Charing Cross railway station: Wikis


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Charing Cross
London Charing Cross
Charingcross-eye s.jpg
Approach tracks cross River Thames
Charing Cross is located in Central London
Charing Cross

Location of Charing Cross in Central London
Location Charing Cross
Local authority City of Westminster
Managed by Network Rail
Station code CHX
Platforms in use 6
Fare zone 1

National Rail annual entry and exit
2004/5 28.822 million[1]
2005/6 28.562 million[1]
2006/7 34.779 million[1]
2007/8 39.064 million[1]

1864 (1864) Opened

List of stations Underground · National Rail
External links DeparturesLayout

Coordinates: 51°30′25″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507°N 0.123°W / 51.507; -0.123

Charing Cross railway station,[2] also known as London Charing Cross,[3] is a central London railway terminus. It is one of 18 stations managed by Network Rail, and trains serving it are operated by Southeastern. It is the fifth busiest rail terminal in London.

The station takes its name from its location next to the central London road junction of Charing Cross. The front of the station faces The Strand, while at the other end is the northern end of Hungerford Bridge, which is crossed by all trains serving the station. Ticket barriers control access to all platforms, although the bridge entrance has no barriers.



The front entrance of Charing Cross station in a 19th century print. The Charing Cross is in front of the Charing Cross Hotel, now A Guoman Hotel.
a replica of the Eleanor Cross in Charing Cross station forecourt

The original station building was built on the site of the Hungerford Market by the South Eastern Railway and opened on 11 January 1864. The station was designed by Sir John Hawkshaw, with a single span wrought iron roof arching over the six platforms on its relatively cramped site. It is built on a brick arched viaduct, the level of the rails above the ground varying from 13 feet at the north-east end to 27 feet at the bridge abutment at the south-east end. A year later the Charing Cross Hotel, designed by Edward Middleton Barry, opened on 15 May 1865 and gave the station an ornate frontage in the French Renaissance style. At the same time, a replica of the Eleanor Cross was erected in the station forecourt, based on the original 13th century Whitehall Cross that had been demolished in 1647. Distances in London are officially measured from the original site of the cross in Whitehall, now the statue of Charles I, and not from this replica cross.

The station in 1971

A 77 foot length of the elegant original roof structure, comprising the two end bays at the south of the station, and part of the western wall collapsed at 3.45pm on 5 December 1905. A gang of men were employed at the time in repairing, glazing and painting the section of roof which fell. Shortly after 3.30pm a loud noise was heard in the roof and it was noticed that one of the main tie rods had broken and was hanging down. Part of the roof began to sag and cracks appeared in the western wall. It was another 12 minutes before the collapse occurred, which enabled trains and platforms to be evacuated and incoming trains to be held back. The roof, girders and debris fell across four passenger trains standing in platforms 3, 4, 5 and 6 and all rail lines were blocked. The part of the western wall which fell crashed through the wall and roof of the neighbouring Royal Avenue Theatre (now the Playhouse Theatre) in Northumberland Avenue which was being reconstructed at the time. Six lives were lost (two workmen on the roof, a W.H. Smith bookstall vendor and three workmen on the Royal Avenue Theatre site)[4].

At the Board Of Trade Inquiry into the accident doubts were expressed by expert witnesses about the design of the roof, even though the cause of the failure was attributed to a faulty weld in a tie rod. Consequently, the South Eastern and Chatham Railway decided not to repair the roof but to replace it. An enormous travelling timber gantry had to be constructed to take the remainder of the station roof down safely. The replacement was a utilitarian post and girder structure supporting a ridge and furrow roof. The curve of the original roof design can still be seen on the interior brickwork. The station was re-opened on 19 March 1906.

Following bomb damage in World War II, the hotel received extensive repairs in 1951, ten years after being bombed. In general, this consisted of a whole new set of top floors. The elaborate Mansard roof of the upper floors of the hotel was rebuilt in a plain neo-Georgian white brick.

In 1990 most of the area over the platforms was covered by Embankment Place, a post-modern office and shopping complex designed by Terry Farrell and Partners. This development led to the replacement of almost the whole of the 1906 roof. The rear two spans of this structure - immediately adjacent to the existing concourse roof - were retained as part of an enlarged waiting area. In addition the original retaining side walls of the station which once supported it remain in near complete condition[5]. Most of the Embankment Place complex is currently occupied by PricewaterhouseCoopers.


The station concourse.
Trains to and from Charing Cross go over Hungerford Bridge to cross the River Thames

Trains run a very high frequency service between Charing Cross and London Bridge calling at Waterloo East. The typical off-peak service from the station is:

Preceding station National Rail Following station
Terminus   Southeastern
South Eastern Main Line
  Waterloo East


Ground Exit Strand
Station Building Newsagent, Seating Area, Shops, Ticket gates, Ticket office

Platforms 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6

BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg
Platform 1
Island Platform
Platform 2
BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg
BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg
Platform 3
Island Platform
Platform 4
BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg
BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg
Platform 5
Island Platform
Platform 6
BSicon GRENZE legende.svg Southeastern South Eastern Main Line Arrow right.svg


  Railways around the South Bank
Charing Cross 
Head station
River Thames 
Bridge over water
Unknown route-map component "exSTRrg" Unknown route-map component "eABZlg"
Waterloo International 
Unknown route-map component "exCPICla" + Hub
Unknown route-map component "xCPICra" + Hub
Straight track + Hub
Unknown route-map component "exSTRlf" Unknown route-map component "eABZlg"
Station on track + Hub
 Waterloo East
South Western Main Line 
Continuation forward Straight track Unknown route-map component "tCONTg"
Straight track Unknown route-map component "tBHF"
 City Thameslink
Straight track Exit tunnel
Straight track Right side of cross-platform interchange Unknown route-map component "exCPICra"
River Thames 
Straight track Bridge over water Unknown route-map component "exWBRÜCKE"
Straight track Unknown route-map component "ABZ_ld" Unknown route-map component "xABZ_rd"
Track turning from left Unknown route-map component "KRZu" Track turning right Straight track
Elephant & Castle 
Station on track Junction from left Transverse track Track turning right
Continuation forward Straight track
and Sevenoaks 
Straight track Head station
 Cannon Street
Straight track Bridge over water
 River Thames
Unknown route-map component "ABZld" Track turning right
London Bridge 
Right side head station of cross-platform interchange Left side of cross-platform interchange
Track turning left Junction from right
Brighton Main Line 
Straight track
and South Eastern Main Line 
Continuation forward

Charing Cross is served by two London Underground stations, one at each end: Charing Cross, and Embankment. Originally Embankment was called Charing Cross, while the present Charing Cross was Trafalgar Square (Bakerloo line) and Strand (Northern line) stations, combining under the new name when connected by the new Jubilee Line station in 1979. The change of name acknowledged that Strand and Trafalgar Square were closer to the station than Embankment. Note that additionally, for a short time, the stations were signed as "Charing Cross Embankment" and "Charing Cross Strand". The Jubilee line platforms are no longer served, following the 1999 extension of the line in which it was diverted to Westminster and onwards south of the river Thames.


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