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Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster

Incumbent:
The Baroness Royall
Took office: 5 June 2009

Style: The Right Honourable
Appointed by: Gordon Brown
as Prime Minister
First: Sir Henry de Haydock
Formation: 1361
United Kingdom
Coat of Arms of the UK Government

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The Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster is, in modern times, a sinecure office in the government of the United Kingdom.

Contents

History

Originally he was the chief officer in the daily management of the Duchy of Lancaster (a former county palatine merged into the Crown in 1399), but that estate is now run by a deputy, leaving the position of Chancellor to serve in effect as an alternative Minister without Portfolio. The position has often been given to a junior Cabinet minister with responsibilities in a particular area of policy for which there is no department with an appropriate portfolio.

Until recently, ownership of the title had been combined with serving as one of the Ministers for the Cabinet Office. This was true of Alan Milburn, who was given the title by Labour PM Tony Blair in 2004 and at the same time rejoined the Cabinet.

The post was vacant from 2 November 2005 to 5 May 2006, the longest period that the post has been left unfilled since at least 1687. The current Chancellor is The Baroness Royall, who, unlike her recent predecessors, is the Leader of the House of Lords[1]. Since 2003 the holder of that office had been given the sinecure title of Lord President of the Council while the Chancellorship had been given to the Minister for the Cabinet Office (as discussed above), however in the reshuffle of 5 June 2009 Lord Mandelson was made Lord President and, as the new Cabinet Office Minister Tessa Jowell retained her previous sinecure as Paymaster General, this left the Chancellorship to the Baroness Royall[1].

In recent times, the Chancellor's duties, administrative, financial and legal, have been said to occupy an average of one day a week. Since 1491 there has been a Vice Chancellor. He is now the Chancery Division Judge in the north-west, and no longer appointed to that position as legal officer of the Duchy.

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 14th century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office
Sir Henry de Haydock No image.svg 1361 1373
Ralph de Ergham No image.svg 1373 16 April 1377
Thomas de Thelwall No image.svg 16 April 1377 1378
Sir John De Yerborough No image.svg 1378 10 November 1382
Sir Thomas Stanley
(pro term)
No image.svg 10 November 1382 29 November 1382
Sir Thomas Scarle No image.svg 29 November 1382 October 1383
Sir William Okey No image.svg October 1383 1400

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 15th century

  • John de Wakering (1400 - 1400)
  • William Burgoyne (1400 - 15 May 1404)
  • Sir Thomas Stanley (15 May 1404 - 30 March 1410)
  • John Springthorpe (30 March 1410 - 4 April 1413)
  • John Wodehouse (4 April 1413 - 10 June 1424)
  • William Troutbecke (10 June 1424 - 16 February 1431)
  • Walter Sherington (16 February 1431 - 3 July 1442)
  • William Tresham (3 July 1442 - 10 June 1449)
  • John Say (10 June 1449 - 10 June 1462)
  • Sir Richard Fowler (10 June 1462 - 3 November 1477)
  • Sir John Say (3 November 1477-2 April 1478)
  • Thomas Thwaites (2 April 1478 - 7 July 1483)
  • Thomas Metcalfe (7 July 1483 - 13 September 1486)
  • Sir Reginald Bray (13 September 1486 - 24 June 1503)

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 16th century

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 17th century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office
Sir John Fortescue John Fortescue of Salden.jpg 16 September 1601 1601
In Commission No image.svg 1601 1601
Sir John Fortescue John Fortescue of Salden.jpg 1601 1607
Sir Thomas Parry No image.svg 1607 5 June 1616
Sir John Dacombe
and Sir Thomas Parry
No image.svg 27 May 1615 5 June 1616
Sir John Dacombe No image.svg 5 June 1616 1618
In commission No image.svg 1618 23 March 1618
Sir Humphrey May No image.svg 23 March 1618 16 April 1629
The Lord Barrett of Newburgh No image.svg 16 April 1629 10 February 1644
The Lord Seymour of Trowbridge
(for the king)
No image.svg 1644 1645
The Lord Grey of Warke
and William Lenthall
(for parliament)
WilliamLenthall.jpg 10 February 1644 1648
Sir Gilbert Gerrard No image.svg 1648 1 August 1649
John Bradshaw JohnBradshaw.jpg 1 August 1649 1653
John Bradshaw
and Thomas Fell
(commissioners)
JohnBradshaw.jpg 1653 1654
Thomas Fell No image.svg 1654 1658
John Bradshaw JohnBradshaw.jpg 1658 1659
William Lenthall WilliamLenthall.jpg 1659 1659
Sir Gilbert Gerrard No image.svg 14 May 1659 9 July 1659
The Lord Seymour of Trowbridge No image.svg 9 July 1660 21 July 1664
Sir Thomas Ingram No image.svg 21 July 1664 22 February 1672
Sir Robert Carr, Bt No image.svg 22 February 1672 21 November 1682
Sir Thomas Chicheley SirThomasChicheley.jpg 21 November 1682 1682
In commission No image.svg 1687 1687
Robert Phelipps No image.svg 1687 21 March 1689
The Lord Willoughby of Eresby No image.svg 21 March 1689 4 May 1697
The Earl of Stamford No image.svg 4 May 1697 12 May 1702

