry. .In 2003, The United States Congress passed a law preventing the imported fish from being labeled as catfish.^ A children’s pet that is also one of the most effective (and little-known) catfish baits in the United States!

^ You see, while the Old School Catfish Fishing Secrets course was being created – I was also working on 2 other catfishing courses, and 2 special catfishing reports.

[27] As a result, the Vietnamese exporters of this fish now label their products sold in the U.S. as "basa fish." Trader Joe's has labeled frozen fillets of Vietnamese Pangasius hypothalmus as "striper."[28]
.There is a large and growing ornamental fish trade, with hundreds of species of catfish, such as Corydoras and armored suckermouth catfish (often called plecos), being a popular component of many aquaria.^ Chad Nordyke, The popularity of catfishing as a sport for Catch and Release just as many other game fish should be noted by lawmakers.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ You’ll catch dozens (sometimes hundreds) of catfish – even when your fishing buddies can’t get a bite.

^ Leon Woodall, Catfish are becoming such a sport fish I don't think they should be able to be taken by commercial fisherman at all.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

.Other catfish commonly found in the aquarium trade are banjo catfish, talking catfish, and long-whiskered catfish.^ A “sitting duck” catfish bait commonly found in household ponds...

Catfish as invasive species

.Representatives of the genus Ictalurus have been introduced into European waters in the hope of obtaining a sporting and food resource.^ Curtis G. Moore, Harvesting of trophy flathead catfish from public waters is a raping of our natural resources and is detrimental to the sport of fishing.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

.However, the European stock of American catfishes has not achieved the dimensions of these fish in their native waters, and have only increased the ecological pressure on native European fauna.^ Lynn D. Woolever, These fish need to remain in their native waters.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ And after all, excellent populations of catfish remain all around the country, even in many heavily fished waters.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ But you'll be investing only $197 total for your Old School Catfish Fishing Secrets package.

Walking catfish have also been introduced in the freshwaters of Florida, with the voracious catfish becoming a major alien pest there. Flathead catfish, Pylodictis olivaris, is also a North American pest on Atlantic slope drainages.[2] Pterygoplichthys species, released by aquarium fishkeepers, have also established feral populations in many warm waters around the world.[29][30][31][32][33]

Dangers to humans

.While the vast majority of catfish are harmless to humans, a few species are known to present some risk.^ In this special “easy reading” report, the old timers reveal these major catfishing mistakes – and tell you exactly how to avoid them.

^ I used some of the chum recipes, and a few of the recommended baits to catch 25 catfish in a single outing...

.Perhaps the most notorious of these is the Candiru, due to the way it is reputed to parasitize the urethra, though there is only one well-documented case of a candiru attack on a human.^ So, back to your earlier question: neither of these manipulations changes the way the code works one whit.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ Permalink There is no reason that all human existence should be constructed on some one or some small number of patterns .
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ Though we had about fifty other vintage events to show, Steele’s talk was the only one we exhibited.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

Since 2007, the Goonch catfish has also gained attention following a series of fatal underwater attacks which have been alleged by biologist Jeremy Wade to have been from unusually large goonch. .The Wels catfish has also been reputed to kill humans (especially young children), and while there are no documented cases of fatalities, larger specimens are known to cause serious injuries in rare instances (probably from defensive reactions rather than attempted predation).^ (Seriously, there is no comparison.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ Permalink There is no reason that all human existence should be constructed on some one or some small number of patterns .
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ We have witnessed no fewer than five true cases of dynastic succession, accounting for fully ten of forty-three reigns.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

In addition, other species are reputed to be dangerous to humans as well, but with less definitive evidence.

Taxonomy

The catfishes are a monophyletic group. This is supported by molecular evidence.[34]
Catfish belong to a superorder called the Ostariophysi, which also includes the Cypriniformes, Characiformes, Gonorynchiformes and Gymnotiformes, a superorder characterized by the Weberian apparatus. Some place Gymnotiformes as a sub-order of Siluriformes, however this is not as widely accepted. Currently, the Siluriformes are said to be the sister group to the Gymnotiformes, though this has been debated due to more recent molecular evidence.[1] As of 2007 there are about 36 extant catfish families, and about 3,023 extant species have been described.[35] .This makes the catfish order the second or third most diverse vertebrate order; in fact, 1 out of every 20 vertebrate species is a catfish.^ A big blunder most beginners make after a fishing trip… that guarantees they’ll lose at least one catfish the next time out!

