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Charles, Prince of Viana: Wikis

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Charles IV
King of Navarre
Reign 1441 – 1461
de jure only
Predecessor Blanche I and John II
Successor Blanche II
Spouse Agnes of Cleves
Father John II
Mother Blanche I
Born 29 May 1421(1421-05-29)
Died 23 September 1461 (aged 40)

Charles, Prince of Viana, (29 May 1421 – 23 September 1461), sometimes called Charles IV, king of Navarre, was the son of John, afterwards king of Aragon, by his marriage with Blanche I, daughter and heiress of Charles III, King of Navarre. Both his grandfather Charles and his mother, who ruled over Navarre from 1425 to 1441, had bequeathed this kingdom to Charles, whose right had also been recognized by the Cortes; but when Blanche died in 1441 her husband John seized the kingdom to the exclusion of his son. The Prince of Viana was married in Olite (Navarre) on 30 September 1439, taking as his wife Princess Agnes, the daughter of Adolph I, Duke of Cleves and Mary of Burgundy; sister of Philip III "the Good", Duke of Burgundy. Princess Agnes died, childless, on 6 April 1448, eight years after her marriage to Charles.

The ill-feeling between father and son was increased when in 1447 John took for his second wife Joanna (Juana) Enriquez, a Castilian noblewoman (of a bastard cadet line from Castilian kings), who soon bore him a son, afterwards Ferdinand II of Aragon, and who regarded her stepson as an interloper. When Joanna began to interfere in the internal affairs of Navarre, a civil war broke out, and in 1452 Charles, although aided by John II, King of Castile, was defeated and taken prisoner. Released upon promising not to take the kingly title until after his father's death, the prince, again unsuccessful in an appeal to arms, took refuge in Naples with Alphonso V, king of Aragon, Naples and Sicily. In 1458 Alphonso died and John became king of Aragon, while Charles was offered the crowns of Naples and Sicily. He declined these proposals, and having been reconciled with his father returned to Navarre in 1459. Aspiring to marry a Castilian princess, he was then thrown into prison by his father, and the Catalans rose in his favor. This insurrection soon became general and John was obliged to yield. He released his son, and recognized him as perpetual governor of Catalonia, and heir to the kingdom.

Soon afterwards, however, on 23 September 1461, the prince died at Barcelona, not without a suspicion that he had been poisoned by his stepmother. He was promised to marry Catherine of Portugal (daughter of Portuguese King Edward I) when he died.

Charles was a cultured and amiable prince, fond of music and literature. He translated Aristotle's Ethics into Spanish, a work first published at Saragossa in 1509, and wrote a chronicle of the kings of Navarre, Cronica de los reyes de Navarra.

By Brianda de Vaca, he had an illegitimate son, Philip, who became Archbishop of Palermo. He also had several other illegitimate children.

External links

Aragonese, Valencian and Sicilian Royalty
House of Trastámara
Escudo Corona de Aragon y Sicilia.png

Ferdinand I
   Alfonso V
   John II
   Eleanor, Queen of Portugal
Alfonso V
John II
   Charles IV of Navarre
   Blanche II of Navarre
   Eleanor I of Navarre
   Ferdinand II
   Joan, Queen of Naples
Ferdinand II
   Isabella, Queen of Portugal
   Joanna the Mad
   John, Prince of Asturias
   Mary, Queen of Portugal
   Catherine, Queen of England
Joanna
Charles, Prince of Viana
Born: 29 May 1421 Died: 23 September 1461
Regnal titles
Preceded by
New creation
Prince of Viana
1423–1441
Succeeded by
Eleanor
Preceded by
Blanche I
De Jure King of Navarre, Crown withheld by John II
De Jure 1441-1461, never gained real power
Succeeded by
Blanche II
Preceded by
Alfonso de Trastámara
Prince of Girona
1458–1461
Succeeded by
John of Lorraine
Preceded by
Alfonso de Trastámara
Duke of Montblanc
1458–1468
Succeeded by
John of Lorraine
Preceded by
Alfonso de Trastámara
Count of Cervera
1458–1468
Succeeded by
John of Lorraine

This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.


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