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 18th century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
Sir John Leveson-Gower, Bt [2] No image.svg 12 May 1702 10 June 1706
The Earl of Derby 10thEarlOfDerby.jpg 10 June 1706 21 September 1710
The Lord Berkeley of Stratton No image.svg 21 September 1710 6 November 1714
The Earl of Aylesford No image.svg 6 November 1714 12 March 1716
The Earl of Scarborough Lumley.jpg 12 March 1716 19 June 1717
The Lord Lechmere No image.svg 19 June 1717 17 July 1727
The Duke of Rutland John Manners, 3rd Duke of Rutland.JPG 17 July 1727 21 May 1735
The Earl of Cholmondeley No image.svg 21 May 1735 22 December 1742
The Lord Edgcumbe 1stBaronEdgcumbe.jpg 22 December 1742 27 February 1759
The Earl of Kinnoull No image.svg 27 February 1759 13 December 1762
Lord Strange No image.svg 13 December 1762 14 June 1771
The Earl of Clarendon ThomasVilliersEarlClarendon.jpg 14 June 1771 17 April 1782
The Lord Ashburton 1stLordAshburton.jpg 17 April 1782 29 August 1783
The Earl of Derby 12thEarlOfDerby.jpg 29 August 1783 31 December 1783
The Earl of Clarendon ThomasVilliersEarlClarendon.jpg 31 December 1783 6 September 1786
The Lord Hawkesbury [3] Charles Jenkinson, 1st Earl of Liverpool by George Romney.jpg 6 September 1786 11 November 1803

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 19th century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
Lord Pelham 2ndEarlOfChichester.jpg 11 November 1803 6 June 1804
The Lord Mulgrave Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave by Sir William Beechey.jpg 6 June 1804 14 January 1805
The Earl of Buckinghamshire 4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg 14 January 1805 10 July 1805
The Lord Harrowby 1stEarlOfHarrowby.jpg 10 July 1805 12 February 1806
The Earl of Derby 12thEarlOfDerby.jpg 12 February 1806 30 March 1807
Hon. Spencer Perceval Spencerperceval.jpg 30 March 1807 23 May 1812
The Earl of Buckinghamshire 4thEarlOfBuckinghamshire.jpg 23 May 1812 23 June 1812
Charles Bathurst No image.svg 23 June 1812 13 February 1823
The Lord Bexley Nicholas Vansittart, 1st Baron Bexley.jpg 13 February 1823 26 January 1828
The Earl of Aberdeen 4th Earl of Aberdeen.jpg 26 January 1828 2 June 1828
Charles Arbuthnot No image.svg 2 June 1828 25 November 1830
The Lord Holland Henry Vassall-Fox 3rd Baron Holland (1795).jpg 25 November 1830 14 November 1834
Charles Watkin Williams-Wynn No image.svg 26 December 1834 8 April 1835
The Lord Holland 23 April 1835 31 October 1840
The Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg 31 October 1840 23 June 1841
Sir George Grey, Bt No image.svg 23 June 1841 30 August 1841 Liberal
Lord Granville Somerset Lord Granville Somerset.JPG 3 September 1841 27 June 1846
The Lord Campbell John Campbell, 1st Baron Campbell of St Andrews by Thomas Woolnoth.jpg 6 July 1846 6 March 1850
The Earl of Carlisle No image.svg 6 March 1850 21 February 1852
Robert Adam Christopher No image.svg 1 March 1852 17 December 1852
Edward Strutt No image.svg 3 January 1853 21 June 1854
The Earl Granville Second Earl Granville.jpg 21 June 1854 30 January 1855
The Earl of Harrowby No image.svg 31 March 1855 7 December 1855
Matthew Talbot Baines No image.svg 7 December 1855 21 February 1858
The Duke of Montrose No image.svg 26 February 1858 11 June 1859
Sir George Grey, Bt No image.svg 22 June 1859 25 July 1861
Edward Cardwell 1stViscountCardwell.jpg 25 July 1861 7 April 1864
The Earl of Clarendon 4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg 7 April 1864 3 November 1865
George Goschen George Goschen.jpg 26 January 1866 26 June 1866
The Earl of Devon No image.svg 10 July 1866 26 June 1867
John Wilson-Patten No image.svg 26 June 1867 7 November 1868
Thomas Edward Taylor No image.svg 7 November 1868 1 December 1868
The Lord Dufferin and Claneboye [4] Young Lord Dufferin.jpg 12 December 1868 9 August 1872
Hugh Childers No image.svg 9 August 1872 30 September 1873
John Bright John Bright - Project Gutenberg 13103.jpg 30 September 1873 17 February 1874
Thomas Edward Taylor No image.svg 2 March 1874 21 April 1880
John Bright John Bright - Project Gutenberg 13103.jpg 28 April 1880 25 July 1882
The Earl of Kimberley No image.svg 25 July 1882 28 December 1882
John George Dodson JohnGeorgeDodsonILN.jpg 28 December 1882 29 October 1884
George Trevelyan George Otto Trevelyan.jpg 29 October 1884 9 June 1885
Henry Chaplin Young1stViscountChaplin.jpg 24 June 1885 28 January 1886
Edward Heneage No image.svg 6 February 1886 16 April 1886 Liberal
Sir Ughtred Kay-Shuttleworth, Bt No image.svg 16 April 1886 20 July 1886 Liberal
The Viscount Cranbrook 1st Earl of Cranbrook.jpg 3 August 1886 16 August 1886 Conservative
Lord John Manners Lord John Manners.jpg 16 August 1886 11 August 1892 Conservative
James Bryce No image.svg 18 August 1892 28 May 1894 Liberal
The Lord Tweedmouth Tweedmouth2.JPG 28 May 1894 21 June 1895 Liberal
The Viscount Cross R A Cross.jpg 29 June 1895 4 July 1895 Conservative
Sir Henry James
(Baron James of Hereford from August 1895)
Lord James of Hereford.JPG 4 July 1895 8 August 1902 Liberal Unionist