^ Catfish are one of the top five most fished for species.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Fisherman #10: Clayton "Stinky" Young (He makes deadly catfish baits by adding special ingredients to his grandfather's secret recipes.

[2]
The taxonomy of catfishes is quickly changing. In a 2007 and 2008 paper, Horabagrus, Phreatobius, and Conorhynchos were not classified under any current catfish families.[35] .There is disagreement on the family status of certain groups; for example, Nelson (2006) lists Auchenoglanididae and Heteropneustidae as separate families, while the All Catfish Species Inventory (ACSI) includes them under other families.^ The ultimate “lazy man’s” commercial catfish bait that blows all others out of the water.

^ Shannon Cheek, Please protect catfish as you would any other game species.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We should all practice conservation of trophy catfish and other fish to promote the sport and enjoyment for future generations.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

Also, FishBase and the Integrated Taxonomic Information System lists Parakysidae as a separate family, while this group is included under Akysidae by both Nelson (2006) and ACSI.[1][36][37][38] Many sources do not list the recently revised family Anchariidae.[39] The family Horabagridae, including Horabagrus, Pseudeutropius, and Platytropius, is also not shown by some authors but presented by others as a true group.[34] Thus, the actual number of families differs between authors. .The species count is in constant flux due to taxonomic work as well as description of new species.^ When they found a new technique for catching catfish, they didn’t tell a soul… because it wouldn’t work as well if everyone else started using it.

On the other hand, our understanding of catfishes should increase in the next few years due to work by the ACSI.[1]
.The rate of description of new catfishes is at an all-time high.^ (It’s perfectly legal and Randy uses it to catch catfish, bass, bluegill, eel, and turtle all at the same time!

^ If you want it all, right now – and you’re serious about catching more (and bigger) catfish the next time you go fishing… this is the option for you.

.Between 2003 and 2005, over 100 species have been named, a rate three times faster than that of the past century.^ P.P.S. Today you’ll get everything for only $297 $197 ($100 less than what everyone else will pay) because of the limited-time Introductory Special good through midnight on Sunday, 01/10/2010 .

^ (It always feels good when your cast zips past everyone else's… and James will show you a special trick to do it almost every time!

[40] .In June, 2005, researchers named the newest family of catfish, Lacantuniidae, only the third new family of fish distinguished in the last 70 years (others being the coelacanth in 1938 and the megamouth shark in 1983).^ Only the name is new.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ But you'll be investing only $197 total for your Old School Catfish Fishing Secrets package.

^ I really don't agree with pay lakes at all, being that they use fish from local waters, but I know they can't be stopped and I am dure some family's enjoy them but as others have said.
  • Sign Petition / View Petition « Catfish Rescue 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.catfishrescue.com [Source type: Original source]

The new species in Lacantuniidae, Lacantunia enigmatica, was found in the Lacantun river in the Mexican state of Chiapas.[41]
According to morphological data, Diplomystidae is usually considered to be the most primitive of catfishes and the sister group to the remaining catfishes, grouped in a clade called Siluroidei. .Recent molecular evidence contrasts the prevailing hypothesis, where the suborder Loricarioidei are the sister group to all catfishes, including Diplomystidae (Diplomystoidei) and Siluroidei; though they were not able to reject the past hypothesis, the new hypothesis is not unsupported.^ Evidence suggests that cut ‘n’ paste is a nearly essential, and nearly universal, practice when new framework applications are constructed, be they for GUI code, Eclipse plug-ins, or what have you.
  • Catfish in the Memepool 10 February 2010 13:013 UTC www.laputan.org [Source type: General]

^ They remind me of so many experiences, and all the different tactics for catching catfish.

