Celebrity Cruises: Wikis

  
  

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Celebrity Cruises
Type Subsidiary
Founded 1989
Headquarters Miami, Florida
Industry Transportation
Products Cruises
Parent Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.
Subsidiaries Azamara Cruises
Website http://www.celebrity.com/

Celebrity Cruises is a cruise line founded in 1988 by the Greek Chandris Group.[1] In 1997, Celebrity Cruises Ltd. merged with Royal Caribbean International to become Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd., which operates Celebrity, Royal Caribbean International, Azamara Cruises, Pullmantur Cruises and CDF Croisieres de France. The signature "X" displayed on the funnel of Celebrity ships is the Greek letter chi, for "Chandris".[2][3] The company has its headquarters in Miami, Florida.[4] Common features on board Celebrity brand ships are aft-glass dining rooms, formal foyer areas, alternate dining venues, balcony and suite staterooms, large pools and lounging areas, signature bars and lounges, libraries, elegant spas and gyms, and relaxation areas.

Contents

History

Meridian was Celebrity Cruises' first ship.

Celebrity Cruises was founded in April 1988 as a subsidiary of the Greece-based Chandris Group to operate upmarket cruise ships to Bermuda.[1] Chandris had been involved in cruise traffic since the 1960s,[3] and during the late 1980s the company operated in the United States market under the brand name Chandris Fantasy Cruises. Chandris Fantasy Cruises targeted the lower end of the cruise passenger market, with fleets consisting of second-hand ocean liners.[5] Celebrity Cruises came into existence when, in April 1988, Home Lines, at the time one of the world's leading premium cruise lines, was sold to Holland America Line. Home Lines' ships had held two of the five contracts offered by the Government of Bermuda to cruise lines, giving the ships priority berthing arrangement and unlimited access to sail to the islands in exchange for the ships sailing to Bermuda between April and October each year. Although these contracts were highly valued, Holland America Line decided to withdraw the former Home Lines ships from this service, leaving an opening for two new ships to gain access. Chandris wanted to acquire the contracts, but the Government of Bermuda was only willing to award them to upmarket cruise lines, which Chandris Fantasy Cruises was not.[1]

In order to gain the Bermuda Government contracts, Chandris created Celebrity Cruises and immediately begun negotiating with the Bermuda Government in April 1988. As a result of the negotiations, Celebrity Cruises was awarded the contract for two ships for a five-year period beginning in 1990 [1] In order to fulfill the contract, Chandris Fantasy Cruises' Galileo was rebuilt at Lloyd Werft, Germany in 1989, re-entering service as Meridian for Celebrity Cruises in February 1990.[2][1] As the second ship Horizon, that had been ordered in 1988 as a replacement for Amerikanis in the Chandris Fantasy fleet, was transferred to Celebrity Cruises fleet, entering service in May 1990.[1][6] In late 1990 Celebrity Cruises placed an order for a sister ship of the Horizon, delivered in 1992 as Zenith.[1][7]

Summit, a Millenium class ship, renamed Celebrity Summit in 2008.

In 1997 the Chandris family sold their interests in Celebrity Cruises to Royal Caribbean International.[8] During the same year Celebrity Cruises took delivery of the first Century class vessel, Century, that was followed by Galaxy in 1996 and Mercury in 1997.[7] Following the delivery of the Mercury, the Meridian was sold to Singapore-based Sun Cruises.[2] Between 2000 and 2002 Celebrity took delivery of a quartet of new ships, the gas turbine -powered and aptly named Millennium class ships Millennium, Infinity, Summit and Constellation.[7] The Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand was launched in 2004 with the acquisition of Celebrity Xpedition, a small boutique ship offering specialized cruises around the Galápagos Islands.[9] In 2005 the Horizon was transferred to the fleet Royal Caribbean's United Kingdom -based subsidiary Island Cruises.[6] In the same year, the first ship of what was to be named Solstice class was ordered from Meyer Werft.[10] By 2007, three more ships of this class were on order.[11]

In 2006, plans were made to transfer Blue Moon and Blue Dream from the fleet of Pullmantur Cruises to Celebrity Cruises under the names of Celebrity Quest and Celebrity Journey. The ships would have joined the Celebrity Expeditions sub-brand,[12][13] but in the end the decision was made to form an entirely new line, Azamara Cruises, to operate these ships in 2007.[14] Also in 2007 the Zenith was transferred to Pullmantur Cruises 'in exchange' for the Azamara ships.[12] Transfer of the Zenith also meant the end of Celebrity Cruises' association with Bermuda for the time being, as no ship was brought in to replace her on the cruises to Bermuda.[15]

In 2007-2008, all of Celebrity Cruises' ships were renamed with a "Celebrity" prefix added to the pre-existing ship names.[7][16] Celebrity Solstice, the first ship in the new Solstice class, was delivered to Celebrity on 24 October 2008.[17]In May 2009 Galaxy was transferred to the fleet of TUI Cruises, a joint venture between Celebrity Cruises' owner Royal Caribbean International and TUI AG and renamed as Mein Schiff.[18]

