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Charles Anthon

Charles Anthon (November 19, 1797 – July 29, 1867) was an American classical scholar, born in New York City.

After graduating with honors at Columbia College in 1815, he began the study of law, and in 1819 was admitted to the bar, but never practiced. In 1820 he was appointed assistant professor of Greek and Latin in his old college, full professor ten years later, and at the same time headmaster of the grammar school attached to the college, which post he held until 1864.

He produced, for use in colleges and schools, a large number of classical works, which enjoyed great popularity, although his editions of classical authors were by no means in favor with schoolmasters, owing to the large amount of assistance, especially translations, contained in the notes. He also wrote A Manual of Greek Literature from the Earliest Authentic Periods to the Close of Byzantine Era providing a list of all Greek writers in that period, with a summary of their life and works and a bibliography of editions then in use. The overview is still useful today, but outdated. His intention to provide a similar volume for Latin Literature was never fulfilled.

Charles Anthon is famous among members of the Latter Day Saint movement because of his interactions with Martin Harris concerning a fraction of Joseph Smith's translation of the Golden Plates, later known as the Anthon Transcript. According to Harris, Anthon wrote Harris a letter of authenticity declaring the Golden Plates to be "reformed Egyptian" but then tore it up. Anthon, however, said that he recognized a hoax and never wrote a letter of authenticity.

Dr. Anthon was a friend and correspondent of Edgar Allan Poe whose acquaintance Poe attempted to use to gain a national reputation in literature and journalism as well as publication in 1845 of Poe's collected stories through Harper and Brothers which was however unsuccessful due to an accusation of plagiarism against Poe.

Dr. Anthon's work was carried on by his successor, Henry Drisler.

See also

References

  • This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica, Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain.
  • Charles Anthon, A Manual of Greek Literature from the Earliest Authentic Periods to the Close of Byzantine Era (1853). (Available at Google books).
  • Charles Anthon, The Satires of Juvenal and Persius with English Notes Critical and Explanatory, from the Best Commentators, Harper and Brothers, (1857).
  • Charles Anthon, A System of Latin Prosody and Metre, from the Best Authorities, Ancient and Modern, Harper and Brothers (1841).
  • Charles Anthon, Sallust's Jugurthine War and Conspiracy of Cataline, with an English Commentary, and Geographical and Historical Indexes, Harper and Brothers (1836).
  • Charles Anthon, Cornelius Nepos with Notes, Historical and Explanatory, Harper and Brothers (1852).
  • Charles Anthon, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War; and The First Book of the Greek Paraphrase; with English Notes, Critical and Explanatory, Plans of Battles, Sieges, Etc., and Historical, Geographical, and Archaeological Indexes, Harper and Brothers (1838).
  • Charles Anthon, The First Six Books of Homer's Iliad with English Notes, Critical and Explanatory, A Metrical Index, and Homeric Glossary, Harper and Brothers (1846).
  • Charles Anthon, The Works of Horace, with English Notes, Critical and Explanatory, Harper and Brothers (1839).
  • Charles Anthon, The Aeneid of Virgil, with English Notes, Critical and Explanatory, a Metrical Clavis, an Historical, Geographical, and Mythological Index, Harper and Brothers (1843).

External links

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1911 encyclopedia

Up to date as of January 14, 2010

From LoveToKnow 1911

CHARLES ANTHON (1797-1867), American classical scholar, was born in New York city on the 19th of November 1797. After graduating with honours at Columbia College in 1815, he began the study of law, and in 1819 was admitted to the bar, but never practised. In 1820 he was appointed assistant professor of Greek and Latin in his old college, full professor ten years later, and at the same time headmaster of the grammar school attached to the college, which post he held until 1864. He died at New York on the 29th of July 1867. He produced for use in colleges and schools a large number of classical works, which enjoyed great popularity, although his editions of classical authors were by no means in favour with schoolmasters, owing to the large amount of assistance, especially translations, contained in the notes.


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