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Charles Addams
Born January 7, 1912(1912-01-07)
Died September 29, 1988 (aged 76)
Nationality American
Field Cartoonist

Charles Samuel Addams ( January 7, 1912 – September 29, 1988) was an American cartoonist known for his particularly black humor and macabre characters. Some of the recurring characters, who became known as The Addams Family, became the basis for two live-action television series, two cartoon series, three motion pictures, and a play.

Contents

Cartoons

His cartoons regularly appeared in The New Yorker, and he also created a syndicated comic strip, Out of This World, which ran in 1956. There are many collections of his work, including Drawn and Quartered (1942) and Monster Rally (1950), the latter with a foreword by John O'Hara. Typical of Addams's work, one cartoon shows two men standing in a room labeled "Patent Attorney." One is pointing a bizarre gun out the window toward the street and saying, "Death ray, fiddlesticks! Why, it doesn't even slow them up!"

Dear Dead Days (1959), one of the rarest Addams books, is not a collection of his cartoons (although it reprints a few from previous collections); it is a bizarre scrapbook-like compendium of vintage images (and occasional pieces of text) that appealed to Addams's sense of the grotesque, including Victorian woodcuts, vintage medicine-show advertisements, and a boyhood photograph of Francesco Lentini, who had three legs.

Addams drew more than 1,300 cartoons over the course of his life. Those that didn't appear in The New Yorker were often in Collier's and TV Guide.[1] In 1961, Addams received, from the Mystery Writers of America, a Special Edgar Award for his body of work. His cartoons appeared in books, calendars, and other merchandising. Singer-guitarist Dean Gitter's 1957 recording Ghost Ballads (Riverside, RLP 12-636), folk songs with supernatural themes, was packaged with album art by Addams showing a haunted house.

In 1946 Addams met science-fiction writer Ray Bradbury after having drawn an illustration for Mademoiselle magazine's publication of Bradbury's short story "Homecoming", the first in a series of tales chronicling a family of Illinois vampires named the Elliotts. The pair became friends, and planned to collaborate on a book of the Elliott Family's complete history with Bradbury writing and Addams providing the illustrations, but it never materialized. Bradbury's stories about the "Elliott Family" were finally anthologized in From The Dust Returned in October 2001, with a connecting narrative and an explanation of his work with Addams, and Addams' 1946 Mademoiselle illustration used for the book's cover jacket. Although Addams' own characters were well-established by the time of their initial encounter, in a 2001 interview Bradbury states that "(Addams) went his way and created the Addams Family and I went my own way and created my family in this book." [2]

Addams kept a collection of crossbows on the wall of his study[3] and used a little girl's tombstone for a coffee table, but Janet Maslin, in a review of an Addams biography for The New York Times, wrote, "Addams's persona sounds cooked up for the benefit of feature writers ... was at least partly a character contrived for the public eye," noting that one outré publicity photo showed the humorist wearing a suit of armor at home, "but the shelves behind him hold books about painting and antiques, as well as a novel by John Updike."[4]

Addams's popularity is reflected in Alfred Hitchcock's North by Northwest; Cary Grant references Charles Addams in the auction scene. Discovering Eve with Mr. Vandamm and Leonard, he says, "The three of you together. Now that's a picture only Charles Addams could draw." He is also mentioned as "Chas Addams" (how he usually signed his cartoons) in Edward Eager's fantasy novel Knight's Castle.

After his death a cartoon ran depicting his Addams Family standing vigil before his grave while Addams crawled out the other side. A Charles Addams Art Scholarship was founded in 1991.

Life

Addams was born in Westfield, New Jersey, the son of Grace M. (née Spears) and Charles Huy Addams. He had a happy, sociable, perhaps somewhat bland childhood there, providing few clues as to the macabre character of his humor. He was "known as something of a rascal around the neighborhood" and "there was always a little group of boys at his house, doing things," as childhood friends recalled.[4] Addams was distantly related to US Presidents John Adams and John Quincy Adams, despite the different spellings of their last names,[4] and was a first cousin twice removed to Jane Addams, the noted social reformer.[5]

There were a few, but not many, forebodings of dark oddity to come during his childhood: His nickname was "Chill," and a chalk drawing of a skeleton in the garage behind one of the homes his family lived in at the time is said to have been by him. That house at 552 Elm Street (now a local landmark), and another on Dudley Avenue that police once caught him breaking into, are said to be the inspiration for the Addams Family mansion in his cartoons (though scholars have pointed to a three-way resemblance among the Addams Family mansion, the house in Alfred Hitchcock's Psycho and the Victorian building depicted in Edward Hopper's "House by the Railroad" [3]). He was fond of visiting the Presbyterian Cemetery on Mountain Avenue.[1] One friend said of him, "His sense of humor was a little different from everybody else's." He was also artistically inclined, "drawing with a happy vengeance" according to a biographer.[4]

Before graduating from Westfield High School in 1929, he drew many cartoons for the Weathervane student literary magazine.[1]

Addams studied at Colgate University and at the University of Pennsylvania, where a fine-arts building on campus is named for him. In front of the building is a sculpture of the silhouettes of Addams Family characters. He also studied at Grand Central School of Art[1] in New York City.

In 1932 he joined the layout department of True Detective magazine, where he had to retouch photos of corpses that appeared in the magazine's stories to remove the blood from them. Addams complained that "A lot of those corpses were more interesting the way they were."[6] The job taught him magazine work and the use of wash technique.[7]

His first drawing in The New Yorker ran on February 6, 1932 (a sketch of a window washer), and his cartoons ran regularly in the magazine from 1938 until his death. He was a freelancer throughout that time.[4]

During World War II, Addams served at the Signal Corps Photographic Center in New York, where he made animated training films for the Army. In late 1942, he met his first wife, Barbara Jean Day, who supposedly resembled the cartoon Morticia Addams. (Linda Davis's biography of Addams contains a photograph of Day; she looks remarkably like Bettie Page.) The marriage ended eight years later, after Addams, who hated small children, refused to adopt one.

