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Diachronic distribution of Celtic peoples:
     core Hallstatt territory, by the sixth century BC      maximal Celtic expansion, by the third century BC      Lusitanian area of Iberia where Celtic presence is uncertain      the "six Celtic nations" which retained significant numbers of Celtic speakers into the Early Modern period      areas where Celtic languages remain widely spoken today
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.Celts (pronounced /ˈkelts/ or /ˈselts/, see names of the Celts; the most common academic usage is with a velar "c", pronounced as "k") is a modern term used to describe any of the European peoples who spoke, or speak, a Celtic language.^ The most common usage is to describe medica...
  • Alternative medicine Topic Center - Alternative medicine 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.famouschinese.com [Source type: Reference]

^ See Terms of Use for details.
  • Portuguese proverbs - Wikiquote 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Most of Greek people dealing with tourism also speak some French, German or Italian.
  • Greek Travel Pages - Travelling to Greece information 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gtp.gr [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[1] .The term is also used in a wider sense to describe the modern descendants of those peoples, notably those who participate in a Celtic culture.^ "The word 'Black' is used here to denote people of African descent; 'Asian' to describe people of South Asian origin (from modern India, Pakistan and Bangladesh, the area that formed the British territory of India);..."
  • Africa and Slavery, African Slave Trade - African History on the Internet 10 September 2009 17:20 UTC library.stanford.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Those who attempt to use the civil law of defamation to recover damages for group defamation based on race or ethnicity encounter an enormous doctrinal barrier.
  • RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUP DEFAMATION: A SPEECH-FRIENDLY PROPOSAL 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.bc.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Varied and possibly inconsistent definitional criteria, such as geographic origin, cultural origin, cultural identification and affiliation, community recognition, and race itself, are used to describe the terms.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The historical Celts were a diverse group of tribal societies in Iron Age Europe.^ The most expensive enslaved group in Arabian societies were the eunuchs who were castrated men drawn from Europe but also Darfur, Abyssinia, Korodofan and other African nations.
  • ARAB SLAVE TRADE - The history of Arab Slavery in Africa 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.africanholocaust.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Celts are a diverse group of nations with great cultural and .

^ The Iron Age in Ireland was supposedly associated with people known as Celts.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Proto-Celtic culture formed in the Early Iron Age (1200 BC-400 AD) in Central Europe (Hallstatt period, named for the site in present-day Austria).^ In addition, archaeological evidence -- weapons, armor, pottery, and decorative ornament--from a variety of cultures is reviewed (particularly artifacts from Switzerland's Iron Age settlement of La Tne), and the expansion of the Celts in the British Isles and abroad during the Bronze Age and the Hallstatt Period is explored.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Legendary Period, 660 BC-538 AD .
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is the date at which what was probably our present text came to official notice and esteem; at least a beginning of it had existed in written form in the Warring States period.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the later Iron Age (La Tène period), Celts had expanded over a wide range of lands: as far west as Ireland and the Iberian Peninsula, as far east as Galatia (central Anatolia), and as far north as Scotland.^ This was not far west of Angora, the capital of Galatia .
  • Greek Philosophy 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Iron Age in Ireland was supposedly associated with people known as Celts .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ THE ANCIENT CELTIC INFLUENCES INCLUDE ANCIENT CELTIC MUMMIES IN CHINA AND REMAINS c.3500BC At their peak, the influence of the Celts stretched from Ireland in the west to the south of Spain and across to Italy’s Po Valley, and probably extended to parts of Poland and Ukraine and the central plain of Turkey in the east.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[2]
.The earliest direct attestation of a Celtic language are the Lepontic inscriptions, beginning from the 6th century BC. Continental Celtic languages are attested only in inscriptions and place-names.^ Thus France is a Germanic/Celtic people, speaking a Romance language in a country with a Germanic name Belgium Belgium is similar in situation to France.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Until recently, Manx Gaelic was the only Celtic language in which it was not possible to gain formal qualifications.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In 1100, in the days of the Châlukyas of Kalyân.î, Mysore became independent under the dynasty that had been in place since the 6th or 7th century.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.Insular Celtic is attested from about the 4th century AD in ogham inscriptions.^ Medieval Greece spans the same historical time as the European Middle Ages, from approximately the 4th century AD to 1453 AD, and includes the Byzantine Empire.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Literary tradition begins with Old Irish from about the 8th century.^ Caller Dudley Laufman will teach traditional irish ceili dances along with square and circle dances to the beat of Celtic and Old Time Fiddle Tunes!!
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

^ According to some traditions, the Q-Celtic-speaking Celtiberian Irish may have founded Dalriada in Scotland as early as the 3rd century.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In the middle years of the 20th century, as Irish society was attempting to modernise, traditional music tended to fall out of favour, especially in urban areas.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Coherent texts of Early Irish literature, such as the Táin Bó Cúailnge (The Cattle Raid of Cooley), survive in 12th-century recensions.^ Irish Texts: Narrative literature .
  • List of Published Texts at CELT 30 January 2010 1:40 UTC curia.ucc.ie [Source type: Academic]

^ Decapitation is also found very frequently in Irish literature, more than in the Welsh texts.

^ Shu documents are first cited in Warring States texts in the middle 04th century; they were apparently constructed in order to be cited in the early theory debates.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the early first millennium AD, following the expansion of the Roman Empire and the Great Migrations (Migration Period) of Germanic peoples, Celtic culture had become restricted to the British Isles (Insular Celtic), and the Continental Celtic languages ceased to be widely used by the sixth century.^ One of the first to suggest that the restrictions usually dubbed "Confucian" that applied to women in tradtional Chinese society did not become prevalent until the post-Han period.
  • Early Imperial China:  Qin/Western Han/Wang Mang 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC e-asia.uoregon.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ In addition, archaeological evidence -- weapons, armor, pottery, and decorative ornament--from a variety of cultures is reviewed (particularly artifacts from Switzerland's Iron Age settlement of La Tne), and the expansion of the Celts in the British Isles and abroad during the Bronze Age and the Hallstatt Period is explored.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After English and Spanish, it is the third most widely spoken European language, and the sixth most spoken language in the world.
  • Home Page - Department of Portuguese - University of Massachusetts Dartmouth 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.umassd.edu [Source type: General]

."Celtic Europe" today refers to the lands surrounding the Irish Sea, as well as Cornwall and Brittany on either side of the English Channel.^ It is occasionally used to refer to non-Arab groups as well, notably the Beja of the African coast of the Red Sea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only 26 land mammal species are native to Ireland because it was isolated from Europe by rising sea levels after the Ice Age .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For this paper, I am using 'language ideology/ideologies' to refer to notions regarding linguistic distinctiveness, value, "purity" and standardization, and the relation of these to the realities of language use in Brittany today.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Galicia (NW Spain), Northern and Central Portugal (together with Galicia, part of ancient Gallacea) and Asturias (Northern Spain) are also clearly seen as Celtic lands, but without a surviving Celtic language.^ THE ANCIENT CELTIC INFLUENCES INCLUDE ANCIENT CELTIC MUMMIES IN CHINA AND REMAINS c.3500BC At their peak, the influence of the Celts stretched from Ireland in the west to the south of Spain and across to Italy’s Po Valley, and probably extended to parts of Poland and Ukraine and the central plain of Turkey in the east.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Many scholars believe that the Hindu Brahman in the East and the Celtic Druid in the West were lateral survivals of an ancient Indo-European priesthood."
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mann is governed by its own ancient parliament, Tynwald, and is not part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, nor is it part of the European Union.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Contents

Names and terminology

.The origin of the various names used since classical times for the people known today as the Celts is obscure and has been controversial.^ The variants are then used to create a name pool.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Chu Yüan-chang) of the Emperors were properly no longer used once they came to the Throne, and that the names they are otherwise known by (e.g.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Pickguard is more often than not used in styles such as flamenco, which tends to use the guitar as a percussion instrument at times, rather than for instance, a classical guitar.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Latin name Celtus (pl. Celti or Celtae) seems to have been borrowed from Greek (; Greek Κέλτης pl. Κέλται or Κελτός pl. Κελτοί, Keltai or Keltoi), itself taken from a native Celtic tribal name (cf. Celtici).[3] .In Greek, the first literary reference to the Celtic people, as Κελτοί (Κeltoi), is by the Greek historian Hecataeus of Miletus in 517 BC; he says that the town of Massilia (Marseille) is near the Celts and also mentions a Celtic town of Nyrex (possibly Noreia in Austria).^ As mentioned near the beginning of the presentation, the term "Philippines" itself is etymologically Greek.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Based on the fact that remnants of settlements were first discovered in the Yayoi District in Tokyo, these immigrants are referred to as the Yayoi people.

^ Here begins the first chicken reference from _The Celtic World_ Chapter .

Herodotus seems to locate the Keltoi at the source of the Danube and/or in Iberia, but the passage is unclear.
.The English word Celt is modern, attested from 1707 in the writings of Edward Lhuyd whose work, along with that of other late 17th century scholars, brought academic attention to the languages and history of these early inhabitants of Great Britain.^ Those late and invented sayings interact with other advocacy texts known to be from the 04th century (the early Gwandz; LY 12-13) and the early and middle 03rd century (Sywndz and Jwangdz; LY 17-19).
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Scheduled services from these regional points are mostly limited to the rest of Ireland and Great Britain.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Evliya travelled to this border region, met these people, noted some of their customs and some words of their 'Mogolic' language, and gave his report with plenty of circumstantial detail.
  • DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation | Independent Living Institute 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.independentliving.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[4]
.Latin Gallus might originally be from a Celtic ethnic or tribal name, perhaps borrowed into Latin during the early 5th century BC Celtic expansions into Italy.^ The OED notes that the word alcatraz was originally applied to the frigatebird; the modification to albatross was perhaps influenced by Latin alba meaning "white", in contrast to frigatebirds which are black.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They may come from a village that supported the Patriarch in the early twentieth century or a family that supported the Greek government during the Civil War.
  • How can a woman give birth to one Greek and one Macedonian 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.gate.net [Source type: Original source]

^ The species name camelopardalis (camelopard) is derived its early Roman name, where it was described as having characteristics of both a camel and a leopard (and perhaps being a hybrid of the two)1.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Its root may be the Common Celtic *galno, meaning 'power' or 'strength'. The Greek Galatai seems to be based on the same root, borrowed directly from the same hypothetical Celtic source which gave us Galli (the suffix -atai is simply an ethnic name indicator).^ TIMAIOS: Greek name meaning "honor."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ SOLON: Greek name meaning "wisdom."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ ARGYROS: Greek name meaning "silver."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

(see Galatia in Anatolia)
.The English form Gaul (first recorded in the 17th century) and Gaulish come from the French Gaule and Gaulois, which translate Latin Gallia and Gallus, -icus respectively.^ The Scottish first settled in Ireland in large numbers in the mid 17th century.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sometimes a link to an English translation or Latin version is available as well.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ When you come to France, you find that french people is not very respectful, and always moaning.
  • French: The Most Productive People In The World 11 January 2010 7:52 UTC www.businessinsider.com [Source type: Original source]

.In Old French, the words gualeis, galois, walois (NF phonetics keeping /w/) had different meanings : Welsh or the Langue d'oïl, etc.^ GERASIMOS: Greek name derived from the word geras, meaning "old age."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However in Welsh arddangosfa pabell and arddangosfa pebyll convey different meanings, pabell is singular and pebyll is plural so arddangosfa pabell (= exhibition [of] tent ) implies that there is only one tent to be seen.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These rules are used in the spoken dictionary to obtain the phonetic transcription of any sentence related to the meanings of a given word.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the other hand, the word Waulle (NF phonetics keeping /w/) is recorded for the first time in the 13th century to translate the Latin word Gallia and then, gaulois is recorded for the first time in the 15th century and the scholars use it to translate the Latin words Gallus / Gallicus.^ In other words, he had no right to be in Iraq in the first place.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ For people who visit this site first time, please let me explain about "One word a day Japanese Lesson".
  • One word a day Japanese Lesson 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 1w1d.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ Used in conjunction with the Lexham Hebrew-English Interlinear Bible , with reputable commentaries on OT books, and with other English translations, The Lexham Greek-English Interlinear Septuagint can be a benefit to your study.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

The word comes from Germanic *Walha-. .(see Gaul: Name) The English word 'Welsh' originates from the word wælisċ, the Anglo-Saxon form of walhiska-, the Germanic word for "foreign".[5] or "Celt" (South.^ Do you know of any Dictionary series like English – German, with a 2000 word limit?

^ It’s easier to associate new foreign words with my existing English vocabulary.

^ GEORGIOS: Original Greek form of English George, derived from georgos "farmer" which is a compound of ge "earth" and ergein "to work."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

.German Welsch(e) 'Celtic speaker', 'French speaker', 'Italian speaker'; Old Norse valskr, pl.^ Other languages taught include English, German, Portuguese, French, Italian, Russian and Swedish.
  • Study Abroad Opportunities in Portuguese 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.studyabroad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation .
  • DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation | Independent Living Institute 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.independentliving.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Izmir also have very old 4 Greek, 3 Anglican and 5 French/Italian Catholic churches, as well as 2 synagogs.

.valir 'Gaulish', 'French'), that is supposed to be derived of the Celtic tribe's name Volcae, that lived first in the South of Germany and emigrated then to Gaul.^ Greek name derived from the name of an obscure, ancient Hellenic tribe called the Dorians, supposed to have existed in the north-eastern regions of Greece, ancient Macedonia and Epirus.
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The name derived from the first half of an older Indo-European god, Dyeus Phter, whose name meant "god-father."
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Celts settled there and the largest tribe, called the “Galli” by the Romans, gave their name to the region and people, the Gauls.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.'Celticity' generally refers to the cultural commonalities of these peoples, based on similarities in language, material artifacts, social organisation and mythological factors.^ However, developing the relevant cultural forms (of kinship, past and future tenses in language, the ability to communicate complex concepts, to maintain rule based social organizations required to avoid wasting fights over resources, etc.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Miller: The Evolution of Australian and Amerindian Intelligence 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ "Multilingualism is part of multiculturalism," he says, buzzwords ringing, "Knowing many languages makes people more sociable, more democratic, more empathic, and more humanistic ."

^ Thus France is a Germanic/Celtic people, speaking a Romance language in a country with a Germanic name Belgium Belgium is similar in situation to France.
  • The History of the Celtic People « Cuthulan's Blog 17 September 2009 1:47 UTC cuthulan.wordpress.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Earlier theories were that this indicated a common racial origin but more recent theories are reflective of culture and language rather than race.^ The concentration on spending rather than saving promotes the contemporary capitalist economic theory of putting money back into the economy (rather than hording it) to create more wealth.
  • English proverbs - Wikiquote 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ "I have never seen anyone more interested in helping people to speak a foreign language than making the dollar.

^ Jewish slaves were to be treated more like servants than possessions, and were indentured for a fixed period rather than indefinitely.
  • ARAB SLAVE TRADE - The history of Arab Slavery in Africa 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.africanholocaust.net [Source type: Original source]

.Celtic cultures seem to have had numerous diverse characteristics but the commonality between these diverse peoples was the use of a Celtic language.^ Evliya travelled to this border region, met these people, noted some of their customs and some words of their 'Mogolic' language, and gave his report with plenty of circumstantial detail.
  • DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation | Independent Living Institute 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.independentliving.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ These peoples were either much more powerful militarily than the Greeks, for the Greeks to be able to force them to adopt Greek culture; or so far removed from Greece, that one couldn't use a militaristic or colonialist connection to explain Greek influence.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Confusion between base and alkali The terms base and alkali are often used interchangeably, since most common bases are alkalis.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.'Celtic' is a descriptor of a family of languages and, more generally, means 'of the Celts,' or 'in the style of the Celts'. It has also been used to refer to several archaeological cultures defined by unique sets of artifacts.^ The "Gaelic-ness" of Gaelic culture is defined in and by its language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several characters are used to mean "dynasty."
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The common law categories of defamation per se or defamation per quod are abolished insofar as this Act is concerned, and only the general meaning of defamation under the common law is to be used.
  • RACIAL AND ETHNIC GROUP DEFAMATION: A SPEECH-FRIENDLY PROPOSAL 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.bc.edu [Source type: Original source]

.The link between language and artifact is aided by the presence of inscriptions.^ For the English Bible student quality instruction in original language grammar and syntax was not possible with the limited resources in Strong’s numbers, the main link between English Bibles and original languages.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ Language planners use the promotion and development of cultures associated with minority languages as an invaluable way of reestablishing links between communities and their disregarded languages.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Might there be a link between the repression of the Breton language and the repression of sexuality ?
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

(see Celtic (disambiguation) for other applications of the term)
.Today, the term 'Celtic' is generally used to describe the languages and respective cultures of Ireland, Scotland, Wales, Cornwall, the Isle of Man and Brittany, also known as the Six Celtic Nations.^ Medicine man Attention_see_talk " Medicine man " is an English language|English term used to describe Indigenous peop...
  • Alternative medicine Topic Center - Alternative medicine 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.famouschinese.com [Source type: Reference]

^ Celtic nations and their cultures .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ A Brief History Pan-Celticism The Clan Irwin Association This Scottish Clan has existed for more than ten centuries and continues today; historic in its contribution to the nation of Scotland; central to the Scottish 'Plantation of Ireland'; and impressive in the importation of culture and strength to the American colonies by the Scots and the Scots-Irish.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.These are the regions where four Celtic languages are still spoken to some extent as mother tongues: Irish Gaelic, Scottish Gaelic, Welsh, and Breton plus two recent revivals, Cornish (one of the Brythonic languages) and Manx (one of the Goidelic languages).^ The Irish language was heavily influenced by pre-Celtic tongues.

