The Full Wiki

Centre William Rappard: Wikis

Advertisements
  
  

Note: Many of our articles have direct quotes from sources you can cite, within the Wikipedia article! This article doesn't yet, but we're working on it! See more info or our list of citable articles.

Encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Centre William Rappard
Building
Architectural style Classicism
Location Geneva, Switzerland
46°13′36″N 6°08′26″E / 46.22667°N 6.14056°E / 46.22667; 6.14056
Owner Building Foundation for International Organizations (FIPOI)
Coordinates 46°13′35.63″N 6°8′25.72″E / 46.2265639°N 6.1404778°E / 46.2265639; 6.1404778Coordinates: 46°13′35.63″N 6°8′25.72″E / 46.2265639°N 6.1404778°E / 46.2265639; 6.1404778
Construction
Started 1923
Completed 1926
Design team
Architect George Épitaux

The Centre William Rappard at Rue de Lausanne 154, Geneva, Switzerland, was built between 1923 and 1926 to house the International Labour Office (ILO). It was the first building in Geneva designed to house an international organization. In 1975 the ILO moved to Grand Saconnex and in 1977 the Centre William Rappard was occupied by the secretariat of the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), the UN High Commissioner for Refugees, and the library of the Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies. By 1995, the World Trade Organization (WTO) replaced the GATT and became the main occupant of the Centre William Rappard.

Contents

History

Main entrance

The original site of the Centre William Rappard was part of an estate formed from the Rappard and Bloch properties, and contained two mansions. The original Villa Rappard was built in 1785 (now a daycare centre). The Villa Bloch was demolished in 1957 to make way for the south wing expansion of the Centre William Rappard. The Villa Rappard and land, situated to the north of the original site, were acquired by the ILO in 1963. The Swiss Confederation bought the estate in 1921 and donated it to the League of Nations in 1923. Later that year, the Swiss architect George Épitaux (1873–1957) was commissioned to build the new ILO headquarters. The construction lasted three years, and the new building was inaugurated on 6 June 1926. Wings were added to the north-east (1937), south-west (1938), south (1951), and south-east (1957). In 1975 the ILO moved to neighbouring Grand Saconnex, and in 1977 the building was named Centre William Rappard after the Swiss diplomat William Rappard (1883–1958), and was occupied by the secretariat of the GATT, the UNHCR, and the Graduate Institute's library.

Salle des Pas-Perdus

In 1995, the Centre became the headquarters of the World Trade Organization (WTO). In 1998 a conference centre was built next to Rue de Lausanne. In 2007, following research conducted at the ILO archives and WTO locations, various hidden artworks were rediscovered and exposed to visitors.[1] The Centre William Rappard is owned by the Swiss Confederation and the Canton of Geneva through their Building Foundation for International Organizations (FIPOI). In 2008 a major renovation and a new extension of the building was approved by the Swiss Confederation. Works started in 2009 to add an extension providing at least 300 new work places (gross area of 11,000 to 13,000 m2 and an underground car park with 200 places).[2]

Description

“Pygmalion” by Eduardo Chicharro y Agüera, 1925

The original building by George Épitaux was based on a classical Florentine villa, with an interior courtyard, grand entrance and a sweeping staircase leading up from the main entrance hall. The size of the first construction was 86.30 x 33.80 metres, with the top of the central cupola at 32 metres from the floor level. Entirely built in cement, some areas also include granite from Ticino and sandstone from Würenlos Argovie. Épitaux hired renowned sculptors and artisans, including Luc Jaggi (1887–1976), Maurice Sarki (Sarkissoff) (1882–1946), León Perrin (1886–1978), Jaroslav Horejc (1886–1983) and others. Immediately after the World War II George Épitaux was commissioned again to built two extensions to the north and south of the original building.[3] Geometric shapes and symbolic decorations were used in the extensions to provide esthetic consistency.