Siluroidei was found to be monophyletic without Loricarioid families or Diplomystidae with molecular evidence; morphological evidence is unknown that supports Siluroidei without Loricarioidea.[34]
Below is a list of family relationships by different authors. Lacantuniidae is included in the Sullivan scheme based on recent evidence that places it sister to Claroteidae.[42]
Nelson, 2006[1] Sullivan et al., 2006[34]
  • Unresolved families
    • Cetopsidae
    • Pseudopimelodidae
    • Heptapteridae
    • Cranoglanididae
    • Ictaluridae
  • Loricarioidea
    • Amphiliidae
    • Trichomycteridae
    • Nematogenyiidae
    • Callichthyidae
    • Scoloplacidae
    • Astroblepidae
    • Loricariidae
  • Sisoroidea
    • Amblycipitidae
    • Akysidae
    • Sisoridae
    • Erethistidae
    • Aspredinidae
  • Doradoidea
    • Mochokidae
    • Doradidae
    • Auchenipteridae
  • Siluroidea
    • Siluridae
    • Malapteruridae
    • Auchenoglanididae
    • Chacidae
    • Plotosidae
    • Clariidae
    • Heteropneustidae
  • Bagroidea
    • Austroglanididae
    • Claroteidae
    • Ariidae
    • Schilbeidae
    • Pangasiidae
    • Bagridae
    • Pimelodidae
  • Unresolved families
    • Cetopsidae
    • Plotosidae
    • Chacidae
    • Siluridae
    • Pangasiidae
  • Suborder Loricarioidei
    • Trichomycteridae
    • Nematogenyiidae
    • Callichthyidae
    • Scoloplacidae
    • Astroblepidae
    • Loricariidae
  • Clarioidea
    • Clariidae
    • Heteropneustidae
  • Arioidea
    • Ariidae
    • Anchariidae
  • Pimelodoidea
    • Pimelodidae
    • Pseudopimelodidae
    • Heptapteridae
    • Conorhynchos
  • Ictaluroidea
    • Ictaluridae
    • Cranoglanididae
  • Doradoidea (sister to Aspredinidae)
    • Doradidae
    • Auchenipteridae
  • "Big Asia"
    • Sisoroidea
      • Amblycipitidae
      • Akysidae
      • Sisoridae
      • Erethistidae
    • Ailia + Laides (Asian schilbeids)
    • Horabagridae (Horabagrus + Pseudeutropius + Platytropius)
    • Bagridae (without Rita)
  • "Big Africa"
    • Mochokidae
    • Malapteruridae
    • Amphiliidae
    • Claroteidae
    • Lacantuniidae
    • Schilbeidae

