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Central Reserve Police Force
Abbreviation CRPF
CRPF-logo.jpg
Central Reserve Police Force Emblem
Motto Service and Loyalty
Agency overview
Formed 27 July, 1939
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Federal agency India
Constituting instrument Central Reserve Police Force Act, 1949
General nature
Specialist jurisdiction Paramilitary law enforcement, counter insurgency, armed response to civil unrest, counter terrorism, special weapons operations.
Operational structure
Agency executive Vikram Srivastava, Director General
Sectors 10

The Central Reserve Police Force (CRPF) is a paramilitary security agency/Force functioning under the aegis of Ministry of Home Affairs(MHA), Government of India. The CRPF's primary role lies in assisting the State/Union Territories in police operations to maintain law and order and contain insurgency. It came into existence as the Crown Representative's Police on 27 July 1939. After Indian Independence, it became the Central Reserve Police Force on enactment of the CRPF Act on 28 December 1949.

Besides Law and Order and counter-insurgency duties, the role of CRPF in the General Elections, held repeatedly during the past few years, has been very significant and vital. This is especially true for the trouble-ridden states of J&K, Bihar and in the North East. During the Parliamentary elections of September 1999, the CRPF played a major role in the security arrangements. The CRPF is the largest paramilitary force in the world with 210 battalions besides various establishments. Of late, CRPF contingents are also being deployed in UN missions.

Contents

History

  • The CRPF was derived from the CRP (Crown Representative Police) on 27 July 1939 with 2 Battalions in Nimach, Madhya Pradesh. Its primary duty at the time was to protect the British residents in sensitive states of India.
  • In 1949, the CRP was renamed under the CRPF Act. During the 1960s, many state reserve police battalions were merged with the CRPF. The CRPF has been active against foreign invasion and domestic insurgency.
  • On 21 October 1959, Dy.S.P. Karam Singh and 20 soldiers were attacked by the Chinese army at Hot Springs in Ladakh resulting in 10 casualties. The survivors were imprisoned. Since then, 21 October is observed as Police Commemoration day.
  • During the 1965 India-Pakistan War, two companies consisting of 150 men of the 2nd Battalion of the CRPF defeated an infantry brigade consisting of 1600 men of the Pakistan Army at Kanjar Kot in Gujarat.
  • The CRPF guarded the India-Pakistan border until 1965, at which point the Border Security Force was created for that purpose.
  • On 13 December 2001, the CRPF troopers killed all five terrorists who had entered the premises of the Indian Parliament at New Delhi. In 2005, the CRPF troops killed all terrorists who had stormed the Ram Temple at Ayodhya.
  • In recent years, the Government of India has decided to follow up on recommendations of the Indian cabinet to use each security agency for its mandated purpose. As a result, the counterinsurgency operations in India has been entrusted to the CRPF.
  • In 2008 a wing called COmbat Battalions for Resolute Action (CoBRA) was added to the CRPF to counter the Naxalite movement.
  • On September 2 2009, 5000 CRPF soldiers were deployed for a search and rescue mission to find the then Andhra Pradesh chief minister Y. S. Rajasekhara Reddy whose helicopter went missing over the Nallamalla Forest Range in Andhra Pradesh.This was the largest search operation ever mounted in India.
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Current role and strength

As of [2010], the CRPF is looking after the internal security of every part of India and even abroad on united states missions

Organization

Indian Armed Forces
Triservices Crest
Triservices Crest.
Military Man Power
Active troops 1,325,000 (3rd)
Reserve forces 1,155,000 (7th)
Paramilitary forces 1,293,300 (4th)
Components
Indian Army Flag of Indian Army.png
Indian Air Force Ensign of the Indian Air Force.svg
Indian Navy Naval Ensign of India.svg
Indian Coast Guard Indian Coast Guard flag.png
Paramilitary forces of India
Strategic Nuclear Command
History
Military history of India
Ranks
Air Force ranks and insignia
Army ranks and insignia
Naval ranks and insignia

The CRPF is headed by a Director general and is divided into ten administrative sectors, each headed by an Inspector General. Each Sector consists of one or more administrative and/or Operational Ranges, headed by an officer of the rank of Deputy Inspector General (DIG) of Police. Now, Group Centres are also headed by DIGs.

There are 210 CRPF battalions of approximately 720 constables each. Each battalion is commanded by an officer designated as Commandant, and consists of seven CRPF companies, each comprising of 135 Men . Each company is headed by an Assistant Commandant.

The Home Ministry is planning to increase the strength of the force by adding 35 more battalions(30,000 personnel approx.) in the coming years.

The Rapid Action Force

The Rapid Action Force (RAF) is a specialised 10 battalion wing of the Indian Central Reserve Police Force. It was formed in October 1992, to deal with communal riots and related civil unrest. The battalions are numbered from 99 to 108.

Weapons

CRPF uses basic Infantry weapons such as:

  1. FN 35 and Glock 17 9 mm pistols
  2. Heckler & Koch MP5 replacing the Carbine 1A 9 mm sub-machine guns
  3. INSAS 5.56 mm assault rifles replacing the FN FAL, 1A1, 1C, AKM and V.58 7.62 mm assault rifles
  4. INSAS 5.56 mm light machine guns replacing the 7.62 mm FN MAG, Bren L4 and the .50 cal Browning M2HB machine guns
  5. Dragunov, Mauser SP66 and Heckler & Koch MSG-90 7.62 mm sniper rifles
  6. AGS-17 Plamya 30 mm automatic grenade launcher
  7. M40 RCL 106 mm and Carl Gustav 84 mm recoiless rifles .

In addition to these, CRPF also uses land mine detectors, Light Machine-Guns and Heavy-Machine-Guns, sterling carbine9mm.

Women in the CPRF

The CRPF is the only Paramilitary Force in the world to have two battalions staffed entirely by women. The first battalion was raised in 1986 with its headquarters at New Delhi. The second battalion came into existence in 1996 at Gandhinagar, Gujarat.

The Green Force

Another specialised outfit of the CRPF is the Green Force. The force has been able to effectively check environmental degradation and sustain the regeneration of local flora and fauna. Every year Green Force personnel plant lakhs (one lakh = one hundred thousand) of trees in various parts of the country.

External links

References


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