Fleet

Current fleet

Ship Entered service
for Celebrity
Class Capacity Gross tonnage Flag Notes
Celebrity Century 1995 Century class 1778 70,606 GT  Malta Previously Century
Celebrity Mercury 1997 Century class 1896 76,522 GT  Malta Previously Mercury.
Celebrity Millennium 2000 Millennium class 2460 90,228 GT  Malta Previously Millennium.
Celebrity Infinity 2001 Millennium class 2499 90,280 GT  Malta Previously Infinity, renamed 2007
Celebrity Summit 2002 Millennium class 2499 90,280 GT  Malta Previously Summit.
Celebrity Constellation 2002 Millennium class 2038 90,280 GT  Malta Previously Constellation, renamed 2007
Celebrity Xpedition 2004 Xpedition class 96 2,329 GT  Ecuador
Celebrity Solstice 2008 Solstice class 2850 122,000 GT  Malta
Celebrity Equinox 2009 Solstice class 2850 122,000 GT  Malta

Future ships

Celebrity Cruises has ordered five new ships, Celebrity Solstice, Celebrity Equinox, Celebrity Eclipse, Celebrity Silhouette and one still to be named.[11] These will be Celebrity's largest vessels at 122,000 GT, holding 2,850 passengers each, and measuring 1,033 ft (314.86 m) in length, with a beam of 121 ft (36.88 m).

Ship Planned delivery date Shipyard Projected
capacity
Projected
gross tonnage
Planned flag
Celebrity Eclipse Summer 2010 Meyer Werft, Papenburg 2850 122,000 GT
Celebrity Silhouette Fall 2011 Meyer Werft, Papenburg 2850 122,000 GT
Name unknown Fall 2012 Meyer Werft, Papenburg 2850 122,000 GT

Retired ships

Horizon, since 2005 sailing as Island Star
Ship Years in service Tonnage1 Status as of 2009
Meridian 1990—1997 30,440 GRT Burnt and sank at the Straits of Malacca, 1999
Horizon 1990—2005 46,811 GT Since 2005 Island Star for Island Cruises Since 2008 " Pacific Dream " Pullmantur
Zenith 1992—2007 47,255 GT Since 2007 sailing for Pullmantur Cruises
Galaxy
/Celebrity Galaxy
1996—2008
2008—2009
76,522 GT Entered service with TUI Cruises as Mein Schiff in May 2009.[19]
1May be specified in gross tonnage (GT) or gross register tons (GRT).

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Plowman, Peter (2006). The Chandris Liners and Celebrity Cruises. Rosenberg Publishing. pp. 198–203. ISBN 1 877058 47 5. 
  2. ^ a b c Maritime Matters: Sun Vista, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  3. ^ a b Ulrich, Kurt: Monarchs of the Sea, page 177. Tauris Parke, year and place of printing not stated. ISBN 1 86064 3736
  4. ^ "Contact Us." Celebrity Cruises. Retrieved on January 20, 2010.
  5. ^ NineMSN: Cruising: Celebrity Cruises, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  6. ^ a b (Swedish) Fakta om Fartyg: M/S Horizon (1990), retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  7. ^ a b c d Asklander, Micke. "Celebrity Cruises" (in Swedish). Fakta om Fartyg. http://www.faktaomfartyg.se/celebrity_cruises.htm. Retrieved 13 November 2008. 
  8. ^ "About Celebrity: History". Celebrity Cruises. http://www.celebritycruises.com/aboutceleb/heroSingleTxt.do;jsessionid=00000Fs8tZgXKjyvw8YvB-J2nBv:12hdebdrn?pagename=history. Retrieved 2008-04-04. 
  9. ^ Ward, Douglas: Berlitz Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships 2006, page 237. Berlitz Publishing 2006. ISBN 981 246 739 4
  10. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Orders New Cruise Ship, Launches Innovative New Class, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  11. ^ a b Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Announces Fourth Solstice-Class Ship, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  12. ^ a b Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. Receives Antitrust Approval On Pullmantur Purchase; Announces Celebrity Expeditions And Celebrity, Pullmantur Ship Swap, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  13. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Expands 'Celebrity Expeditions'; Adds Celebrity Quest to Exotic Brand Extension, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  14. ^ Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release: Celebrity Cruises Presents New, Deluxe Cruise Line: Azamara Cruises, retrieved 29. 11. 2007
  15. ^ "Celebrity returns to Bermuda in 2010". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 24 November 2008. http://cruisebusiness.com/cbr_old/news.php?u=20081124235020. Retrieved 25 November 2008. 
  16. ^ Ward, Douglas (2008). Complete Guide to Cruising & Cruise Ships. Singapore: Berlitz. pp. 8. ISBN 978-981-268-240-6. 
  17. ^ "Meyer Werft delivers Celebrity Solstice". Cruise Business Review. Cruise Media Oy Ltd. 24 October 2008. http://www.cruisebusiness.com/cbr_old/news.php?u=20081024130723. Retrieved 13 November 2008. 
  18. ^ [http://www.rclinvestor.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=103045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1136131&highlight= Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.. 29 April 2008. http://www.rclinvestor.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=103045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1136131&highlight=. Retrieved on 29 April 2008. ]
  19. ^ "Celebrity Cruises' Celebrity Galaxy to Become First Ship in New TUI Cruises Fleet". Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. press release. Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd.. 2008-04-29. http://www.rclinvestor.com/phoenix.zhtml?c=103045&p=irol-newsArticle&ID=1136131&highlight=. Retrieved 2008-04-29. 

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