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Champlain Canal
U.S. National Register of Historic Places
U.S. Historic District
Tug and barge on the Champlain Canal during the 1980s
Champlain Canal is located in New York
Location: Rensselaer / Saratoga / Washington counties, New York, USA; extends from Waterford through Fort Edward to Whitehall
Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 73°26′48″W / 43.44194°N 73.44667°W / 43.44194; -73.44667Coordinates: 43°26′31″N 73°26′48″W / 43.44194°N 73.44667°W / 43.44194; -73.44667
Built/Founded: 1823
Architect: Wright,Benjamin; Jarvis,John B.
Architectural style(s): Transportation Canal
Governing body: Local
Added to NRHP: September 01, 1976
NRHP Reference#: 76001274


The Champlain Canal is a 60-mile canal that connects the south end of Lake Champlain to the Hudson River in New York. It was simultaneously constructed with the Erie Canal and is now part of the New York State Canal System and the Lakes to Locks Passage.

The canal was proposed in 1812 and construction authorized in 1817. By 1818, twelve miles were completed and in 1819 the canal was opened from Fort Edward to Lake Champlain. The canal was officially opened on September 10, 1823.[2] It was an immediate financial success and carried substantial commercial traffic until the 1970s.

Today, the enlarged barge canal provides a convenient route from the Atlantic/Hudson River to Lake Champlain for recreational boaters. By traveling the length of Lake Champlain, boaters can access the Chambly Canal, which connects Lake Champlain to the Saint Lawrence Seaway.



  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13. 
  2. ^ Whitford, Nobel E. (1906). "History of the Canal System of the State of New York". Retrieved 12 June 2009. 

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