|Central Board of Secondary Education|
|New Delhi, India|
Central Board of Secondary Education is the Board of Education for school level in India of Central Government.
A trail of developments mark the significant changes that took place over the years in shaping up the Board to its present status. U P Board of High School and Intermediate Education was the first Board set up in 1921. It had under its jurisdiction Rajputana, Central India and Gwalior. In response to the representation made by the Government of United Provinces, the then Government of India suggested to set up a joint Board in 1929 for all the areas which was named as the ‘ Board of High School and Intermediate Education, Rajputana. This included Ajmer, Merwara, Central India and Gwalior.
The Board witnessed rapid growth and expansion at the level of Secondary education resulting in improved quality and standard of education in institutions. But with the advent of State Universities and State Boards in various parts of the country the jurisdiction of the Board was confined only to Ajmer, Bhopal and Vindhya Pradesh later. As a result of this, in 1952 , the constitution of the Board was amended wherein its jurisdiction was extended to part-C and Part-D territories and the Board was given its present name ‘Central Board of Secondary Education’. It was in the year 1962 finally that the Board was reconstituted. The main objectives were those of : serving the educational institutions more effectively, to be responsive to the educational needs of those students whose parents were employed in the Central Government and had frequently transferable jobs.
The jurisdiction of the Board is extensive and stretches beyond the national geographical boundaries. As a result of the reconstitution, the erstwhile ‘ Delhi Board of Secondary Education’ was merged with the Central Board and thus all the educational institutions recognized by the Delhi Board also became a part of the Central Board . Subsequently, all the schools located in the Union Territory of Chandigarh. Andaman and Nicobar Island, Arunachal Pradesh, the state of Sikkim , and now Jharkhand, Uttaranchal and Chhattisgarh have also got affiliation with the Board. From 309 schools in 1962 the Board today has 8979 schools on 31-03-2007 including 141 schools in 21 countries. There are 897 Kendriya Vidyalayas, 1761 Government Schools, 5827 Independent Schools, 480 Jawahar Novodaya Vidyalayas and 14 Central Tibetean Schools.
The Central Board of Secondary Education was set up to achieve certain interlinked objectives:
In order to execute its functions effectively Regional Offices have been set up by the Board in different parts of the country to be more responsive to the affiliated schools. The Board has regional offices in Allahabad, Ajmer, Chennai, Guwahati, Panchkula and Delhi. Schools located outside India are looked after by regional office Delhi. For detailed jurisdiction of regional offices of CBSE see . The headquarter constantly monitors the activities of the Regional Offices. Although, sufficient powers have been vested with the Regional Offices. Issues involving policy matters are, however, referred to the head office. Matters pertaining to day-to-day administration, liaison with schools, pre and post examination arrangements are all dealt with by the respective regional offices.
The Board functions under the overall supervision of the Controlling Authority which is vested with the Secretary Education, Government of India, Ministry of Human Resource Development. The Board has various statutory committees which are advisory in nature. The Governing Body of the Board is constituted as per its rules and regulations. The recommendations of all the committees are placed for approval before the Governing Body of the Board.
Chairman is the Chief Executive of the Board assisted by five Heads of Departments: the Secretary, the Director (Academic), the Controller of Examinations, HOD (Edusat, R&D and vocational education) and the HOD (Spl. Exams., Projects & Training). The Secretary (Education), Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India is the Controlling Authority of the Board, and appoints the Chairman and Heads of Departments.
The Secretary CBSE is the Chief Administrative Officer responsible for the matters relating to Administration, Audit and Accounts, Public Relations, Legal and grant of Affiliation to schools.
The Director (Academics) is the head of the Academic Unit. The major functions of the unit include developing the curriculum for all the subjects in academic and vocational streams at the secondary and senior secondary levels, to organize teacher training workshops, to develop support material for the guidance of the teachers and students, to publish text books for secondary and senior secondary classes and monitoring the academic projects.
The Controller of Examinations is responsible for all matters concerning examinations and administration of examinations, the major areas being pre and post examination work, coordination with regional offices for conducting annual secondary and senior school certificate examinations and All India Pre-Medical/Pre-Dental Entrance Examination.
The HOD (Edusat, Research and Development and vocational education) is responsible for all matters concerning Distance Education through Education Satellite launched by ISRO and designing of curriculum for vocational subjects.
The HOD (Special Exams, Projects & Training) is responsible for all matters concerning the All India Engineering Entrance Exams.
The board conducts final examinations every spring: the All India Secondary School Examination (AISSE) for class 10 and All India Senior School Certificate Examination (AISSCE) for class 12. The board also annually conducts the AIEEE exam for admission to undergraduate courses in engineering and architecture in numerous colleges spread over India.
Presently CBSE has eight regional offices: