Central European Free Trade Agreement: Wikis

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Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA)
Map members
Official languages Albanian, Bosnian, Croatian, Macedonian, Montenegrin, Moldovan, and Serbian
Type Trade agreement
Member states  Albania
 Bosnia and Herzegovina
 Croatia
 Macedonia
 Moldova
 Montenegro
 Serbia
United Nations UNMIK (Kosovo)
Establishment
 -  Signed 21 December 1992 
Area
 -  Total 309,125 km2 
119,354 sq mi 
Population
 -  2007 estimate 30,936,824 
 -  Density 100.07/km2 
259.2/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2007 (IMF) estimate
 -  Total $236.6 billion 
 -  Per capita 7,649 
Currency Albanian Lek, Bosnia and Herzegovina konvertibilna marka, Croatian kuna, Euro, Macedonian denar, Moldovan leu, Serbian dinar (ALL, BAM, HRK, EUR, MKD, MDL, RSD)
Time zone CET / EET (UTC+1 / +2)
 -  Summer (DST) CEST / EEST (UTC+2 / +3)
CEFTA history

     CEFTA member states      EU member states


CEFTA 1992.PNG
1992
– Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia (now Czech Republic and Slovakia)


CEFTA 2003.PNG
2003
Slovenia joined in 1996, Romania in 1997, Bulgaria in 1999 and Croatia in 2002.


CEFTA 2007.PNG
2007
– Poland, Hungary, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Slovenia have joined the EU in 2004, followed by Bulgaria and Romania in 2007 and thus left CEFTA.
Macedonia joined in 2006, followed by Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, UNMIK, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia.

The Central European Free Trade Agreement (CEFTA) is a trade agreement between Non-EU countries in Central and South-Eastern Europe.

Contents

Members

As of 1 May 2007, the parties of the CEFTA agreement are: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Serbia and Kosovo.

Former parties are Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia. Their CEFTA membership ended when they joined the EU.

Parties of agreement joined left
 Poland 1992 2004
 Hungary 1992 2004
 Czechoslovakia  Czech Republic 1992 2004
 Slovakia 2004
 Slovenia 1996 2004
 Romania 1997 2007
 Bulgaria 1999 2007
 Croatia 2003
 Macedonia 2006
 Albania 2007
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 2007
 Moldova 2007
 Montenegro 2007
 Serbia 2007
United Nations UNMIK 2007

Membership criteria

Former Poznań Declaration criteria:

Current criteria since Zagreb meeting in 2005:

Current members

Flag State Accession Population Area (km²) Capital GDP in millions (PPP)[1] GDP per capita (PPP)[2]
Albania Albania 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &0000000003619778.0000003,619,778 &0000000000028748.00000028,748 Tirana 21,828 6,859
Bosnia and Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &0000000004590310.0000004,590,310 &0000000000051209.00000051,209 Sarajevo 30,389 7,611
Croatia Croatia 02003-01-01 1 January 2003 &0000000004491543.0000004,491,543 &0000000000056542.00000056,542 Zagreb 82,272 18,545
Republic of Macedonia Macedonia 02006-01-01 1 January 2006 &0000000002061315.0000002,061,315 &0000000000025333.00000025,333 Skopje 18,818 9,157
Moldova Moldova 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &0000000004324450.0000004,324,450 &0000000000033843.00000033,843 Chişinău 10,746 3,174
Montenegro Montenegro 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &0000000000678177.000000678,177 &0000000000014026.00000014,026 Podgorica 6,944 11,111
Serbia Serbia 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &Expression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected number.Expression error: Unexpected number7 400 000 &Expression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected numberExpression error: Unexpected number.Expression error: Unexpected number88 361 Belgrade 79,662 10,792
United Nations UNMIK (Kosovo) 02007-01-01 1 January 2007 &0000000002126708.0000002,126,708 &0000000000010908.00000010,908 Pristina 4,000 2,300

History

Original agreement

Original CEFTA agreement was signed by Visegrád Group countries, that is by Poland, Hungary and Czech and Slovak republics (at the time parts of the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic) on 21 December 1992 in Kraków, Poland. It entered into force since July 1994. Through CEFTA, participating countries hoped to mobilize efforts to integrate Western European institutions and through this, to join European political, economic, security and legal systems, thereby consolidating democracy and free-market economics.

The agreement was amended by the agreements signed on 11 September 1995 in Brno and on 4 July 2003 in Bled.

Slovenia joined CEFTA in 1996, Romania in 1997, Bulgaria in 1999, Croatia in 2003 and Macedonia in 2006.

CEFTA 2006 agreement

All of the parties of the original agreement had now joined the EU and thus left CEFTA. Therefore it was decided to extend CEFTA to cover the rest of the Balkan states, which already had completed a matrix of bilateral free trade agreements in the framework of the Stability Pact for South Eastern Europe. On 6 April 2006, at the South East Europe Prime Ministers Summit in Bucharest, a joint declaration on expansion of CEFTA to Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, United Nations Interim Administration Mission on behalf of Kosovo, Moldova, Serbia and Montenegro was adopted.[3] Accession of Ukraine has also been discussed.[4] The new enlarged agreement was initialled on 9 November 2006 in Brussels and was signed on 19 December 2006 at the South East European Prime Ministers Summit in Bucharest.[5] The agreement went into effect on 26 July 2007 for Albania, UNMIK, Macedonia, Moldova and Montenegro, and on 22 August for Croatia. Bosnia and Herzegovina ratified it on 6 September,[6] while Serbia completed the final legal procedures on 24 September 2007.[7] The agreement aims at establishing a free trade zone in the region by 31 December 2010.

Relations with the EU

All former participating countries had previously signed association agreements with the EU, so in fact CEFTA has served as a preparation for full European Union membership. Poland, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Slovakia, Slovenia joined the EU on 1 May 2004, with Bulgaria and Romania following suit on 1 January 2007. Croatia does not yet have a date specified, but is in the process of accession negotiations, and is expected to join EU in 2011 or later. Macedonia is also an official candidate country of the EU.

At the EU's recommendation, the future members prepared for membership by establishing free trade areas. A large proportion of CEFTA foreign trade is with EU countries.

See also

Notes and references

Notes:

a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Serbia and the self-proclaimed Republic of Kosovo. The Assembly of Kosovo unilaterally declared its independence on 17 February 2008, a move that is recognised by 65 of the 192 UN member states and the Republic of China (Taiwan), but not by other UN member states. Serbia claims it as part of its own sovereign territory.

References:

External links


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