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Cephalorhynchus
Commerson's Dolphin
Photo by Kirsten Wahlquist.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Subclass: Eutheria
Order: Cetacea
Suborder: Odontoceti
Family: Delphinidae
Genus: Cephalorhynchus
Gray, 1846
Species

Cephalorhyncus commersonii
Cephalorhyncus eutropia
Cephalorhyncus heavisidii
Cephalorhyncus hectori

Cephalorhynchus is a genus in the dolphin family Delphinidae. It consists of four species:

Commerson's Dolphin, Cephalorhyncus commersonii
Chilean Dolphin, Cephalorhyncus eutropia
Heaviside's Dolphin, Cephalorhyncus heavisidii
Hector's Dolphin, Cephalorhyncus hectori

The species have similar physical features - they are small, generally playful, blunt-nosed dolphins - but they are found in distinct geographical locations.

A recent phylogenetic analysis by May-Collado & Agnarsson (2006) indicates that two species traditionally assigned to the genus Lagenorhynchus, the Hourglass Dolphin L. cruciger and Peale's Dolphin L. australis are actually phylogenetically nested among the species of Cephalorhynchus, and they suggest that these two species should be transferred to the genus Cephalorhynchus. There is some acoustic and morphological support for this arrangement, at least with respect to Peale's Dolphin. According to Schevill & Watkins (1971), Peale's Dolphin and the Cephalorhynchus species are the only dolphins that do not whistle (no acoustic data are available for the Hourglass Dolphin). Peale's Dolphin also shares with several Cephalorhynchus species the possession of a distinct white "armpit" marking behind the pectoral fin.

References

  • May-Collado, L., Agnarsson, I. (2006). Cytochrome b and Bayesian inference of whale phylogeny. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 38, 344-354.
  • Schevill, W.E., Watkins, W.A. (1971). Pulsed sounds of the porpoise Lagenorhynchus australis. Breviora 366, 1–10.
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Wikispecies

Up to date as of January 23, 2010

From Wikispecies

Taxonavigation

Main Page
Cladus: Eukaryota
Supergroup: Unikonta
Cladus: Opisthokonta
Regnum: Animalia
Subregnum: Eumetazoa
Cladus: Bilateria
Cladus: Nephrozoa
Cladus: Deuterostomia
Phylum: Chordata
Subphylum: Vertebrata
Infraphylum: Gnathostomata
Superclassis: Tetrapoda
Classis: Mammalia
Subclassis: Theria
Infraclassis: Placentalia
Superordo: Cetartiodactyla
Ordo: Cetacea
Subordo: Odontoceti
Superfamilia: Unassigned
Familia: Delphinidae
Genus: Cephalorhynchus
Species: C. commersonii - C. eutropia - C. heavisidii - C. hectori

Name

Cephalorhynchus (Gray, 1846)

References

  • Cephalorhynchus on Mammal Species of the World.
    Don E. Wilson & DeeAnn M. Reeder (editors). 2005. Mammal Species of the World. A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference (3rd ed).

Vernacular names

日本語: イロワケイルカ属

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