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Charlemagne class battleship: Wikis


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Battleship saint-louis Bougault.jpg
The St Louis in April 1903
Class overview
Name: Charlemagne
Builders: Brest and Lorient shipyards
Operators:  French Navy
Preceded by: Jauréguiberry-class
Succeeded by: République-class
In commission: 1895
Completed: 3
Lost: 1 (as target ship)
General characteristics
Type: Battleship
Displacement: 11,300 tonnes
Length: 118 m
Beam: 20.5 m
Draught: 8.40 m
Propulsion: 2 steam engines, 3 shafts, 14,500 HP
Speed: 18 knots (33 km/h)
Complement: 725 men

2 × 2 - 305 mm Mle 1893/96 guns
10 × 1 - 138mm/45 Modèle 1893 guns
8 × 1 - 100 mm/10

4 × 450mm torpedo tubes

belt : 250–400 mm
decks : 90 and 40 mm
barbettes : 400 mm

bunker : 75 mm
Notes: Ships in class include: Charlemagne, St Louis, Gaulois

The Charlemagne class was a class of pre-dreadnought battleships of the French Navy.

Design and history

Right elevation and deck plan as depicted in Brassey's Naval Annual 1896

The Charlemagne type introduced the arrangement of two large guns forwards and two at the aft, in twin mounts, as the British had done for 10 years, breaking with the French trademark of mounting one large gun at each end of the upper deck.

The belt was narrow and protected the entirety of the hull.

At the outbreak of the First World War, these ships were considered to be second-rate battleships, fit for areas of low danger. On 18 March 1915 the Charlemagne and Gaulois, along with the Bouvet and Suffren, took part in the Battle of Gallipoli, under Admiral Guépratte. The Gaulois was damaged in a minefield but survived the battle.

See also

External links



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