^ She was the wife of Hephaistos and the mother of some Graces, but the reason I don't think she should get her own entry is because she WAS one of the three Graces (Charites).
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ That's one of the biggest let downs for Irish IMO, any threatened language needs to have it's own space 'free' from outside influences.
  • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

.There are also attempts to reconstruct the Cumbric language (a Brythonic language from Northwest England and Southwest Scotland).^ A. He attempted to make Scotland independent of England.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

'Celtic' is also sometimes used to describe regions of Continental Europe that have Celtic heritage, but where no Celtic language has survived; these areas include the western Iberian Peninsula, i.e. Portugal, and north-central Spain (Galicia, Asturias, Cantabria, Castile and León, Extremadura), and to a lesser degree, France. (see Modern Celts)
.'Continental Celts' refers to the Celtic-speaking people of mainland Europe.^ It is now used to refer to uncouth persons, be they Greek or non-Greek, rather than to non-Greek speaking peoples.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.'Insular Celts' refers to the Celtic-speaking people of the British Isles and their descendants.^ When the Celts to these regions, the Celtic people adopted the religious customs and rites of the druids.

^ It is now used to refer to uncouth persons, be they Greek or non-Greek, rather than to non-Greek speaking peoples.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Beginning with the earliest archaeological and linguistic evidence, he tracks the migration of Celts into Europe and as far west as the British Isles.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Celts of Brittany derive their language from migrating insular Celts from west Britain and so are grouped accordingly.^ Beginning with the earliest archaeological and linguistic evidence, he tracks the migration of Celts into Europe and as far west as the British Isles.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Origins

Overview of the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures.      The core Hallstatt territory (HaC, 800 BC) is shown in solid yellow,      the eventual area of Hallstatt influence (by 500 BC, HaD) in light yellow.      The core territory of the La Tène culture (450 BC) is shown in solid green,      the eventual area of La Tène influence (by 50 BC) in light green. The territories of some major Celtic tribes of the late La Tène period are labeled.
.The Celtic languages form a branch of the larger Indo-European family.^ Turkish belongs to the Turkic branch of the Altaic language family.The earliest Turkic inscriptions date from the 7th century C.E. and Islamic texts written in Turkic appear in the 11th century.
  • Common Turkish Phrases - Turkish Phrases 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC marmaris.org [Source type: General]

^ Preface Celtic languages form a branch of the Indo-European family and include Breton, Cornish, Irish, Manx, Scottish Gaelic and Welsh.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ With him an Indo-European language disappeared, the first this century, one branch less on the tree."
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the time speakers of Celtic languages enter history around 400 BC (Brennus's attack on Rome in 387 BC), they were already split into several language groups, and spread over much of Central Europe, the Iberian peninsula, Ireland and Britain.^ They spread all over Ireland apart from western and central Ulster .

^ They are traditionally thought to have colonised Ireland in a series of waves between the 8th and 1st centuries BC, with the Gaels , the last wave of Celts, conquering the island and dividing it into five or more kingdoms.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several groups straddle today's international boundaries, spreading across the Indochinese peninsula and up into Southern China.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Some scholars think that the Urnfield culture of northern Germany and the Netherlands represents an origin for the Celts as a distinct cultural branch of the Indo-European family.^ The tests appear to involve less knowledge that is specific to Western cultures than some may think.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Miller: The Evolution of Australian and Amerindian Intelligence 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ The proximity of Lydia probably made the distinctive culture of Greek Ionia possible, and with it the origin of Greek philosophy .
  • Greek Philosophy 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Some scholars have long questioned the extent to which the Analects actually represents a true and consistent expression of Confucius' thought.
  • Japanese Confucian Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.This culture was preeminent in central Europe during the late Bronze Age, from ca. 1200 BC until 700 BC, itself following the Unetice and Tumulus cultures.^ They were erected during the Neolithic period and during early Bronze Age.

^ Thus, a sterile mutant form of C. cartwrightianus , C. sativus , emerged in late Bronze Age Crete..
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is also strong evidence for the theory that the Baltic coasts during the advanced civilization of the Nordic Bronze Age was the source of most amber in Europe, for example the amber jewelry found in graves from Mycenaean Greece has been found to originate from the Baltic Sea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Urnfield period saw a dramatic increase in population in the region, probably due to innovations in technology and agricultural practices.^ Agricultural practice was more advanced where the Old English population was predominant.

^ Due to hydrocarbon discoveries since the 1960s, the total population there has increased ten times.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ "The probability is that the population of Africa was greatly increased because of maize and other American Indian crops," Crosby says.
  • 1491 - The Atlantic(March 2002) 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.theatlantic.com [Source type: Original source]

The Greek historian Ephoros of Cyme in Asia Minor, writing in the 4th century BC, believed that the Celts came from the islands off the mouth of the Rhine who were "driven from their homes by the frequency of wars and the violent rising of the sea".
.The spread of iron-working led to the development of the Hallstatt culture directly from the Urnfield (ca. 700 to 500 BC).^ History Making sugar by evaporating cane juice was developed in India about 500 BC. Sugarcane is a tropical grass, probably native to New Guinea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Over time Egypt spread south and technologies such as iron working, and perhaps ideas such as that of monarchy spread into Nubia and further south.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Proto-Celtic, the latest common ancestor of all known Celtic languages, is considered by this school of thought to have been spoken at the time of the late Urnfield or early Hallstatt cultures, in the early 1st millennium BC. The spread of the Celtic languages to Iberia, Ireland and Britain would have occurred during the first half of the 1st millennium BC, the earliest chariot burials in Britain dating to ca.^ The language would be offered as an option in schools.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ By the time the French landed in Ireland it was too late.

^ I lost half a stone during that time.
  • Why there are virtually no fat Japanese people - Signal vs. Noise (by 37signals) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 37signals.com [Source type: General]

.500 BC. Over the centuries they developed into the separate Celtiberian, Goidelic and Brythonic languages.^ Ordinalia are separated into their three separate plays, because they were written by different scribes.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ History Making sugar by evaporating cane juice was developed in India about 500 BC. Sugarcane is a tropical grass, probably native to New Guinea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Their total number has been halved during the past century, and they are continuously assimilated into the Nenets and Nganasans, whose cultural characteristics also apply to them.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Hallstatt culture was succeeded by the La Tène culture of central Europe, and during the final stages of the Iron Age gradually transformed into the explicitly Celtic culture of early historical times.^ [KF] http://www.humanitarianinfo.org/liberia/ Library of Congress - Islamic Manuscripts from Mali "twenty-two Islamic manuscripts [in Arabic script] containing important insights into the life and culture of West Africans during the late Middle Ages and Early Modern Era."
  • African Maps | Map Africa 10 September 2009 17:20 UTC www-sul.stanford.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We are in debt to the age of Romanticism and the Celtic revivalists (from 17th century to the early 20th century), for keeping alive the Celtic mythology, either by preserving the old writings or transmitting them into English or other languages.

^ In addition, archaeological evidence -- weapons, armor, pottery, and decorative ornament--from a variety of cultures is reviewed (particularly artifacts from Switzerland's Iron Age settlement of La Tne), and the expansion of the Celts in the British Isles and abroad during the Bronze Age and the Hallstatt Period is explored.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Celtic river-names are found in great numbers around the upper reaches of the Danube and Rhine, which led many Celtic scholars to place the ethnogenesis of the Celts in this area.^ And according to Carl Daling Buck in his Comparative Grammar of Greek and Latin, the -eus suffix found in so many Greek names is typically used to form an agent noun.
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Milesians buried her when they landed, and called the place "Inverskena" after her; this was the ancient name of the Kenmare River Co .
  • Rolleston's Myths and Legends of the Celts 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.celtic-twilight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Named for explorer Christopher Columbus, the city was founded in 1812 at the confluence of the Scioto and Olentangy rivers, and assumed the functions of state capital in 1816.
  • MUSIC PUBLISHERS. - Free Online Library 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: General]

Diodorus Siculus and Strabo both suggest that the Celtic heartland was in southern France. .The former says that the Gauls were to the north of the Celts but that the Romans referred to both as Gauls.^ After Roman conquest of Gaul and Britain, later the Celts had adopted Roman letters for mainly commercial purposes.

Before the discoveries at Hallstatt and La Tene, it was generally considered that the Celtic heartland was southern France, see Encyclopædia Britannica for 1813.
.Martín Almagro Gorbea[6] proposed the origins of the Celts could be traced back to the 3rd millennium BC, seeking the initial roots in the Bell Beaker culture, thus offering the wide dispersion of the Celts throughout western Europe, as well as the variability of the different Celtic peoples, and the existence of ancestral traditions an ancient perspective.^ The Celts were to arrive during the of the millennium BC, and absorbed much of Neolithic culture .

^ Saffron was thus an article of long-distance trade before the Minoan palace culture's 2nd millennium BC peak.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The distinct existence of the Swahili as a people can be traced back over a thousand years, as can their language.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Meanwhile, genetics, history, and archaeological researcher and writer Stephen Oppenheimer suggests the Celts were a Mediterranean people first established in what is now southern France by the end of the last glacial maxum, around 11,000 BC. From there through further integration with what might have been proto-Basque populations, these people spread outward into Italy, Spain, the British Isles and Germany.^ Now we have around about 1,000 students.
  • Meeting with Pashtun Leaders 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC www.state.gov [Source type: Original source]

^ Saffron was reintroduced when Moorish civilization spread to Spain, France, and Italy..
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Several groups straddle today's international boundaries, spreading across the Indochinese peninsula and up into Southern China.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Indeed, Celtic origin legends recorded in Medieval Scotland and Ireland suggest a possible beginning in Anatolia and then to Iberia via Egypt.^ Ireland was not originally Celtic but Neolithic .

^ With the Milesians we begin to come into something resembling history - they represent, in Irish legend, the Celtic race; and from them the ruling families of Ireland are supposed to be descended.
  • Rolleston's Myths and Legends of the Celts 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.celtic-twilight.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The ten stories come from Wales, Ireland, Brittany, England, and Scotland, suggesting the storytelling range of the Celts.
  • Pacaritambo: The Machu Picchu Magazine & History Bookstore,: The Celts, Celtic History 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.pacaritambo.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But, in his 2006 book The Origins of the British, revised in 2007, he argued that neither Anglo-Saxons nor Celts had much impact on the genetics of the inhabitants of the British Isles, and that British ancestry mainly traces back to the Palaeolithic Iberian people, now represented by Basques, instead.^ What Does America Need So Much as Americans?’ Race and Northern Reconciliation with Southern Appalachia, 1870-1900” [outsider-mythologized, racially-pure, Anglo-Saxon Appalachia].
  • WVU Libraries: Appalachian Bibliography: Ethnicity and Race, African Americans, Immigrants, Native Americans 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.libraries.wvu.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ The distinct existence of the Swahili as a people can be traced back over a thousand years, as can their language.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British authorities in Dublin had not taken the Irish Volunteers and Irish Citizen Army seriously because they didn’t appear at all representative of the Irish people.

.More recently, it has been noted [7] that the distribution of the gene for lactase persistence apparently originating near the Baltic Sea between 4,800 and 6,000 BP indicates a spread from there to both the British Isles and to Iberia later than the original paleolithic population spread.^ The Mexican economy generates yearly more than 2 trillion dollars, of which 70% is devoted to paying politician's salaries, 0.1% is devoted to paying the quesadilla makers, 0.89% goes to the biker mice from mars of and 0.01% is spread amongst the needy population .
  • Mexico - Uncyclopedia, the content-free encyclopedia 21 January 2010 11:011 UTC uncyclopedia.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ We are looking at the parables that occur in more than one gospel and taking note of how they are used in each.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ Relatively small population (less than 900,000 according to the 1990 census, although Arab groups claim 1-3 million).
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Linguistic evidence

.The Proto-Celtic language is usually dated to the early European Iron Age.^ We are in debt to the age of Romanticism and the Celtic revivalists (from 17th century to the early 20th century), for keeping alive the Celtic mythology, either by preserving the old writings or transmitting them into English or other languages.

^ It is hoped to extend the service to other lesser-used European languages, including other Celtic ones.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Etymology The word is a loanword from Proto-Celtic *bardos , ultimately from Proto-Indo-European *gwerh2 : "to raise the voice; praise" .
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The earliest records of a Celtic language are the Lepontic inscriptions of Cisalpine Gaul, the oldest of which still predate the La Tène period.^ Turkish belongs to the Turkic branch of the Altaic language family.The earliest Turkic inscriptions date from the 7th century C.E. and Islamic texts written in Turkic appear in the 11th century.
  • Common Turkish Phrases - Turkish Phrases 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC marmaris.org [Source type: General]

^ Such 'Celtic' images, many of them imported from the Gaelic Ireland Movement, still distance people from the language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other early inscriptions are Gaulish, appearing from the early La Tène period in inscriptions in the area of Massilia, in the Greek alphabet.^ Many other examples of theConfucian reassertion of meaning in the early-modern period could be given.
  • Japanese Confucian Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Celtiberian inscriptions appear comparatively late, after about 200 BC. Evidence of Insular Celtic is available only from about 400 AD, in the form of Primitive Irish Ogham inscriptions.^ In the Irish word lists, only one of the two possible mutated form was given per basic word form.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first settlements in Ireland date from 8000 BC. By 200 BC Celtic migration and influence had come to dominate the island.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Songs for Ceilidh Formed in 2006, Songs for Ceilidh combine Irish, Scottish and Canadian Maritime Celtic influences with American heartland roots and acoustic pop/ro...
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

.Besides epigraphical evidence, an important source of information on early Celtic is toponymy.^ Anciently Monteith was one of the early Celtic earldoms, and with Strathearn to the north formed the important Celtic province of Fortrenn."
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ To journalists, an imam can be an important community leader and a good source of information about local Muslims.
  • 100 questions about arab americans leaving in the US 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC allied-media.com [Source type: Original source]

[8]

Archaeological evidence

Map of the Hallstatt Culture
.In various academic disciplines the Celts were considered a Central European Iron Age phenomenon, through the cultures of Hallstatt and La Tène.^ The Iron Age in Ireland was supposedly associated with people known as Celts .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The African voice, culture and history is shown through European eyes cropped for their palette.
  • ARAB SLAVE TRADE - The history of Arab Slavery in Africa 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.africanholocaust.net [Source type: Original source]

^ This is achieved through the academic program and immersion activities including the homestay and cultural activities throughout the city and state of São Paulo.
  • Study Abroad Opportunities in Portuguese 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.studyabroad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, archaeological finds from the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures were rare in the Iberian Peninsula, and did not provide enough evidence for a cultural scenario comparable to that of Central Europe.^ Recent linguistic, cultural and archaeological finds in Brazil and Peru offer documentary evidence" that West African Mandinka Muslims explored the early Americas.
  • ARAB SLAVE TRADE - The history of Arab Slavery in Africa 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.africanholocaust.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Perhaps he did not do enough to help others find more satisfying personal directions to replace the pretentions which he demolished.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ I did that, she would find something ridiculously small and then complain that it was not clean enough, or that the food had too much pepper or something like that.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.It is considered equally difficult to maintain that the origin of the Peninsular Celts can be linked to the preceding Urnfield culture, leading to a more recent approach that introduces a 'proto-Celtic' substratum and a process of Celticization having its initial roots in the Bronze Age Bell Beaker culture.^ A more recent, and perhaps equally threatening, outside influence is the effect of tourism.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If your partner might have to spend less time with you, you should not let your imagination run wild and start arguments with your partner as your partner might be having an equally difficult time as you.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

^ The cultural impact of colonization has been known for a long time, but only more recently have its genetic aspects have been investigated.
  • Genetics and Molecular Biology - Genetic signatures of parental contribution in black and white populations in Brazil 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.scielo.br [Source type: Academic]

[9]
The Iron Age Hallstatt (c. 800-475 BC) and La Tène (c. 500-50 BC) cultures are typically associated with Proto-Celtic and Celtic culture.[10]
.The La Tène culture developed and flourished during the late Iron Age (from 450 BC to the Roman conquest in the 1st century BC) in eastern France, Switzerland, Austria, southwest Germany, the Czech Republic, Slovakia and Hungary.^ The Hellenistic Age, when Greek ideas but not Greek power dominated the Eastern Mediterranean, is dated from Alexander's death to Rome's conquest of Greece in 146 B.C., but a few threads of Greek thought continued to develop until barbarians began to invade the Roman Empire around 235 A.D. During the Hellenistic Period, Greeks continued to fan outward from the denuded hills and exhausted soils of the Greek peninsula and islands to colonies all around the border of the Mediterranean, carrying their ideas and culture with them.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ They traveled from this area in southern China to Taiwan in large numbers during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

^ The Celts were to arrive during the of the millennium BC, and absorbed much of Neolithic culture .

