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Cefotetan
Systematic (IUPAC) name
(7S)-7-{[4-(1-amino-3-hydroxy-1,3-dioxopropan-2-ylidene)
1,3-dithietane-2-carbonyl]amino}-7-methoxy-
3-[(1-methyltetrazol-5-yl)sulfanylmethyl]-8-oxo-
5-thia-1-azabicyclo[4.2.0]oct-2-ene-2-carboxylic acid
Identifiers
CAS number 69712-56-7
ATC code J01DC05
PubChem 53025
ChemSpider 47904
Chemical data
Formula C 17H17N7O8S4  
Mol. mass 575.623 g/mol
SMILES eMolecules & PubChem
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.  ?
Legal status
Routes  ?
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Cefotetan is an injectable antibiotic of the cephamycin type for prophylaxis and treatment of bacterial infections. It is often grouped together with second-generation cephalosporins and has a similar antibacterial spectrum, but with additional anti-anaerobe converage.

Cefotetan was developed by Yamanouchi. It is marketed outside Japan by AstraZeneca with the brand names Apatef and Cefotan.

Adverse effects

The chemical structure of cefotetan, like that of several other cephalosporins, contains an N-methylthiotetrazole (NMTT or 1-MTT) side chain. As the antibiotic is broken down in the body, it releases free NMTT, which can cause hypoprothrombinemia (likely due to inhibition of the enzyme vitamin K epoxide reductase) and a reaction with ethanol similar to that produced by disulfiram (Antabuse), due to inhibition of aldehyde dehydrogenase.[1]

References

  1. ^ Stork CM (2006). "Antibiotics, antifungals, and antivirals". in Nelson LH, Flomenbaum N, Goldfrank LR, Hoffman RL, Howland MD, Lewin NA (eds.). Goldfrank's toxicologic emergencies. New York: McGraw-Hill. pp. 847. ISBN 0-07-143763-0. http://books.google.com/books?id=cvJuLqBxGUcC&pg=PA847. Retrieved 2009-07-03.  

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