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Στερεά Ελλάς
Continental Greece
Central Greece
Flag of Greece.svg
(Greek national flag)
Bandera d'Àtica.svg
(Central Greece flag)
Central Greece location
 
Country: Greece
Capital: Athens
Peripheries: Attica
Central Greece
West Greece
Population: 4,591,568 (2001 census)
Area: 24,818.3 km²
Population density: 185/km²
Website: www.stereaellada.gr

Continental Greece (Greek: Στερεά Ελλάδα - Stereá Elláda, earlier Χέρσος Ελλάς - Chersos Ellas) or Central Greece (Greek: Κεντρική Ελλάδα - Kentrikí Elláda), colloquially known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), is a geographical region of Greece. Its territory is divided into the peripheries of Central Greece, Attica, and one prefecture of West Greece. Although Attica is part of the geographical region of Central Greece, it has recently been considered a separate region in itself.

Contents

Etymology

The region has traditionally been known as Roúmeli (Ρούμελη), a name deriving from the Turkish word Rumelia or Rumeli, meaning "the land of the Rum [the Romans, i.e. the Byzantine Greeks]". The official name Stereá Elláda ("Continental" or "Mainland" Greece), derives from the juxtaposition with the Peloponnese peninsula, and the fact that these two territories formed the independent Greek state in 1832.

Geography

Central Greece is the most populous geographical region of Greece, with a population of 4,591,568 people, and covers an area of 24,818.3 km², making it the second largest of the country. It is located to the north of the Peloponnese and to the south of Thessaly and Epirus, bordering the Aegean Sea to the east, the Ionian Sea to the west and the Corinthian Gulf to the south. Its climate is temperate along its coastlines, and dry in the interior.

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Mountains

The region is one of the most mountainous in Greece, having some of the highest elevations in the country.

Number Mountain Height (m) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Giona
2,510
5th
Phocis
2 Vardousia
2,495
7th
Phocis
3 Parnassus
2,457
9th
Phocis, Boeotia
4 Tymfristos
2,315
16th
Evrytania, Phthiotis
5 Oeta
2,152
22nd
Phthiotis

Lakes

Central Greece has also some of the largest lakes in Greece, while amongst the most important is Mornos lake in Phocis, which supplies water around the prefecture, parts of the Phthiotis and Boeotia prefectures and Athens as well.

Number Lake Area (km²) Placed
in Greece
Prefecture
1 Trichonida
96,513
1st
Aetolia-Acarnania
2 Yliki
22,731
9th
Boeotia
3 Amvrakia
13,619
13th
Aetolia-Acarnania
4 Lysimachia
13,200
14th
Aetolia-Acarnania
5 Ozeros
10,013
16th
Aetolia-Acarnania

Rivers

Some important and well known rivers of Central Greece are Acheloos in Aetolia-Acarnania which is the second longest of the country, Spercheios in Phthiotis, Evenus in Aetolia-Acarnania and Mornos in Phocis.

Cities

The principal cities of the region of Central Greece according to the census of 2001 are:

  • Athens
    3,130,841 (Athens metropolitan area)
    • including all the towns around Athens urban area
    3,761,810)
  • Lamia
58,601
53,584
42,390
21,211
20,061

Culture

Roumelian music and dances

Roumelian dances tend to be slow and controlled. The clarinet is the main instrument in this region. The main dances of this region are tsamikos (an ancient warrior dance, in which the leader performs energetic leaps), mazochto and kangeli.

See also

External links


Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010
(Redirected to Central and Northern Greece article)

From Wikitravel

Europe : Greece : Central and Northern Greece

Central and Northern Greece is the large, varied upper two thirds of Greece which, apart from a few scattered famous attractions, is still relatively untouristed, though much of this area offers rewarding destinations that deserve to be better known. Distances are long, and though the major cities are easy enough to get to by bus or train, and almost everywhere is served by at least one bus a day, visitors who want to get off the beaten track or cover a lot of ground in a limited time will probably find it most practical to have a car.

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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Proper noun

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Wikipedia

Central Greece

  1. one of the 13 peripheries of Greece

Translations

See also


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