.It developed out of the Hallstatt culture without any definite cultural break, under the impetus of considerable Mediterranean influence from Greek, and later Etruscan civilizations.^ Table of Contents Influence of ancient Greek Culture There is veritably no educational, scientific, or artistic stone left unturned in the West under whose hard surface one will not discern some type of ancient Greek influence!
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This is also true in the Philippines, where Greek culture was introduced primarily through Spanish and American influences.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ For example, several ancient Greek artistic ideas influenced Spanish culture, which in turn influenced Philippine culture.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.A shift of settlement centres took place in the 4th century.^ Migration of the group that became the Oroks from the area of the Amgun'River to Sakhalin, probably took place in the 17th century at the latest.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ During the 20th century the transition to a sedentary way of life took place, a house with a framework of logs became the main type of dwelling.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The western La Tène culture corresponds to historical Celtic Gaul. .Whether this means that the whole of La Tène culture can be attributed to a unified Celtic people is difficult to assess; archaeologists have repeatedly concluded that language, material culture, and political affiliation do not necessarily run parallel.^ Throughout these textual and physical materials, the Han empire portrays itself as a territorial, political, and cultural unifier, and it sets the benchmark against which all later dynasties must measure themselves.
  • Hum 230 Syllabus Fall 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC academic.reed.edu [Source type: Academic]

^ Is the Breton language's present popularity merely a mean for cultural distraction or is it a sign of reproduction ?
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This proves that a certain cultural influence is not necessarily due to political or militaristic superiority, but sometimes simply to the attractiveness that another culture may exercise on a group of people.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Frey notes that in the 5th century, "burial customs in the Celtic world were not uniform; rather, localised groups had their own beliefs, which, in consequence, also gave rise to distinct artistic expressions".[11] Thus, while the La Tène culture is certainly associated with the Gauls, the presence of La Tène artefacts may be due to cultural contact and does not imply the permanent presence of Celtic speakers.^ These two countries, Greece and the Philippines, may be geographically a "world apart," but culturally and linguistically they have a world to share.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ French state by reference to the modernist goal of cultural and linguistic homogenisation, and the associated denigration and neglect of minority language groups within its territory.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The chocolate flavor notes peculiar to Mocha gave rise to the popular chocolate-flavored beverage, the Cafe Mocha, which may have been invented in circumstances where no Mocha beans were available.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Hallstatt & La Tene cultures

Historical evidence

.Polybius published a history of Rome about 150 BC in which he describes the Gauls of Italy and their conflict with Rome.^ History Making sugar by evaporating cane juice was developed in India about 500 BC. Sugarcane is a tropical grass, probably native to New Guinea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have read several from leading publishers, and NONE of them contain the slanted view of history you describe.
  • Beijing University Student Embarrasses Japanese Reporter | chinaSMACK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Pausanias in the 2nd century BC says that the Gauls "originally called Celts live on the remotest region of Europe on the coast of an enormous tidal sea". Posidonius described the southern Gauls about 100 BC. Though his original work is lost it was used by later writers such as Strabo.^ That was so-called "Eastern Invasion" around 6-7th century BC. The validity of the claim is usually a dispute because Japan did not possess the metallergy for producing the kind of bronze or iron sword that Emperor Jimmu had used.

^ [German : ur- , original ; see Ursprache + Text , text Editions--Print Music--URTEXT Editions for practical use of the periods from the 8th to 20th centuries.
  • MUSIC PUBLISHERS. - Free Online Library 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: General]

^ Varied and possibly inconsistent definitional criteria, such as geographic origin, cultural origin, cultural identification and affiliation, community recognition, and race itself, are used to describe the terms.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The latter, writing in the early first century AD, deals with Britain and Gaul as well as Hispania, Italy and Galatia.^ By the time the first Malay datus arrived from Borneo with their "balangays," or boats, in the early 13th century AD, Alexander would have been dead a total of approximately 1,500 years!
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The English word "Camelopard" first appeared in the 14th century, and survived in common usage well into the 19th century.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Shu documents are first cited in Warring States texts in the middle 04th century; they were apparently constructed in order to be cited in the early theory debates.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Caesar wrote extensively about his Gallic Wars in 58-51 BC. Diodorus Siculus wrote about the Celts of Gaul and Britain in his first century History.^ Gallic Wars was written by Julius Caesar.

^ Q. What were the wars between Scotland and Britain about?
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Diodorus Siculus (late 1st century BC) wrote the victim were stabbed above the midriff.

Distribution

Continental Celts

Gaul

Repartition of Gaul ca. 54 BC
.At the dawn of history in Europe, the Celts then living in what is now France were known as Gauls to the Romans.^ However, by around 1670 the scheme known today as the 1"Baroque" or "d-minor" tuning became the norm, at least in France and northern Europe.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The early history of Portugal saw occupation by Iberians from North Africa and then by Celts who migrated from France.
  • Portuguese Americans - Early history, The eighteenth century, The nineteenth century, The twentieth century 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Roman conquest of Gaul and Britain, later the Celts had adopted Roman letters for mainly commercial purposes.

.The territory of these peoples probably included the low countries, the Alps and what is now northern Italy.^ Public comment indicated confusion about which countries are included in this definition, particularly for "Indian subcontinent" and whether the aboriginal peoples of Australia are included in this category.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ But in Turkey, unlike Iran and the Arab countries, these people don't make policy, nor do conspiracy theories dominate political thinking.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are by far too many people in western countries (including many scientists!!
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Their descendants were described by Julius Caesar in his Gallic Wars.^ Gallic Wars was written by Julius Caesar.

^ Contemporary to Posidonius, was the great Roman general and statesman, Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), who described the barbarians in his memoir, the Gallic Wars , during his campaigns in Gaul (France and Belgium) and southeast England.

.Eastern Gaul was the centre of the western La Tène culture.^ Southern and Western subroups are manly assimilated, while the northern, and partly the eastern subgroups, are carrying on the Mansi culture.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In later Iron Age Gaul, the social organization was similar to that of the Romans, with large towns.^ Similar organizations for women began to appear about 20 years later.
  • Portuguese Americans - Early history, The eighteenth century, The nineteenth century, The twentieth century 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ After Roman conquest of Gaul and Britain, later the Celts had adopted Roman letters for mainly commercial purposes.

.From the 3rd century BC the Gauls adopted coinage, and texts with Greek characters are known in southern Gaul from the second century.^ The Romans had also fought the Gauls before (in the battle of Telamon, in Eturia, 225 BC) and during the Second Punic War against the Carthaginians, in third-quarter of the 3rd century BC. In none of these cases, there was any mention about the druids.

^ Greek biblical form of Persian Artakhshathra, name of a 3rd century king of Persia.
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Because of the trades between the Gauls and the Greek city of Massilia (modern Marseille) in southern France, the Gauls had earlier used Greek letters, mainly for trade purposes.

.Greek traders founded Massalia in about 600 BC, with exchange up the Rhone valley, but trade was disrupted soon after 500 BC and re-oriented over the Alps to the Po valley in Italy.^ Another city in the same region, Ephesus, which had been founded about 400 years before by colonists from Athens, also became a rich trading center.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ History Making sugar by evaporating cane juice was developed in India about 500 BC. Sugarcane is a tropical grass, probably native to New Guinea.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Historical writings about the Celts began in the 1st century BC, by the Greeks and the Romans.

.The Romans arrived in the Rhone valley in the second century BC and encountered a Gaul that was mostly Celtic-speaking.^ Historical writings about the Celts began in the 1st century BC, by the Greeks and the Romans.

^ In the 4th century BC, the Greek-speaking Macedonians conquered Egypt and founded the city of Alexandria in 332.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Romans had also fought the Gauls before (in the battle of Telamon, in Eturia, 225 BC) and during the Second Punic War against the Carthaginians, in third-quarter of the 3rd century BC. In none of these cases, there was any mention about the druids.

.Rome needed land communications with its Iberian provinces and fought a major battle with the Saluvii at Entremont in 124-123 BC. Gradually Roman control extended, and the Roman Province of Gallia Transalpina was formed along the Mediterranean coast.^ General Khodaidad Khodaidad said the majority of drugs are stockpiled in two provinces controlled by troops from the US, the UK, and Canada, IRNA reported on Saturday.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ The Persian infantry and cavalry seemed invincible, and after Persia formed an alliance with Carthage, the Greek cities along the West Coast of Turkey were no match for the Empire.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Signed communication has been shown to exist in a wide variety of forms: everything along a range from simple gestures to complex and fully grammatical languages.
  • DEAF PEOPLE, SIGN LANGUAGE & COMMUNICATION, IN OTTOMAN & MODERN TURKEY: Observations and Excerpts from 1300 to 2009. From sources in English, French, German, Greek, Italian, Latin and Turkish, with introduction and some annotation | Independent Living Institute 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.independentliving.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The remainder was known as Gallia Comata - "Hairy Gaul".
.In 58 BC, the Helvetii planned to migrate westward but were forced back by Julius Caesar.^ I have already said in the article Druids in Ancient Europe that Julius Caesar (100-44 BC) mentioned that the place of possible origin of druidism was in Britain.

He then became involved in fighting the various tribes in Gaul, and by 55 BC, most of Gaul had been overrun. .In 52 BC, Vercingetorix led a revolt against the Roman occupation but was defeated at the siege of Alesia and surrendered.^ She and her family received atrocious treatment at the hands of the Roman empire and her tribe suffered in a famine at the end of the revolt she led against Rome.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ BECAUSE Chinese dont stand in Tight formations like the Roman do I would say Siege weapons are useless against Chinese.
  • Roman Empire vs Han Dynasty: Two Ancient SuperPowers Collide! - Page 14 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: Original source]

.Following the Gallic Wars of 58-51 BC, Celticia formed the main part of Roman Gaul.^ I proudly present to you France haters the following documentation of France's military success over the years: Gallic Wars - Lost.
  • The French Scapegoat || kuro5hin.org 11 January 2010 7:52 UTC www.kuro5hin.org [Source type: General]

^ Contemporary to Posidonius, was the great Roman general and statesman, Julius Caesar (100-44 BC), who described the barbarians in his memoir, the Gallic Wars , during his campaigns in Gaul (France and Belgium) and southeast England.

^ Though, the Romans and the Greeks had encountered the Celts in wars centuries earlier, it is only the 1st century BC that historians began to observe their cultures and customs.

.Place name analysis shows that Celtic was used east of the Garonne river and south of the Seine and Marne[citation needed].^ It is used by white nationalists due to the fact[citation needed] that the sun and the cross both play prominent roles in various western religions.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ {{Citation needed date=October 2008}} "Runoff" of contaminants into streams, rivers and lakes impact the natural fresh-water ecosystems.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Milesians buried her when they landed, and called the place "Inverskena" after her; this was the ancient name of the Kenmare River Co .
  • Rolleston's Myths and Legends of the Celts 19 January 2010 9:53 UTC www.celtic-twilight.com [Source type: Original source]

Iberia

Main language areas in Iberia, showing Celtic languages in blue, circa 200 BC.
.Until the end of the 19th century, traditional scholarship dealing with the Celts acknowledged the celts of the Iberian Peninsula [12][13] as a material culture relatable to the Hallstatt and La Tène cultures.^ They were economically completely independent until the end of the 19th century.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Pashtun people as a continued and sustained assault, going back centuries, on Pashtun land, culture, traditions and religion by internal and external enemies.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ Russian-type log cabins were introduced towards the end of the 19th century.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Since according to the definition of the Iron Age in the 19th century Celtic populations were rare in Iberia and did not provide a cultural scenario that could easily be linked to that of Central Europe.^ The city has seen many immigrants since the 19th century, when it became a major coffee producer.
  • Study Abroad Opportunities in Portuguese 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.studyabroad.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Russian colonisation of the Amur River basin by Russian Cossacks and Russian peasant migrants began first in the middle of the 19th century, but has since diluted Ulchi settlement and exerted a great impact on their culture, economy and social development.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The lute is next noted in Europe in the Dark Ages, by the chroniclers of Byzantine-Bulgarian wars in the 6th century.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Three divisions of the Celts of the Iberian Peninsula were assumed to have existed: the Celtiberians in the mountains near the center of the peninsula, the Celtici in the southwest, and the celts in the northwest.[14]
.Modern scholarship, however, has clearly proven that Celtic presence and influences were most substantial in Iberia (with perhaps the highest settlement saturation in Western Europe), particularly in the western and northern regions.^ The first settlements in Ireland date from 8000 BC. By 200 BC Celtic migration and influence had come to dominate the island.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It has been a matter of dispute, perhaps recently resolved, which of the modern Mayan languages is the most closely related to the ancient written language.
  • Spanish and Portuguese Colonial Possessions 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ In Chinese terms, however, the Northern and Western Liao were never Chinese enough to be considered part of Chinese history; and there never was a formal dynastic history of them (or of the Hsi-Hsia) as there was of the Liao and the Kin/Jin.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

The Celts in Iberia were divided into two main archaeological and cultural groups,[15] even though that division is not very clear:
.
  • One group was spread out along Galicia[16] and the Iberian Atlantic shores.^ Her “friends” ripped it out of her hands and stomped on it because they all were eating one rice ball each for lunch and she wasn’t following what the group did.
    • Why there are virtually no fat Japanese people - Signal vs. Noise (by 37signals) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 37signals.com [Source type: General]

    .They were made up of the Lusitanians (in Portugal)[17] and the Celtic region that Strabo called Celtica in the southwestern Iberian peninsula,[18] including the Algarve, which was inhabited by the Celtici, the Vettones and Vacceani peoples[19] (of central-western Spain and Portugal), and the Gallaecian, Astures and Cantabrian peoples of the Castro culture of northern and northwestern Spain and Portugal.^ Irish is thriving in places where people want to speak it, but if you tell them they have no choice but to speak it, you end up turning them off."
    • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

    ^ But every time the mothers show up with the pictures of those who they have made disappeared, they get frightened.

    ^ His congregation, made up mainly of African Americans, included over three million people.
    • Portuguese Americans - Early history, The eighteenth century, The nineteenth century, The twentieth century 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

    [20]
  • The Celtiberian group of central Spain and the upper Ebro valley.[21] This group originated when Celts (mainly Gauls and some Celtic-Germanic groups) migrated from what is now France and integrated with the local Iberian people.
The origins of the Celtiberians might provide a key to understanding the Celticization process in the rest of the Peninsula. .The process of celticization of the southwestern area of the peninsula by the Keltoi and of the northwestern area is, however, not a simple celtiberian question.^ We do not, however, see a simple conquest any cleaner than what Delhi had managed to accomplish in the same area.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ However, the help and expertise of other Celtic countries is required to speed up the process.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Recent investigations about the Callaici[22] and Bracari[23] in northwestern Portugal are providing new approaches to understanding Celtic culture (language, art and religion) in western Iberia.^ Until recently, Manx Gaelic was the only Celtic language in which it was not possible to gain formal qualifications.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Culture, language and religion are distinct qualities that act in different ways to connect Arabs, and to distinguish them from one another.
  • 100 questions about arab americans leaving in the US 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC allied-media.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Cutting across the Celtic languages now, we have recently started work at SMO on an experimental basis on a "Celtic Cognates" relational database [23].
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[24]

Alps and Po Valley

.It had been known for some time that there was an early, although apparently somewhat limited, Celtic (Lepontic, sometimes called Cisalpine Celtic) presence in Northern Italy since inscriptions dated to the sixth century BC have been found there.^ On the page Edinburgh Vaults there is a note Details of the Mercat Tours with times and rates can be found at their web site.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I might agree that the Han had better Cavalry then the Romans some time in the BCs but not in the ADs Got to look in to the harnesses that you are talking about As far as I know; I do not think there is anything wrong with the Roman harnesses for the horse.
  • Roman Empire vs Han Dynasty: Two Ancient SuperPowers Collide! - Page 14 - Armchair General and HistoryNet >> The Best Forums in History 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.armchairgeneral.com [Source type: Original source]

^ At the time, this story became a kabuki play, and since the introduction of cinema there have been countless movie versions.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.The site of Golasecca, where the Ticino exits from Lake Maggiore, was particularly suitable for long-distance exchanges, in which Golaseccans acted as intermediaries between Etruscans and the Halstatt culture of Austria, supported on the all-important trade in salt.^ Saffron was thus an article of long-distance trade before the Minoan palace culture's 2nd millennium BC peak.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The opposition to all tariffs is part of the free trade principle; the World Trade Organization aims to reduce tariffs and to avoid countries discriminating between other countries when applying tariffs.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Traditional culture: Peasant culture Ethno-geography: The main residence area of the Veps is situated between the lakes Onega, Ladoga and Beloye.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Situation of the Golasecca culture to the south of the Hallstatt culture.
.In 391 BC Celts "who had their homes beyond the Alps streamed through the passes in great strength and seized the territory that lay between the Appennine mountains and the Alps" according to Diodorus Siculus.^ The Old Neighborhood Online : This website is dedicated to East Harlem and the great people who once ( some still do ) called it home.
  • The History Box|Ethnic Groups Of New York City 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC thehistorybox.com [Source type: General]

^ According to Orphic tradition, he passed the scepter of kingship to his only child, Nyx, who passed it on to Ouranos from whom it was seized by Kronos and finally by Zeus who devoured Phanes in order to obtain his primal powers.
  • Ancient Greek Male Names (Greek Community) - Mons Aventinus - The Aventine Hill 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC monsaventinus.wikia.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The most notorious of these were Croatia, Serbia and Bulgaria, which caused many difficulties to prevent the trains from passing through their territory on their way to Turkey.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Po Valley and the rest of northern Italy (known to the Romans as Cisalpine Gaul) was inhabited by Celtic-speakers who founded cities such as Milan.^ In Roman society the couch was found in the dining room, known as the 'triclinum'.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, I visited the Mayor of Davao City, Mayor Rodrigo Duterte, who is well known for making the city safe and free from the corruption of drug-dealing.