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Nelson, Joseph S. (2006). Fishes of the World. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. ISBN 0471250317. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f Lundberg, John G.; Friel, John P. (2003-01-20). "Siluriformes". Tree of Life Web Project. http://tolweb.org/tree?group=Siluriformes&contgroup=Ostariophysi. Retrieved 2007-04-18. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Bruton, Michael N. (1996). "Alternative life-history strategies of catfishes" (PDF). Aquat. Living Resour. 9: 35–41. doi:10.1051/alr:1996040. http://www.edpsciences.org/articles/alr/pdf/1996/05/alr96hs02.pdf?access=ok. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  4. ^ Langecker, Thomas G.; Longley, Glenn (1993). "Morphological Adaptations of the Texas Blind Catfishes Trogloglanis pattersoni and Satan eurystomus (Siluriformes: Ictaluridae) to Their Underground Environment". Copeia 1993 (4): 976–986. doi:10.2307/1447075. 
  5. ^ Hendrickson, Dean A.; Krejca, Jean K.; Martinez, Juan Manuel Rodríguez (2001). "Mexican blindcats genus Prietella (Siluriformes: Ictaluridae): an overview of recent explorations". Environmental Biology of Fishes 62: 315–337. doi:10.1023/A:1011808805094. 
  6. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Phreatobius cisternarum" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.
  7. ^ Monks N. (editor): Brackish Water Fishes, TFH 2006, ISBN 0-7938-0564-3
  8. ^ Schäfer F: Brackish Water Fishes, Aqualog 2005, ISBN 3-936027-82-X
  9. ^ "Micromyzon akamai, gen. et sp. nov., a small and eyeless banjo catfish (Siluriformes: Aspredinidae) from the river channels of the lower Amazon basin". Copeia (3): 641–648. 1996. 
  10. ^ "Channel Catfish". Fairfax County Public Schools. http://www.fcps.k12.va.us/StratfordLandingES/Ecology/mpages/channel_catfish.htm. Retrieved 2006-12-02. 
  11. ^ Lundberg, John G.; Berra, Tim M.; Friel, John P. (March 2004). "First description of small juveniles of the primitive catfish Diplomystes (Siluriformes: Diplomystidae)" (PDF). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 15 (1): 71–82. http://www.mansfield.ohio-state.edu/~tberra/pdf-files/Diplomystes.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  12. ^ Friel, John P.; Vigliotta, Thomas R. (2006). "Synodontis acanthoperca, a new species from the Ogôoué River system, Gabon with comments on spiny ornamentation and sexual dimorphism in mochokid catfishes (Siluriformes: Mochokidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa 1125: 45–56. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2006f/zt01125p056.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  13. ^ a b Mazzoldi, C.; Lorenzi, V.; Rasotto, M. B. (2007). "Variation of male reproductive apparatus in relation to fertilization modalities in the catfish families Auchenipteridae and Callichthyidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes)". Journal of Fish Biology 70: 243–256. doi:10.1111/j.1095-8649.2006.01300.x. 
  14. ^ http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/newstopics/howaboutthat/5834754/Schoolgirl-nets-9ft-monster-fish.html
  15. ^ "Grizzly Bear-Size Catfish Caught in Thailand". National Geographic News. http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2005/06/0629_050629_giantcatfish.html. Retrieved 2006-07-14. 
  16. ^ "Term : humeral process". FishBase. 2007. http://filaman.ifm-geomar.de/Glossary/Glossary.cfm?TermEnglish=humeral%20process. 
  17. ^ Douglas, Ron H.; Collin, Shaun P.; Corrigan, Julie (15 November 2002). "The eyes of suckermouth armoured catfish (Loricariidae, subfamily Hypostomus): pupil response, lenticular longitudinal spherical aberration and retinal topography" (PDF). Journal of Experimental Biology (The Journal of Experimental Biology) 205 (22): 3425–3433. http://jeb.biologists.org/cgi/reprint/205/22/3425. 
  18. ^ a b c d e Barros, Marcelo D. M.; Guimarães-Cruz, Rodrigo J.; Veloso-Júnior, Vanderlei C.; Santos, José E. dos (2007). "Reproductive apparatus and gametogenesis of Lophiosilurus alexandri Steindachner (Pisces, Teleostei, Siluriformes)" (PDF). Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 24 (1): 213–221. doi:10.1590/S0101-81752007000100028. http://www.scielo.br/pdf/rbzool/v24n1/28.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  19. ^ a b c Brito, M.F.G.; Bazzoli, N. (2003). "Reproduction of the surubim catfish (Pisces, Pimelodidae) in the São Francisco River, Pirapora Region, Minas Gerais, Brazil". Arquivo Brasileiro de Medicina Veterinária e Zootecnia 55 (5). doi:10.1590/S0102-09352003000500018. issn = 0102-0935. http://www.scielo.br/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0102-09352003000500018. 
  20. ^ a b Jenny Baker (1988), Simply Fish p 36-37. Faver & Faber, London.
  21. ^ "Vitamin D and Healthy Bones". New York State Department of Health. http://www.health.state.ny.us/diseases/conditions/osteoporosis/vitd.htm. Retrieved 2007-07-13. 
  22. ^ Reuters, Fatty Fish Not Equal in Good Fats
  23. ^ "Union Fish Company - Basa/Swai Details". http://www.unionfishco.com/swai/details.htm. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  24. ^ J.E. Morris (October 1993) (PDF). Pond Culture of Channel Catfish in the North Central Region. North Central Regional Aquaculture Center. http://www.extension.iastate.edu/Publications/NCR444.pdf. Retrieved 2006-06-28. 
  25. ^ http://www.thetowntalk.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080817/OBITUARIES/80816018/1023