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 20th century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
Sir William Walrond, Bt No image.svg 8 August 1902 4 December 1905 Conservative
Sir Henry Fowler Henry Fowler.jpg 10 December 1905 13 October 1908 Liberal
The Lord FitzMaurice No image.svg 13 October 1908 25 June 1909 Liberal
Herbert Samuel Gws samuel 01.jpg 25 June 1909 14 February 1910 Liberal
Jack Pease 1stLordGainford.jpg 14 February 1910 23 October 1911 Liberal
Charles Hobhouse No image.svg 23 October 1911 11 February 1914 Liberal
Charles Masterman No image.svg 11 February 1914 3 February 1915 Liberal
Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu Edwin Samuel Montagu - Punch cartoon - Project Gutenberg etext 16592.png 3 February 1915 25 May 1915 Liberal
Winston Churchill Churchill 1904 Q 42037.jpg 25 May 1915 25 November 1915 Liberal
Herbert Samuel Gws samuel 01.jpg 25 November 1915 11 January 1916 Liberal
Hon. Edwin Samuel Montagu Edwin Samuel Montagu - Punch cartoon - Project Gutenberg etext 16592.png 11 January 1916 9 July 1916 Liberal
Thomas McKinnon Wood No image.svg 9 July 1916 10 December 1916 Liberal
Sir Frederick Cawley, Bt No image.svg 10 December 1916 10 February 1918 Liberal
The Lord Beaverbrook No image.svg 10 February 1918 4 November 1918 Liberal Unionist
The Lord Downham No image.svg 4 November 1918 10 January 1919 Conservative
The Earl of Crawford Crawford27.JPG 10 January 1919 1 April 1921 Conservative
The Viscount Peel No image.svg 1 April 1921 7 April 1922 Conservative
Sir William Sutherland No image.svg 7 April 1922 19 October 1922 Conservative
The Marquess of Salisbury No image.svg 24 October 1922 25 May 1923 Conservative
J. C. C. Davidson No image.svg 25 May 1923 22 January 1924 Conservative
Josiah Wedgwood No image.svg 22 January 1924 3 November 1924 Labour
The Viscount Cecil of Chelwood Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood - Project Gutenberg eText 15306.jpg 10 November 1924 19 October 1927 Conservative
The Lord Cushendun No image.svg 19 October 1927 4 June 1929 Conservative
Sir Oswald Mosley, Bt 7 June 1929 19 May 1930 Labour
Clement Attlee Attlee BW cropped.jpg 23 May 1930 13 March 1931 Labour
The Lord Ponsonby of Shulbrede No image.svg 13 March 1931 24 August 1931 Labour
The Marquess of Lothian 11thMarquessOfLothian.jpg 25 August 1931 10 November 1931
J. C. C. Davidson No image.svg 10 November 1931 28 May 1937 Conservative
The Earl Winterton No image.svg 28 May 1937 29 January 1939 Conservative
William Morrison No image.svg 29 January 1939 3 April 1940 Conservative
The Lord Tryon No image.svg 3 April 1940 14 May 1940 Conservative
The Lord Hankey Maurice Hankey.jpg 14 May 1940 20 July 1941
Duff Cooper 20 July 1941 11 November 1943 Conservative
Ernest Brown No image.svg 11 November 1943 25 May 1945 National Liberal
Sir Arthur Salter No image.svg 25 May 1945 26 July 1945 Conservative
John Burns Hynd No image.svg 4 August 1945 17 April 1947 Labour
The Lord Pakenham No image.svg 17 April 1947 31 May 1948 Labour
Hugh Dalton Hugh Dalton HU 059487.jpg 31 May 1948 28 February 1950 Labour
The Viscount Alexander of Hillsborough Avalexander.jpg 28 February 1950 26 October 1951 Labour Co-operative