^ Swahili is the mother tongue of the Swahili people who inhabit a 1500 km stretch of the East African coast from southern Somalia to northern Mozambique.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Later the Roman army was routed at the battle of Allia and Rome was sacked in 390 BC by the Senones.
.At the battle of Telamon in 225 BC a large Celtic army was trapped between two Roman forces and crushed.^ The Lusitanians, a warlike Celtic tribe under the leadership of Viriathus, fiercely opposed the Roman armies, but the latter triumphed.
  • Portuguese Americans - Early history, The eighteenth century, The nineteenth century, The twentieth century 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.everyculture.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Romans had also fought the Gauls before (in the battle of Telamon, in Eturia, 225 BC) and during the Second Punic War against the Carthaginians, in third-quarter of the 3rd century BC. In none of these cases, there was any mention about the druids.

^ A days-long battle between the two regiments ensued, which was brought to an end only by the intervention of the Sultan, who had the tellak hung.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The defeat of the combined Samnite, Celtic and Etruscan alliance by the Romans in the Third Samnite War sounded the beginning of the end of the Celtic domination in mainland Europe, but it was not until 192 BC that the Roman armies conquered the last remaining independent Celtic kingdoms in Italy.^ They are traditionally thought to have colonised Ireland in a series of waves between the 8th and 1st centuries BC, with the Gaels , the last wave of Celts, conquering the island and dividing it into five or more kingdoms.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They are traditionally thought to have colonised Ireland in a series of waves between the 8th and 1st centuries BC, with the Gaels, the last wave of Celts, conquering the island and dividing it into five or more kingdoms.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Both networks were designed and constructed independently, but are now connected with three interlinks and also connected through Britain to mainland Europe.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Celts had some scattered settlement further south of the Po River than some maps show.^ Political map of Ireland showing the Republic of Ireland and Northern Ireland Further information: for the political history of the island, see History of Ireland ; for other political institutions, see Politics of Ireland and Demography and politics of Northern Ireland The island of Ireland is occupied by two political entities: .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some maps (optimisticly or nationalisticly) show a Chola domain over entire islands like Sumatra and over the entire peninsula of Malaya.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The turbulence of the waters and the lack of markets never led to an extensive presence further south than modern Morocco.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Remnants in the town of Doccia, in the province of Emilia-Romagna, showcase Celtic houses in very good condition dating from about the 4th century BC.[citation needed]

Eastward expansion

Celtic tribes in S.E.E c. 1st century BC (in blue)
The Celts also expanded down the Danube river and its tributaries. .One of the most influential tribes, the Scordisci, had established their capital at Singidunum in 3rd century BC, which is present-day Belgrade, Serbia.^ In most aspects, the project is the same as when first assigned, except for the following: Now students do two oral presentations per semester, not just one.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Multiracial How to classify persons who identify with more than one race is perhaps the issue that has engendered the most controversy in the present review.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ If one's condition is permanent or present for an extended amount of time, one may make up for the fast by feeding a needy person for every day missed.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The concentration of hill-forts and cemeteries shows a density of population in the Tisza valley of modern-day Vojvodina, Serbia, Hungary and into Ukraine. Expansion into Romania was however blocked by the Dacians.
.Further south, Celts settled in Thrace (Bulgaria), which they ruled for over a century, and Anatolia, where they settled as the Galatians (see also: Gallic Invasion of Greece).^ Yes, the hits "techincally" match the description; they must be further evaluated to see if they all really do function as proposed.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ A. In the 17th and 18th centuries, the bulk of them went to the thirteen colonies where they served with British forces and later settled after America's independence.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They have been joined by Jews whose families originated in Yemen, Persia, Bulgaria, Greece, Poland, and so on: and Muslims and Druze who also call themselves Israelis.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Despite their geographical isolation from the rest of the Celtic world, the Galatians maintained their Celtic language for at least seven hundred years.^ This meant that for the first time ever Manx Gaelic was in the schools on something approaching a regular basis, albeit about a hundred years after its demise as a community language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Han Chinese would explain, “It takes the western world hundreds of years to establish today’s law system and social fairness.

^ The Australians would have gradually fallen behind in intelligence due to their isolation from the rest of the world's population.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Miller: The Evolution of Australian and Amerindian Intelligence 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

.St Jerome, who visited Ancyra (modern-day Ankara) in 373 AD, likened their language to that of the Treveri of northern Gaul.^ For people who visit this site first time, please let me explain about "One word a day Japanese Lesson".
  • One word a day Japanese Lesson 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 1w1d.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

^ I feel like I can relate more to folks who are confronting a new language, which improves my work and will give me added credibility in my career."

^ For people who visit this site for the first time, please let me explain about "One word a day Japanese Lesson".
  • One word a day Japanese Lesson 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 1w1d.blogspot.com [Source type: General]

The Boii tribe gave their name to Bohemia, Bologna and possibly Bavaria, and Celtic artefacts and cemeteries have been discovered further east in what is now Poland and Slovakia. A celtic coin (Biatec) from Bratislava's mint is displayed on today's Slovak 5 crown coin.
.As there is no archaeological evidence for large scale invasions in some of the other areas, one current school of thought holds that Celtic language and culture spread to those areas by contact rather than invasion[citation needed].^ There is no one as Harun Yahya.
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This usage of the word has also spread to other languages.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are also mappings from some problems to other problems.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.However, the Celtic invasions of Italy and the expedition in Greece and western Anatolia, are well documented in Greek and Latin history.^ Study confined to securely provenanced inscriptions suggests a reasonable history for the deeds and institutions of Jou; one which connects well with the better documented centuries which follow.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Turkey's key roll in this matter is, however, well documented in other sources.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Turkish guards on the Greek-Turkish border allowed Jews coming from Greece as well as Bulgaria to enter turkey even though most of them had no papers at all.
  • The Betrayal of Turkish Jews | Jewcy.com 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.jewcy.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are records of Celtic mercenaries in Egypt serving the Ptolemies.^ There no ancient record about Celtic Creation, and it is not certain that there were any.

Thousands were employed in 283-246 BC and they were also in service around 186 BC. They attempted to overthrow Ptolemy II.c nvas

Insular Celts

Principal sites in Roman Britain, with indication of the Celtic tribes.
Tribes of Wales at the time of the Roman invasion. Exact boundaries are conjectural.
Celtic dagger found in Britain.
.A large portion of the indigenous populations of Britain and Ireland today may be partially descended from the ancient peoples that have long inhabited these lands, before the coming of Celtic and later Germanic peoples, language and culture.^ I. Of the situation of Britain and Ireland, and of their ancient inhabitants .
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Bede: Ecclesiastical History of England I 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All these structures were erected long before the Celtic people had ever arrive in these regions.

^ Irish-Catholic Immigration to America date= 7 May 2007 work= Immigration publisher= Library of Congress accessdate=2008-10-25}} The name ''Ireland'' derives from the name of the Irish Mythology Celtic goddess ''riu'' (in modern Irish language Irish, ''ire'') with the addition of the Germanic languages Germanic word ''land''.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Little is known of their original culture and language, but remnants of the latter may remain in the names of some geographical features, such as the rivers Clyde, Tamar and Thames, whose etymology is unclear but possibly derive from a pre-Celtic substrate (Gelling).^ Irish-Catholic Immigration to America date= 7 May 2007 work= Immigration publisher= Library of Congress accessdate=2008-10-25}} The name ''Ireland'' derives from the name of the Irish Mythology Celtic goddess ''riu'' (in modern Irish language Irish, ''ire'') with the addition of the Germanic languages Germanic word ''land''.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tests appear to involve less knowledge that is specific to Western cultures than some may think.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Miller: The Evolution of Australian and Amerindian Intelligence 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

^ Little is known about the origins of many of these people, some of whom already inhabited the area before the ancestors of the Viet arrived from southern China around four to five thousand years ago.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.By the Roman period, however, most of the inhabitants of the isles of Ireland and Britain were speaking Goidelic or Brythonic languages, close counterparts to the Celtic languages spoken on the European mainland.^ I. Of the situation of Britain and Ireland, and of their ancient inhabitants .
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Bede: Ecclesiastical History of England I 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ After English and Spanish, it is the third most widely spoken European language, and the sixth most spoken language in the world.
  • Home Page - Department of Portuguese - University of Massachusetts Dartmouth 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.umassd.edu [Source type: General]

^ In terms of achieving 'near-native' competencies, however, interference from the cognate language makes this goal at least as hard for them as it is for the non-Irish speaking student.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Historians explained this as the result of successive invasions from the European continent by diverse Celtic-speaking peoples over the course of several centuries, though this is now generally seen as only the elite.^ "I have never seen anyone more interested in helping people to speak a foreign language than making the dollar.

^ Mencius at points explained success in governing as a matter of gaining the hearts-and-minds of the people at large, suggesting that without popular support rule would not be effective.
  • Japanese Confucian Philosophy (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC plato.stanford.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The lute's strings are arranged in courses , usually of two strings each, though the highest-pitched course usually consists of only a single string, called the chantarelle , in some later lutes 2 upper courses are single.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Book of Leinster, written in the twelfth century, but drawing on a much earlier Irish oral tradition, states that the first Celts to arrive in Ireland were from Iberia.^ The Book of Leinster, properly Leabhar na Nuachongbhála , is an anthology of Irish tradition - prose, verse, and genealogy - the compilation of which spanned the second half of the twelfth century.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Main article: History of Ireland Annotated page from the Anglo-Irish Treaty that established the Irish Free State and independence for 26 out of 32 Irish counties .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Celts were to arrive during the of the millennium BC, and absorbed much of Neolithic culture .

.In 1946 the Celtic scholar T. F. O'Rahilly published his extremely influential model of the early history of Ireland which postulated four separate waves of Celtic invaders.^ It was this reborn Tuan who was said to have written about the early history of Ireland.

^ Some of the Celtic scholars believed that the druids were originally pre-Celtic people living in Brittany, Britain and Ireland.

^ The Young Irelanders published an extreme Repealer newspaper, The Nation , which used Irish history to argue that Ireland could become ‘ a nation once again ’.

.It is still not known what languages were spoken by the peoples of Ireland and Britain before the arrival of the Celts.^ The Iron Age in Ireland was supposedly associated with people known as Celts.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Britain and Ireland shared languages, dominant aristocracies and populations (like the Cruithin/ Picti ).

^ Such 'Celtic' images, many of them imported from the Gaelic Ireland Movement, still distance people from the language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Later research indicated that the culture may have developed gradually and continuously between the Celts and the indigenous people of Britain or Spain.^ Since I research Han Chinese traits, what the difference between Han Chinese traits and Han Chinese people and their history?

^ Although the Khants are the third largest group among the indigenous peoples of the North, their culture is severely threatened.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At some point the Viet emerged as a distinct group from among the various indigenous peoples living around the Red River Delta and then gradually absorbed smaller communities until they became the dominant culture.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Similarly in Ireland little archaeological evidence was found for large intrusive groups of Celtic immigrants, suggesting to archaeologists such as Colin Renfrew that the native late Bronze Age inhabitants gradually absorbed European Celtic influences and language.^ He found plenty of dissatisfaction but little evidence of planned revolt.

^ This year the conference comes to Europe for the first time, presenting an ideal opportunity for Celtic language speakers, teachers and related researchers in the US to renew their links with colleagues in European areas such as Brittany, Cornwall, Ireland, Isle of Man, Scotland and Wales.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It is hoped to extend the service to other lesser-used European languages, including other Celtic ones.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Julius Caesar wrote of people in Britain who came from Belgium (the Belgae), but archaeological evidence which was interpreted in the 1930s as confirming this was contradicted by later interpretations.^ The Irish people were happy to be neutral and to be confirmed as a separate nation to Britain.

^ The "Northern Emperors" were Emperors who later, for different reasons, came to be regarded as illegitimate.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Then the Romans ceased to rule in Britain, almost 470 years after Caius Julius Caesar entered the island.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Bede: Ecclesiastical History of England I 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

.February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] The archaeological evidence is of substantial cultural continuity through the first millennium BC, although with a significant overlay of selectively-adopted elements of La Tène culture.^ It is used by white nationalists due to the fact[citation needed] that the sun and the cross both play prominent roles in various western religions.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Recent linguistic, cultural and archaeological finds in Brazil and Peru offer documentary evidence" that West African Mandinka Muslims explored the early Americas.
  • ARAB SLAVE TRADE - The history of Arab Slavery in Africa 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.africanholocaust.net [Source type: Original source]

^ Saffron was thus an article of long-distance trade before the Minoan palace culture's 2nd millennium BC peak.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are claims of continental-style states appearing in southern England close to the end of the period, possibly reflecting in part immigration by élites from various Gallic states such as those of the Belgae.^ Varied and possibly inconsistent definitional criteria, such as geographic origin, cultural origin, cultural identification and affiliation, community recognition, and race itself, are used to describe the terms.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ He starts off sensibly enough, asserting that the principles which underlie the just state must reflect those by which the individual person attains the good life.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ End of Warring States Period, 221; burning books, 213 .
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.February 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] However, this immigration would be far too late to account for the origins of Insular Celtic languages.^ It is used by white nationalists due to the fact[citation needed] that the sun and the cross both play prominent roles in various western religions.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Parthians spoke a "North-Western" Iranian language, though its origin was far south of the Scythians.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ All students would be able to study original language concepts.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

.In the 1970s the continuity model was popularized by Colin Burgess in his book The Age of Stonehenge which theorised that Celtic culture in Great Britain "emerged" rather than resulted from invasion and that the Celts were not invading aliens, but the descendants of the people of Stonehenge.^ Ireland has fewer animal and plant species than either Great Britain or mainland Europe because it became an island shortly after the end of the last ice age , about 10,000 years ago.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Popular opinion was more strongly against the invasion than that of the chieftains, and prophecies circulated against the Normans .

^ The slow rate of increase of intelligence would be consistent with the rate at which intelligence increasing mutations were occurring limiting the increase in intelligence, rather than any cultural factors, which operate much more rapidly.
  • Stalking the Wild Taboo - Miller: The Evolution of Australian and Amerindian Intelligence 31 January 2010 12:10 UTC www.lrainc.com [Source type: Academic]

.Genetic studies have supported the prevalence of native populations, ruling out any model of post-Bronze Age cultural and language intrusion that ignore a very high degree of genetic absorpsion.^ It further distanced the native speaker population from the high variety of the language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The first part targeted background information, course, language being studied, age, background, language learning history, periods spent in the target language speech community etc.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The population numbers are stable, but there is an alarming decrease of native language speakers.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.A study by Christian Capelli, David Goldstein and others at University College, London showed that genetic markers associated with Gaelic names in Ireland and Scotland are also common in certain parts of Wales and England (in most cases, The Southeast of England with the lowest counts of these markers) are similar to the genetic markers of the Basque people, who speak a non-Indo-European language.^ The best part is that you will be able to attract people who will have similar interests to you.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

^ That's not to say continued support is that way to advance the language, the future of the language lies with the people who will speak it, but some *focussed* support will always be necessary IMO. .
  • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It is generally accepted, by the world Psychiatric association, that people who get angry and take issues on a personal level, and attack others on a personal level, ignoring the norms of civilized manners, are considered to have mental and psychiatric issues.
  • Akcam to Mouradian: Your Frustration with Turkish Intellectuals Exploded in Cemal’s Face | Armenian Weekly 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.armenianweekly.com [Source type: Original source]

.This similarity supported earlier findings in suggesting a large pre-Celtic genetic ancestry, likely going back to the Paleolithic.^ The students were instructed not to go back to earlier items in the test if they recognized a word once they heard the base form.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Long wary of a large U.S. presence that could too easily look like an occupation army, he has suggested recently that he could support a carefully designed expansion.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ "And Afghans won't like to go back to the dark days of our recent past.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

They suggest that Celtic culture and the Celtic language may have been imported to Britain by cultural contact, not mass invasions around 600 BC.
.Some recent studies have suggested that, contrary to long-standing beliefs, the Germanic tribes (Angles, Saxons) did not wipe out the Romano-British of England but rather, over the course of six centuries, conquered the native Brythonic people of what is now England and south-east Scotland and imposed their culture and language upon them, much as the Gaels may have spread over Northern Britain.^ Some suggested this be a "Native American" category.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Romanisation began in the fifth century, derived from the Romano-British culture of western Britain.

^ Although geographically and linguistically labelled "Southeast Asians", long periods of Chinese domination and influence has placed them culturally closer to East Asians, or more specifically their immediate northern neighbours, the Southern Chinese and other tribes within the proximity of South China.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This view is supported by the Celtic, or at least non-Germanic, names of some prominent early members of a number of "Anglo-Saxon" dynasties, such as Cerdic of Wessex and Penda of Mercia.^ It goes to show that he has many active supporters among Turks, or his supporters are so active in responding when such an opportunity arises for them to advertise their views in a the website of a reputed journal like Nature.
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ What is evident among the ancient Celtic custom in regarding the dead is that the more prominent members of the community were buried with their earthly possessions, such as their cauldrons, jugs, ornaments, jewellery, and weapons.

^ This aspect is retained in the name for cotton in many European languages, such as German Baumwolle , which translates as "tree wool".
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[25][26] .The Pennines remained a stronghold for Brythonic culture in England, the Cumbric language survived until the 12th Century, whereas in isolated areas of East Anglia, a Brythonic language was only recorded as late as the Saxon period.^ They traveled from this area in southern China to Taiwan in large numbers during the late 17th and early 18th centuries.

