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Central Bank of the Congo
Banque Centrale du Congo
Bank logo
Bank logo
Headquarters Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Established 1997
President Jean-Claude Masangu Mulongo
Central Bank of Democratic Republic of the Congo
Currency Congolese franc
ISO 4217 Code CDF
Preceded by Banque du Zaïre

The Central Bank of the Congo (French: Banque Centrale du Congo) is the central bank of the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The bank's main offices are on Boulevard Colonel Tshatshi in La Gombe in Kinshasa.

As the DRC is much larger than Alaska, the central bank has branches in Kamina, Kasumbalesa, Kikwit, Tshikapa, Ilebo and Matadi.[1]



The central bank evolved step by step: From 1886 to 1908, King Leopold II of Belgium ruled the Congo as his private domain. On July 27, 1887, he issued a Royal Decree that established the Franc as the money of account for the Congo Free State, and for Rwanda and Burundi. In 1890 the Heligoland-Zanzibar Treaty put Rwanda and Burundi within the German sphere of influence in Africa. Consequently, the German East African rupie became the official currency. Nevertheless, the Franc continued to circulate in those countries. In 1908, Belgium assumed responsibility for the Congo, taking it from Leopold II of Belgium; as a result, the Belgian Congo became a member of the Latin Monetary Union.

In 1909, a number of Belgian banks jointly established the Bank of Belgian Congo. This freed the Bank to act as the agent in the Congo for all the major Belgian banks rather than as a subsidiary or affiliate of only one of them. However, the dominant bank was the Société Générale de Belgique and eventually it became the Bank's majority owner. In 1911 the Colonial government awarded the Bank a 25-year monopoly on the right of note issuance for the Colony and appointed it as fiscal agent for the colonial government. The Bank issued its first banknotes in 1912.

Following Germany's defeat in World War I, Belgium assumed a League of Nations mandate over Rwanda and Burundi, and included them in the Congo Franc Zone.

The Convention of 10 October 1927 revisited the question of note issuance and extended the Bank's nonopoly until July 1, 1952. During World War II Belgium came under German Occupation. The Bank of England assumed a temporary involvement in the Congo's affairs and the Congo franc was listed in London.

On 1 July 1952, the day after the expiration of the Bank’s monopoly, the newly-formed Banque Centrale du Congo Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi assumed responsibility for note issuance.

The Banque Centrale du Congo-Belge et du Ruanda-Urundi was dissolved after Congo's independence in 1960. The Banque Nationale du Congo was created in 1964 to serve as the new country's central bank.

For about four years from 1960 to 1964, the Banque d' Emission du Rwanda et du Burundi served as the central bank for the linked territories. In 1961 Rwanda became an independent republic; the next year Burundi became independent as a monarchy. In 1964 each state established its own central bank, the Royal Bank of Burundi and the Banque Nationale du Rwanda. In 1966, Burundi became a republic and its central bank changed its name to Banque de la République du Burundi.

When the Congo changed its name to Zaire in 1971, the Banque Nationale du Congo became Bank of Zaire. Then in 1997 when the country's name became the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the bank took its current name: Banque Centrale du Congo.

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Banque du Congo belge. 1959. Banque du Congo belge, 1909-1959. Bruxelles, Editions L. Cuypers.


As far as the Republic of Congo is concerned, it is part of the group of countries served by the Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale, the Central African regional central bank.

See also

External links



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