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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Chamomile or camomile (from Greek χαμαίμηλον, chamaimēlon, "earth-apple" from χαμαί chamai "on the ground" and μῆλον mēlon "apple", for their applelike scent[1]), is a common name for several daisy-like plants. These plants are best known for their ability to be made into a tea which is commonly used to help with sleep and is often served with either honey or lemon.

It has been used as a dye to produce a green color.[citation needed] The composite flora labelled "chamomile" include:

And to some extent other Anthemis species, such as:
  • Ormenis multicaulis, Moroccan chamomile
  • Eriocephalus punctulatus, Cape chamomile
  • Matricaria discoidea, wild chamomile or pineapple weed

Contents

Medicinal and alternative therapy uses

The MedlinePlus database maintained by the U.S. National Library of Medicine, in conjunction with the National Institutes of Health, lists over 100 separate ailments and conditions which chamomile has been traditionally used, for which it lists only a few as having undergone scientific study on animals and/or humans. Moreover, through the MedlinePlus database, these agencies explicitly warn, "although chamomile is widely used, there is not enough reliable research in humans to support its use for any condition." [2] Of the dozens of traditional claims listed, this database explicitly lists only fifteen conditions in which any animal or human scientific testing has ever been done. Of these fifteen, the NIH also rated the scientific conclusions on fourteen as having "unclear scientific evidence" to recommend either for or against the use of chamomile as a treatment for such conditions (cardiovascular conditions, common cold, diarrhea in children, eczema, gastrointestinal conditions, hemorrhagic cystitis, hemorrhoids, infantile colic, mucositis from cancer treatment, quality of life in cancer patients, open penile sores, skin inflammation, sleep aid, vaginitis, and wound healing) , and it ranked one negatively as having "Fair scientific evidence against" such a use (Post-operative sore throat/hoarseness due to Intubation). In short, according to these two agencies, there remains insufficient scientific studies to produce a medical recommendation for any medicinal or therapeutic use of chamomile in extract, ointment or infusion.

MedlinePlus and The National Center for Complementary and Alternative Medicine further caution of rare allergic reactions, atopic dermatitis (skin rash), drowsiness or sedation, the potential to stimulate the uterus, leading to abortion and the unevaluated safety of breastfeeding while taking chamomile,[2][3] although some sources do not contraindicate breastfeeding [4]. Interactions with other herbs and medicines has not been well studied for chamomile.

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Henry George Liddell, Robert Scott, A Greek-English Lexicon, at Perseus project
  2. ^ a b Chamomile (Matricaria recutita, Chamaemelum nobile), MedlinePlus, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services, 30 January 2009
  3. ^ Herbs At a Glance: Chamomile, NCCAM, National Institutes of Health, Department of Health & Human Services, February 17, 2009
  4. ^ www.micromedex.com

External links


1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CHAMOMILE, or Camomile Flowers, the fibres anthemidis of the British Pharmacopoeia, the flower-heads of Anthemis nobilis (Nat. Ord. Compositae), a herb indigenous to England and western Europe. It is cultivated for medicinal purposes in Surrey, at several places in Saxony, and in France and Belgium, - that grown in England being much more valuable than any of the foreign chamomiles brought into the market. In the wild plant the florets of the ray are ligulate and white, and contain pistils only, those of the disk being tubular and yellow; but under cultivation the whole of the florets tend to become ligulate and white, in which state the flower-heads are said to be double. The flower-heads have a warm aromatic odour, which is characteristic of the entire plant, and a very bitter taste. In addition to a bitter extractive principle, they yield about 2% of a volatile liquid, which on its first extraction is of a pale blue colour, but becomes a yellowish brown on exposure to light. It has the characteristic odour of the flowers, and consists of a mixture of butyl and amyl angelates and valerates. Angelate of potassium has been obtained by treatment of the oil with caustic potash, and angelic acid may be isolated from this by treatment with dilute sulphuric acid. Chamomile is used in medicine in the form of its volatile oil, of which the dose is 2-3 minims. There is an official extract which is never used. Like all volatile oils the drug is a stomachic and carminative. In large doses the infusion is a simple emetic.

Wild chamomile is Matricaria Chamomilla, a weed common in waste and cultivated ground especially in the southern counties of England. It has somewhat the appearance of true chamomile, but a fainter scent.


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Wiktionary

Up to date as of January 15, 2010
(Redirected to camomile article)

Definition from Wiktionary, a free dictionary

Contents

English

Alternative spellings

Etymology

From Middle English, first attested 1265, from Old French camomille < Latin chamoemelon < Ancient Greek χαμαίμηλον (chamaimēlon), earth-apple) < χαμαί (chamai), on the ground) + μῆλον (mēlon), apple). So called because of the apple-like scent of the plant.

Noun

Singular
camomile

Plural
camomiles

camomile (plural camomiles)

  1. A composite plant, Anthemis nobilis, which resembles the daisy and possesses a bitter, aromatic quality, used in the making of teas and as a herbal remedy.
  2. Any of several other similar plants. (See Wikipedia on Chamomile.)
  3. A tea made from camomile leaves.

Synonyms

See also

Translations


Simple English

File:Matricaria February
Camomile flowers

Chamomile (KAM-ə-meel or KAM-ə-myl),[1] also known as camomile, is a plant from the genus Anthemis.[2] Its name comes from the Greek word chamaimelon, meaning "ground apple", because of its smell.[3] It has white or yellow flowers, and over 100 species.[2] It can be used as a medicine or as tea.[4] It has been shown to make rodents feel calmer,[5][6] and helps make people less stressful.[7] It is the national flower of Russia.

References

  1. "Chamomile". reference.com. http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chamomile. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "chamomile (plant) -- Britannica Online Encyclopedia". britannica.com. http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/105081/chamomile. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  3. "Online Etymology Dictionary". etymonline.com. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=camomile. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  4. "Chamomile - What You Need to Know About Chamomile". about.com. http://altmedicine.about.com/od/herbsupplementguide/a/Chamomile.htm. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 
  5. Brown E, Hurd NS, McCall S, Ceremuga TE (October 2007). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Evaluation of the anxiolytic effects of chrysin, a Passiflora incarnata extract, in the laboratory rat"]. AANA J 75 (5): 333–7. PMID 17966676. 
  6. Wolfman C, Viola H, Paladini A, Dajas F, Medina JH (January 1994). [Expression error: Unexpected < operator "Possible anxiolytic effects of chrysin, a central benzodiazepine receptor ligand isolated from Passiflora coerulea"]. Pharmacol. Biochem. Behav. 47 (1): 1–4. doi:10.1016/0091-3057(94)90103-1. PMID 7906886. 
  7. "Discovery Health "Chamomile: Herbal Remedies"". health.howstuffworks.com. http://health.howstuffworks.com/wellness/natural-medicine/herbal-remedies/chamomile-herbal-remedies.htm. Retrieved 19 August 2010. 








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