The Centre William Rappard also houses a collection of artworks, most of them donated by ILO member governments and institutions. Some of these artworks are Maurice Denis’s “The Dignity of Labour” (1931), Seán Keating’s mural on labour (1961), Jorge Colaço’s "Grape-harvesting", "Ploughing the soil" and "Fishing" tiled panels (1928), Luc Jaggi’s “Peace” and “Justice” statues (1925), Albert Hahn Jr.’s Delft panel (1926), Gustave-Louis Jaulmes’s "Universal Joy", "Work in Abundance" and "The Benefits of Leisure" murals (1940), Dean Cornwell’s murals on labour (1955), Eduardo Chicharro y Agüera’s “Pygmalion” (1925), and Gilbert Bayes’s “Child with Fish” (or “Blue Robed Bambino”) fountain (1926).

Murals by Dean Cornwell, 1955

Criticism

Posters in favour and against the extension of the Centre William Rappard, September 2009

Following the approval by the Swiss federal authorities, on 6 April 2009 the city of Geneva approved the expansion of the Centre William Rappard. The work includes major changes in the internal courtyards, and a new wing on what is currently the south parking. Security installations are also planned, including a perimeter on the lake side park. Completion is planned for 2012, and it will add 350 work stations to the current 750. Budget is 130 million Swiss Francs (70 by the Swiss Confederation and 60 as a loan by FIPOI). The City Council approved the expansion with 50 votes in favour and 17 against it, the latter including "A gauche toute!" and UDC. Christian Zaugg and Pierre Vanek of "A gauche toute!" advanced that a referendum will be held to oppose the construction.[4]

Against the advice of the majority of Geneva political leaders, including the responsible for municipal and cantonal constructions Mark Muller of the Liberal Party, and Sandrine Salerno of the Socialist Party, the organisers of the referendum obtained 6,919 signatures supporting their project (versus a minimum of 4,000). However, after verification only 4,022 signatures were validated.[5] The referendum took place on 27 September 2009, with 61.8 per cent of voters supporting the expansion of the Centre William Rappard (turnout 39.5 per cent) "By accepting this project, Genevans showed their commitment to the international city and to multiculturalism" declared Sandrine Salerno.[6]

Photo Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ World Trade Organization. The WTO Building: The Symbolic Artwork of the Centre William Rappard, headquarters of the World Trade Organization (Geneva: WTO Publications, 2008)
  2. ^ Building Foundation for International Organizations. Website (http://www.fipoi.ch), accessed 26 May 2009
  3. ^ Graf, Robert Henri. Le Bureau International du Travail: les oeuvres d'art et les dons reçus par cette institution (Geneva: unpublished, 1951)
  4. ^ La Tribune de Genève, 7 April 2009
  5. ^ Le Temps, 27 May 2009
  6. ^ La Tribune de Genève (online), 27 September 2009
  • BIT, Programme du Concours pour l'Étude d'un Projet en vue de la Construction d'un Édifice destiné au Bureau International du Travail à Genève (undated). ILO Archives.
  • Budry, Paul (ed.). L'édifice du Bureau International du Travail à Genève (31 August 1926). Includes a technical note by Architect Georges Épitaux, photographs and the list of contractors and artists. ILO Archives.
"La Dignité du Travail, by Maurice Denis, 1931
  • Delpal, Bernard. "Sur le tableau de Maurice Denis: La Dignité du Travail (Genève, 1931)" in: Chrétiens et Sociétés, XVIe – XXe siècles (Lyon), N° 9 (2002), pp. 139–177. Available online (http://resea-ihc.univ-lyon3.fr/publicat/bulletin/2002/delpal.pdf).
  • Der Boghossian, Anoush. "L'Organisation Mondiale du Commerce: vers un modèle écologique" in UN Special N° 685 (June 2009), p. 22. Available online (http://www.unspecial.org/UNS685/t34.html).
  • Graf, Robert Henri. Le Bureau International du Travail: les oeuvres d'art et les dons reçus par cette institution (Geneva: unpublished, 1951). Manuscript reprint by WTO, 2008.
  • Murray, Edmundo. "Ghosts in the Centre William Rappard" in UN Special N° 686 (July 2009), pp. 17–18. Available online (http://www.unspecial.org/UNS686/t61.html).
  • World Trade Organization. The WTO Building: The Symbolic Artwork of the Centre William Rappard, headquarters of the World Trade Organization (Geneva: WTO Publications, 2008)
  • Tribune de Genève
  • Le Temps

External links

Advertisements

Advertisements






Got something to say? Make a comment.
Your name
Your email address
Message