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Cellou Dalein Diallo (born February 3, 1952[1]) is a Guinean economist and politician who was Prime Minister of Guinea from 2004 to 2006. Currently he is President of the Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG), an opposition party.

Contents

Background and earlier career

Diallo, a member of the Fula ethnic group,[2][3] was born in the village of Dalein, near Labé. He studied at the University of Conakry and the Center for Financial, Economic and Banking Studies in Paris, and in 1976 he became an inspector of trade.[4] He began working at the Bank of Foreign Trade of Guinea in 1982,[2] and from 1985 to 1995 he worked at the Central Bank of the Republic of Guinea.[2][4]

After briefly working at the Administration and Control of Great Projects (l’Administration et Contrôle des Grands Projets, ACGP),[2][4] Diallo joined the government in July 1996[1][4] as Minister of Transport, Telecommunications and Tourism. He was subsequently moved to the position of Minister of Infrastructure in October 1997, where he remained until[1] he was appointed Minister of Public Works and Transport on March 12, 1999.[5] After UTA Flight 141, a flight from Guinea, crashed in Cotonou, Benin in December 2003, Diallo said that there was no proof that his ministry had been neglectful of safety and that he would not resign.[6] After serving for five years as Minister of Public Works and Transport, he was moved to the position of Minister of Fisheries and Aquaculture on February 23, 2004.[5]

Prime Minister

On December 9, 2004, Diallo was appointed as Prime Minister by Guinean President Lansana Conté.[1][2][7] The position of Prime Minister had previously been vacant since April 2004.[7] Diallo took office as Prime Minister on December 13.[1]

Diallo was viewed as a reformist and acquired a good international reputation. While in office, he worked against corruption.[3] On April 4, 2006, changes to the government which would have greatly increased Diallo's power were announced. These changes would have replaced a number of ministers with Diallo's own allies and would have placed Diallo personally in charge of several portfolios,[8][9] including those of economy, finance, international cooperation, and planning.[8] The decree approving the changes was said to be signed by President Conté,[8] but it was later speculated that Conté might not have realized the significance of what he was signing at the time.[3] A radio broadcast announcing the changes was interrupted by soldiers, which was said to be because the Secretary-General of the Presidency, Fodé Bangoura, had not been notified in advance.[9] On the next day, it was announced that Diallo's changes were reversed, and a few hours later it was announced that Diallo had been dismissed as Prime Minister "for serious misconduct".[8]

Although there were subsequently reports that Diallo had been placed under house arrest, he denied this in an interview with IRIN and thanked Conté for maintaining confidence in him during his time in the government.[3]

Opposition leader

On November 8, 2007, an opposition political party, the Union of Democratic Forces of Guinea (UFDG), announced that it had appointed Diallo as its President, succeeding Mamadou Ba.[10] After he took office as the group's leader, Diallo said on November 15 that he believed that Conté would not run in the 2010 presidential election; he also said that he "always maintained good relations with General Lansana Conté and his family".[11]

Following the appointment of Ahmed Tidiane Souaré as Prime Minister, Diallo was present, along with other former ministers, when Souaré gave a press conference on May 22, 2008.[12] On May 28, he was one of the party leaders who met with Souaré to discuss the formation of a national unity government.[13]

Conté died in December 2008 and soldiers immediately seized power in a military coup d'état. About 20 soldiers searched Diallo's home on 1 January 2009, while holding Diallo and his family at gunpoint. According to Diallo, the search was based on suspicions that Diallo might have weapons and mercenaries as part of a coup plot, but he said that the soldiers did not take anything from his home.[14] A junta delegation met with Diallo on 2 January and condemned the search, saying that "uncontrollable elements out to hurt the junta" were to blame and that the junta had nothing to do with it.[15]

Diallo tried to hold a meeting in Kerouane in June 2009, but the junta did not allow him to do so; it also would not let him stay overnight in Kankan.[16] After junta leader Moussa Dadis Camara suggested in August 2009 that he might stand as a presidential candidate in the planned 2010 election, Diallo urged him not to do so, saying that the election's "transparency and reliability ... require[d] the administration's neutrality and impartiality". After spending time in France and Senegal, he returned to Conakry on 13 September 2009 and was greeted at the airport by about 60,000 supporters.[17]

On 28 September 2009, Diallo participated in a massive opposition protest in Conakry, which was directed against Camara's suspected aspirations to run for President in 2010. He was injured at the protest, in which soldiers opened fire on the protesters and allegedly killed 157 people. Subsequently he was barred from leaving the country for medical treatment on 30 September, but soon afterwards he was transported to Dakar aboard the Senegalese presidential plane, and from there he was flown to Paris for treatment.[18]

References

  1. ^ a b c d e "Le nouveau PM guinéen définit des priorités de son gouvernement", Xinhua, December 14, 2004 (French).
  2. ^ a b c d e Cheikh Yérim Seck, "Cellou Dalein Diallo", Jeuneafrique.com, January 7, 2007 (French).
  3. ^ a b c d "GUINEA: Sacked prime minister speaks out", IRIN, April 7, 2006.
  4. ^ a b c d Short biography of Diallo and other prime ministers, Radio Kankan (French).
  5. ^ a b List of members of the government (2004 archive page), presse-francophone.org (French).
  6. ^ "Guinea: Minister says will not resign over plane crash", Guineenews (nl.newsbank.com), January 3, 2004.
  7. ^ a b "GUINEA: New prime minister finally appointed after eight-month gap", IRIN, December 10, 2004.
  8. ^ a b c d "GUINEA: Prime minister Diallo sacked in possible power struggle", IRIN, April 5, 2006.
  9. ^ a b "Guinea PM fired in 'power tussle'", BBC News, April 5, 2006.
  10. ^ "Former PM joins opposition", Sapa (News24.com), November 8, 2007.
  11. ^ "Guinée: Pour un "forfait" de Lansana Conté en 2010", Panapress (afriquenligne.fr), November 16, 2007 (French).
  12. ^ "GUINEA: Appointment of new PM "violates" union agreement", IRIN, May 23, 2008.
  13. ^ "Guinean PM, politicians discuss formation of union govt", African Press Agency, May 29, 2008.
  14. ^ "Armed officers search former Guinean PM's house", AFP, 1 January 2009.
  15. ^ "Guinean junta regrets armed search of former PM's house", AFP, 2 January 2008.
  16. ^ "Guinean soldiers arrest politician", Panapress (afriquejet.com), 4 August 2009.
  17. ^ "Tens of thousands rally to support Guinea opposition leader", AFP, 13 September 2009.
  18. ^ "Thousands identify Guinea bodies", BBC News, 2 October 2009.
Political offices
Preceded by
François Lonseny Fall
Prime Minister of Guinea
2004–2006
Succeeded by
Eugène Camara
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