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Cecil Dale Andrus


In office
January 23, 1977 – January 20, 1981
President Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Thomas S. Kleppe
Succeeded by James G. Watt

In office
January 4, 1971 – January 23, 1977
Lieutenant Jack M. Murphy (1971-1975)
John V. Evans (1975-1977)
Preceded by Don Samuelson
Succeeded by John V. Evans

In office
January 5, 1987 – January 1, 1995
Lieutenant Butch Otter
Preceded by John V. Evans
Succeeded by Phil Batt

Born August 25, 1931 (1931-08-25) (age 78)
Hood River, Oregon
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Carol M. May
Residence Boise
Alma mater Oregon State University
Religion Lutheran
Website Andrus Center for Public Policy
Military service
Service/branch United States Navy
Years of service 1951-1955
Unit Reserves

Cecil Dale Andrus (born August 25, 1931 in Hood River, Oregon) was a Secretary of the Interior, the 26th and 28th Governor of Idaho. He served a combined 14 years as governor (1971-77 and 1987-95) and as Interior secretary from 1977-81 during the Carter administration. Andrus lost his first gubernatorial election in 1966, but won four (1970, 1974, 1986, 1990) and served as governor longer than anyone else in Idaho history. In public life he was noted for his environmentalist views.

Contents

Early life and career

Andrus attended Oregon State University in 1952[1] and served in the United States Naval Reserves from 1951 to 1955[2]. After being discharged from the U.S. Navy, Andrus moved to Orofino, Idaho, where he worked in the timber industry.

Upset over the local Republican state senator's stance on education, in 1960 while living in Orofino, Andrus filed as a Democrat to run against him and won. He was re-elected in 1962 and 1964.

Andrus ran for governor in Idaho in 1966 but was narrowly defeated in the Democratic primary by Salmon attorney Charles Herndon. Andrus was appointed the replacement nominee after Herndon died in a plane crash while en route from Twin Falls to Coeur d'Alene in September 1966[3]. Andrus lost the general election to Republican Don Samuelson, earning him the distinction of losing a gubernatorial primary and general election in the same year. Andrus was re-elected to the Idaho State Senate in 1968.

Governor (1971-77)

Undaunted by his earlier setbacks, in 1970, Andrus defeated Samuelson in a gubernatorial election rematch, thanks in large part to his opposition to developing molybdenum mining in central Idaho's White Cloud Mountains. Andrus was overwhelmingly re-elected in 1974, defeating Republican Lieutenant Governor Jack M. Murphy.

In 1974 TIME magazine named Governor Andrus one of the 200 Faces for the Future[4].

Interior Secretary

In January 1977, Andrus resigned as governor to serve as Secretary of the Interior for newly-inaugurated President Jimmy Carter, becoming the first Idahoan to serve in a presidential cabinet. He was succeeded as governor by Lieutenant Governor John V. Evans.

As Interior Secretary, Andrus was responsible for creating vast wilderness areas in Alaska. In 1979, Carter demanded the resignations of his entire cabinet; the resignation of Andrus was not accepted. Andrus returned to Idaho when Carter's presidency ended in 1981.

Governor (1987-95)

After several years in private life, Andrus surprised many by recapturing the Idaho governorship in the 1986 election, defeating Republican Lieutenant Governor David H. Leroy. During his second stint as governor, Andrus vigorously opposed federal efforts to store nuclear waste in Idaho. He also brokered a path-breaking agreement among land-use and conservation interests to control water pollution from nonpoint sources to protect riparian and fish habitat in streams.

In 1990 Andrus drew attention when he vetoed a strict anti-abortion bill passed by the Idaho Legislature. Despite this veto, Andrus easily won re-election later that year against conservative Republican state senator Roger Fairchild, winning in every county except Lemhi. In his final term, Governor Andrus was again in the national spotlight due to the Endangered Species Act listing of several Snake River salmon species. These anadromous fish species spawn in their natal streams in Idaho and migrate seaward at a young age. Governor Andrus called attention to the downstream federal dams operated by the Army Corps of Engineers as the major culprit. His successful lawsuit against the Federal government lead to incremental changes in operations of the dams and controversy over major changes to the dams that continue to today.

Despite remaining personally popular, Andrus did not seek re-election to a fifth term in 1994. He was succeeded by Republican Phil Batt, who served a single term and did not seek re-election in 1998.

Elder statesman

In 1995, Andrus founded the Andrus Center for Public Policy at Boise State University. He published his memoir, Politics Western Style, in 1998. Cecil D. Andrus Elementary School in Boise is named after him.

Andrus remains active with the Idaho Democratic Party and continues to campaign on behalf of other Democrats, including Howard Dean during the former Vermont governor's 2004 run for president. In 2006 Andrus served as campaign treasurer for Idaho Democratic gubernatorial nominee Jerry Brady.[5] On February 2, 2008, Andrus endorsed and campaigned on behalf of Barack Obama in Boise, Idaho.[6][7] At the "second biggest political rally in Idaho history," according to the New York Times, Andrus introduced Obama and recalled hearing John F. Kennedy speak years earlier. "I’m older now, some would suggest in the twilight of a mediocre political career,” Andrus said. “I, like you, can still be inspired. I can still hope.”[8]

References

Party political offices
Preceded by
Vernon K. Smith
Democratic Party nominee, Governor of Idaho
1966 (lost), 1970 (won), 1974 (won)
Succeeded by
John V. Evans
Preceded by
John V. Evans
Democratic Party nominee, Governor of Idaho
1986 (won), 1990 (won)
Succeeded by
Larry EchoHawk
Political offices
Preceded by
Don Samuelson
Governor of Idaho
January 4, 1971–January 24, 1977
Succeeded by
John V. Evans
Preceded by
Thomas S. Kleppe
United States Secretary of the Interior
January 24, 1977–January 20, 1981
Succeeded by
James G. Watt
Preceded by
John V. Evans
Governor of Idaho
January 5, 1987–January 2, 1995
Succeeded by
Phil Batt
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