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Law of England and Wales

This article is part of the series:
Courts of England and Wales

The Chancellor of the High Court is the head of the Chancery Division of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales. Before October 2005, when certain provisions of the Constitutional Reform Act 2005 took effect, the office was known as the Vice-Chancellor. He nominally acted as the Lord Chancellor's deputy in the English and Welsh legal system; however, he was in effect the head of the Chancery Division. Despite the change of title, the duties of the office did not change.

Contents

History of the office

The judges of the Court of Chancery (apart from the Lord Chancellor and the Master of the Rolls), before the creation of the High Court of Justice of England and Wales in 1873-75, held the title of Vice-Chancellor. The first of them was appointed in 1813 and two more such posts were added in 1842. After the Judicature Acts of the 1870s Vice-Chancellors were not appointed, and judges of the Chancery Division were styled "Mr. Justice ..." like other judges of the High Court (this style had previously been used for judges of the common law courts).

In 1971 the office of Vice-Chancellor was recreated, to be the Vice President of the Chancery Division of the High Court.

Sir Robert Andrew Morritt became the Vice-Chancellor in July 2000 and is the first Chancellor of the High Court.

Vice-Chancellors of England, 1813-1850

Vice-Chancellors, 1841-1886

  • 1841-1851: Sir James Lewis Knight-Bruce
  • 1841-1850: James Wigram
  • 1850-1851: The Lord Cranworth
  • 1851-1853: Sir George James Turner
  • 1851-1866: Sir Richard Torin Kindersley
  • 1851-1852: Sir James Parker
  • 1852-1871: Sir John Stuart
  • 1853-1868: Sir William Page Wood
  • 1866-1881: Sir Richard Malins
  • 1868-1869: Sir George Markham Giffard
  • 1869-1870: Sir William Milbourne James
  • 1870-1886: Sir James Bacon
  • 1871-1873: Sir John Wickens
  • 1873-1882: Sir Charles Hall

Vice-Chancellors, 1971-2005

Chancellor of the High Court, 2005-present

References

  1. ^ Who's Who 1986
  • A History of English Law, Vol. I, by Sir William Holdsworth (Methuen & Co, 1961 reprint)
  • Twentieth-Century British Political Facts 1900-2000, by David Butler and Gareth Butler (Macmillan Press 2000)
  • Joseph Haydn, The Book of Dignities, 1894

External links

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