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The spread of Celtic culture in Europe:
     core Hallstatt territory, by the sixth century BC      maximal Celtic expansion, by the third century BC      Lusitanian area of Iberia where Celtic presence is uncertain

This is a list of Celtic tribes, listed in order of the province or the general area in which they lived.

Contents

Gaul

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Cisalpine Gaul

Cisalpine Gaul, meaning literally "Gaul on this side of the Alps", was the Roman name for a region of Italy inhabited by Gauls, roughly corresponding with modern northern Italy.

Transalpine Gaul

Map of Gallia (58 BC) with important tribes, towns, rivers, etc.
The various Gallic peoples before the Roman conquest

Transalpine Gaul is approximately modern Belgium, France,and Switzerland. At various times it also covered parts of Northern Italy and North central Spain. The Roman province of Gaul included both Celtic speaking and non-Celtic speaking tribes.

List of peoples of Gaul (with their capitals/major settlements):

Iberian Peninsula

Main language areas in Iberia circa 200 BC.

The Celts in the Iberian peninsula were traditionally thought of as living on the edge of the Celtic world of the La Tène culture that defined classical Iron Age Celts. Earlier migrations were Hallstatt in culture and later came La Tene influenced peoples. Celtic or (Indo-European) Pre-Celtic cultures and populations existed in great numbers and Iberia experienced one of the highest levels of Celtic settlement in all of Europe.

Great Britain

Roman Britain about the year 410 CE, showing the Brythonic tribes in red
Northern Britain about the year 150 CE
Wales about the year 40 CE

Ireland

Celtic tribes in Ireland according to Ptolemy

Classical sources

Ptolemy

Orosius

  • Luceni

According to later writers

Early peoples and kingdoms of Ireland, c.800
Ireland about the year 1100 CE.

This list includes both major clans and septs.

The large tribal groups (or speculative tribal groups) from which most of the others descended include:

Central Europe

Dacia and Thrace

Tribes in Thrace before the Roman period.

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Dacia and Thrace.

Illyria

Tribes in Illyricum and environs during AD 6 showing the extent of Celtic influence

This list includes tribes parts of which migrated to Illyria.

Anatolia

In the third century BC, Gauls immigrated from Thrace into the highlands of central Anatolia (modern Turkey).These people, called Galatians, were eventually Hellenized,[25][26] but retained many of their own traditions.

