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Cedar Falls, Iowa
—  City  —
Location of Cedar Falls, Iowa
Coordinates: 42°31′25″N 92°26′47″W / 42.52361°N 92.44639°W / 42.52361; -92.44639Coordinates: 42°31′25″N 92°26′47″W / 42.52361°N 92.44639°W / 42.52361; -92.44639
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Black Hawk
Area
 - City 28.9 sq mi (74.8 km2)
 - Land 28.3 sq mi (73.3 km2)
 - Water 0.6 sq mi (1.5 km2)
Elevation 879 ft (268 m)
Population (2000)
 - City 39,145
 Density 1,277.2/sq mi (493.1/km2)
 Metro 162,263
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 - Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 50613
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-11755
GNIS feature ID 0455240

Cedar Falls is a city in Black Hawk County, Iowa, United States, and it is home to one of Iowa's three public universities, the University of Northern Iowa. The population was 36,145 at the 2000 census. It has the smaller population of the two principal cities in the Cedar Falls-Waterloo, Iowa Metropolitan Statistical Area.

Contents

History

Cedar Falls was founded in 1845 by William Sturgis. It was originally named Sturgis Falls, for the first family who settled the site. The Sturgis family moved on within a few years and the city was renamed Cedar Falls because of its proximity to the Cedar River. However the city's founders are honored each year with a three day community-wide celebration named in their honor - the Sturgis Falls Celebration.

Because of the availability of water power, Cedar Falls developed as a milling and industrial center prior to the Civil War. The establishment of the Civil War Soldiers' Orphans Home in Cedar Falls changed the direction in which the city developed when, following the war, it became the first building on the campus of the Iowa State Normal School (now the University of Northern Iowa).

Geography

Cedar Falls is located at 42°31′25″N 92°26′47″W / 42.52361°N 92.44639°W / 42.52361; -92.44639 (42.523520, -92.446402)[1].

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 28.9 square miles (74.8 km²), of which, 28.3 square miles (73.3 km²) of it is land and 0.6 square miles (1.5 km²) of it (2.08%) is water.

Demographics

As of the census[2] of 2000, there were 36,145 people, 12,833 households, and 7,558 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,277.2 people per square mile (493.1/km²). There were 13,271 housing units at an average density of 468.9/sq mi (181.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 90.14% White, 4.57% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 3.61% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.41% from other races, and 1.09% from two or more races. 1.08% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 12,833 households out of which 26.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.9% were married couples living together, 7.5% had a female householder with no husband present, and 41.1% were non-families. 25.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 9.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.91.

In the city the population was spread out with 18.0% under the age of 18, 30.6% from 18 to 24, 20.5% from 25 to 44, 19.0% from 45 to 64, and 11.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 26 years. For every 100 females there were 88.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.7 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $70,226, and the median income for a family was $85,158. Males had a median income of $60,235 versus $50,312 for females. The per capita income for the city was $27,140. About 5.6% of families and 4.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 8.5% of those under age 18 and 6.1% of those age 65 or over.

Library

The Cedar Falls Public Library is housed in the Adele Whitenach Davis building located at 524 Main Street. The 47,000 square foot (4,400 m²) structure, designed by Struxture Architects, replaced the Carniege-Dayton building in early 2004. As of the 2005 fiscal year, the library's holdings included 2,176 audio recordings, 2,292 videos, 253 periodicals, 96 miscellaneous titles, and 115,757 books for a grand total of 120,574 items. Patrons made more than 220,000 visits which took advantage of circulation services, adult, teen, and youth programming. The library also provides public access to more than 30 public computers which provide Internet access, office software suites, high resolution color printing, and various games.

The mission of the Cedar Falls Public Library is to promote literacy and provide open access to resources which facilitate lifelong learning. The library is a member of the Cedar Valley Library Consortium(CVLC). Consortium members share an Integrated Library System(ILS) server which resides in the Rod Library of the University of Northern Iowa. Library management is provided by Sheryl Groskurth MLS, Joint Director of the Cedar Falls and Waterloo Public Libraries.

Culture

In 1986, the City of Cedar Falls established the Cedar Falls Art and Culture Board, which oversees the operation of the City's Cultural Division and the James & Meryl Hearst Center for the Arts.

Media

Advertisements

Video Game Design

FM Radio

AM Radio

Analog Television

Print

  • The Courier, daily newspaper
  • The Cedar Falls Times, weekly newspaper

Music

The underground music scene in the Cedar Falls area from 1977-2007 is documented on The Secret History of the Cedar Valley, a collaborative history of the bands, record labels, and music venues involved in the Cedar Falls music scene.

Notable natives and residents

Actors

Athletes

Musicians

Politicians

Writers

Misc.

Education

University of Northern Iowa's Lang Hall

Besides holding one of the three Iowa public universities, University of Northern Iowa, Cedar Falls is home to three high schools. The Northern University High School, a private school run by the university, Valley Lutheran High School, a private Christian school, and Cedar Falls High School, which is part of the public school district, Cedar Falls Community Schools, which also includes two junior high schools and six elementary schools.

In 2000, the for-profit Hamilton College established its sixth campus of seven in Cedar Falls by acquiring the American Institute of Commerce.

Points of interest

References

  1. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2000 and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2005-05-03. http://www.census.gov/geo/www/gazetteer/gazette.html. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. http://factfinder.census.gov. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  3. ^ http://www.ci.cedar-falls.ia.us/index.aspx?NID=62
  4. ^ School libraries: 29. 1964. "A superb story-teller who makes the pioneer life of the American frontier leap into being, Helen Markley Miller has written many books ...". 
  5. ^ Ward, Martha; Marquardt, Dorothy (1971). Authors of books for young people (2 ed.). p. 363. "MILLER, Helen Markley - Born in Cedar Falls, Iowa, she graduated from Iowa State Teachers College and received her master's degree from Western State College ..." 
  • Brian C. Collins. Images of America: Cedar Falls, Iowa. Arcadia Publishing, Inc. 1998. ISBN 0-7524-1358-9 ISBN 0-7385-4582-1

External links


Simple English

Cedar Falls is a city of Iowa in the United States. It is part of the Waterloo-Cedar Falls region. University of Northern Iowa was established in Cedar Falls.


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