^ Tibetans remained in Kansu, later founding the durable Tangut or Hsi-Hsia state, which survived until the Mongol conquest.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ It was not until I read an essay by the historian Roy Foster where he analyzes Irish nationalism as a fairly typical example of 19th century romantic cultural nationalism that the Irish language policies of the last 80 years started making sense.
  • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

Parts of the Brythonic culture still survives in the form of the Northumbrian smallpipes and Wrestling (Lancashire and Cumbrian wrestling). .Still, others maintain that the picture is mixed and that in some places the indigenous population was indeed wiped out while in others it was assimilated.^ But some other hits are weeded out too.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ Also, animals which are exceptional in some way and therefore don't fit easily in the other classes may be placed in this class.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Respondents may be confused as to the exclusion or inclusion of Native Hawaiians and other indigenous populations which could seriously affect data quality.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.According to this school of thought the populations of Yorkshire, East Anglia, Northumberland and the Orkney and Shetland Islands are those populations with the fewest traces of ancient (Celtic) British continuation, probably because these are eastern areas which were exposed to invasion from the East by Angles, Saxons and Vikings.^ The Scots waged war with the Romans and their Saxon hirelings and continued to fight against incursions by later Angles, Normans, and English princes.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Those who came over were of the three most powerful nations of Germany Saxons, Angles, and Jutes.
  • Medieval Sourcebook: Bede: Ecclesiastical History of England I 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC www.fordham.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ All of these are because of they are thought the inferior, and the inferior has to live an inferior life to make the superior happy.

[27]
The Celtic invasion of the British Isles is difficult to document genetically. .Two published books - The Blood of the Isles by Bryan Sykes and The Origins of the British: a Genetic Detective Story by Stephen Oppenheimer - are based upon recent genetic studies, and show that the vast majority of Britons have ancestors from the Iberian Peninsula, as a result of a series of migrations that took place during the Mesolithic and, to a lesser extent, the Neolithic eras.^ Publisher of instructional music for the guitar: scale books, position study books, chord books, left- and fight-hand studies, and etudes.
  • MUSIC PUBLISHERS. - Free Online Library 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thefreelibrary.com [Source type: General]

^ We must improve and expand the facilities for teaching Manx, and we must do more to show the majority of people living in the Isle of Man that Manx is worthy of support.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Villages were closed or abandoned, and migration to urban areas took place.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[28][29]
.Sykes sees little genetic evidence relating to people from the heartland of the Hallstatt and La Tene cultures.^ According to archaeological evidence, the Ulchi are related to the ancient Mesolithic population of the lower Amur, which was influenced by unknown newcomers in the 3rd millenium B.C. Their culture contains many common elements with the neighbouring people of the Amur basin (e.g.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cognitive research indicated that some people use race and ethnic origin interchangeably; they see little difference between the two concepts.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.On the paternal side he finds that the "Oisin" (R1b) clan is in the majority which has strong affinities to Iberia, with no evidence of a large scale arrival from Central Europe.^ There are many large burial mounds can be found throughout central and western Europe.

^ That is by no means the case and the evidence is before our eyes in the U.S. takeover of NATO and their permanent bases throughout Europe.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

.He considers that the genetic structure of Britain and Ireland is "Celtic, if by that we mean descent from people who were here before the Romans and who spoke a Celtic language."^ This all very cool, but a ran into a guy who has a method for learning languages in 1 day – and I mean really to learn.

^ All of us who are in this forum who are of Armenian descent are still here thanks to them.
  • Akcam to Mouradian: Your Frustration with Turkish Intellectuals Exploded in Cemal’s Face | Armenian Weekly 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.armenianweekly.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This was Charles Dunn, chairman emeritus of the Department of Celtic languages and literatures at Harvard, who is responsible for much of the blossoming of Celtic Studies throughout North America.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.But this language was the result of diffusion rather than migration, and the vast majority of the inhabitants of the British Isles, whether they consider themselves to be "Anglo Saxon", "Celt" or otherwise, are descended from the original Mesolithic hunter-gatherers who migrated north from Iberia approximately 13,000 years ago at the end of the last ice age.^ Humans first domesticated camels approximately 5,000 years ago.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They also migrated North in times of persecution.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ireland has been inhabited for at least 9,000 years, although little is known about the paleolithic and neolithic inhabitants of the island (other than by inference from genetic research in 2004 that challenges the idea of migration from central Europe and proposes a flow along the Atlantic coast from Spain).
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Evidence for Celts in England can be found in place names, such as those including the Old English element, 'wealh', meaning 'foreigner' or 'stranger'. A smattering of villages around the Fenland town of Wisbech hint at this.^ Thus, on old maps of India, the name "Carnatic" can sometimes be found adjacent to the west coast, and on others along the south-eastern coast.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The Essex town of Saffron Walden, named for its new specialty crop, emerged as England's prime saffron growing and trading center.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ At twelve years old, I found the whole place very magical.
  • Spanish and Portuguese Colonial Possessions 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.West Walton, Walsoken, and the Walpoles indicate the continued presence of an indigenous population, and Wisbech, King's Lynn and Chatteris retain proto-Celtic topographical elements.^ This Chol Maya festival includes Chol elders dancing with Quetzal feathers, indicating the presence of the indigenous spirit at the celebration.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

Villages which exhibit Tydd in their name, e.g. Tydd St. Giles may obtain that element from the Brythonic word for "small holding". Compare the Welsh "tyddyn". Saxon Etheldreda's 'Liber Eliensis' documents the Fenland tribe of the Girvii (Gywre), who are cited elsewhere as being an independent people with dark hair and their own (Brythonic?) language. It is entirely possible that the Girvii were formed in part by migrating Britons, displaced by Saxon settlers after the legions left the Isles.

Romanisation

.Under Caesar the Romans conquered Celtic Gaul, and from Claudius onward the Roman empire absorbed parts of Britain.^ Ignoring the Irish and Welsh literatures, and concentrating on the ancient Gaul and Britannia during the Roman empire, you will find that there is no Celtic pantheon, such as the Greek and Roman Olympians or the Norse Aesir.

^ The first part of the page contained background on the origin of druids in ancient Gaul and Britain, as well as their place in the Celtic society.

^ Under the eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire, the classical Greek chrysalis metamorphosed itself into a Christian butterfly.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Roman local government of these regions closely mirrored pre-Roman 'tribal' boundaries, and archaeological finds suggest native involvement in local government.^ Consideration should also be given to needs at the State and local government levels, including American Indian tribal and Alaska Native village governments, as well as to general societal needs for these data.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The British government could not really believe that people in the region can be properly consulted in view of these events.

^ The Roman Catholic Church has looked and continues to look at these matters and finds no contraction between the different "writings" of the God of Abraham.
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Latin was the official language of these regions after the conquests.
.The native peoples under Roman rule became Romanized and keen to adopt Roman ways.^ This is why people came under their spell, and decided to study and adopt them for their own use.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It works out scenes where people adopt attitudes of such a sort that the social laws under which they are acting spring into sight.
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) 11 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.csuchico.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ For example, the Romans voluntarily adopted Greek culture, although they became politically and militarily the masters of ancient Greece.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Celtic art had already incorporated classical influences, and surviving Gallo-Roman pieces interpret classical subjects or keep faith with old traditions despite a Roman overlay.^ Influences on Taj Mahal design The Taj incorporates and expands on many design traditions, particularly Persian, Hindu and earlier Mughal architecture.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Caller Dudley Laufman will teach traditional irish ceili dances along with square and circle dances to the beat of Celtic and Old Time Fiddle Tunes!!
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

^ The Roman West had already been conquered by German tribes, who adopted many Roman laws and traditions.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

The Roman occupation of Gaul, and to a lesser extent of Britain, led to Roman-Celtic syncretism (see Roman Gaul, Roman Britain). .In the case of the continental Celts, this eventually resulted in a language shift to Vulgar Latin (see also Gallo-Roman culture), while the Insular Celts retained their language.^ The cultural language of Mozarabs continued to be Latin, but as time passed, young Mozarabs studied and even excelled at Arabic.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Though, the Romans and the Greeks had encountered the Celts in wars centuries earlier, it is only the 1st century BC that historians began to observe their cultures and customs.

.However, the Celts were master horsemen,[citation needed] which so impressed the Romans[citation needed] that they adopted Epona, the Celtic horse goddess, into their pantheon.^ {{Citation needed date=October 2008}} "Runoff" of contaminants into streams, rivers and lakes impact the natural fresh-water ecosystems.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ It works out scenes where people adopt attitudes of such a sort that the social laws under which they are acting spring into sight.
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) 11 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.csuchico.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Only the horse goddess Epona was worshipped in Rome itself.

.During and after the fall of the Roman Empire many parts of France threw out their Roman administrators[citation needed].^ Alchemy in the Islamic world After the fall of the Roman Empire, the focus of alchemical development moved to the Middle East.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Gallic Calendar

.The Coligny Calendar, which was found in 1897 in Coligny, Ain, was engraved on a bronze tablet, preserved in 73 fragments, that originally was 1.48 m wide and 0.9 m high (Lambert p. 111).^ Fragments of wood frequently occur, with the tissues well-preserved by impregnation with the resin; while leaves, flowers and fruits are occasionally found in marvellous perfection.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Based on the style of lettering and the accompanying objects, it probably dates to the end of the 2nd century.^ Still later come several essays on the relation between names and objects, which most probably date from the period of Sywndz's concern with that same issue.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This villa probably dates from the end of the 13th century, but has been several times restored.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[30] It is written in Latin inscriptional capitals, and is in the Gallic language. .The restored tablet contains sixteen vertical columns, with sixty-two months distributed over five years.^ It took me four years of high school to learn Spanish because I was in the US. It took me two months to become just as fluent in Italian when I was living it Italy.

^ "They (Rocket Spanish Premium) have really taken what you can do in a year and a half or two years and put it down to three months of learning.
  • Learn Spanish like a Rocket with Rocket Spanish Premium | Learn to speak Spanish 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC spanishneeds.com [Source type: General]

^ For example, in two surveys held five months apart, 40 million people reported English as their ancestry and in the other, nearly 50 million said they were English.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The French archaeologist J. Monard speculated that it was recorded by druids wishing to preserve their tradition of timekeeping in a time when the Julian calendar was imposed throughout the Roman Empire.^ Meaning: The first roads were built by the Romans and at the time of the Roman empire, all roads led to Rome.
  • English proverbs - Wikiquote 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ There are no written records of the religion or gods from that time, and it is not known if it was the intention of the ancient Egyptians that the deceased were being preserved.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Medieval Greeks poured enormous amounts of energy toward saving the eastern Roman Empire from the "infidels" or "barbarians" that seemingly constantly wished to devour it.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

.However, the general form of the calendar suggests the public peg calendars (or parapegmata) found throughout the Greek and Roman world.^ Alchemy in the Greek world The Greek city of Alexandria in Egypt was a center of Greek alchemical knowledge, and retained its preeminence through most of the Greek and Roman periods.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Manuscripts in the Irish language are to be found throughout the world, in libraries and in private collections.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ However, the world's most intense and valuable varieties disproportionately have Macedonian Greek, Iranian, and Kashmiri Indian pedigrees.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[31]
There were four major festivals in the Gallic Calendar: "Imbolc" on 1 February, possibly linked to the lactation of the ewes and sacred to the Irish Goddess Brigid. ."Beltaine" on 1 May, connected to fertility and warmth, possibly linked to the Sun God Belenos.^ This Agreement does not cover your rights or responsibilities with respect to third party content or sites or any links that may direct your browser or your connection to third party sites or pages.
  • Arab Girls Gone Wild | SPIKE 10 February 2010 11:32 UTC www.spike.com [Source type: General]

"Lúnasa" on 1 August, connected with the harvest and associated with the God Lugh. And finally "Samhain" on 1 November, possibly the start of the year.[32] .Two of these festivals, Beltaine and Lúnasa are shown on the Coligny Calendar by sigils, and it is not too much of a stretch of the imagination to match the first month on the Calendar (Samonios) to Samhain.^ These prayers, which can last for up to two hours each night, result in the entire Qur'an being recited within the holy month.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some manufacturers recommend to alternately turn and flip the mattress once every two weeks for the first three months and then twice per year after that.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ That’s virtually two months to put these valuable strategies to work on your Spanish in your own home.
  • Learn Spanish like a Rocket with Rocket Spanish Premium | Learn to speak Spanish 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC spanishneeds.com [Source type: General]

Imbolc does not seem to be shown at all however.[33]
.The Celtic Calendar seems to be based on astronomy[34] but how any system would have worked is harder to tell.^ This is obviously no longer the 1920s, so how a SECULAR one-state solution would work is uncharted territory.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Taliban and Pashtun Nationalism 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The curanderos I have worked with have all maintained that it is dangerous to break the diet as you will break out in red splotches all over your body, which tells you that the medicine you have in your system has "turned" against you.
  • Magic to Miracles by Alan Shoemaker 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC csp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ It doesn't seem fair that you would be restricted from living in the place where you work."
  • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

.We have to base our knowledge on Old Irish manuscripts, none of which have been published or fully translated.^ Actually I have read and enjoyed in translation all these works and a lot more that were written in Old and Middle Irish.
  • Slugger O'Toole: Irish language is aging in the Gaeltachtai 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.sluggerotoole.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Auctoritate Academiae Scientiarum Gottingensis Editum ) is the most important edition of the Greek translation of the Old Testament ever published.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ At this stage, students often still make the mistake of trying to use a non-existent present tense, based on their knowledge of the Irish tense system.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There was no clear distinction between astronomy and astrology in ancient times and the Celtic system seems to have been based on an indigenous Irish symbol system, and not on that of any of the more commonly-known astrological systems such as Western, Chinese or Vedic astrology.^ There is no such thing, come on...
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There's no time like the present.
  • English proverbs - Wikiquote 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ Concepts of time are very often expressed within the MV system and there is a clear sense in which time has a strong ordinal flavour and the use of the MV system within various time contexts is a natural consequence of this link.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[35]

Society

.To the extent that sources are available, they depict a pre-Christian Celtic social structure based formally on class and kingship.^ As mentioned on the pre-pub page , our plan all along has been to release portions as they are available.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ They are recently revitalising their traditional clan-based economical structure.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Although this celebration is based in Christianity, the tradition of leaving offerings in return for miracles or blessings from the god(s) has its roots in pre-hispanic times.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

Patron-client relationships similar to those of Roman society are also described by Caesar and others in the Gaul of the 1st century BC.
.In the main, the evidence is of tribes being led by kings, although some argue that there is evidence of oligarchical republican forms of government eventually emerging in areas in close contact with Rome.^ A credible result would do much to undermine its claim to be the only valid form of government for the nation of some 30 million.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ Arab municipalities received less that 5% of development budget funds and 3% of normal government funding, although Israeli Palestinians form 20% of the population.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Taliban and Pashtun Nationalism 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ This is rather like the government of Ottoman Turkey being called the "Sublime Porte," or the King of Egypt being called "Pharaoh," , i.e.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.Most descriptions of Celtic societies describe them as being divided into three groups: a warrior aristocracy; an intellectual class including professions such as druid, poet, and jurist; and everyone else.^ Those developments, nothing less than the transformation of the Chinese state, were provoking theoretical debate, and most of the texts came into being as a record of positions in that debate.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The society was divided into closed ‘circles’ with limited contact.

^ In the 1920s the Oroks on northern Sakhalin were still divided into five groups, each with their own migratory zone.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are instances recorded where women participated both in warfare and in kingship, although they were in the minority in these areas.^ The concept of a kingship of Ireland first appeared and t he Uí Neíll claimed kingship over all Ireland, over all provincial kings, although they never achieved their goal.

^ Although they might not backstab you, there will be a high possibility of betrayals and disappointing you when you need them the most.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

^ There was temporary elation when they believed the Germans had landed, and there were rumours of a general uprising, although very little happened outside Dublin.

.In historical times, the offices of high and low kings in Ireland and Scotland were filled by election under the system of tanistry, which eventually came into conflict with the feudal principle of primogeniture where the succession goes to the first born son.^ Rory O’Connor , son of Turlough O'Connor , succeeded to high king of Ireland.

^ Ireland's first sextuplets were born in Belfast.

^ The concept of a kingship of Ireland first appeared and t he Uí Neíll claimed kingship over all Ireland, over all provincial kings, although they never achieved their goal.

Little is known of family structure among the Celts. Patterns of settlement varied from decentralised to the urban. .The popular stereotype of non-urbanised societies settled in hillforts and duns, drawn from Britain and Ireland (there are over 2000 hill forts known in Britain)[36] contrasts with the urban settlements present in the core Hallstatt and La Tene areas, with the many significant oppida of Gaul late in the first millennium BC, and with the towns of Gallia Cisalpina.^ According to John Major's 1521 History of Greater Britain , the l??ine was traditionally dyed with saffron.There have been many attempts to substitute a cheaper dye for the costly saffron.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Cultural significance The star has been the subject of many 'firsts' in Astronomy; in 1850 it became the first star to be photographed, and in 1872 the first to have its spectrum photographed.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There are indications of seasonal or only temporary occupation of the Al Fayyum in the 6th millennium BC, with food activities centering on fishing, hunting and food-gathering 5.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Slavery as practiced by the Celts was very likely similar to the better documented practice in ancient Greece and Rome.^ Compared to the African slaves in the United States, who were indiscriminately treated often worse than animals, slaves in ancient Greece fared immeasurably better (see, for example, Stumpp's classic analysis of slavery in the United States, in The Peculiar Institution ).
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If the first hypothesis is true, rates of transmission among locals are likely to remain very low and the practice of Breton limited to a happy few.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Instruments very similar to the guitar appear in ancient carvings and statues recovered from the old Iranian capitol of Susa.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[37] Slaves were acquired from war, raids, penal and debt servitude.[37] Slavery was hereditary, although manumission was possible. .The Old Irish word for slave, cacht, and the Welsh term caeth are likely derived from the Latin captus, captive, suggesting that slave trade was an early venue of contact between Latin and Celtic societies.^ Caller Dudley Laufman will teach traditional irish ceili dances along with square and circle dances to the beat of Celtic and Old Time Fiddle Tunes!!
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

^ Table of Contents Sciences In the sciences, the term physics is derived from the Greek word for nature, or "physis".
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The term geometry is derived from the Greek words "geo," which means earth; and "metron," which means measurement.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

[37] In the Middle Ages, slavery was especially prevalent in the Celtic countries.[38] .Manumissions were discouraged by law and the word for "female slave", cumal, was used as a general unit of value in Ireland.^ Even when the speakers were using new vocabulary that was unfamiliar to me, I was able to gather enough from what I did understand to get the general meaning, and to add the new words to my vocabulary.
  • Rocket Spanish Reviews and Success Stories 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC www.rocketlanguages.com [Source type: General]

[39]
.There is archaeological evidence to suggest that the pre-Roman Celtic societies were linked to the network of overland trade routes that spanned Eurasia.^ There was an affluent leisured class and a wide trading network.