He married his second wife, Barbara Barb (Estelle B. Barb), in 1954. A practicing lawyer, she "combined Morticia-like looks with diabolical legal scheming," by which she wound up controlling the "Addams Family" television and movie franchises and persuaded her husband to give away other legal rights.[4] At one point, she got her husband to take out a $100,000 insurance policy. Addams consulted a lawyer on the sly, who later humorously wrote, "I told him the last time I had word of such a move was in a picture called Double Indemnity starring Barbara Stanwyck, which I called to his attention." In the movie, Stanwyck's character plotted her husband's murder.[4] No one has accused Barbara Barb Addams of attempting the same. They divorced in 1956.[8]

The Addams Family television series began after David Levy, a television producer, approached Addams with an offer to create it with a little help from the humorist. All Addams had to do was give his characters names and more characteristics for the actors to use in portrayals. The series ran on ABC for two seasons, from 1964 to 1966.[1] New Yorker editor William Shawn subsequently banned the Family from appearing in the magazine, regarding their appearance on television as being at odds with the sophisticated readership he wished to cultivate; this ban was lifted after Shawn's 1987 retirement.

Addams was "sociable and debonair," and described by a biographer as "A well-dressed, courtly man with silvery back-combed hair and a gentle manner, he bore no resemblance to a fiend." Figuratively a ladykiller, Addams squired celebrities such as Greta Garbo, Joan Fontaine, and Jacqueline Kennedy on social occasions.[4]

Later, he married his third and last wife, Marilyn Matthews Miller, best known as "Tee" (1926–2002), in a pet cemetery; he wore sunglasses during the ceremony. In 1985, the Addamses moved to Sagaponack, New York, where they named their estate "The Swamp."

Death

Addams died September 29, 1988, at St. Clare's Hospital and Health Center in New York City, having suffered a heart attack while parked in his car. An ambulance brought him from his apartment to the hospital, where he died in the emergency room.[9] As he had requested, a wake was held; he had wished to be remembered as a "good cartoonist."

Books

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By Addams

Books of Addams's drawings or illustrated by him (Kobler's anthology):[10]

  • Drawn and Quartered (1942), first anthology of drawings (Random House)
  • Addams and Evil (1947), second anthology of drawings (Random House)
  • (illustrations) Afternoon in the Attic (1950), John Kobler’s anthology of short stories
  • Monster Rally (1950) his third anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Homebodies (1954) fourth anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Nightcrawlers (1957), fifth anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Dear Dead Days (1959), compilations book
  • Black Maria (1960), sixth anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Drawn and Quartered (1962) re-released (Simon & Schuster)
  • The Groaning Board (1964), seventh anthology of drawings
  • The Chas Addams Mother Goose (1967) Windmill Books
  • My Crowd (1970), eighth anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Favorite Haunts (1976), ninth anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster)
  • Creature Comforts, (1981), drawings
  • The World of Charles Addams, by Charles Addams (1991), posthumously compiled from works with the copyright owned by his second wife, later named Lady Barbara Cloyton (Knopf) ISBN 0-394-58822-3
  • Half - Baked Cookbook, by Charles Addams (2005), anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster) ISBN 0-743-26775-3
  • Happily Ever After: A Collection of Cartoons to Chill the Heart of Your Loved One, by Charles Addams (2006), anthology of drawings (Simon & Schuster) ISBN 9780743267779

About Addams

  • Davis, Linda H., Charles Addams: A Cartoonist's Life, (2006), Random House, 382 pages

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e MacCloskey, Ron. "Charles Addams". WestfieldNJ.com. http://www.westfieldnj.com/addams/. Retrieved 2008-10-26.  
  2. ^ http://www.indiebound.org/author-interviews/bradburyray
  3. ^ http://www.allposters.com/sp.asp?CID=355E866EEAE44150B768F3B8A781D817&search=&c=c&apnum=5026362&startat=
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Maslin, Janet (October 26, 2006). "In Search of the Dark Muse Of a Master of the Macabre". "Books of the Times" book review, Arts section (The New York Times): p. E9. http://www.nytimes.com/2006/10/26/books/26masl.html?_r=1&oref=slogin&ref=arts&pagewanted=print. Retrieved 2006-10-26.  
  5. ^ Davis, Linda H. Charles Addams: A Cartoonist's Life. Random House, Inc. 2006.
  6. ^ http://www.stim.com/Stim-x/8.1/detective/detective-08.1.html
  7. ^ http://pabook.libraries.psu.edu/palitmap/bios/Addams__Charles_Francis.html
  8. ^ [1]"The Unofficial Addams Family World Wide Web Site", Web page titled "The Unofficial Addams Family FAQ," accessed October 26, 2006
  9. ^ Eric Pace, "Charles Addams Dead at 76; Found Humor in the Macabre" New York Times, September 30, 1988, accessed October 11, 2009.
  10. ^ [2] Tee and Charles Museum Web site, page titled "Career Biography of Charles Samuel Addams", accessed October 26, 2006

References

  • Obituary, New York Times, Sept. 30, 1988, p. A1
  • Strickler, Dave. Syndicated Comic Strips and Artists, 1924-1995: The Complete Index. Cambria, CA: Comics Access, 1995. ISBN 0-9700077-0-1.

External links


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