From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
The monument built after the Spanish Civil War encloses a church
within its base.
The Cerro de los Ángeles (Hill of the
Angels) is a famous hill located in Getafe, Spain, about 10 km (6 miles) south of Madrid. The site is famous for
being considered the geographic centre of the Iberian
Peninsula. On top of the hill there is a 14th century monastery named Our
Lady of the Angels (Nuestra Señora de los
Ángeles), as well as the Monument to the Sacred Heart [of Jesus]
(Monumento al Sagrado Corazón), built in 1919 to dedicate
the country and inaugurated by king Alfonso XIII.
Several Spanish Civil War battles occurred on
the hill, resulting on the destruction of the original monument.
Bullet marks dating from the war can be seen on the Sagrado
Corazón monument as well as the walls of the
After the war, the government
moved the remains of the monument across the esplanade and, funded
by popular subscription, rebuilt a bigger version with an
In the monument resides the patron virgin of Getafe (Spanish
cities often each have their own town virgins); thus the place is
very well traveled and loved by the citizens of Getafe.
The slopes of the hill are populated with carrascos pines as
well as parks, springs, paths, a bar and soccer grounds. For that
reason, aside from being a religious center, it is a well-enjoyed
place to spend a day surrounded by nature.
From the geologic point of view, the hill has a peak altitude of
670 meters (2200 feet) above sea level, with the base at 610 meters
(2000 feet). The area surrounding the hill is flat in all
directions, making for great panoramic views of Madrid, Getafe, and
the surrounding countryside.
A radio tower sits on the peak of the hill besides the
monastery. The seminary
for the diocesis of Getafe is located by the monastery.