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Châteauesque is an architectural style based on French château style used in the 1400s to the 1600s in the Loire Valley. It was popularized in the United States by Richard Morris Hunt during the 1880s. The style frequently features vernacular buildings incongruously ornamented by the elaborate towers, spires, and mansard roofs of the 16th century châteaux of the Loire Valley, themselves influenced by late Gothic and Italian Renaissance architecture. Despite their French ornamentation, buildings in the châteauesque style do not attempt to completely emulate a French château. This is exemplified by Massandra (illustrated right) which, although having renaissance features, is painted ochre and has contrasting quoining, both of which are features of the Crimean aristocratic villa rather than the Loire valley.

As a revival style, Châteauesque buildings were typically built on an asymmetrical plan with an exceedingly broken roof-line and a facade composed of advancing and receding planes. The style was mostly employed in the United States for residences of the extremely wealthy, though was occasionally used for public buildings. Many of Canada's grand railway hotels were built in the Châteauesque style, with other buildings mainly public or residential. The style began to fade after the 1900s and was absent from new construction by the 1930s.

In Hungary, Arthur Meinig built numerous country houses in the Loire Valley style. The earliest being Andrássy Castle in Tiszadob, 1885-1890 and the grandest being Károlyi Castle in Nagykároly (Carei), 1893-1895.

Architects who built Châteauesque structures:

See also

Examples

External links

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