  26. ^ Rogers, Paul. "Economy of Scales". Stanford Magazine. Stanford Alumni Association. http://www.stanfordalumni.org/news/magazine/2006/marapr/features/fishfarming.html. Retrieved 2008-02-14. 
  27. ^ L.A. Times, "'Catfish' bred in Asia move up on U.S. food chain", 28 November 2006
  28. ^ Growfish - Gippsland Aquaculture Industry Network (GAIN)
  29. ^ Nico, Leo G.; Martin, R. Trent (March 2001). "The South American Suckermouth Armored Catfish, Pterygoplichthys anisitsi (Pisces: Loricaridae), in Texas, with Comments on Foreign Fish Introductions in the American Southwest". The Southwestern Naturalist 46 (1): 98–104. doi:10.2307/3672381. 
  30. ^ Wakida-Kusunokia, Armando T.; Ruiz-Carusb, Ramon; Amador-del-Angelc, Enrique (March 2007). "Amazon Sailfin Catfish, Pterygoplichthys pardalis (Castelnau, 1855) (Loricariidae), Another Exotic Species Established in Southeastern Mexico". The Southwestern Naturalist 52 (1): 141–144. doi:10.1894/0038-4909(2007)52[141:ASCPPC2.0.CO;2]. 
  31. ^ Chavez, Joel M.; de la Paz, Reynaldo M.; Manohar, Surya Krishna; Pagulayan, Roberto C.; Carandang Vi, Jose R. (2006). "New Philippine record of South American sailfin catfishes (Pisces: Loricariidae)" (PDF). Zootaxa 1109: 57–68. http://www.mapress.com/zootaxa/2006f/zt01109p068.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  32. ^ Bunkley-Williams, Lucy; Williams, Ernest H., Jr.; Lilystrom, Craig G.; Corujo-Flores, Iris; Zerbi, Alfonso J.; Aliaume, Catherine; Churchill, Timothy N. (1994). "The South American Sailfin Armored Catfish, Liposarcus multiradiatus (Hancock), a New Exotic Established in Puerto Rican Fresh Waters" (PDF). Caribbean Journal of Science 30 (1-2): 90–94. http://academic.uprm.edu/publications/cjs/VOL30/P090-094.PDF. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  33. ^ Liang, Shih-Hsiung; Wu, Hsiao-Ping; Shieh, Bao-Sen (2005). "Size Structure, Reproductive Phenology, and Sex Ratio of an Exotic Armored Catfish (Liposarcus multiradiatus) in the Kaoping River of Southern Taiwan" (PDF). Zoological Studies 44 (2): 252–259. http://zoolstud.sinica.edu.tw/Journals/44.2/252.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  34. ^ a b c d Sullivan, JP; Lundberg JG; Hardman M (2006). "A phylogenetic analysis of the major groups of catfishes (Teleostei: Siluriformes) using rag1 and rag2 nuclear gene sequences". Mol Phylogenet Evol. 41 (3): 636–62. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.05.044. PMID 16876440. 
  35. ^ a b Ferraris, Carl J., Jr. (2007). "Checklist of catfishes, recent and fossil (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes), and catalogue of siluriform primary types" (PDF). Zootaxa 1418: 1–628. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-7-10. (inactive 2008-06-29). http://mapress.com/zootaxa/2007f/zt01418p300.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  36. ^ "Catfish Families". All Catfish Species Inventory. http://silurus.acnatsci.org/ACSI/taxa/Families.html. Retrieved 2007-04-28. 
  37. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2007). "Parakysidae" in FishBase. Apr 2007 version.
  38. ^ Parakysidae (TSN 553185). Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  39. ^ Ng, Heok Hee; Sparks, John S. (2005). "Revision of the endemic Malagasy catfish family Anchariidae (Teleostei: Siluriformes), with descriptions of a new genus and three new species". Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwaters 16 (4): 303–323. 
  40. ^ Ferraris, Carl J., Jr.; Reis, Roberto E. (2005). "Neotropical catfish diversity: an historical perspective" (PDF). Neotropical Ichthyology 3 (4): 453–454. doi:10.1590/S1679-62252005000400001. http://www.ufrgs.br/ni/vol3num4%5Cpreface.pdf. 
  41. ^ Rodiles-Hernández, Rocío; Hendrickson, Dean A.; Lundberg, John G.; Humphries, Julian M. (2005). "Lacantunia enigmatica (Teleostei: Siluriformes) a new and phylogenetically puzzling freshwater fish from Mesoamerica" (PDF). Zootaxa 1000: 1–24. doi:10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[39:DOARFT2.0.CO;2]. issn = 1175-5334. http://www.digimorph.org/specimens/Lacantunia_enigmatica/zt01000.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  42. ^ Lundberg, John G.; Sullivan, John P.; Rodiles-Hernández, Rocío; Hendrickson, Dean A. (June 2007). "Discovery of African roots for the Mesoamerican Chiapas catfish, Lacantunia enigmatica, requires an ancient intercontinental passage" (PDF). Proceedings of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia 156: 39–53. doi:10.1635/0097-3157(2007)156[39:DOARFT2.0.CO;2]. https://webspace.utexas.edu/deanhend/www/pdfs/Lundberg_2007_African_roots_Lacantunia.pdf. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 

External links


Simple English

Catfish
Fossil range: Late Cretaceous - Present
File:Eel-tail
Eel-tail catfish
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Ostariophysi
Order: Siluriformes

Catfish are a group of teleost fish. Their Latin name is Siluriformes. They are named catfish because their barbels look like the whiskers of a cat. They are very diverse. They range in size from the heaviest, the Mekong Giant Catfish to the longest, the Wels catfish found in Eurasia. There are also detrivores in the group, and even tiny parasitic fish can be found. These parasites are called candiru. Some catfish are also grown for food, in fish farms. Some catfish can be kept in aquaria.



Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 26, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Catfish, which are similar to those in the above article.








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