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Chambal
Origin Vindhya Range-Manpura at Mhow near Indore
Mouth Flows into River Yamuna

The Chambal River (Hindi-चम्बल) is a tributary of the Yamuna River in central India. The river flows north-northeast through Madhya Pradesh, running for a time through Rajasthan, then forming the boundary between Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh before turning southeast to join the Yamuna in Uttar Pradesh state [1].

It is a perennial river and originates at Manpura, south of Mhow town, near Indore, on the south slope of the Vindhya Range in Madhya Pradesh. The Chambal and its tributaries drain the Malwa region of northwestern Madhya Pradesh, while its tributary, the Banas, which rises in the Aravalli Range, drains southeastern Rajasthan. The Chambal ends a confluence of five rivers, including the Chambal, Kwari, Yamuna, Sind, Pahuj, at Pachnada near Bhareh in Uttar Pradesh state, at the border of Bhind and Etawah districts.

Contents

National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary

The Chambal River remains one of North India’s most unpolluted rivers, home to a rich diversity of flora and fauna. National Chambal (Gharial) Wildlife Sanctuary is famous for the rare Ganges river dolphin. The sanctuary was founded in 1978 and is part of a large area co-administered by Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh, within area of 5,400 km². Approximately 400 km of the river is within the reserve. Apart from the Ganges river dolphin, the other inhabitants of the sanctuary include magar (crocodile) and gharial (Gavialis gangeticus). Migratory birds from Siberia form its rich avian fauna.

In November 2007, Officials and rangers of the Uttar Pradesh Forest Department released 40 alligators into the River to increase the number of endangered species of alligators.[2]

Chambal River (a view from a train)
Chambal basin

Dams on the Chambal

Chambal is utilized for hydropower generation at Gandhi Sagar dam, Rana Pratap Sagar dam and Jawahar Sagar Dam and for annual irrigation of 5668.01 square kilometres in the commands of the right main canal and the left main canal of the Kota Barrage. The Gandhi Sagar dam lies on the Chambal in Neemuch District of Madhya Pradesh.

Kota Bridge collapse

On December 26, 2009, a large bridge over the Chambal at Kota, Rajasthan collapsed. Initially, 45 people were feared to have died. Construction of the bridge had begun in 2007 and it was unfinished at the time of the collapse.[3] Indian military divers were called in to search for bodies of the bridge workers in an operation expected to take several days. Two managers of the project were arrested to face charges of culpable homicide. One of the managers arrested was an Indian who works for Gammon India; the other, a South Korean employee of Hyundai Engineering.[4]

Dacoits

The Chambal ravine or 'beehad' (Hindi-बीहड़) has harbored dacoits (bandits) for centuries. One of the famous dacoits was Phoolan Devi, who terrorised the entire Chambal valley.

References

  1. ^ Jain, Sharad K.; Pushpendra K. Agarwal, Vijay P. Singh (2007). Hydrology and water resources of India- Volume 57 of Water science and technology library - Tributaries of Yamuna river. Springer. p. 350. ISBN 1402051794. http://books.google.com/books?id=ZKs1gBhJSWIC&pg=RA1-PA345&dq=Yamuna+River&lr=&as_brr=0#v=onepage&q=Yamuna%20River&f=false.  
  2. ^ Singh, Brajesh Kr. (November 23, 2007). [www.andhranews.net/India/2007/November/23-alligators-make-23501.asp "40 alligators make homecoming to River Chambal"]. Andhranews.net. www.andhranews.net/India/2007/November/23-alligators-make-23501.asp.  
  3. ^ 45 dead in India bridge collapse, CNN, December 26, 2009
  4. ^ India bridge collapse: 45 presumed dead, Sam Panthaky, AFP, December 26, 2009

External links

Coordinates: 26°29′N 79°15′E / 26.483°N 79.25°E / 26.483; 79.25

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