^ There is clear archaeological evidence that people in South America and India domesticated different species of cotton independently thousands of years ago.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is no evidence of pre-Columbian trans-Atlantic trade, and there is no further evidence of these drugs in Old World civilization until after the voyage of Columbus 4 .
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Large prehistoric trackways crossing bogs in Ireland and Germany have been found by archaeologists. .They are believed to have been created for wheeled transport as part of an extensive roadway system that facilitated trade, because of their substantial nature.^ They believe that God created everything.
  • Access : Turkish scientists claim Darwin censorship : Nature News 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.nature.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Part of the reason, is that they like to believe that it was druids who had erected the standing stones and the stone circles, particularly the Stonehenge in southeast England.

^ Some American counternarcotics officials have said they believe that Mr. Karzai has expanded his influence over the drug trade, thanks in part to American efforts to single out other drug lords.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

[40] .The territory held by the Celts contained tin, lead, iron, silver and gold.^ Current dental amalgams contain copper to eliminate the gamma-2 phase of the silver-mercury-tin alloy.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[41] Celtic smiths and metalworkers created weapons and jewelry for international trade, particularly with the Romans.
.The myth that the Celtic monetary system consisted of wholly barter is a common one, but is in part false.^ For example, a person being interviewed on the radio is more likely to use one of the Welsh systems in order to be heard to be linguistically consistent.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The current system will not allow anyone to be elected from either of the two major parties who is determined to dismantle even one part of that system.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ One important feature of Welsh grammar, which it holds in common with other Celtic languages, is that the initial consonant of a word may change, following specific grammar rules.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The monetary system was complex and is still not understood (much like the late Roman coinages), and due to the absence of large numbers of these coin items it is assumed that "proto-money" was used, which is the collective name given to the bronze items made from the early La Tene period onwards, and were often in the shape of axeheads, rings and bells.^ Care is required in making use of these late collections.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ La Giralda Tower & bells ringing.
  • Footage Farm: Spanish Civil War 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC www.footagefarm.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some manufacturers go beyond these simple shapes and use more creative designs such as lightning bolts or letters and numbers.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Due to the large number of these present in some burials it is thought they had a relatively high monetary value, and could be used for "day to day" purchases.^ But they are thought “abnormal” and their number is tiny.

^ I'm not going to interact directly with the article's argument; I just thought it would be helpful to use this as a springboard to talk some more about (surprise!
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ I just wish modern China was able to recognize the years from 1930 and forward for what they were and for the misguided thoughts on some individuals’ value.
  • Beijing University Student Embarrasses Japanese Reporter | chinaSMACK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Low value coinages of potin, a bronze alloy with high tin content, but also were minted in gold, silver and bronze of higher value, suitable for use in trade, were minted in most Celtic areas of the continent, and in South-East Britain prior to the Roman conquest of these areas.^ However, there are only a few innerspring manufacturers and four general types: Bonnel coils These are the oldest ones and most commonly used.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Values of 4 to 10 are commonly used in rifles, with 6 being the most common.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ (Williams p.239-45) Paracelsus pioneered the use of chemicals and minerals in medicine, and wrote "Many have said of Alchemy, that it is for the making of gold and silver.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Gold coinage was much more common than silver coinage, despite being worth substantially more, as there were around 100 mines in Southern Britain and Central France, but silver was more rarely mined, partly due to the comparative sparcity of mines and the amount of effort needed for extraction compared to the profit gained.^ She is also patroness of miners, Christ being compared to gold, Mary to silver.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ There is nothing more pathetic than being fat and young.
  • Why there are virtually no fat Japanese people - Signal vs. Noise (by 37signals) 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC 37signals.com [Source type: General]

^ But there was more to it than that.
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.Silver and bronze coinage became more common with the rise of the Roman civilisation, due to trade with them, and this coincided with a major increase in gold production in the Celtic world to meet the Roman demand, made by the high value romans put on it.^ Books began to be printed in the 9th century, porcelain became common, and tea began to be made regularly, not just used as a medicine.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Greek philosophy as we know it came after the rise and fall of the high culture on Crete, its end now thought to have been hastened by a giant tidal wave due to a major volcanic eruption.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ This also became a Greek word for Egyptian papyrus , probably traded by Byblos, and so, more commonly as biblos , the Greek word for "book."
  • Greek Philosophy 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

.The large number of gold mines in France is thought to be a major reason why Caesar invaded.^ But are either of those the reason why the U.S. invaded?
  • The French Scapegoat || kuro5hin.org 11 January 2010 7:52 UTC www.kuro5hin.org [Source type: General]

^ And it is also the reason why, despite their number, they are probably the world most loneliness-fear people.

^ The colonial powers also largely ignored the region, but the modern era has seen a number of mines and communities develop to exploit the desert's natural resources.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.There are only very limited records from pre-Christian times written in Celtic languages.^ Until recently, Manx Gaelic was the only Celtic language in which it was not possible to gain formal qualifications.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I will say that Rocket Spanish has definitely made learning Spanish very fun, you are able to conjugate the verbs very easily which takes a lot of your time when you are trying to learn a language.
  • Rocket Spanish Reviews and Success Stories 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC www.rocketlanguages.com [Source type: General]

^ In order to carry out the above mentioned steps it would be very useful to develop teaching materials which combine the vernacular language and the more classical written language.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

These are mostly inscriptions in the Roman, and sometimes Greek, alphabets. .The Ogham script, an Early Medieval alphabet was mostly used in early Christian times in Ireland and Scotland (but also in Wales and England), and was only used for ceremonial purposes such as inscriptions on gravestones.^ According to The Chronicle of Ireland early medieval chronicles, in 431, Bishop Palladius arrived in Ireland on a mission from Pope Celestine I to minister to the Irish "already believing in Christ."
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ In early medieval times, a ceremonial monarch, known as the High King of Ireland High King, presided over the (then five: the fifth being Kingdom of Mide Meath) provinces of Ireland.
  • The Ireland Town Guide - Local Community, Tourist Guide & Travel Channel 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.thetownguide.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The Pickguard is more often than not used in styles such as flamenco, which tends to use the guitar as a percussion instrument at times, rather than for instance, a classical guitar.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The available evidence is of a strong oral tradition, such as that preserved by bards in Ireland, and eventually recorded by monasteries.^ Another issue in the Republic of Ireland is the failure of the aging network to cope with the varying availability of power from such installations.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The tabla has also become a popular fusion instrument and is found in performance and recordings of an array of musical styles from traditional forms such as flamenco to cutting edge electronica.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The oldest recorded rhyming poetry in the world is of Irish origin and is a transcription of a much older epic poem, leading some scholars to claim that the Celts invented Rhyme.^ Some humanistic scholars now see these spiritual and metaphysical allegories as the truest and most valuable aspect of alchemy, and even claim that the development of chemistry out of alchemy was a "corruption" of the original Hermetic tradition.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sextus attacked every claim by dogmatic philosophers to knowledge about the "nonevident world" (any condition that is not now being, and cannot at some time be, observed).
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Six years ago when I was teaching a course of Scottish Gaelic poetry, the class was looking at some of the poems in Sr.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.They were highly skilled in visual arts and Celtic art produced a great deal of intricate and beautiful metalwork, examples of which have been preserved by their distinctive burial rites.^ Once concessions have been made to someone they will demand a great deal more Variant: Give the Camel and inch and it will take an ell.
  • English proverbs - Wikiquote 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ A great deal of confusion, and wasted time and effort, has resulted from trying to divide things into this or that when in fact they are both --or all-- at once.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

.In some regards the Atlantic Celts were conservative, for example they still used chariots in combat long after they had been reduced to ceremonial roles by the Greeks and Romans, though when faced with the Romans in Britain, their chariot tactics defeated the invasion attempted by Julius Caesar.^ They still white though.
  • George Lopez Asks Kim & Khloe “What’s Up With Ya’ll and Black Guys???” | Bossip.com 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC bossip.com [Source type: General]

^ They use the drug of religion to combat against governmental efforts.

^ When the Japanese themselves went on the offensive in 1944 to eliminate American B-29 bases, they were still able to defeat the Chinese with some ease.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

The Dying Gaul, a Roman marble copy of a Hellenistic work of the late 3rd century BC Capitoline Museums, Rome
According to Diodorus Siculus:
.
The Gauls are tall of body with rippling muscles and white of skin and their hair is blond, and not only naturally so for they also make it their practice by artificial means to increase the distinguishing colour which nature has given it.^ And the only way to stop others making them unhappy is to let others know they are not that easy to be offended, or they can’t be treated as the lower.

^ And when people pay more attention to their own identities, no matter their skin colors are, they will look for something to identify themselves to distinguish themselves from others, and naturally they want to prove themselves superior.

^ I am dark skinned and only dating dark skinned black women so i am never lose my colour!
  • George Lopez Asks Kim & Khloe “What’s Up With Ya’ll and Black Guys???” | Bossip.com 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC bossip.com [Source type: General]

.For they are always washing their hair in limewater and they pull it back from the forehead to the nape of the neck, with the result that their appearance is like that of Satyrs and Pans since the treatment of their hair makes it so heavy and coarse that it differs in no respect from the mane of horses.^ Make no difference to me.
  • Beijing University Student Embarrasses Japanese Reporter | chinaSMACK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meaning: People and things always come back where they belong.
  • Portuguese proverbs - Wikiquote 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They always attack in a coward way, just like any other terrorist.

Some of them shave the beard but others let it grow a little; and the nobles shave their cheeks but they let the moustache grow until it covers the mouth.

Clothing

.During the later Iron Age the Gauls generally wore long-sleeved shirts or tunics and long trousers (called braccae by the Romans[42]).^ Notwithstanding this ancient association between drinking and oratorical delivery, in later ages the "drinking" was generally dropped, and only the intellectual conversations remained.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Men wear shirts, long indigo trousers, and cover themselves with a long scarf.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Hoa women's garments consist of a pair of trousers, a five-panelled vest which falls to mid-thigh, and a short sleeve shirt with five-panels.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Clothes were made of wool or linen, with some silk being used by the rich.^ It will be important for you not to fall into their trap and to avoid being made use of.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

^ They chose copper, silver, steel and silk for the nobility, and woven linen for the ordinary folk, with some articles for both made of leather and wood; no other materials were used."
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) 11 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.csuchico.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This has led to 'fair trade' cotton clothing being available in some countries.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Cloaks were worn in winter. .Brooches and armlets were used but the most famous item of jewellery was the torc, a rigid piece of adornment made from twisted metal.^ I’ll bet most Chinese people use many more Japanese items than just a toilet: automobiles, computers, mobile phones, food items .
  • Beijing University Student Embarrasses Japanese Reporter | chinaSMACK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The US Navy also has an item, usually made in the on-base metal shops that is bolted to bulkheads and consoles to hold coffee cups.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The most important use of antimony metal is as a hardener in lead for storage batteries.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Gender and sexual norms

.According to Aristotle, most "belligerent nations" are strongly influenced by their women, but the Celts were unusual because of openly preferred male lovers (Politics II 1269b).^ I sympathize with our president, because sending men and women into harm's way is the most difficult decision that a commander-in-chief must make.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ Killing "the Angel in the House": Digging for the Political Vortex of Male Violence Against Women.
  • II. SPECIFIC RACIAL / ETHNIC GROUPS AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE IN THE U.S. 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.lib.jjay.cuny.edu [Source type: Academic]

[43] .H. D. Rankin in Celts and the Classical World notes that "Athenaeus echoes this comment (603a) and so does Ammianus (30.9).^ August 30, 2008 – 8:23 am Posted in Han Chinese Tagged chinaman , chinapig , comment Leave a Comment How does the world comment on Han Chinese?

It seems to be the general opinion of antiquity."[44] .In book VIII of his Deipnosophists, the Roman Greek rhetorician and grammarian Athenaeus, repeating assertions made by Diodorus Siculus in the 1st century BC, wrote that Celtic women were beautiful but that the men preferred to sleep together and "the young men will offer themselves to strangers and are insulted if the offer is refused" (Diod 5:32).^ According to customs, young men and women can each take initiative in marriage.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She had slaves from famous families - the women she made temple prostitutes, the men she made were made protectors of the land surrounding the temple.
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Folk singing is popular as is cha chap (sung stories), and sim, an alternating chant between young men and women.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Rankin argues that the ultimate source of these assertions is likely to be Poseidonius and speculates that these authors may be recording male "bonding rituals"[45][46][47][48]
.Under Brehon Law, which was written down in early Medieval Ireland after conversion to Christianity, a woman had the right to divorce her husband and gain his property if he was unable to perform his maritial duties due to impotence, obesity, homosexual inclination or preference for other women.^ In early medieval times, a ceremonial monarch , known as the High King , presided over the (then five: the fifth being Meath ) provinces of Ireland .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Click here for web links about the Early Christian Ireland .

^ The written judicial system was the Brehon Law , and it was administered by professional learned jurists who were known as the Brehons.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[49]
The sexual freedom of women in Britain was noted by Cassius Dio:[50]
...a very witty remark is reported to have been made by the wife of Argentocoxus, a Caledonian, to Julia Augusta. .When the empress was jesting with her, after the treaty, about the free intercourse of her sex with men in Britain, she replied: "We fulfill the demands of nature in a much better way than do you Roman women; for we consort openly with the best men, whereas you let yourselves be debauched in secret by the vilest."^ Let us show you the way!
  • Learn Spanish like a Rocket with Rocket Spanish Premium | Learn to speak Spanish 24 January 2010 12:56 UTC spanishneeds.com [Source type: General]

^ I know that Israel is much better than that.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Taliban and Pashtun Nationalism 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Much in the same way you did.

Such was the retort of the British woman.
.Very few reliable sources exist regarding Celtic views towards gender divisions, though some archaeological evidence does suggest that their views towards gender roles may have been different from those of their contemporary classical counterparts.^ The evidence simply does not exist.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The modern repertoire is largely drawn from historical publications and manuscripts, though quite a few modern compositions do exist.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Meets demand of some multiracial respondents, especially those whose parents are of different races.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[51] .There are instances recorded where women participated both in warfare and in kingship, although they were in the minority in these areas.^ The concept of a kingship of Ireland first appeared and t he Uí Neíll claimed kingship over all Ireland, over all provincial kings, although they never achieved their goal.

^ Although they might not backstab you, there will be a high possibility of betrayals and disappointing you when you need them the most.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

^ There was temporary elation when they believed the Germans had landed, and there were rumours of a general uprising, although very little happened outside Dublin.

Plutarch reports Celtic women acting as ambassadors to avoid a war amongst Celts chiefdoms on the Po valley during the 4th century BC.[52]
.There are some general indications coming from Iron Age burial sites in the Champagne and Bourgogne regions of Northeastern France suggesting that women may have had roles in combat during the earlier portions of the La Tène period.^ There may be some sexism here).
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Area regional musicians come from far and wide to "jam" in the age-ol...
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

^ Area regional musicians come from far & wide to "jam" in the age-old Ir...
  • The Irish Pages - The Irish Emigrant 17 January 2010 17:36 UTC www.irishemigrant.com [Source type: General]

The evidence is, however, far from conclusive.[53] .Examples of individuals buried with both torcs (generally associated as being female grave goods[citation needed]), and weaponry have been identified, and there are some questions regarding the sexing of some skeletons that were buried with warrior assemblages.^ Ginger was buried in the hot desert sand with maybe some stones piled on top to prevent the corpse being eaten by jackals.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Research shows Hispanics who self-identify as White also fare better economically; thus, some said two questions were needed because ethnicity alone was insufficient for determining which Hispanics are likely to be victims of discrimination.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is continued debate over the missions of Palladius and Patrick, but the general consensus is that they both existed.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[54]
.Among the insular Celts, there is a greater amount of historic documentation to suggest warrior roles for women however.^ However, there have been a few women, most notably Dr. Amina Wadud, who have defied the ruling and have opted to lead mixed-gender prayers and Friday prayers.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.In addition to commentary by Tacitus about Boudica, there are indications from later period histories that also suggest a more substantial role for "women as warriors" in symbolic if not actual roles.^ But there's more to talk about.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ There is little and poor evidence about the pronunciation of Chinese at this early period.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ So help us out and comment on this post if you have more information about Ellicott's commentaries.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

.Posidonius and Strabo described an island of women where men could not venture to for fear of death and the women ripped each other apart.^ The number of words that separate them is incidental, they could be next to each other or they could be 15 words apart.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ And they totally forget their history of comfort women or comfort men when they expect others to tremble because their Han Chinese arrogance.

