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Votive wheels called Rouelles, thought to correspond to the cult of Taranis. Thousands of such wheels have been found in sanctuaries in Belgic Gaul, dating from 50 BCE to 50 CE. Musée d'Archéologie Nationale.
Coin of the Suessiones, with a horse and a Celtic wheel. Cabinet des Médailles.

The Celtic wheel is an important symbol in Celtic art and religion. Wheels were used as votive instruments, offered at shrines (such as in Alesia), cast in rivers (such as the Seine), buried in tombs or worn as amulets since the Middle Bronze Age.[1]

Taranis (Jupiter with wheel and thunderbolt),Le Chatelet, Gourzon, Haute-Marne, France. Musée d'Archéologie Nationale.
Golden Celtic wheel with symbols, Balesme, Haute-Marne. Musée d'Archéologie Nationale.

The Celtic wheel is also often associated with the cult of Taranis, a Celtic sky god typically wielding a thunderbolt together with a wheel. [2] Numerous Celtic coins also depict such a wheel. It is thought to correspond to a sun-cult practiced in pagan Europe, the wheel representing the sun.

Notes

References

  • Miranda Green Symbol and Image in Celtic Religious Art, Routledge, 1992 ISBN 0415080762, ISBN 9780415080767
  • Miranda Green Celtic Myths University of Texas Press, 1995 ISBN 0292727542, ISBN 9780292727540
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