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The Damnoni
  2. ^ John Boardman, I. E. S. Edwards, E. Sollberger, and N. G. L. Hammond, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 3, Part 2: The Assyrian and Babylonian Empires and Other States of the Near East, from the Eighth to the Sixth Centuries BC, ISBN 0521227178, 1992, p. 600: "In the place of the vanished Treres and Tilataei we find the Serdi for whom there is no evidence before the first century BC. It has for long been supposed on convincing linguistic and archeological grounds that this tribe was of Celtic origin"
  3. ^ Dio Cassius, Earnest Cary, and Herbert B. Foster, Dio Cassius: Roman History, Vol. IX, Books 71-80 (Loeb Classical Library, No. 177), 1927, Index: "... 9, 337, 353 Seras, philosopher, condemned to death, 8. 361 Serdi, Thracian tribe defeated by M. Crassus, 6. 73 Seretium,""
  4. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci in the early third century BC ..."
  5. ^ Frank W. Walbank, Polybius, Rome and the Hellenistic World: Essays and Reflections, ISBN 0521812089, 2002, p. 116: "... in A7P 60 (1939) 452 8, is not Antigonus Doson but barbarians from the mainland (either Thracians or Gauls from Tylis) (cf. Rostovizef and Welles (1940) 207-8, Rostovizef (1941) 111, 1645), nor has that inscription anything to do with the Cavan expedition. On ..."
  6. ^ Adrian Goldsworthy, How Rome Fell: Death of a Superpower, ISBN 0300137192, 2009, p. 105: "... who had moved to the Hungarian Plain. Another tribe, the Bastarnae, may or may not have been Germanic. ..."
  7. ^ Christopher Webber and Angus McBride, The Thracians 700 BC-AD 46 (Men-at-Arms), ISBN 1841763292, 2001, p. 12: "... never got near the main body of Roman infantry. The Bastarnae (either Celts or Germans, and `the bravest nation on earth' - Livy ..."
  8. ^ a b Ioana A. Oltean, Dacia: Landscape, Colonization and Romanization, ISBN 0415412528, 2007, p. 47.
  9. ^ a b Ion Grumeza, Dacia: Land of Transylvania, Cornerstone of Ancient Eastern Europe, ISBN 0761844651, 2009, p. 51: "In a short time the Dacians imposed their conditions on the Anerati, Boii, Eravisci, Pannoni, Scordisci,"
  10. ^ A. Mocsy and S. Frere, Pannonia and Upper Moesia. A History of the Middle Danube Provinces of the Roman Empire. p. 14.
  11. ^ Andrea Faber, Körpergräber des 1.-3. Jahrhunderts in der römischen Welt: internationales Kolloquium, Frankfurt am Main, 19.-20. November 2004, ISBN 3882705019, p. 144.
  12. ^ Velika Dautova-Ruševljan and Miroslav Vujović, Rimska vojska u Sremu, 2006, p. 131: "extended as far as Ruma whence continued the territory of another community named after the Celtic tribe of Cornacates"
  13. ^ Géza Alföldy, Noricum, Tome 3 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1974, p. 69.
  14. ^ Alan Bowman, Edward Champlin, and Andrew Lintott, The Cambridge Ancient History, Vol. 10: The Augustan Empire, 43 BC-AD 69, 1996, p. 580: "... 580 I3h. DANUBIAN AND BALKAN PROVINCES Tricornenses of Tricornium (Ritopek) replaced the Celegeri, the Picensii of Pincum ..."
  15. ^ Dubravka Balen-Letunič, 40 godina arheoloških istraživanja u sjeverozapadnoj Hrvatskoj, 1986, p. 52: "and the Celtic Serretes"
  16. ^ John T. Koch, Celtic culture: a historical encyclopedia, ISBN 1851094407, 2006, p. 907.
  17. ^ a b J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, p. 81: "In Roman Pannonia the Latobici and Varciani who dwelt east of the Venetic Catari in the upper Sava valley were Celtic but the Colapiani of ..."
  18. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, p. 140: "... Autariatae at the expense of the Triballi until, as Strabo remarks, they in their turn were overcome by the Celtic Scordisci in the early third century"
  19. ^ Wilkes, J. J. The Illyrians, 1992,ISBN 0631198075,page 217,"... with high mountains, Siculotae (24), Glintidiones (44) and Scirtari, who dwelt along the border with Macedonia. In northeast Bosnia the Dindari are located by the record of one of their chiefs (principes) in the Drina valley"
  20. ^ Population and economy of the eastern part of the Roman province of Dalmatia, 2002, ISBN 1841714402, p. 24: "the Dindari were a branch of the Scordisci"
  21. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, p. 217.
  22. ^ J. J. Wilkes, Dalmatia, Tome 2 of History of the Provinces of the Roman Empire, 1969, pp. 154 and 482.
  23. ^ Charles Anthon, A Classical Dictionary: Containing The Principal Proper Names Mentioned In Ancient Authors, Part One, 2005, p. 539: "... Tor, " elevated," " a mountain. (Strabo, 293)"; "the Iapodes (Strabo, 313), a Gallo-Illyrian race occupying the valleys of ..."
  24. ^ J. J. Wilkes, The Illyrians, 1992, ISBN 0631198075, p. 79: "along with the evidence of name formulae, a Venetic element among the Japodes. A group of names identified by Alföldy as of Celtic origin: Ammida, Andes, Iaritus, Matera, Maxa,"
  25. ^ William M. Ramsay, Historical Commentary on Galatians, 1997, p. 302: "... these adaptable Celts were Hellenized early. The term Gallograecia, compared with Themistius' (p. 360) Γαλατία ..."
  26. ^ Roger D. Woodard, The Ancient Languages of Asia Minor, 2008, p. 72: "... The Phrygian elite (like the Galatian) was quickly Hellenized linguistically; the Phrygian tongue was devalued and found refuge only ..."
  27. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Prifysgol Cymru, University of Wales, A Detailed Map of Celtic Settlements in Galatia, Celtic Names and La Tène Material in Anatolia, the Eastern Balkans, and the Pontic Steppes.

References


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