^ The klan and Aryan nation,was started to make others not like them, fear them and to oppress them , so that they could control them… .
  • WTF???: Model Does Black Face for French Vogue | Bossip.com 11 January 2010 7:52 UTC bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

[55] Other writers, such as Ammianus Marcellinus and Tacitus, mentioned Celtic women inciting, participating, and leading battles.[56] Poseidonius' anthropological comments on the Celts had common themes, primarily primitivism, extreme ferocity, cruel sacrificial practices, and the strength and courage of their women.[57]

Warfare and weapons

A Gallic statue of a Celtic warrior, in the Museum of Brittany
Principal sites in Roman Britain, with indication of the Celtic tribes. Tribal warfare appears to have been a regular feature of Celtic societies. .While epic literature depicts this as more of a sport focused on raids and hunting rather than organised territorial conquest, the historical record is more of tribes using warfare to exert political control and harass rivals, for economic advantage, and in some instances to conquer territory.^ The concentration on spending rather than saving promotes the contemporary capitalist economic theory of putting money back into the economy (rather than hording it) to create more wealth.
  • English proverbs - Wikiquote 10 January 2010 12:30 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ We are looking at the parables that occur in more than one gospel and taking note of how they are used in each.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ I'm not going to interact directly with the article's argument; I just thought it would be helpful to use this as a springboard to talk some more about (surprise!
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

[citation needed]
.The Celts were described by classical writers such as Strabo, Livy, Pausanias, and Florus as fighting like "wild beasts", and as hordes.^ People will generally be more aggressive, impulsive and quick-tempered with such behavior spreading quickly like wild-fire.
  • Chinese Horoscope 2009 Jan 26 - 2010 Feb 13 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.jmine.com [Source type: General]

Dionysius said that their "manner of fighting, being in large measure that of wild beasts and frenzied, was an erratic procedure, quite lacking in military science. .Thus, at one moment they would raise their swords aloft and smite after the manner of wild boars, throwing the whole weight of their bodies into the blow like hewers of wood or men digging with mattocks, and again they would deliver crosswise blows aimed at no target, as if they intended to cut to pieces the entire bodies of their adversaries, protective armour and all".[58] Such descriptions have been challenged by contemporary historians.^ They would all hope for one whether they tell you this or not.
  • Magic to Miracles by Alan Shoemaker 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC csp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ They would have all been equal.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ They would be able to protect you as well.
  • Michael J. Totten: The Taliban and Pashtun Nationalism 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC www.michaeltotten.com [Source type: Original source]

[59]
.Polybius (2.33) indicates that the principal Celtic weapon was a long bladed sword which was used for hacking edgewise rather than stabbing.^ So the translation magnetomedr proton (for proton magnetometer ) has been rejected in favour of magnetomedr protonau using the plural form protonau rather than the singular proton .
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The fundamental principle used to standardize terminology was that the term should reflect the concept rather than reflecting the English words used to describe the concept.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Modern 'alchemy' In modern times, progress has been made toward achieving the goals of alchemy using scientific, rather than alchemic, means.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Celtic warriors are described by Polybius and Plutarch as frequently having to cease fighting in order to straighten their sword blades. .This claim has been questioned by some archaeologists, who note that Noric steel, steel produced in Celtic Noricum, was famous in the Roman Empire period and was used to equip the Roman military.^ On the other hand, we have no shows promoting inventors or educators, who might have become equally "famous" had we demanded it; or if the producers took a "risk for excellence!"
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ It is also confusing to some persons who are not American Indians but who use the term to indicate they were born in the United States.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We might note the difference between this approach and that of some of the contemporary doctors who take the "Hippocratic Oath."
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

[60][61] .However, Radomir Pleiner, in The Celtic Sword (1993) argues that "the metallographic evidence shows that Polybius was right up to a point", as around one third of surviving swords from the period might well have behaved as he describes.^ As the Kurdish people make up one third of the Turkish population it is desirable that the Constitution is amended to include the rights of those people thus giving the Kurds the right to self-determination .

^ If however one creates full paradigms of the verbs from the grammars and dictionaries and sets them up as variant stacks, unrecognised verbal forms occurring in texts can be identified.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ She may have started her career on Earth, but quickly moved up to sitting on the Right (Dike means Right) of Zeus as his number one counselor (sitting right across from her mom, Themis ).
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

[62]
.Polybius also asserts that Celts typically fought naked, "The appearance of these naked warriors was a terrifying spectacle, for they were all men of splendid physique and in the prime of life."^ And if Han Chinese can live a life, in which they are the most superior and all of the others are inferior or humble servants, they just live the best life.

^ They lived a life of luxury and liberty at home while the men bore the brunt of frequent war, or dined on simple fare in the public mess."
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The ending [of The Caucasian Chalk Circle ] emphasises that men are made what they are by social life, not by biology.
  • Bertolt Brecht (1898-1956) 11 September 2009 19:22 UTC www.csuchico.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[63] According to Livy this was also true of the Celts of Asia Minor.[64]

Head hunting

Celts had a reputation as head hunters. According to Paul Jacobsthal, "Amongst the Celts the human head was venerated above all else, since the head was to the Celt the soul, centre of the emotions as well as of life itself, a symbol of divinity and of the powers of the other-world."[65] Arguments for a Celtic cult of the severed head include the many sculptured representations of severed heads in La Tène carvings, and the surviving Celtic mythology, which is full of stories of the severed heads of heroes and the saints who carry their decapitated heads, right down to Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, where the Green Knight picks up his own severed head after Gawain has struck it off, just as St. Denis carried his head to the top of Montmartre.
A further example of this regeneration after beheading lies in the tales of Connemara's St. Feichin, who after being beheaded by Viking pirates carried his head to the Holy Well on Omey Island and on dipping the head into the well placed it back upon his neck and was restored to full health.
Diodorus Siculus, in his 1st century History had this to say about Celtic head-hunting:
.
They cut off the heads of enemies slain in battle and attach them to the necks of their horses.^ So they cut off her penis.
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

^ The tag previously read "Do not remove under penalty of law", causing some consumers to believe that they could be arrested for cutting it off.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Men on horseback ride as fast as they can down the streets trying to pull the ducks heads off.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

.The blood-stained spoils they hand over to their attendants and striking up a paean and singing a song of victory; and they nail up these first fruits upon their houses, just as do those who lay low wild animals in certain kinds of hunting.^ But every time the mothers show up with the pictures of those who they have made disappeared, they get frightened.

^ Only those who wanted to steal Armenian land and wealth for themselves would come up with that kind of scheme.
  • Akcam to Mouradian: Your Frustration with Turkish Intellectuals Exploded in Cemal’s Face | Armenian Weekly 12 January 2010 5:44 UTC www.armenianweekly.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Naturally, his exposure of others' ignorance made him unpopular with those who were shown to be less wise then they thought themselves to be.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

.They embalm in cedar oil the heads of the most distinguished enemies, and preserve them carefully in a chest, and display them with pride to strangers, saying that for this head one of their ancestors, or his father, or the man himself, refused the offer of a large sum of money.^ In fact, this is one of the most salient points that distinguished the Greeks from the Persians.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Although she had only one eye, Donald would be satisfied with her as she was; finally, he offered himself to her again, and she was delighted to have him this time.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They want to identify their multiple races, but say that those who prefer to choose one of the existing broad categories could do so.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

They say that some of them boast that they refused the weight of the head in gold
.In Gods and Fighting Men, Lady Gregory's Celtic Revival translation of Irish mythology, heads of men killed in battle are described in the beginning of the story The Fight With The Fir Bolgs as pleasing to Macha, one aspect of the war goddess Morrigu.^ Main articles: Irish literature , Celtic Revival , Irish art , and Irish theatre James Joyce , widely considered one of the most significant writers of the 20th century.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Translation: "What man can do, God can undo" Equivalence: "The best laid plans of mice and men."
  • Portuguese proverbs - Wikiquote 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

^ (Aug 4th) Outbreak of World War One – most of the Irish supported Britain.

Religion

Polytheism

A statuette in the Museum of Brittany, Rennes, probably depicting Brigantia/Brigid: ca. 1st century CE, with iconography derived from Roman statues of Minerva.
The Celts had an indigenous polytheistic religion and culture.[66]
.Many Celtic gods are known from texts and inscriptions from the Roman period, such as Aquae Sulis, while others have been inferred from place names such as Lugdunum (stronghold of Lug).^ Many are known by the vernacular name barberry .
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Falun Gong have sentenced many communist officers to death in the name of the Gods just because they said those “criminals” had the Gods shocked.

^ Just such a strengthening of city defense begins to be felt in the military texts at about this period.
  • Chronology | An Overview of Classical Chinese Texts 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.umass.edu [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Rites and sacrifices were carried out by priests, known as Druids.^ The new computer-aided analysis is known as Nessa Tremen 'Second Pass', the first pass being the analysis carried out in the early 1980s.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Religion The Mozarabs remained out of the influence of French monks and conserved the Visigothic rite of Mass, also known as the Mozarabic rite.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The Celts did not see their gods as having a human shape until late in the Iron Age.^ The Iron Age in Ireland was supposedly associated with people known as Celts .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Celtic shrines were situated in remote areas such as hilltops, groves, and lakes.^ Traditional culture: Peasant culture Ethno-geography: The main residence area of the Veps is situated between the lakes Onega, Ladoga and Beloye.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Celtic religious patterns were regionally variable; however, some patterns of deity forms, and ways of worshiping these deities, appear over a wide geographical and temporal range.^ Various regions throughout Mexico hold individual festivals, some are celebratory others are strictly religious.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ If however one creates full paradigms of the verbs from the grammars and dictionaries and sets them up as variant stacks, unrecognised verbal forms occurring in texts can be identified.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The importance of each of these varies from species to species, and even from population to population, some concentrate on squid alone, others take more krill, or fish.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

The Celts worshipped both gods and goddesses. .In general, the gods were deities of particular skills, such as the many-skilled Lugh and Dagda, and the goddesses were associated with natural features, particularly rivers (such as Boann, goddess of the River Boyne).^ As a result, many present-day mosques, especially in the Western world, are converted buildings without those features usually associated with Islamic places of worship.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The pilgrimage of Fa-Hsien (Faxian) is noteworthy for many things, but one feature in particular evident from the map is that the entire homeward leg of the journey was by sea.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

^ Originally (as in pre-classical mythology), they were goddesses of fertility and nature and were much more closely associated with the underworld and the Eleusinian mysteries.
  • Greek Goddesses 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.paleothea.com [Source type: Original source]

.This was not universal, however, as goddesses such as Brighid and The Morrígan were associated with both natural features (holy wells and the River Unius) and skills such as blacksmithing and healing.^ However, it is already able to offer degree courses if these are validated and approved by other bodies, such as the UK's Open University.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The complex was designed to be accessed from both the north (from the river Yamuna) as well as by land from the south.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ We need to go back to the natural healing methods of the past when we weren't so dependent on artificial outside forces to make us well.
  • Magic to Miracles by Alan Shoemaker 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC csp.org [Source type: Original source]

[67]
Triplicity is a common theme in Celtic cosmology, and a number of deities were seen as threefold.[68] .The Three Mothers was a group of goddesses worshiped by many Celtic tribes (with regional variations) that exhibited this trait.^ Many traditions such as art, music, architecture, marriage customs, cuisine, and religious practices vary from province to province and between sublanguage groups.

^ Celtic Notes, Ltd., books various Scottish and Celtic entertainment groups.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Occident, like many similar groups, used the celtic cross as its emblem.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[69]
.The Celts had literally hundreds of deities, some unknown outside of a single family or tribe, while others were popular enough to have a following that crossed boundaries of language and culture.^ His comments demonstrated not only a total lack of comprehension of the national and international significance of the Manx language culturally, but also served as an indictment of the paucity of his own values and perceptions whereby any language other than Manx appeared to have some intrinsic usefulness.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The question would correspond to self-perceived membership in population groups defined by cultural heritage, language, physical appearance, or other characteristics.
  • http://www.whitehouse.gov/omb/fedreg_race-ethnicity/ 6 February 2010 11:13 UTC www.whitehouse.gov [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Is the Breton language's present popularity merely a mean for cultural distraction or is it a sign of reproduction ?
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.For instance, the Irish god Lugh, associated with storms, lightning, and culture, is seen in similar forms as Lugos in Gaul and Lleu in Wales.^ Things are seen as associated if they appear similar, or appear together in time or space.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Similar patterns are also seen with the continental Celtic horse goddess Epona, and what may well be her Irish and Welsh counterparts, Macha and Rhiannon, respectively.^ The reason is that according to St. Augustin, Plato's philosophy is similar to some of the basic tenets in Christianity, and to that extent Plato may be seen as an "early" Christian.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The graveyards of rural Ontairo villages founded by Irish immigrants are chock full of celtic crosses as well.
  • Harry’s Place » How To Avoid Re-posting from Neo-Nazi, Ku Klux Klan or White Power Web Sites 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.hurryupharry.org [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ One important feature of Welsh grammar, which it holds in common with other Celtic languages, is that the initial consonant of a word may change, following specific grammar rules.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[70]
Roman reports of the druids mention ceremonies being held in sacred groves. .La Tène Celts built temples of varying size and shape, though they also maintained shrines at sacred trees and votive pools.^ They circle the tree and then crawl, roll, or otherwise make their way up the avenue to the shrine.
  • George O. Jackson, Jr., Essence of Mexico Collection, 1990-2002 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC www.lib.utexas.edu [Source type: Reference]

^ They vary in size but are usually ornately decorated.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Since respect for the dead is very important, in all villages and hamlets, there are temples, pagodas, and shrines built for veneration of the dead.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[66]
Druids fulfilled a variety of roles in Celtic religion, as priests and religious officiants, but also as judges, sacrificers, teachers, and lore-keepers. .Druids organized and ran the religious ceremonies, and they memorized and taught the calendar.^ The corporations into which they organized themselves attracted adventurers, zealots, and religious and political dissidents of all ethnicities.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ They believe in animism and organize many ceremonies for Giang.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other classes of druids performed ceremonial sacrifices of crops and animals for the perceived benefit of the community.^ Every year, each Cong Village holds a communal ceremony where several rites are performed to pray for bumper crops.
  • 54 Ethnic Groups Vietnam, Hill Tribes, Tribal, Montagnard People 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC www.offroadvietnam.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Also, animals which are exceptional in some way and therefore don't fit easily in the other classes may be placed in this class.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[71]

Roman Influence

.Conquest brought a great deal of Celtic peoples into the Roman Empire.^ Under the eastern Roman Empire, also known as the Byzantine Empire, the classical Greek chrysalis metamorphosed itself into a Christian butterfly.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ A great deal of confusion, and wasted time and effort, has resulted from trying to divide things into this or that when in fact they are both --or all-- at once.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ The ethno-religious categorization of the Middle East under the Ottoman Empire brought to practice has left many problems for the people of the Middle East.

.Thus Roman culture had a profound effect on the Celtic tribe which came under the empire's control.^ She and her family received atrocious treatment at the hands of the Roman empire and her tribe suffered in a famine at the end of the revolt she led against Rome.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Thus the German tribes that dismantled the western half of the original Roman Empire also decided, like the Greeks in the East, to become Roman, albeit through military, rather than cultural "conquest."
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If Charlemagne had reunited the entire Roman Empire, the effect would have similar to what we see in China.
  • Indian, Chinese, & Japanese Emperors 17 January 2010 9:41 UTC www.friesian.com [Source type: Original source]

Roman influence lead to great changes in the Celtic religion. .The most noticeable change was the weakining of the Druid class, especially religiously, and eventual disappearance of Druids all together.^ This is not a characteristic particular to Christians, but of almost all religious movements, especially since by definition such movements involve people with all of their basic vanities, or inevitably misinterpretations of religious doctrine.
  • Greek Cultural History: In search of Excellence 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC webs.csu.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ If you understand Japanese at all, you would know that most Japanese voters online regretted voting for DPJ simply because of “change”, especially after discovering how much Hatoyama wants friendship with East Asia.
  • Beijing University Student Embarrasses Japanese Reporter | chinaSMACK 31 January 2010 13:013 UTC www.chinasmack.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

Also Roman-Celtic deities began to appear. .These deities often had both Roman and Celtic attributes and usually combining the names of a Roman and Celtic deity.^ Often these two names are combined to form the name "simple sugar syrup".
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ayahuasca is the name used to describe both the medicine made from the combination of the vine (banisteriopsis caapi - or ayahuasca) and chacruna (psychotria viridis) and the name given to the vine itself.
  • Magic to Miracles by Alan Shoemaker 22 January 2010 21:35 UTC csp.org [Source type: Original source]

^ The species name camelopardalis (camelopard) is derived its early Roman name, where it was described as having characteristics of both a camel and a leopard (and perhaps being a hybrid of the two)1.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Other changes include the adaptation of the Jupiter Pole, a sacred pole which were used through out Celtic regions of the empire, primarily in the north.^ These techniques include tapping, extensive use of legato through pull-offs and hammer-ons (a.k.a.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Other commonly used neck joints include mortise-and-tenon joints (such as those used by CF Martin & Co.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ I have been asking myself for the longest time why do Black people especially women look for validation through other races changing themselves to “look Black”.
  • WTF???: Model Does Black Face for French Vogue | Bossip.com 11 January 2010 7:52 UTC bossip.com [Source type: Original source]

.Another major change in religious practice was the use of stone monuments to repersent gods and goddesses.^ Another acquaintance used to keep several kilts in the office and change them for different business (not Scottish related) occasions.
  • Scottish Heritage - Frequently Asked Questions (FAQ) 23 January 2010 8:11 UTC thecapitalscot.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ There is not another resource like the Lexham High Definition New Testament , where a collection of the most useful discourse devices are pulled together and practically applied.
  • Logos Bible Software Blog: Greek Archives 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC blog.logos.com [Source type: General]

^ Used to complain against a change without practical results.
  • Portuguese proverbs - Wikiquote 2 February 2010 9:25 UTC en.wikiquote.org [Source type: Original source]

.The Celtics had only created wood idols (including monuments carved into trees, which were known as sacred poles) before coming under the rule of Rome.^ The emperor who preceded him, Antoninus Pius, is widely recognized as the ablest and wisest man who ruled Rome before Marcus.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

^ Southern Ireland seemed more loyal to the Crown than ever before, because Home Rule had passed into law just before the war broke out.

