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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Charles Cornwallis,
2nd Baron Cornwallis of Eye
In office
1660 – 1662

Charles Cornwallis, 2nd Baron Cornwallis of Eye (19 April 1632 – 13 April 1673) was a British nobleman, politician, and county magistrate. He served as a Member of Parliament.

Contents

Early years

Charles was born in Culford, Suffolk, the son of Sir Frederick Cornwallis, 1st Baron Cornwallis and Elizabeth Ashburnham. His paternal grandparents were Admiral Sir William Cornwallis and Jane Meautys (died 1 July 1627). His maternal grandparents were Sir John Ashburnham and Elizabeth Beaumont, Baroness of Cramond. Charles' parents lived much of the time in London, his father being a Royalist and an Equerry to Charles I, while his mother was a Lady-in-Waiting to the Queen.

With his parents busy at Court, Charles and his three siblings were raised at Culford Hall by their grandmother, Lady Jane, who was by then married to her second husband, Sir Nathaniel Bacon. Their home, Culford Hall, had been built by Lady Jane's father-in-law, Sir Nicholas Bacon, 1st Baronet. It is through Lady Jane that Culford Hall eventually passed from Bacon to Frederick, becoming home to the Earls of Cornwallis.[1]

Career

During his career, he served as a Gentleman of the Privy Chamber in 1660 before becoming an M.P. for Eye, an office he held during the period of 1660 through 1662. As a county magistrate, he was one of the appointees at the assize who oversaw a test of an accused women in the Lowestoft Witch Trial.[2][3]

Charles was knighted in 1661. He succeeded to the titles of 2nd Baron Cornwallis of Eye, and 2nd Baronet Cornwallis, in January 1662.

Family

At age 19, Charles married Margaret Playsted (died 1668), daughter of Sir Thomas Playsted of Arlington, East Sussex. They had eleven children but, as their eldest two sons died young, their son Charles succeeded to the title. He is buried under a monument[4] in St. Mary's Church, Culford.[2] St. Mary's Church was built by their daughter-in-law Elizabeth's father, Sir Stephen Fox.[1]

References

External links

Parliament of England
Preceded by
unknown
Member of Parliament for Eye
with unknown

1660–1662
Succeeded by
unknown
Peerage of England
Preceded by
Frederick Cornwallis
Baron Cornwallis
1662–1673
Succeeded by
Charles Cornwallis
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