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Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg
Flag of the People's Republic of China
Incumbent
Wu Bangguo

since March 15, 2003
Appointer Vote within the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Inaugural holder Liu Shaoqi
Formation September 27, 1954

The Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (simplified Chinese: 全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长traditional Chinese: 全國人民代表大會常務委員會委員長pinyin: Quánguó Rénmín Dàibiǎo Dàhuì Chángwù Wěiyuánhuì Wěiyuánzhǎng) is the Speaker of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress (Congress) of the People's Republic of China, China's top legislative body. The current Chairman is Wu Bangguo.

The position has been ranked second in China's political hierarchy since Li Peng was barred from seeking a third term as Premier in 1998. In China's political order of precedence the NPC Chair ranks below the General Secretary and President but above the Premier. The ranking of this position is according to the qualification, however, is not necessarily reflective of its actual power, which varies depending on the officeholder.

Powers

The position holds reserve constitutional powers under the 1978 revision of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China. As stipulated in Article 84 of the Constitution, should both the President and Vice-President become incapacitated, and the National People's Congress is unable to elect a timely replacement, the Chairman of the NPC will act as President.[1]

Theoretically, during the Tiananmen Square Protests of 1989, the NPC Chair at the time, Wan Li, had the power to call an emergency session of the NPC to resolve the issue constitutionally. However, Wan's freedom of movement was restricted, and ultimately was powerless in the situation.

Chairmen of the Standing Committee

# Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Vice Charman Took office Left office Term
Romanized Picture
01 Liu Shaoqi
刘少奇 / 劉少奇
LiuShaoqi Colour.jpg

8. Huang Yanpei
9. Peng Zhen
10. Li Weihan
11. Chen Shutong
12. Lhamo Döndrub Dalai Lama
13. Seypidin Eziz
14. Cheng Chien

September 15, 1954 April 28, 1959 01
02 Zhu De
朱德
Zhu De.jpg April 28, 1959 January 4, 1965 02
January 4, 1965 January 17, 1975 03
January 17, 1975 July 6, 1976 04
Acting Song Qingling
宋庆龄 / 宋慶齡
Sun Yat-sen and Sung Qing-ling 1911 (Cropped).jpg July 6, 1976 March 5, 1978
03 Ye Jianying
叶剑英 / 葉劍英
Ye Jianying.jpg March 5, 1978 June 18, 1983 05
04 Peng Zhen
彭真
Peng zhen.jpg June 18, 1983 April 13, 1988 06
05 Wan Li
万里 / 萬里
April 13, 1988 March 27, 1993 07
06 Qiao Shi
乔石
March 27, 1993 March 15, 1998 08
07 Li Peng
李鹏 / 李鵬
March 15, 1998 March 15, 2003 09
08 Wu Bangguo
吴邦国 / 吳邦國
Wu Bangguo 2009.jpg March 15, 2003 March 15, 2008 10
March 15, 2008 Incumbent 11

References

  1. ^ Constitution of the PRC
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