The Viscount Swinton Swinton1929.png 31 October 1951 24 November 1952 Conservative
The Lord Woolton
(Viscount Woolton from 1953)
No image.svg 24 November 1952 20 December 1955 Conservative
The Earl of Selkirk 10thEarl of Selkirk.jpg 20 December 1955 13 January 1957 Conservative
Charles Hill No image.svg 13 January 1957 9 October 1961 Conservative
Iain Macleod No image.svg 9 October 1961 20 October 1963 Conservative
The Viscount Blakenham No image.svg 20 October 1963 16 October 1964 Conservative
Douglas Houghton No image.svg 18 October 1964 6 April 1966 Labour
George Thomson No image.svg 6 April 1966 7 January 1967 Labour
Frederick Lee No image.svg 7 January 1967 6 October 1969 Labour
Anthony Barber No image.svg 20 June 1970 28 July 1970 Conservative
Geoffrey Rippon No image.svg 28 July 1970 5 November 1972 Conservative
John Davies No image.svg 5 November 1972 4 March 1974 Conservative
Harold Lever No image.svg 5 March 1974 4 May 1979 Labour
Norman St John-Stevas No image.svg 5 May 1979 5 January 1981 Conservative
Francis Pym Zconcam61.jpg 5 January 1981 14 September 1981 Conservative
The Baroness Young No image.svg 14 September 1981 6 April 1982 Conservative
Cecil Parkinson No image.svg 6 April 1982 11 June 1983 Conservative
The Lord Cockfield No image.svg 11 June 1983 11 September 1984 Conservative
The Earl of Gowrie No image.svg 11 September 1984 3 September 1985 Conservative
Norman Tebbit Norman Tebbit Edinburgh University Politics Society 2008.JPG 3 September 1985 13 June 1987 Conservative
Kenneth Clarke Ken Clarke 01.jpg 13 June 1987 25 July 1988 Conservative
Tony Newton No image.svg 25 July 1988 24 July 1989 Conservative
Kenneth Baker No image.svg 24 July 1989 28 November 1990 Conservative
Chris Patten Chris Patten -2008-10-31-.jpg 28 November 1990 10 April 1992 Conservative
Hon. William Waldegrave No image.svg 10 April 1992 20 July 1994 Conservative
David Hunt No image.svg 20 July 1994 5 July 1995 Conservative
Roger Freeman No image.svg 5 July 1995 2 May 1997 Conservative
David Clark No image.svg 3 May 1997 27 July 1998 Labour
Jack Cunningham No image.svg 27 July 1998 11 October 1999 Labour
Mo Mowlam Mo mowlem informal image.jpg 11 October 1999 11 June 2001 Labour

Chancellors of the Duchy of Lancaster, 21st century

Name Portrait Entered office Left office Political party
The Lord Macdonald of Tradeston No image.svg 11 June 2001 13 June 2003 Labour
Douglas Alexander Douglas Alexander at the India Economic Summit 2008.jpg 13 June 2003 8 September 2004 Labour
Alan Milburn No image.svg 8 September 2004 6 May 2005 Labour
John Hutton Msc 2009-Sunday, 11.00 - 12.30 Uhr-Zwez 005 Hutton detail.jpg 6 May 2005 2 November 2005 Labour
Vacant No image.svg 2 November 2005 5 May 2006
Hilary Armstrong Hilary armstrong a.jpg 5 May 2006 27 June 2007 Labour
Ed Miliband Miliband, Ed (2007).jpg 28 June 2007 3 October 2008 Labour
Liam Byrne No image.svg 3 October 2008 5 June 2009 Labour
The Baroness Royall of Blaisdon No image.svg 5 June 2009 Labour

Notes

  1. ^ a b http://www.number10.gov.uk/Page19517
  2. ^ Created Baron Gower in 1703.
  3. ^ Created Earl of Liverpool in 1796.
  4. ^ Created Earl of Dufferin in 1871.







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