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Charles Sloane Cadogan, 1st Earl Cadogan (29 September 1728 – 3 April 1807) was a British peer and Whig politician.

Cadogan was the only son of the 2nd Baron Cadogan and his wife, Elizabeth, the second daughter of Sir Hans Sloane, Bart. From 1749-54 and again from 1755, Cadogan was a Member of Parliament for Cambridge until he inherited his father's title in 1776. He was also appointed Keeper of the Privy Purse to Prince Edward in 1756, Surveyor of the King's Gardens from 1764-69 and Master of the Mint from 1769-84. In 1800, he was elevated in the Peerage as Earl Cadogan.

Family

On 30 May 1747, Cadogan married Hon. Frances Bromley (a daughter of the 1st Baron Montfort) and they had six children:

Cadogan's first wife died in 1768, and on 10 May 1777, he married Mary Churchill (a granddaughter of Robert Walpole) and they had four children:

Cadogan and his second wife divorced in 1796 and on his death in 1807, his titles passed to his eldest son, Charles, by his first wife.

Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by
Viscount Dupplin
Christopher Jeaffreson
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
with Viscount Dupplin

1749–1754
Succeeded by
Viscount Dupplin
Hon. Thomas Bromley
Preceded by
Viscount Dupplin
Hon. Thomas Bromley
Member of Parliament for Cambridge
with Viscount Dupplin 1755–1758
Soame Jenyns 1758–1776

1755–1776
Succeeded by
Soame Jenyns
Benjamin Keene
Political offices
Preceded by
The Viscount Chetwynd
Master of the Mint
1769–1784
Succeeded by
The Earl of Effingham
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Charles Cadogan
Baron Cadogan
1776–1807
Succeeded by
Charles Cadogan
Peerage of Great Britain
New creation Earl Cadogan
1800–1807
Succeeded by
Charles Cadogan
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