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Flag of Egypt.svg
Military of Egypt
Military manpower
Military age 18 years of age for conscript military service; 3-year service obligation (2001)
Availability males age 18-49: 18,347,560 (2005)
Fit for military service males age 18-49: 15,540,234 (2005)
Reaching military age annually males: 802,920 (2005)
Active troops 450,000 (Ranked 11th)
Military expenditures
Dollar figure $2.44 billion (2003)+ $1.3 billion of U.S military aid annually
Percent of GDP 3.4% (2004)

The 350,000 strong Central Security Forces CSF organization is an Egyptian Paramilitary force which is responsible for assisting the Egyptian National Police (ENP) for the security of governmental fixed sites, foreign embassies & missions, riots & crowds control, publicly crowded events, high risk arrests, disaster response and SWAT operations.

Contents

History

In 1966, a decision was made to create the Central Security Forces from well trained and equipped police forces on large scale covering the whole country under the command of the Egyptian Ministry of Interior to conduct Special Police Operations due to operational needs. The creation of those forces followed the Paramilitary model, and became close – in formation, training, equipping and functioning – to the French Gendarmerie and the Italian Carabinieri.

Following the 1973 Arab Israeli War between Egypt and Israel – which coasted the defending side Israel a great loss of human casualties and weaponry – then settling the 1973 & 1974 Cease Fire agreements; the 1979 Egyptian – Israeli Peace Treaty was signed and the subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the rest of Sinai Peninsula occurred. The Treaty stipulated the Egyptian government refrain from deploying regular Armed forces units in the eastern part of Sinai that directly border Israel (Zone “C”). The Egyptian government then tasked the Central Security Forces that emulates a motorized light infantry force without the heavy weapons and equipment.

The Egyptian government subsequently came to rely on the CSF to quench any source of instability within the country and to uphold the emergency laws imposed on Egypt since the 1981 assassination of Egyptian President Anwar Sadat.

Organization

The CSF is headed by a Director General, who is a Minister Assistant and is organized as follows:

Recruitment

The Central Security Forces personnel consists of three categories;

  • Ranking Officers (graduated from Police College of (4) Academic years),
  • Sub-officers (graduated from Police Institute of (2) Academic years), and
  • Soldiers (of "6" months training) recruited entirely from the low educated conscripts, as the more educated and college graduates usually end up in the different branches of the regular military obligatory service.

1986 Mutiny

In 1986, hundreds among the third category of the CSF (soldiers) staged a four day mutiny due to the spread of false rumors among its conscripts of extending their (three year) conscription time; the insurrection was suppressed by the Egyptian Army. They rampaged through the suburb of Giza burning some hotels and shops in tourist areas. They also burned dozens of cars and buses. Over 20,000 members were reportedly dismissed from service and the agitators received correctional punishment after being tried before Criminal Court for Arson, Violent Riots, and Insubordination according to Penal Code. Some reports related that mutiny to a conspiracy against the Minister of Interior in charge by then (Gen. Ahmed Roshdy) due to his policy. After the suppression the government promised to overhaul the force by raising its entry standards, increasing payment and bettering living conditions in their camps.

See also

References

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