^ The second part of the questionnaire sought to explore learners' reactions to the Irish language, including an investigation of the extent to which learners had come into contact with it and used it after leaving school.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

[69]

Celtic Christianity

.While the regions under Roman rule adopted Christianity along with the rest of the Roman empire, unconquered areas of Ireland and Scotland moved from Celtic polytheism to Celtic Christianity in the fifth century AD. Ireland was converted under missionaries from Britain, such as Patrick.^ By the end of the 16th century AD, cotton was cultivated throughout the warmer regions in Africa, Eurasia and the Americas.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Some tribes such as the Brigante s lived in both Britain and Ireland.

^ The most mature and sensible development of the skeptical position occurred in Roman Greece during the 2nd and 3rd centuries A.D., under physician and philosopher Sextus Empiricus.
  • PSYCHOLOGY IN GREEK PHILOSOPHY 10 February 2010 10:46 UTC www.sonoma.edu [Source type: Original source]

.Later missionaries from Ireland were a major source of missionary work in Scotland, Saxon parts of Britain, and central Europe (see Hiberno-Scottish mission).^ I would like to see Gaelic funding bodies provide funds for such work, perhaps as part-time work for students.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Mann is governed by its own ancient parliament, Tynwald, and is not part of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, nor is it part of the European Union.
  • D27: Create Semantic Lexicon 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.csis.ul.ie [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Quotations The art of playing the lute formed a major part of instrumental music making in the Renaissance before keyboard instruments assumed central significance.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.The development of Christianity in Ireland and Britain brought an early medieval renaissance of Celtic art between 390 and 1200 AD[citation needed], developing many of the styles now thought of as typically Celtic, and found throughout much of Ireland and Britain, including the northeast and far north of Scotland, Orkney and Shetland.^ Many traditions such as art, music, architecture, marriage customs, cuisine, and religious practices vary from province to province and between sublanguage groups.

^ Many modern architectural scholars are thus disgusted by Charles V's preference for simplistic Renaissance styling, which they believe detracts from the Alhambra's architectural magnificance.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Ports in the Republic handle 3,600,000 travelers crossing the Irish Sea between Ireland and Britain each year, amounting to 92% of all sea travel.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.This Celtic renaissance was ended by the Norman Conquest of Ireland in the late 12th century.^ By the late 13th century the Norman-Irish had established the feudal system throughout most of lowland Ireland.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This resulted in the complete conquest of Ireland by 1603 and the final collapse of the Gaelic social and political superstructure at the end of the 17th century, as a result of English and Scottish Protestant colonisation in the Plantations of Ireland , and the Wars of the Three Kingdoms and the Williamite War in Ireland .
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.August 2007" style="white-space:nowrap;">[citation needed] Notable works produced during this period include the Book of Kells and the Ardagh Chalice.^ Hindu craftsmen, particularly sculptors and stonecutters, plied trade throughout Asia during this period, and their work was particularly prized by tomb builders.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ Sherman recalled that during his period working for the United Nations in northern Afghanistan, local police were hired to guard a World Food Programme warehouse in Badakhshan.
  • Why the US is losing in Afghanistan - updates on the Pashtun insurgency 20 January 2010 22:24 UTC forum.prisonplanet.com [Source type: News]

^ European commentators, particularly during the early period of the British Raj, suggested that some or all of the Taj was the work of European artisans.
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

.Antiquarian interest from the 17th century led to the term 'Celt' being extended, and rising nationalism brought Celtic revivals from the 19th century.^ National district: Olginskiy Rayon Traditional culture: The main occupations in the past were hunting , fishing and gathering; from the end of the 19th century farming and livestock breeding.
  • Ethnic groups 17 January 2010 9:56 UTC npolar.no [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ This approach eventually led to the founding of modern chemistry in the 18th and 19th centuries, based on revolutionary discoveries of Lavoisier and John Dalton ?
  • Arabic words in English: live usage examples 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC www.1001inventions.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

^ The 19th and early 20th century saw the rise of Irish nationalism among the Roman Catholic population.
  • Ireland 19 November 2009 17:34 UTC nichecreator.com [Source type: FILTERED WITH BAYES]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Koch, John (2005). Celtic Culture : A Historical Encyclopedia. ABL-CIO. pp. xx. ISBN 978-1851094400. http://books.google.com/books?id=f899xH_quaMC&pg=PA196&dq=belgae+celtic+language&ei=p1VGSJmxDISKjAGgo52VDQ&client=firefox-a&sig=q67mipDviazKodbhM9IudJPmCTQ#PPR20,M1. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  2. ^ Britannica (Turkey) People and Culture
  3. ^ Julius Caesar, Commentarii de Bello Gallico 1.1: "All Gaul is divided into three parts, one of which the Belgae live, another in which the Aquitani live, and the third are those who in their own tongue are called Celts (Celtae), in our language Gauls (Galli).
  4. ^ (Lhuyd, p. 290) Lhuyd, E. "Archaeologia Britannica; An account of the languages, histories, and customs of the original inhabitants of Great Britain." (reprint ed.) Irish University Press, 1971. ISBN 0-7165-0031-0
  5. ^ Neilson, William A. (ed.) (1957). Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language, second edition. G & C Merriam Co.. p. 2903. 
  6. ^ 2001 p 95. La lengua de los Celtas y otros pueblos indoeuropeos de la península ibérica. In Almagro-Gorbea, M., Mariné, M. and Álvarez-Sanchís, J.R. (eds) Celtas y Vettones, pp. 115-121. Ávila: Diputación Provincial de Ávila.
  7. ^ Barbara Arredi, Estella Poloni, Chris Tyler-Smith. The Peopling of Europe, in Anthropological Genetics, ed. Michael Crawford, Cambridge Press, 2007, pp. 380-408
  8. ^ e.g. Patrick Sims-Williams, Ancient Celtic Placenames in Europe and Asia Minor, Publications of the Philological Society, No. 39 (2006); Bethany Fox, The P-Celtic Place-Names of North-East England and South-East Scotland See also List of Celtic place names in Portugal.
  9. ^ [1] The Celts in Iberia: An Overview - Alberto J. Lorrio (Universidad de Alicante) & Gonzalo Ruiz Zapatero (Universidad Complutense de Madrid) - Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies, Volume 6: 167-254 The Celts in the Iberian Peninsula, February 1, 2005
  10. ^ F. Fleming, Heroes of the Dawn: Celtic Myth, 1996. p. 9 & 134.
  11. ^ *Otto Hermann Frey, "A new approach to early Celtic art". Setting the Glauberg finds in context of shifting iconography, Royal Irish Academy (2004)
  12. ^ Chambers's information for the people pg50
  13. ^ Brownson's Quarterly Review pg505
  14. ^ Researches Into the Physical History of Mankind
  15. ^ Alberto J. Lorrio, Gonzalo Ruiz Zapatero (2005). "The Celts in Iberia: An Overview". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 167–254. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_4/lorrio_zapatero_6_4.html. 
  16. ^ Alberro, Manuel (2005). "Celtic Legacy in Galicia". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 1005–1035. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_20/alberro_6_20.html. 
  17. ^ Júdice Gamito, Teresa (2005). "The Celts in Portugal". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 571–606. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_11/gamito_6_11.html. 
  18. ^ Berrocal-Rangel, Luis (2005). "The Celts of the Southwestern Iberian Peninsula". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 481–96. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/index.html. 
  19. ^ R. Álvarez-Sanchís, Jesús (2005). "Oppida and Celtic society in western Spain". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 255–286. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_5/alvarez_sanchis_6_5.html. 
  20. ^ V. García Quintela, Marco (2005). "Celtic Elements in Northwestern Spain in Pre-Roman times". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 497–570. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_10/garcia_quintela_6_10.html. 
  21. ^ Burillo Mozota, Francisco (2005). "Celtiberians: Problems and Debates". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 411–480. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_8/burillo_6_8.html. 
  22. ^ R. Luján Martínez, Eugenio (2005). "The Language(s) of the Callaeci". E-Keltoi: Journal of Interdisciplinary Celtic Studies 6: 715–748. http://www.uwm.edu/Dept/celtic/ekeltoi/volumes/vol6/6_16/lujan_6_16.html. 
  23. ^ Coutinhas, José Manuel (2006), Aproximação à identidade etno-cultural dos Callaici Bracari, Porto.
  24. ^ Archeological site of Tavira, official website
  25. ^ "Records of the West Saxon dynasties survive in versions which have been subject to later manipulation, which may make it all the more significant that some of the founding 'Saxon' fathers have British names: Cerdic, Ceawlin, Cenwalh." in: Hills, C., Origins of the English, Duckworth (2003), p. 105. Also "The names Cerdic, Ceawlin and Caedwalla, all in the genealogy of the West Saxon kings, are apparently British." in: Ward-Perkins, B., Why did the Anglo-Saxons not become more British? The English Historical Review 115.462 (June 2000): p513.
  26. ^ P. Sims-Williams, Religion and Literature [in Western England, 600–800], Cambridge 1990, p. 26.
  27. ^ "By analyzing 1772 Y chromosomes from 25 predominantly small urban locations, we found that different parts of the British Isles have sharply different paternal histories; the degree of population replacement and genetic continuity shows systematic variation across the sampled areas."A Y Chromosome Census of the British IslesPDF (208 KB)
  28. ^ "How did pygmy shrews colonize Ireland? Clues from a phylogenetic analysis of mitochondrial cytochrome b sequences". Pubmedcentral.nih.gov. 2003-08-07. doi:10.1098/rspb.2003.2406. http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1691416. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  29. ^ Irish genes from Galicia
  30. ^ Lambert, Pierre-Yves (2003). La langue gauloise. Paris, Editions Errance. 2nd edition. ISBN 2-87772-224-4. Chapter 9 is titled "Un calandrier gaulois"
  31. ^ Lehoux, D. R. Parapegmata: or Astrology, Weather, and Calendars in the Ancient World, pp63-5. PhD Dissertation, University of Toronto, 2000.
  32. ^ James, Simon (1993). "Exploring the World of the Celts" Reprint, 2002. pp-155.
  33. ^ The Coligny Calendar, Roman Britain, 2/10/01
  34. ^ Celtic Astrology
  35. ^ Ellis, Peter Berresford (1996). "Early Irish Astrology: An Historical Argument". Réalta 3 (issn.3). http://www.radical-astrology.com/irish/miscellany/ellis.html. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  36. ^ The Iron Age, smr.herefordshire.gov.uk
  37. ^ a b c Simmons, Victoria (2006). John T. Koch. ed. Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia. I. ABC-CLIO. p. 1615. ISBN 1-85109-440-7. 
  38. ^ Simmons, op.cit., citing Wendy Davies, Wales in the Early Middle Ages, 64.
  39. ^ Simmons, op.cit., at 1616, citing Kelly, Guide to Early Irish Law, 96.
  40. ^ Casparie, Wil A.; Moloney, Aonghus (January 1994). "Neolithic wooden trackways and bog hydrology". Journal of Paleolimnology (Springer Netherlands) 12: 49–64. doi:10.1007/BF00677989. 
  41. ^ http://www.nationaltrust.org.uk/main/w-ar_r_wal.pdfPDF (369 KB) Beatrice Cauuet (Université Toulouse Le Mirail, UTAH, France)
  42. ^ Diodorus Siculus, Bibliotheca Historica
  43. ^ Percy, William A. (1996). Pederasty and Pedagogy in Archaic Greece. University of Illinois Press. p. 18. ISBN 0252067401. http://www.google.com/books?id=TCvoj1efp8UC&pg=PA18&dq=celts%2BAthenaeus%2Bboy%2Blover&sig=6jEo_4NaMuXlkX5Z-kpMCM6gOgo. Retrieved 2009-09-18. ; Rankin, H.D. Celts and the Classical World, p.55
  44. ^ Rankin, p. 55
  45. ^ Rankin, p.78
  46. ^ Borris, Kenneth (2003). Same-Sex Desire in the English Renaissance: A Sourcebook of Texts, 1470-1650. Routledge. p. 211. ISBN 0815336268. http://books.google.com/books?id=ao5Kg1Se3TIC&pg=PA211&lpg=PA211&dq=athenaeus+celt+boys&source=web&ots=NkCJ8drfIx&sig=_XMSTBPoOWj0TOg8mS5WVziMJQs. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  47. ^ Dynes, Wayne R. (1990). Encyclopedia of Homosexuality. Garland Pub.. p. 209. ISBN 1410206203. http://www.google.com/books?id=DpAYAAAAIAAJ&q=celt%2Bboy%2BAthenaeus&dq=celt%2Bboy%2BAthenaeus&pgis=1. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  48. ^ Forberg, Friedrich Karl (1963). Manual of classical erotology (De figuris Veneris). Medical Press of New York. p. 93. http://www.google.com/books?id=QVRcu4UfrEoC&q=celt%2Bboy%2BAthenaeus&dq=celt%2Bboy%2BAthenaeus&pgis=1. Retrieved 2009-09-18. 
  49. ^ University College, Cork. Cáin Lánamna (Couples Law) . 2005.[2] Access date: 7 March 2006.
  50. ^ Roman History Volume IX Books 71-80, Dio Cassiuss and Earnest Carry translator (1927), Loeb Classical Library ISBN 0674991966.
  51. ^ Evans, Thomas L. (2004). Quantified Identities: A Statistical Summary and Analysis of Iron Age Cemeteries in North-Eastern Frace 600 - 130 BC, BAR International Series 1226. Archaeopress. pp. 34–40, 158–188. 
  52. ^ Ellis, Peter Berresford (1998). The Celts: A History. Caroll & Graf. pp. 49–50. ISBN 0-786-71211-2. 
  53. ^ Evans, Thomas L. (2004). Quantified Identities: A Statisical Summary and Analysis of Iron Age Cemeteries in North-Eastern Frace 600 - 130 BC, BAR International Series 1226. Archaeopress. pp. 34–37. 
  54. ^ Evans, Thomas L. (2004). Quantified Identities: A Statisical Summary and Analysis of Iron Age Cemeteries in North-Eastern Frace 600 - 130 BC, BAR International Series 1226. Archaeopress. pp. 158–188. 
  55. ^ Bitel, Lisa M. (1996). Land of Women: Tales of Sex and Gender from Early Ireland. Cornell University Press. p. 212. ISBN 0-801-48544-4. 
  56. ^ Tierney, J. J. (1960). The Celtic Ethnography of Posidonius, PRIA 60 C. Proceedings of the Royal Irish Academy. pp. 1.89–275. 
  57. ^ Rankin, David (1996). Celts and the Classical World. Routledge. p. 80. ISBN 0-415-15090-6. 
  58. ^ Dionysius of Halicarnassus, Roman Antiquities p259 Excerpts from Book XIV
  59. ^ Ellis, Peter Berresford (1998). The Celts: A History. Caroll & Graf. pp. 60–3. ISBN 0-786-71211-2. 
  60. ^ "Noricus ensis," Horace, Odes, i. 16.9
  61. ^ Vagn Fabritius Buchwald, Iron and steel in ancient times, 2005, p.127
  62. ^ Radomir Pleiner, in The Celtic Sword, Oxford: Clarendon Press (1993), p.159.
  63. ^ Polybius, Histories II.28
  64. ^ Livy, History XXII.46 and XXXVIII.21
  65. ^ Paul Jacobsthal Early Celtic Art
  66. ^ a b Cunliffe, Barry, (1997) The Ancient Celts. Oxford, Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-815010-5, pp.202, 204-8. p. 183 (religion)
  67. ^ Sjoestedt, Marie-Louise (originally published in French, 1940, reissued 1982) Gods and Heroes of the Celts. Translated by Myles Dillon, Berkeley, CA, Turtle Island Foundation ISBN 0-913666-52-1, pp. 24-46.
  68. ^ Sjoestedt (1940) pp.16, 24-46.
  69. ^ a b Inse Jones, Prudence, and Nigel Pennick. History of pagan Europe. London: Routledge, 1995. Print.
  70. ^ Sjoestedt (1940) pp.xiv-xvi, 14-46.
  71. ^ Sjoestedt (1982) pp.xxvi-xix.

Literature

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    ^ Austin : Center for Mexican American Studies, University of Texas at Austin : Distributed by University of Texas Press, [1977] .
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  • O'Rahilly, T. F. Early Irish History Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies, 1946.
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    ^ The genealogy of the Later Han is from the Nihon Kodaishi Daijiten ( Dictionary of Ancient Japanese History ) supplemented with information from the Chronicle of the Chinese Emperors by Ann Paludan [Thames & Hudson, London, 1998].
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    1997. ISBN 0-500-27275-1.
  • Raftery, Barry. Pagan Celtic Ireland: The Enigma of the Irish Iron Age. London: Thames & Hudson, 1994. ISBN 0-500-27983-7.

External links

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

English

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Noun

Celts
  1. Plural form of Celt.

Simple English

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Citable sentences

Up to date as of December 14, 2010

Here are sentences from other pages on Celts, which are similar to those in the above article.








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