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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

A centralized, or centralised (see spelling differences), government is the form of government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject. Centralization occurs both geographically and politically.



A centralized government is a way local governments are designated by the central Government of the country, like the local administrative authorities. In this type of polity unlike a federation, local legislative assemblies do not exist.

Nearly any government can be said to centralize their power to a degree. The term is applied to governments that vest limited authority to its subjects and often used in comparative terms, such as "highly centralized government" or "weakly centralized government".

As seen in history

In United States history, a centralized government was something that many in the Thirteen Colonies wanted to avoid, for they thought it would overpower them.[1]


  1. ^ "A History of the United States" by Boorstin Kelley

See also

A centralized (US, Oxford English) or centralised (UK) government is one in which power or legal authority is exerted or coordinated by a de facto political executive to which federal states, local authorities and smaller units are considered subject. In a national context, centralization occurs in the transfer of power to a typically sovereign nation state.

All constituted governments are, to some degree, necessarily centralized, in the sense that a theoretically federal state exerts an authority or prerogative beyond that of its constituent parts. To the extent that a base unit of society — usually conceived as an individual citizen — vests authority in a larger unit, such as the state or the local community, authority is centralized. The extent to which this ought to occur, and the ways in which centralized government evolves, forms part of social contract theory.

See also



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