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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Landsat photo of the immediate Lake Champlain region — only part of the much longer drainage basin and overall valley which reaches the Atlantic Ocean north of Nova Scotia via the St. Lawrence Seaway.

The Champlain Valley (or more technically correct, the Champlain Lake Valley) is a region of the United States around Lake Champlain in Vermont and New York extending slightly into Quebec, Canada — as part of the St. Lawrence River drainage basin drained northward by the Richelieu River into the St. Lawrence River at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec (northeast a of Montreal) — but the Richelieu valley is not generally referred to as part of the Champlain.

The Champlain Lake Valley is also the most heavily populated region in Vermont, broadly stretching eastward from the lake's shore to the spine of the Green Mountains. The state's largest city, Burlington is located on the lake; the city's associated suburban communities encompass part of the central section of the valley. Beyond urbanized Chittenden County, however, the valley's landscape is primarily open pasture and row crops, making the Champlain Valley the most productive agricultural region of Vermont.

The New York portion of the Champlain Valley includes the eastern portions of Clinton County and Essex County. Most of this area is part of the Adirondack Park, offering tremendous views of the High Peaks region and many recreational opportunities in the park and along the relatively undeveloped coast line of Lake Champlain. The city of Plattsburgh is to the north and the historic village of Ticonderoga in the southern part of the region.

Geology and physiography

The Champlain Valley is among the northernmost valleys considered part of the Great Appalachian Valley reaching from Canada to Alabama.

The Champlain Valley is a physiographic section of the larger Saint Lawrence Valley province, which in turn is part of the larger Appalachian physiographic division.[1]

Lake Champlain is situated in the Champlain Valley between the Green Mountains of Vermont and the Adirondack Mountains of New York, drained northward by the Richelieu River into the St. Lawrence River at Sorel-Tracy, Quebec (northeast of Montreal) and fed by Otter Creek, the Winooski, Missisquoi, and Lamoille Rivers in Vermont, and the Ausable, Chazy, Boquet, and Saranac Rivers in New York. Lake Champlain also receives water from Lake George via the La Chute River.1809

References

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Travel guide

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From Wikitravel

Contents

The Champlain Valley is the fertile (mostly rural) strip of land that borders Lake Champlain's eastern (Vermont) and western (New York) shores .

Understand

This region borders Lake Champlain which is a large, fresh water lake stretching over 100 miles in length and nearly 12 miles wide at its broadest point. Named for French explorer, Samuel de Champlain, it divides New York State and Vermont, and stretches north across the Canadian border into Quebec province. After the Great Lakes, Lake Champlain is the next largest fresh water lake in the United States. Flowing south to north, the lake is connected to the Richelieu River in the north (flows into the St. Lawrence River near Montreal), and to the south Lake Champlain connects to the Champlain Canal, and by extension the Hudson River. Lake Champlain is therefore connected to the Atlantic Ocean indirectly at both extremities. Exceeding 400 feet deep at its most profound, the lake nevertheless freezes solid in many areas during the dead of winter. The principle cities on Lake Champlain are Burlington, Vermont and Plattsburgh, New York. Ferries and bridges allow automobiles to cross the lake at various points.

Do

Champlain Area Trails (CATS) [1] is a network for hiking, walking, skiing, snowshoeing, birding, tracking, and picnicking in and around the Champlain Valley in New York State’s Adirondack Park. CATS trails encompass a rich tapestry of preserved wildlife habitats, pastoral farmland, historic villages, scenic woodlands, and a diverse aquatic system of streams, rivers, wetlands, ponds including the Boquet River and Lake Champlain.

Eat

There are many restaurants in Burlington, Vermont. A notable place for dining is in the church street marketplace. Ben and Jerrys has hometown ice cream there.

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